方案:使用分类深入了解你的数据Scenario: Get Insight into Your Data by Using Classification

适用于:Windows Server 2016、Windows Server 2012 R2、Windows Server 2012Applies To: Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012

对数据和存储资源的依赖在大多数组织的重要性方面持续增长。Reliance on data and storage resources has continued to grow in importance for most organizations. IT 管理员面对着监督更大、更复杂存储基础结构的日渐增长所带来的挑战,而同时又担负着确保所有者总开支维持在合理水平的责任。IT administrators face the growing challenge of overseeing larger and more complex storage infrastructures, while simultaneously being tasked with the responsibility to ensure that total cost-of-ownership is maintained at reasonable levels. 管理存储资源不仅仅是涉及数据的量和可用性;它还和公司政策的执行有关,并且和了解如何使用存储来启用高效利用与合规性以减轻风险有关。Managing storage resources is not only about the volume or availability of data; it is also about enforcing company policies and knowing how storage is consumed to enable efficient utilization and compliance to mitigate risk. 文件分类基础结构通过自动化分类流程来让你深入了解数据,以便你可以更有效地管理数据。File Classification Infrastructure provides insight into your data by automating classification processes so that you can manage your data more effectively. 下列分类方法可用于文件分类基础结构:手动、编程、自动。The following classification methods are available with File Classification Infrastructure: manual, programmatic, and automatic. 本主题重点介绍自动文件分类方法。This topic focuses on the automatic file classification method.

方案描述Scenario description

文件分类基础结构使用分类规则来自动扫描文件,并且根据文件内容对它们进行分类。File Classification Infrastructure uses classification rules to automatically scan files and classify them according to the contents of the file. 在 Active Directory 中集中定义了分类属性,以便可以在组织中在文件服务器之间共享这些定义。Classification properties are defined centrally in Active Directory so that these definitions can be shared across file servers in the organization. 你可以创建分类规则,它可用于扫描文件以查找标准字符串或与模式匹配的字符串(正则表达式)。You can create classification rules that scan files for a standard string or for a string that matches a pattern (regular expression). 当在文件中找到已配置的分类参数时,该文件将被归类为可在分类规则中进行配置的文件。When a configured classification parameter is found in a file, that file is classified as configured in the classification rule. 分类规则的一些示例包括:Some examples of classification rules include:

  • 将包含字符串 "Contoso 机密" 的任何文件归类为具有高业务影响Classify any file that contains the string "Contoso Confidential" as having high business impact

  • 将包含至少 10 个身份证号的任何文件归类为具有个人身份信息。Classify any file that contains at least 10 social security numbers as having personally identifiable information

当对文件进行分类时,你可以使用文件管理任务对以特定方式进行分类的任何文件执行操作。When a file is classified, you can use a file management task to take action on any files that are classified a specific way. 文件管理任务中的操作包括保护与文件相关联的权限、使文件过期以及运行自定义操作(例如将信息发布到 Web 服务)。The actions in a file management task include protecting the rights associated with the file, expiring the file, and running a custom action (such as posting information to a web service).

可以在自动文件分类规划中找到关于配置自动文件分类的规划信息。You can find planning information for configuring automatic file classification in Plan for Automatic File Classification.

可以在部署自动文件分类 (演示步骤)中找到有关如何自动分类文件的步骤。You can find steps for how to automatically classify files in Deploy Automatic File Classification (Demonstration Steps).

本方案内容In this scenario

本方案是动态访问控制方案的一部分。This scenario is part of the Dynamic Access Control scenario. 有关动态访问控制的其他信息,请参阅:For additional information about Dynamic Access Control, see:

实际的应用程序Practical applications

Windows Server 2012 中的文件分类基础结构通过使业务数据所有者能够轻松地对数据进行分类和标记,有助于实现动态访问控制。File Classification Infrastructure in Windows Server 2012 contributes to Dynamic Access Control by enabling business data owners to easily classify and label data. 通过存储在中心访问策略中的分类信息,你可以为企业至关重要的数据类定义访问策略。The classification information that is stored in the central access policy allows you to define access policies for data classes that are critical to business.

本方案中所含的功能Features included in this scenario

下表列出了本方案的部分功能并说明了支持该方案的工作原理。The following table lists the features that are part of this scenario and describes how they support it.

功能Feature 如何支持本方案How it supports this scenario
File Server Resource Manager OverviewFile Server Resource Manager Overview 文件分类基础结构是包含在文件服务器资源管理器中的功能。File Classification Infrastructure is a feature that is included in File Server Resource Manager.
文件和存储服务概述File and Storage Services Overview 文件服务器资源管理器是包含在文件服务服务器角色中的功能。File Server Resource Manager is a feature that is included with the File Services server role.