安装 Windows 配置设计器Install Windows Configuration Designer

适用于Applies to

  • Windows 10Windows10
  • Windows 10 移动版Windows10 Mobile

使用 Windows 配置设计器工具创建预配包,以轻松地配置运行 Windows 10 的设备。Use the Windows Configuration Designer tool to create provisioning packages to easily configure devices running Windows 10. Windows 配置设计器主要供需要预配自带设备办公 (BYOD) 和企业提供的设备的企业和教育机构 IT 部门使用。Windows Configuration Designer is primarily designed for use by IT departments for business and educational institutions who need to provision bring-your-own-device (BYOD) and business-supplied devices.

支持的平台Supported platforms

Windows 配置设计器可以为 Windows 10 桌面版和移动版创建预配包,包括 Windows 10 IoT 核心版,以及 Microsoft Surface Hub 和 Microsoft HoloLens。Windows Configuration Designer can create provisioning packages for Windows 10 desktop and mobile editions, including Windows 10 IoT Core, as well as Microsoft Surface Hub and Microsoft HoloLens. 你可以在以下操作系统上运行 Windows 配置设计器:You can run Windows Configuration Designer on the following operating systems:

  • Windows 10 - x86 和 amd64Windows 10 - x86 and amd64
  • Windows 8.1 更新 - x86 和 amd64Windows 8.1 Update - x86 and amd64
  • Windows 8.1 - x86 和 amd64Windows 8.1 - x86 and amd64
  • Windows 8 - x86 和 amd64Windows 8 - x86 and amd64
  • Windows 7 - x86 和 amd64Windows 7 - x86 and amd64
  • Windows Server 2016Windows Server 2016
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 更新Windows Server 2012 R2 Update
  • Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2
  • Windows Server 2012Windows Server 2012
  • Windows Server 2008 R2Windows Server 2008 R2

警告

你必须在 Windows 10 上运行 Windows 配置设计器,才能使用任何向导配置 Azure Active Directory 注册。You must run Windows Configuration Designer on Windows 10 to configure Azure Active Directory enrollment using any of the wizards.

安装 Windows 配置设计器Install Windows Configuration Designer

在运行 Windows 10 的设备上,你可以安装 Microsoft Store 中的 Windows 配置设计器应用On devices running Windows 10, you can install the Windows Configuration Designer app from the Microsoft Store. 若要在其他操作系统上或以英语以外的其他语言运行 Windows 配置设计器,请从适用于 Windows 10 的 Windows 评估和部署工具包 (ADK) 安装它。To run Windows Configuration Designer on other operating systems or in languages other than English, install it from the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (ADK) for Windows 10.

备注

如果你从 ADK 和 Microsoft Store 安装 Windows 配置设计器,将不会打开该 Microsoft Store 应用。If you install Windows Configuration Designer from both the ADK and Microsoft Store, the Store app will not open.

目前,Microsoft Store 中的 Windows 配置设计器应用仅支持英文。The Windows Configuration Designer App from Microsoft Store currently supports only English. 对于本地化版本的 Windows 配置设计器,请从 Windows ADK 安装它。For a localized version of the Windows Configuration Designer, install it from the Windows ADK.

  1. 转到下载 Windows ADK,并针对你要为其创建预配包的 Windows 10 版本(版本 1511、1607 或 1703)选择获取 Windows ADKGo to Download the Windows ADK and select Get Windows ADK for the version of Windows 10 that you want to create provisioning packages for (version 1511, 1607, or 1703).

    备注

    此过程的其余部分使用适用于 Windows 10 版本 1703 的 Windows ADK 作为示例。The rest of this procedure uses Windows ADK for Windows 10, version 1703 as an example.

  2. 保存 adksetup.exe,然后运行它。Save adksetup.exe and then run it.

  3. 指定位置页面上,选择安装路径,然后单击下一步On the Specify Location page, select an installation path and then click Next.

    备注

    此页面上列出的估计磁盘空间适用于完整的 Windows ADK。The estimated disk space listed on this page applies to the full Windows ADK. 如果你仅安装 Windows 配置设计器,则需要的空间大约为 32 MB。If you only install Windows Configuration Designer, the space requirement is approximately 32 MB.

  4. Windows 工具包隐私页面中进行选择,然后单击下一步Make a selection on the Windows Kits Privacy page, and then click Next.

  5. 接受许可协议,然后单击下一步Accept the License Agreement, and then click Next.

  6. 选择要安装的功能页面中,清除配置设计器之外的所有选项,然后单击安装On the Select the features you want to install page, clear all selections except Configuration Designer, and then click Install.

    仅针对安装选中了“配置设计器”

当前的 Windows 配置设计器限制Current Windows Configuration Designer limitations

  • 如果 Windows 配置策略设置策略> Windows 组件 > Internet Explorer > 安全区域 >中的组策略> Internet Explorer > Clicies > Internet Explorer >配置设计器将无法正常工作:仅启用了计算机 设置。Windows Configuration Designer will not work properly if the Group Policy setting Policies > Administrative Templates > Windows Components > Internet Explorer > Security Zones: Use only machine settings is enabled. 我们建议你在其他设备上运行 Windows 配置设计器,而不是更改安全设置。We recommend that you run Windows Configuration Designer on a different device, rather than change the security setting.

  • 你只能在你的计算机上一次运行一个 Windows 配置设计器实例。You can only run one instance of Windows Configuration Designer on your computer at a time.

  • 请注意,在添加应用和驱动程序时,将导入同一文件夹中存储的所有文件,从而可能在生成过程中导致错误。Be aware that when adding apps and drivers, all files stored in the same folder will be imported and may cause errors during the build process.

  • Windows 配置设计器 UI 不支持多变量配置。The Windows Configuration Designer UI does not support multivariant configurations. 相反,你必须使用 Windows 配置设计器命令行接口配置多变量设置。Instead, you must use the Windows Configuration Designer command-line interface to configure multivariant settings. 有关详细信息,请参阅创建包含多变量设置的预配包For more information, see Create a provisioning package with multivariant settings.

  • 尽管你可以在 Windows 配置设计器中同时打开多个项目,但你一次只能生成一个项目。While you can open multiple projects at the same time within Windows Configuration Designer, you can only build one project at a time.

  • 为了使简化的创作 jscript 在运行 Windows 配置设计器的服务器 SKU 上工作,你需要显式启用允许网站使用脚本窗口提示获取信息In order to enable the simplified authoring jscripts to work on a server SKU running Windows Configuration Designer, you need to explicitly enable Allow websites to prompt for information using scripted windows. 要执行此操作,请打开 Internet Explorer,然后导航到设置 > Internet 选项 > 安全 -> 自定义级别 > 允许网站使用脚本窗口提示获取信息,然后选择启用Do this by opening Internet Explorer and then navigating to Settings > Internet Options > Security -> Custom level > Allow websites to prompt for information using scripted windows, and then choose Enable.

  • 如果你将 Windows 配置设计器项目从一台电脑复制到另一台电脑,请确保将部署资源的所有关联文件(如应用和驱动程序)随项目一起复制到与原始电脑相同的路径中。If you copy a Windows Configuration Designer project from one PC to another PC, make sure that all the associated files for the deployment assets, such as apps and drivers, are copied along with the project to the same path as it was on the original PC.

    例如,当你将某个驱动程序添加到预配包中时,你必须将 .INF 文件复制到正在运行 Windows 配置设计器的电脑上的本地目录中。For example, when you add a driver to a provisioned package, you must copy the .INF file to a local directory on the PC that is running Windows Configuration Designer. 如果你不执行此操作,而是尝试在不同的电脑上使用该项目的复制版本,Windows 配置设计器可能会尝试解析指向原始电脑的文件路径。If you don't do this, and attempt to use a copied version of this project on a different PC, Windows Configuration Designer might attempt to resolve the path to the files that point to the original PC.

  • 建议:在开始之前,将所有源文件复制到正在运行 Windows 配置设计器的电脑中,而不使用网络共享或可移动驱动器等外部源。Recommended: Before starting, copy all source files to the PC running Windows Configuration Designer, rather than using external sources like network shares or removable drives. 这可以降低由于暂时性网络问题或断开 USB 设备而导致的生成过程中断的风险。This reduces the risk of interrupting the build process from a temporary network issue or from disconnecting the USB device.

下一步如何创建预配包Next step: How to create a provisioning package

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