Windows 10 中删除的特性和功能Features and functionality removed in Windows 10

适用于:Windows 10Applies to: Windows 10

每个版本的 Windows 10 都添加了新的特性和功能;有时,我们还会删除特性和功能,通常是因为我们添加了更好的选项。Each version of Windows 10 adds new features and functionality; occasionally we also remove features and functionality, often because we've added a better option. 以下是有关我们在 Windows 10 中删除的特性和功能的详细信息。Below are the details about the features and functionalities that we removed in Windows 10. 下面的列表可能会更改,可能不包含所有受影响的特性或功能。The list below is subject to change and might not include every affected feature or functionality.

有关将来版本中可能会删除的功能的信息,请参阅我们不再正在开发的 Windows 10 功能For information about features that might be removed in a future release, see Windows 10 features we’re no longer developing.

备注

加入 Windows 预览体验计划 ,以提前访问新的 Windows 10 版本并自己测试这些更改。Join the Windows Insider program to get early access to new Windows 10 builds and test these changes yourself.

已从已安装的 Windows 10 产品映像中删除以下特性和功能。The following features and functionalities have been removed from the installed product image for Windows 10. 依赖于这些功能的应用程序或代码在删除后或更高版本中将无法正常工作。Applications or code that depend on these features won't function in the release when it was removed, or in later releases.

功能Feature 详细信息和缓解Details and mitigation 在版本中已删除Removed in version
Microsoft EdgeMicrosoft Edge 旧版 Microsoft Edge 在 2021 年 3 月 9 日之后不再受支持。The legacy version of Microsoft Edge is no longer supported after March 9th, 2021. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Microsoft Edge 旧版停止支持提醒For more information, see End of support reminder for Microsoft Edge Legacy. 21H121H1
MBAE 服务元数据MBAE service metadata MBAE 应用体验替换为 MO UWP 应用。The MBAE app experience is replaced by an MO UWP app. MBAE 服务的元数据已删除。Metadata for the MBAE service is removed. 20H220H2
连接应用Connect app 默认情况下,不再安装使用 Miracast 的用于无线投影的 Connect 应用,但作为可选功能提供。The Connect app for wireless projection using Miracast is no longer installed by default, but is available as an optional feature. 若要安装应用,请单击"设置""应用 > **** > ""可选功能 > "" 添加功能",然后安装 "无线显示" 应用。To install the app, click on Settings > Apps > Optional features > Add a feature and then install the Wireless Display app. 20042004
Rinna 和日语地址建议Rinna and Japanese Address suggestion 用于 Microsoft 日语输入法编辑器的 Rinna 和日语地址建议服务 (IME) 2020 年 8 月 13 日结束。The Rinna and Japanese Address suggestion service for Microsoft Japanese Input Method Editor (IME) ended on August 13th, 2020. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Rinna 和日语地址建议将不再提供For more information, see Rinna and Japanese Address suggestion will no longer be offered 20042004
CortanaCortana Cortana 已在 Windows 10 2020 年 5 月更新中进行了更新和增强。Cortana has been updated and enhanced in the Windows 10 May 2020 Update. 通过 这些更改,一些以前可用的消费者技能(如音乐、家庭连接和其他非 Microsoft 技能)将不再可用。With these changes, some previously available consumer skills such as music, connected home, and other non-Microsoft skills are no longer available. 20042004
Windows To GoWindows To Go Windows To Go 在 Windows 10 版本 1903 中宣布弃用,并在此版本中被删除。Windows To Go was announced as deprecated in Windows 10, version 1903 and is removed in this release. 20042004
移动计划和消息传递应用Mobile Plans and Messaging apps 这两个应用仍受支持,但现在以不同方式分发。Both apps are still supported, but are now distributed in a different way. OEM 现在可以在支持手机网络的设备 Windows 映像中包括这些应用。OEMs can now include these apps in Windows images for cellular enabled devices. 这些应用将针对非手机网络设备删除。The apps are removed for non-cellular devices. 20042004
PNRP APIPNRP APIs 在 Windows 10 版本 1809 (删除了 PNRP) 的对等名称解析协议。The Peer Name Resolution Protocol (PNRP) cloud service was removed in Windows 10, version 1809. 我们计划通过删除相应的 API 完成删除过程。We are planning to complete the removal process by removing the corresponding APIs. 19091909
任务栏设置漫游Taskbar settings roaming 此版本中删除了任务栏设置的漫游。Roaming of taskbar settings is removed in this release. 此功能已宣布不再在 Windows 10 版本 1903 中开发。This feature was announced as no longer being developed in Windows 10, version 1903. 19091909
桌面消息应用未提供消息同步Desktop messaging app doesn't offer messages sync 桌面上的消息应用具有同步功能,可用于同步从 Windows Mobile 收到的短信,并保留其副本。The messaging app on Desktop has a sync feature that can be used to sync SMS text messages received from Windows Mobile and keep a copy of them on the Desktop. 同步功能已从所有设备中删除。The sync feature has been removed from all devices. 由于此更改,你只能从接收邮件的设备访问邮件。Due to this change, you will only be able to access messages from the device that received the message. 19031903
业务扫描,也称为分布式扫描管理 (DSM)Business Scanning, also called Distributed Scan Management (DSM) 我们将删除此安全扫描和扫描程序管理功能 -没有任何设备支持此功能。We're removing this secure scanning and scanner management capability - there are no devices that support this feature. 18091809
FontSmoothing 设置(unattend.xmlFontSmoothing setting in unattend.xml FontSmoothing 设置用于指定在整个系统中使用的字体抗锯色策略。The FontSmoothing setting let you specify the font antialiasing strategy to use across the system. 我们已将 Windows 10 更改为默认使用 ClearType, 因此我们将删除此设置,因为它不再需要。We've changed Windows 10 to use ClearType by default, so we're removing this setting as it is no longer necessary. 如果将此设置包括在 unattend.xml文件中,它将被忽略。If you include this setting in the unattend.xml file, it'll be ignored. 18091809
全息影像应用Hologram app 我们已将全息影像应用替换为 混合现实查看器We've replaced the Hologram app with the Mixed Reality Viewer. 如果你想要创建 3D 艺术字,你仍然可以在画图 3D 中这样做,然后使用混合现实查看器以 VR 或 Hololens 查看你的艺术。If you would like to create 3D word art, you can still do that in Paint 3D and view your art in VR or Hololens with the Mixed Reality Viewer. 18091809
limpet.exelimpet.exe 我们正在发布开放limpet.exe,用于访问 Azure 连接的 TPM。We're releasing the limpet.exe tool, used to access TPM for Azure connectivity, as open source. 18091809
手机助手Phone Companion 当你更新到 Windows 10 版本 1809 时,手机助手应用将从电脑中删除。When you update to Windows 10, version 1809, the Phone Companion app will be removed from your PC. 使用 "设置 "应用中的"电话"页面将移动电话与电脑同步。Use the Phone page in the Settings app to sync your mobile phone with your PC. 它包括所有电话助理功能。It includes all the Phone Companion features. 18091809
WES8 中通过 适用于 Windows Embedded Standard 7-SP1 (WES7-SP1) 和 Windows Embedded Standard 8 (开发人员更新) Future updates through Windows Embedded Developer Update for Windows Embedded Standard 7-SP1 (WES7-SP1) and Windows Embedded Standard 8 (WES8) 我们不再向 WEDU 服务器发布新更新。We’re no longer publishing new updates to the WEDU server. 相反,你可以保护 Microsoft 更新目录中的任何 新更新Instead, you may secure any new updates from the Microsoft Update Catalog. 了解如何 从目录获取更新。Learn how to get updates from the catalog. 18091809
Groove Music PassGroove Music Pass 我们在 2017年通过 Microsoft Store 终止了 Groove 流式音乐服务和音乐轨销售。We ended the Groove streaming music service and music track sales through the Microsoft Store in 2017. 正在更新 Groove 应用以反映此更改。The Groove app is being updated to reflect this change. 你仍然可以使用 Groove 音乐在电脑上播放音乐。You can still use Groove Music to play the music on your PC. 可以使用 Spotify 或其他音乐服务在 Windows 10 上流式传输音乐,或购买要拥有的音乐。You can use Spotify or other music services to stream music on Windows 10, or to buy music to own. 18031803
人员 - 建议不再包括非 Microsoft 帐户的未保存联系人People - Suggestions will no longer include unsaved contacts for non-Microsoft accounts 手动保存您发送邮件或接收邮件的联系人的联系人详细信息。Manually save the contact details for people you send mail to or get mail from. 18031803
控制面板中的语言控件Language control in the Control Panel 使用"设置"应用更改语言设置。Use the Settings app to change your language settings. 18031803
HomeGroupHomeGroup 我们删除 家庭组 ,但无法共享打印机、文件和文件夹。We are removing HomeGroup but not your ability to share printers, files, and folders.

当你更新到 Windows 10 版本 1803 时,你将看不到文件资源管理器中的家庭组、控制面板或疑难解答 (Settings > Update & Security > Troubleshoot) 。When you update to Windows 10, version 1803, you won't see HomeGroup in File Explorer, the Control Panel, or Troubleshoot (Settings > Update & Security > Troubleshoot). 使用家庭组共享的任何打印机、 文件和文件夹将继续共享Any printers, files, and folders that you shared using HomeGroup will continue to be shared.

你现在可以使用 Windows 10 中内置的功能共享打印机、文件和文件夹,而不是使用家庭组:Instead of using HomeGroup, you can now share printers, files and folders by using features that are built into Windows 10:
- 共享网络打印机- Share your network printer
- 在文件资源管理器中共享文件- Share files in File Explorer
18031803
连接到建议开放热点 选项,Wi-Fi设置Connect to suggested open hotspots option in Wi-Fi settings 我们之前禁用了 "连接到建议的开放热点"选项,现在正在将其从"开放Wi-Fi页面。We previously disabled the Connect to suggested open hotspots option and are now removing it from the Wi-Fi settings page. 可以使用网络 & Internet 设置、任务栏或控制面板,或者通过使用适用于移动设备的 Wi-Fi 设置 (手动连接到免费的无线热点) 。You can manually connect to free wireless hotspots with Network & Internet settings, from the taskbar or Control Panel, or by using Wi-Fi Settings (for mobile devices). 18031803
XPS 查看器XPS Viewer 我们正在更改获取 XPS 查看器的方式。We're changing the way you get XPS Viewer. 在 Windows 10 版本 1709 和早期版本中,应用包含在安装映像中。In Windows 10, version 1709 and earlier versions, the app is included in the installation image. 如果你有 XPS 查看器并更新到 Windows 10 版本 1803,则无需任何操作。If you have XPS Viewer and you update to Windows 10, version 1803, there's no action required. 你仍然拥有 XPS 查看器。You'll still have XPS Viewer.

但是,如果你在新设备 (或作为干净安装) 安装 Windows 10 版本 1803,你可能需要从"设置"应用中的应用和功能或按需功能安装XPS **** 查看器However, if you install Windows 10, version 1803, on a new device (or as a clean installation), you may need to install XPS Viewer from Apps and Features in the Settings app or through Features on Demand. 如果你在 Windows 10 版本 1709 中拥有 XPS 查看器,但在更新之前手动将其删除,则需要手动重新安装它。If you had XPS Viewer in Windows 10, version 1709, but manually removed it before updating, you'll need to manually reinstall it.
18031803
3D Builder 应用3D Builder app 默认情况下不再安装。No longer installed by default. 考虑替换为使用打印 3D 和画图 3D。Consider using Print 3D and Paint 3D in its place. 但是,3D Builder 仍然可以从 Microsoft Store 下载。However, 3D Builder is still available for download from the Windows Store. 17091709
Apndatabase.xmlApndatabase.xml 有关替代数据库的详细信息,请参阅以下硬件开发人员中心文章:For more information about the replacement database, see the following Hardware Dev Center articles:
更新 COSA 的 MO 过程MO Process to update COSA
COSA 常见问题COSA FAQ
17091709
增强的缓解体验工具包 (EMET)Enhanced Mitigation Experience Toolkit (EMET) 将阻止使用此功能。Use of this feature will be blocked. 请考虑使用 Exploit Protection 作为替代。Consider using Exploit Protection as a replacement. 17091709
Outlook ExpressOutlook Express 由于缺少功能,此旧版应用程序将被删除。This legacy application will be removed due to lack of functionality. 17091709
阅读器应用Reader app 要集成到 Microsoft Edge 的功能。Functionality to be integrated into Microsoft Edge. 17091709
阅读列表Reading List 要集成到 Microsoft Edge 的功能。Functionality to be integrated into Microsoft Edge. 17091709
主题中的屏幕保护程序功能Screen saver functionality in Themes 此功能在主题中已禁用, 在此表中分类 为已删除。This functionality is disabled in Themes, and classified as Removed in this table. 组策略、控制面板和 Sysprep 中的屏幕保护程序功能继续正常工作。Screen saver functionality in Group Policies, Control Panel, and Sysprep continues to be functional. 首选锁屏界面功能和策略。Lock screen features and policies are preferred. 17091709
Syskey.exeSyskey.exe 删除此不安全的安全功能。Removing this nonsecure security feature. 我们建议用户改为使用 BitLocker。We recommend that users use BitLocker instead. 有关详细信息,请参阅:Windows 10 RS3 和 Windows Server 2016 RS3 不再支持 4025993 Syskey.exe 实用工具For more information, see 4025993 Syskey.exe utility is no longer supported in Windows 10 RS3 and Windows Server 2016 RS3. 17091709
TCP 卸载引擎TCP Offload Engine 删除此传统代码。Removing this legacy code. 此功能之前已转换为堆叠 TCP 引擎。This functionality was previously transitioned to the Stack TCP Engine. 有关详细信息,请参阅 为什么弃用网络性能功能?For more information, see Why Are We Deprecating Network Performance Features? 17091709
磁贴数据层Tile Data Layer 要替换为 Tile Store。To be replaced by the Tile Store. 17091709
添加了复原文件系统 (ReFS) (:2017 年 8 月 17 日) Resilient File System (ReFS) (added: August 17, 2017) 创建功能将仅在以下版本中可用:Windows 10 企业版和 Windows 10 专业工作站版。Creation ability will be available in the following editions only: Windows 10 Enterprise and Windows 10 Pro for Workstations. 将从其他所有版本中删除创建功能。Creation ability will be removed from all other editions. 其他所有版本中都将具有读取和写入功能。All other editions will have Read and Write ability. 17091709
应用园地Apps Corner 此 Windows 10 移动应用程序在版本 1703 版本中已删除。This Windows 10 mobile application is removed in the version 1703 release. 17031703
默认情况下,Edge 中的 Flash 自动运行处于关闭状态。By default, Flash autorun in Edge is turned off. 改为使用单击即运行 (C2R) 选项。Use the Click-to-Run (C2R) option instead. (用户可以更改此设置。)(This setting can be changed by the user.) 17031703
交互服务检测服务Interactive Service Detection Service 有关如何 使 软件保持最新的指导,请参阅交互式服务。See Interactive Services for guidance on how to keep software up to date. 17031703
Microsoft 画图Microsoft Paint 此应用程序不适用于未在完整本地化列表 上的语言This application will not be available for languages that are not on the full localization list. 17031703
TLS 中的 NPN 支持NPN support in TLS 此功能被 ALPN Application-Layer协议 (取代) 。This feature is superseded by Application-Layer Protocol Negotiation (ALPN). 17031703
Windows 信息保护 (AllowUserDecryption) 策略Windows Information Protection "AllowUserDecryption" policy 从 Windows 10 版本 1703 开始,AllowUserDecryption 不再受支持。Starting in Windows 10, version 1703, AllowUserDecryption is no longer supported. 17031703
适用于 Windows Mobile 的 WSUSWSUS for Windows Mobile 更新正在转换到新的统一更新平台 (UUP) Updates are being transitioned to the new Unified Update Platform (UUP) 17031703