管理 Windows 10“开始”菜单和任务栏布局Manage Windows 10 Start and taskbar layout

适用于Applies to

  • Windows 10、Windows Server 2016 桌面体验、Windows Server 2019 桌面体验Windows 10, Windows Server 2016 with Desktop Experience, Windows Server 2019 with Desktop Experience

查找使用者信息?Looking for consumer information? 查看“开始”菜单上的内容See what's on the Start menu

组织可能想要将自定义的“开始”菜单和任务栏配置部署到运行 Windows 10 专业版、企业版或教育版的设备。Organizations might want to deploy a customized Start and taskbar configuration to devices running Windows 10 Pro, Enterprise, or Education. 对于通用于多个用户的设备以及出于专用目的而锁定的设备,自定义的标准“开始”菜单布局会非常有用。A standard, customized Start layout can be useful on devices that are common to multiple users and devices that are locked down for specialized purposes. 配置任务栏允许组织为员工固定实用应用,并删除默认固定的应用。Configuring the taskbar allows the organization to pin useful apps for their employees and to remove apps that are pinned by default.

备注

从 Windows 10 版本 1607 开始可以配置任务栏。Taskbar configuration is available starting in Windows 10, version 1607.

“开始”菜单和任务栏配置可应用于运行 Windows 10 专业版版本 1703 的设备。Start and taskbar configuration can be applied to devices running Windows 10 Pro, version 1703.

有关使用布局修改 XML 配置"使用漫游用户配置文件启动"的信息,请参阅部署 漫游用户配置文件For information on using the layout modification XML to configure Start with roaming user profiles, see Deploy Roaming User Profiles.

不支持在 Windows 10 中将 CopyProfile 用于"开始"菜单自定义。Using CopyProfile for Start menu customization in Windows 10 isn't supported. 有关详细信息, 使用 CopyProfile 自定义默认用户配置文件For more information Customize the Default User Profile by Using CopyProfile

“开始”菜单选项Start options

“开始”菜单布局部分

“开始”菜单的某些区域可以使用组策略管理。Some areas of Start can be managed using Group Policy. 可以使用组策略或移动设备管理 (MDM) 策略管理“开始”磁贴的布局。The layout of Start tiles can be managed using either Group Policy or Mobile Device Management (MDM) policy.

备注

表中的 MDM 策略设置也可使用"策略""开始"在预配 > 中配置The MDM policy settings in the table can also be configured in a provisioning package using Policies > Start. 请参阅 Windows 配置 设计器中的 "开始"屏幕设置参考。See the reference for Start settings in Windows Configuration Designer.

下表列出了“开始”菜单的不同部分以及任何适用的策略设置或“设置”选项。The following table lists the different parts of Start and any applicable policy settings or Settings options. 除该表中列出的不同路径外,组策略设置还位于用户配置\管理模板\ “开始”菜单和任务栏路径中。Group Policy settings are in the User Configuration\Administrative Templates\Start Menu and Taskbar path except where a different path is listed in the table.

“开始”菜单Start 策略Policy 本地设置Local setting
用户磁贴User tile MDM:Start/HideUserTileMDM: Start/HideUserTile
Start/HideSwitchAccountStart/HideSwitchAccount
Start/HideSignOutStart/HideSignOut
Start/HideLockStart/HideLock
Start/HideChangeAccountSettingsStart/HideChangeAccountSettings

组策略:删除“开始”菜单上的“注销”Group Policy: Remove Logoff on the Start menu
none
最常用Most used MDM:Start/HideFrequentlyUsedAppsMDM: Start/HideFrequentlyUsedApps

组策略:从“开始”菜单中删除常用程序Group Policy: Remove frequent programs from the Start menu
设置 > 个性化 >“开始”菜单 > 显示最常用的应用Settings > Personalization > Start > Show most used apps
建议Suggestions
-和--and-
动态插入的应用磁贴Dynamically inserted app tile
MDM:允许 Windows 使用者功能MDM: Allow Windows Consumer Features

组策略:计算机配置\管理模板\Windows 组件\云内容\关闭 Microsoft 使用者体验Group Policy: Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\Windows Components\Cloud Content\Turn off Microsoft consumer experiences

注意: 此策略也可启用或禁用在默认“开始”菜单中从 Microsoft 动态插入的用户 Microsoft 帐户和应用磁贴的通知。Note: This policy also enables or disables notifications for a user's Microsoft account and app tiles from Microsoft dynamically inserted in the default Start menu.
设置 > 个性化 >“开始”菜单 > 偶尔在“开始”菜单中显示建议Settings > Personalization > Start > Occasionally show suggestions in Start
最近添加Recently added MDM:Start/HideRecentlyAddedAppsMDM: Start/HideRecentlyAddedApps
组策略:计算机配置管理模板"开始"菜单和任务栏从 \ **** \ **** \ **** Windows 10 版本 1803 (的"开始"菜单中删除"最近添加) Group Policy: Computer configuration\Administrative Template\Start Menu and Taskbar\Remove "Recently Added" list from Start Menu (for Windows 10, version 1803)
设置 > 个性化 >“开始”菜单 > 显示最近添加的应用Settings > Personalization > Start > Show recently added apps
已固定的文件夹Pinned folders MDM:AllowPinnedFolderMDM: AllowPinnedFolder 设置 > 个性化 >“开始”菜单 > 选择哪些文件夹显示在“开始”菜单上Settings > Personalization > Start > Choose which folders appear on Start
电源Power MDM:Start/HidePowerButtonMDM: Start/HidePowerButton
Start/HideHibernateStart/HideHibernate
Start/HideRestartStart/HideRestart
Start/HideShutDownStart/HideShutDown
Start/HideSleepStart/HideSleep

组策略:删除并阻止访问“关机”、“重启”、“睡眠”和“休眠”命令Group Policy: Remove and prevent access to the Shut Down, Restart, Sleep, and Hibernate commands
none
“开始”屏幕布局Start layout MDM:“开始”屏幕布局MDM: Start layout
ImportEdgeAssetsImportEdgeAssets

组策略:阻止用户自定义“开始”屏幕Group Policy: Prevent users from customizing their Start screen

注意: 通过组策略或 MDM 导入完整的“开始”屏幕布局时,用户不能在“开始”屏幕中固定、取消固定或卸载应用。Note: When a full Start screen layout is imported with Group Policy or MDM, the users cannot pin, unpin, or uninstall apps from the Start screen. 用户可以在所有应用视图中查看并打开所有应用,但他们无法将任何应用固定到“开始”屏幕。Users can view and open all apps in the All Apps view, but they cannot pin any apps to the Start screen. 在导入部分“开始”屏幕布局时,用户无法更改这一部分布局所应用的磁贴组,但可以修改其他磁贴组和创建自己的磁贴组。When a partial Start screen layout is imported, users cannot change the tile groups applied by the partial layout, but can modify other tile groups and create their own.

“开始”屏幕布局策略可用于根据所提供的 XML 文件将应用固定到任务栏。Start layout policy can be used to pin apps to the taskbar based on an XML File that you provide. 用户可以更改固定应用的顺序、取消固定应用以及将其他应用固定到任务栏。Users will be able to change the order of pinned apps, unpin apps, and pin additional apps to the taskbar.
none
跳转列表Jump lists MDM:Start/HideRecentJumplistsMDM: Start/HideRecentJumplists

组策略:不保留最近打开文档的历史记录Group Policy: Do not keep history of recently opened documents
设置 > 个性化 >“开始”菜单 > 在“开始”菜单或任务栏的“跳转列表”中显示最近打开的项目Settings > Personalization > Start > Show recently opened items in Jump Lists on Start or the taskbar
“开始”屏幕大小Start size MDM:强制“开始”屏幕大小MDM: Force Start size

组策略:强制“开始”屏幕采用全屏或与菜单大小等同Group Policy: Force Start to be either full screen size or menu size
设置 > 个性化 >“开始”菜单 > 使用全屏“开始”屏幕Settings > Personalization > Start > Use Start full screen
应用列表App list MDM:Start/HideAppListMDM: Start/HideAppList 设置 > 个性化 >“开始”菜单 > 在“开始”菜单中显示应用列表Settings > Personalization > Start > Show app list in Start menu
所有设置All Settings 组策略:阻止更改任务栏和“开始”菜单设置Group Policy: Prevent changes to Taskbar and Start Menu Settings none
任务栏Taskbar MDM:Start/NoPinningToTaskbarMDM: Start/NoPinningToTaskbar none

备注

在本地设置 > 个性化 > "开始"屏幕中,有一个显示更多磁贴的选项In local Settings > Personalization > Start, there is an option to Show more tiles. "开始"屏幕磁贴的默认磁贴布局是 3 列中等大小的磁贴。The default tile layout for Start tiles is 3 columns of medium sized tiles. 显示更多磁贴可 启用 4 列。Show more tiles enables 4 columns. 若要在自定义和导出"开始"屏幕布局时配置 4 列布局,请打开"显示更多磁贴"设置,然后排列磁贴。To configure the 4-column layout when you customize and export a Start layout, turn on the Show more tiles setting and then arrange your tiles.

了解如何自定义和导出“开始”菜单布局Learn how to customize and export Start layout

任务栏选项Taskbar options

从 Windows 10 版本 1607 开始,可将其他应用固定到任务栏,并可从任务栏删除默认固定的应用。Starting in Windows 10, version 1607, you can pin additional apps to the taskbar and remove default pinned apps from the taskbar. 可以根据设备区域设置或地区指定不同的任务栏配置。You can specify different taskbar configurations based on device locale or region.

可固定到任务栏的应用有三种类别:There are three categories of apps that might be pinned to a taskbar:

  • 用户固定的应用Apps pinned by the user

  • 默认的 Windows 应用,在安装操作系统时固定(Microsoft Edge、文件资源管理器、Store)Default Windows apps, pinned during operating system installation (Microsoft Edge, File Explorer, Store)

  • 企业固定的应用(例如在无人参与的 Windows 安装程序中固定的应用)Apps pinned by the enterprise, such as in an unattended Windows setup

    备注

    我们建议使用 layoutmodification.xml 方法配置任务栏选项,而不是使用以前使用无人参与的 Windows 安装程序文件中的 TaskbarLinks 的方法。We recommend using the layoutmodification.xml method to configure taskbar options, rather than the earlier method of using TaskbarLinks in an unattended Windows setup file.

以下示例显示应用固定方式 - Windows 默认应用居左(蓝色圆圈)、用户固定的应用居中(橙色三角形)、使用 XML 固定的应用居右(绿色方块)。The following example shows how apps will be pinned - Windows default apps to the left (blue circle), apps pinned by the user in the center (orange triangle), and apps that you pin using XML to the right (green square).

Windows 默认应用居左,用户固定应用居中,企业固定应用居右

备注

在配置为使用从右往左语言的操作系统中,任务栏的顺序将反转。In operating systems configured to use a right-to-left language, the taskbar order will be reversed.

无论是否将任务栏配置应用到全新安装或更新,用户仍将可以执行以下操作:Whether you apply the taskbar configuration to a clean install or an update, users will still be able to:

  • 固定其他应用Pin additional apps
  • 更改已固定应用的顺序Change the order of pinned apps
  • 取消固定任何应用Unpin any app

备注

在 Windows 10 版本 1703 中,可以应用 MDM 策略 Start/NoPinningToTaskbar 以阻止用户在任务栏中固定和取消固定应用。In Windows 10, version 1703, you can apply an MDM policy, Start/NoPinningToTaskbar, to prevents users from pinning and unpinning apps on the taskbar.

应用到 Windows 10 全新安装的任务栏配置Taskbar configuration applied to clean install of Windows 10

在全新安装中,如果应用了任务栏布局,则只有指定的应用和未删除的默认应用将固定到任务栏。In a clean install, if you apply a taskbar layout, only the apps that you specify and default apps that you do not remove will be pinned to the taskbar. 在应用了该布局后,用户可以将其他应用固定到任务栏。Users can pin additional apps to the taskbar after the layout is applied.

应用到 Windows 10 升级的任务栏配置Taskbar configuration applied to Windows 10 upgrades

当设备升级到 Windows 10 后,应用已固定到任务栏。When a device is upgraded to Windows 10, apps will be pinned to the taskbar already. 某些应用可能已由用户固定到任务栏,其他应用可能已通过自定义基本映像或使用 Windows 无人参与的安装程序固定到任务栏。Some apps may have been pinned to the taskbar by a user, and others may have been pinned to the taskbar through a customized base image or by using Windows Unattend setup.

升级到 Windows 10 版本 1607 或更高版本后的新任务栏布局将应用以下行为:The new taskbar layout for upgrades to Windows 10, version 1607 or later, will apply the following behavior:

  • 如果用户已将应用固定到任务栏,这些固定的应用将留在原位,新应用将添加到右侧。If the user pinned the app to the taskbar, those pinned apps remain and new apps will be added to the right.
  • 如果用户未固定应用(在安装时或按照策略固定),并且应用不在更新的布局文件中,应用将取消固定。If the user didn't pin the app (it was pinned during installation or by policy) and the app is not in updated layout file, the app will be unpinned.
  • 如果用户未固定应用,但应用在更新的布局文件中,应用将固定到右侧。If the user didn't pin the app and the app is in the updated layout file, the app will be pinned to the right.
  • 在更新的布局文件中指定的新应用将固定到用户固定的应用右侧。New apps specified in updated layout file are pinned to right of user's pinned apps.

了解如何配置 Windows10 任务栏Learn how to configure Windows 10 taskbar.

"开始"屏幕布局配置错误Start layout configuration errors

如果未按照预期应用"开始"屏幕布局自定义,请**** 打开事件查看器并导航**** 到"应用程序和服务日志 > ""Microsoft > Windows > ShellCommon-StartLayoutPopulation > Operational", 并检查以下事件之一:If your Start layout customization is not applied as expected, open Event Viewer and navigate to Applications and Services Log > Microsoft > Windows > ShellCommon-StartLayoutPopulation > Operational, and check for one of the following events:

  • 当 xml 格式不正确时,将记录事件22, 这意味着指定的文件只是无效的 xml。Event 22 is logged when the xml is malformed, meaning the specified file simply isn’t valid xml. 如果文件具有额外的空格或意外的字符,或者文件未保存为 UTF8 格式,则会出现此情况。This can occur if the file has extra spaces or unexpected characters, or if the file is not saved in the UTF8 format.
  • 当 xml 有效,但具有意外值时,将记录事件64。Event 64 is logged when the xml is valid, but has unexpected values. 当无法理解所需配置、元素未按所需顺序或未找到源(如缺少或拼写错误的 .lnk)时,可能会发生这种情况。This can happen when the desired configuration is not understood, elements are not in the required order, or source is not found, such as a missing or misspelled .lnk.