Windows To Go:功能概述Windows To Go: feature overview

适用于Applies to

  • Windows 10Windows 10

重要

Windows 10 版本2004及更高版本的操作系统中删除了 Windows To Go。Windows To Go is removed in Windows 10, version 2004 and later operating systems. 该功能不支持功能更新,因此不能让你保持最新。The feature does not support feature updates and therefore does not enable you to stay current. 它还需要许多 OEM 不再支持的特定类型的 USB。It also requires a specific type of USB that is no longer supported by many OEMs.

Windows To Go 是 Windows 10 企业版和 Windows 10 教育版中的一项功能,支持创建可从电脑上 USB 连接的外部驱动器启动的 Windows To Go 工作区。Windows To Go is a feature in Windows 10 Enterprise and Windows 10 Education that enables the creation of a Windows To Go workspace that can be booted from a USB-connected external drive on PCs.

满足 Windows 7 或更高版本认证要求的电脑可在 Windows To Go 工作区中运行 Windows 10,而无需考虑电脑上运行的操作系统。PCs that meet the Windows 7 or later certification requirements can run Windows 10 in a Windows To Go workspace, regardless of the operating system running on the PC. Windows To Go 工作区可以使用企业对其台式机和便携计算机使用的相同映像,并且可以用相同的方式进行管理。Windows To Go workspaces can use the same image enterprises use for their desktops and laptops and can be managed the same way. Windows To Go 的设计并不旨在代替台式计算机、便携式计算机,或取代其他移动产品。Windows To Go is not intended to replace desktops, laptops or supplant other mobility offerings. 恰恰相反,它为有效使用备用的工作场所方案资源提供有力支持。Rather, it provides support for efficient use of resources for alternative workplace scenarios. 在你开始使用 Windows To Go 之前,应谨记以下一些额外注意事项:There are some additional considerations that you should keep in mind before you start to use Windows To Go:

备注

Windows RT 不支持 Windows To Go。Windows To Go is not supported on Windows RT.

Windows To Go 和典型的 Windows 安装之间的区别Differences between Windows To Go and a typical installation of Windows

Windows To Go 工作区的操作和任何其他 Windows 安装程序一样,但一些例外情况除外。Windows To Go workspace operates just like any other installation of Windows with a few exceptions. 这些例外情况包括:These exceptions are:

  • 内部磁盘处于脱机状态。Internal disks are offline. 为确保数据不会意外泄露,在启动进入 Windows To Go 工作区时,主计算机上的内部硬盘默认处于脱机状态。To ensure data isn’t accidentally disclosed, internal hard disks on the host computer are offline by default when booted into a Windows To Go workspace. 同样地,如果将 Windows To Go 驱动器插入正在运行的系统中,Windows To Go 驱动器将不在 Windows 资源管理器中列出。Similarly if a Windows To Go drive is inserted into a running system, the Windows To Go drive will not be listed in Windows Explorer.
  • 未使用受信任的平台模块 (TPM)。Trusted Platform Module (TPM) is not used. 当使用 BitLocker 驱动器加密时,为安全起见,将使用预操作系统启动密码,而非 TPM,因为 TPM 已与特定计算机绑定,而 Windows To Go 驱动器将在各台计算机之间迁移。When using BitLocker Drive Encryption a pre-operating system boot password will be used for security rather than the TPM since the TPM is tied to a specific computer and Windows To Go drives will move between computers.
  • 默认情况下禁用休眠。Hibernate is disabled by default. 为确保 Windows To Go 工作区能够在计算机之间迁移,默认情况下,禁用休眠功能。To ensure that the Windows To Go workspace is able to move between computers easily, hibernation is disabled by default. 使用组策略设置可以重新启用休眠功能。Hibernation can be re-enabled by using Group Policy settings.
  • Windows 恢复环境不可用。Windows Recovery Environment is not available. 在极少数情况下,需要恢复 Windows To Go 驱动器,此时你应采用 Windows 的新映像对该驱动器进行重镜像。In the rare case that you need to recover your Windows To Go drive, you should re-image it with a fresh image of Windows.
  • 不支持刷新或重置 Windows To Go 工作区。Refreshing or resetting a Windows To Go workspace is not supported. 当运行 Windows To Go 工作区时,无法将计算机重置到制造商的标准设置,因此禁用该功能。Resetting to the manufacturer’s standard for the computer doesn’t apply when running a Windows To Go workspace, so the feature was disabled.
  • 不支持升级 Windows To Go 工作区。Upgrading a Windows To Go workspace is not supported. 较旧的 Windows 8 或 Windows 8.1 Windows To Go 工作区无法升级到 Windows 10 工作区,Windows 10 Windows To Go 工作区也无法升级到 Windows 10 的未来版本。Older Windows 8 or Windows 8.1 Windows To Go workspaces cannot be upgraded to Windows 10 workspaces, nor can Windows 10 Windows To Go workspaces be upgraded to future versions of Windows 10. 对于新版本,需要使用新的 Windows 映像重新镜像工作区。For new versions, the workspace needs to be re-imaged with a fresh image of Windows.

通过 Windows To Go 进行漫游Roaming with Windows To Go

可在多台计算机上启动 Windows To Go 驱动器。Windows To Go drives can be booted on multiple computers. 当 Windows To Go 工作区在主计算机上首次启动时,它会检测计算机的所有硬件,并安装任何需要的驱动程序。When a Windows To Go workspace is first booted on a host computer it will detect all hardware on the computer and install any needed drivers. 当 Windows To Go 工作区在该主计算机再度启动时,它会识别出该主计算机,并自动加载正确的各种驱动程序。When the Windows To Go workspace is subsequently booted on that host computer it will be able to identify the host computer and load the correct set of drivers automatically.

当你想使用来自 Windows To Go 工作区的应用程序时,应对这些应用程序进行测试,以确保它们都支持漫游。The applications that you want to use from the Windows To Go workspace should be tested to make sure they also support roaming. 如果工作区用于多台主计算机,一些应用程序将绑定到会引发困难的计算机硬件。Some applications bind to the computer hardware which will cause difficulties if the workspace is being used with multiple host computers.

准备使用 Windows To GoPrepare for Windows To Go

企业可使用配置管理软件(例如 Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager)将 Windows 安装到很大一组计算机中,也可使用标准 Windows 部署工具(如 DiskPart 和部署映像服务和管理 (DISM) 工具)进行安装。Enterprises install Windows on a large group of computers either by using configuration management software (such as Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager), or by using standard Windows deployment tools such as DiskPart and the Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) tool.

这些同类工具可用于配置 Windows To Go 驱动器,就像要计划配置新类型的移动计算机一样。These same tools can be used to provision Windows To Go drive, just as you would if you were planning for provisioning a new class of mobile PCs. 可使用 Windows 评估和部署工具包检查可用的部署工具。You can use the Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit to review deployment tools available.

重要

确保使用针对你正在部署的 Windows 版本提供的部署工具版本。Make sure you use the versions of the deployment tools provided for the version of Windows you are deploying. 为支持 Windows To Go,我们提供了很多增强功能。There have been many enhancements made to support Windows To Go. 不支持针对早期 Windows 版本发布的部署工具版本来预配 Windows To Go 驱动器。Using versions of the deployment tools released for earlier versions of Windows to provision a Windows To Go drive is not supported.

在确定加入 Windows To Go 映像的内容时,务必考虑下述问题:As you decide what to include in your Windows To Go image, be sure to consider the following questions:

是否存在要加入映像的任何驱动程序?Are there any drivers that you need to inject into the image?

如何将数据从 USB 设备存储并同步到适当位置?How will data be stored and synchronized to appropriate locations from the USB device?

是否存在不兼容 Windows To Go 漫游的任何应用程序,要将其从映像中排除?Are there any applications that are incompatible with Windows To Go roaming that should not be included in the image?

应该采用哪种映像的体系结构,是 32 位还是 64 位?What should be the architecture of the image - 32bit/64bit?

如果要在公司网络外部使用 Windows To Go,则映像中应支持哪种远程连接解决方案?What remote connectivity solution should be supported in the image if Windows To Go is used outside the corporate network?

有关设计和规划 Windows To Go 部署的详细信息,请参阅让组织为 Windows To Go 做好准备For more information about designing and planning your Windows To Go deployment, see Prepare your organization for Windows To Go.

Windows To Go 的硬件注意事项Hardware considerations for Windows To Go

针对 USB 驱动器For USB drives

此部分列出的设备已针对 Windows To Go 进行特别优化并通过认证,满足从 USB 驱动器启动和运行 Windows 10 完整版的必要要求。The devices listed in this section have been specially optimized and certified for Windows To Go and meet the necessary requirements for booting and running a full version of Windows 10 from a USB drive. 针对 Windows To Go 的优化包括以下内容:The optimizations for Windows To Go include the following:

  • 对于经过 Windows To Go 认证的 U 盘,其制造工艺适应高速随机读写,支持每秒数千次的 I/O 随机访问操作,这种操作是流畅处理 Windows 常规工作负载所必需的。Windows To Go certified USB drives are built for high random read/write speeds and support the thousands of random access I/O operations per second required for running normal Windows workloads smoothly.
  • 通过 Windows To Go 认证的 U 盘经过微调,可确保在通过 Windows 7 和更高版本使用认证的硬件上启动和运行。Windows To Go certified USB drives have been tuned to ensure they boot and run on hardware certified for use with Windows 7 and later.
  • 通过 Windows To Go 认证的 USB 驱动器更加经久耐用。Windows To Go certified USB drives are built to last. 制造商对通过认证的 USB 驱动器提供质保支持,正常使用时应可持续工作。Certified USB drives are backed with manufacturer warranties and should continue operating under normal usage. 有关详细信息,请参阅制造商网站。Refer to the manufacturer websites for warranty details.

以下是截至发布之日,当前通过 Windows To Go 驱动器使用认证的 USB 驱动器:As of the date of publication, the following are the USB drives currently certified for use as Windows To Go drives:

警告

不支持使用未经认证的 USB 驱动器。Using a USB drive that has not been certified is not supported.

针对主计算机For host computers

在评估是否可将电脑用作 Windows To Go 工作区的主机时,应考虑下述标准:When assessing the use of a PC as a host for a Windows To Go workspace you should consider the following criteria:

  • 通过 Windows 7 或更高版本操作系统的使用认证的硬件在 Windows To Go 下也能正常工作。Hardware that has been certified for use with Windows 7 or later operating systems will work well with Windows To Go.
  • 不支持从运行 Windows RT 的计算机运行 Windows To Go 工作区的方案。Running a Windows To Go workspace from a computer that is running Windows RT is not a supported scenario.
  • 不支持在 Mac 计算机上运行 Windows To Go 工作区的方案。Running a Windows To Go workspace on a Mac computer is not a supported scenario.

下表列出了使用 Windows To Go 主计算机必须具备的特性:The following table details the characteristics that the host computer must have to be used with Windows To Go:

项目Item 要求Requirement

启动过程Boot process

具备 USB 启动功能Capable of USB boot

固件Firmware

支持 USB 启动USB boot enabled. (对于通过 Windows 7 或更高版本使用认证的电脑,可将其配置为直接通过 USB 启动,如不确定电脑是否可从 USB 启动,则应咨询硬件制造商)(PCs certified for use with Windows 7 or later can be configured to boot directly from USB, check with the hardware manufacturer if you are unsure of the ability of your PC to boot from USB)

处理器体系结构Processor architecture

必需支持 Windows To Go 驱动器上的映像Must support the image on the Windows To Go drive

外部 USB 集线器External USB Hubs

不受支持;请将 Windows To Go 驱动器直接连接到主机Not supported; connect the Windows To Go drive directly to the host machine

处理器Processor

1 Ghz 或更快1 Ghz or faster

RAMRAM

2 GB 或更大2 GB or greater

显卡Graphics

带有 WDDM 1.2 或更高版本驱动程序的 DirectX 9 图形设备DirectX 9 graphics device with WDDM 1.2 or greater driver

USB 端口USB port

USB 2.0 或 USB 2.0 以上端口USB 2.0 port or greater

检查主机和 Windows To Go 驱动器之间的体系结构兼容性Checking for architectural compatibility between the host PC and the Windows To Go drive

除了需要 BIOS 中的 USB 启动支持,Windows To Go 驱动器上的 Windows 10 映像必须兼容下表所示的处理器体系结构和主机固件。In addition to the USB boot support in the BIOS, the Windows 10 image on your Windows To Go drive must be compatible with the processor architecture and the firmware of the host PC as shown in the table below.

主机固件类型Host PC Firmware Type 主机处理器体系结构Host PC Processor Architecture 兼容的 Windows To Go 映像体系结构Compatible Windows To Go Image Architecture

传统 BIOSLegacy BIOS

32 位32-bit

(仅适用于 32 位版本)32-bit only

传统 BIOSLegacy BIOS

64 位64-bit

32 位和 64 位 :32-bit and 64-bit

UEFI BIOSUEFI BIOS

32 位32-bit

(仅适用于 32 位版本)32-bit only

UEFI BIOSUEFI BIOS

64 位64-bit

(仅适用于 64 位版本)64-bit only

其他资源Additional resources

在组织中部署 Windows To GoDeploy Windows To Go in your organization
Windows To Go:常见问题Windows To Go: frequently asked questions
让组织为使用 Windows To Go 做好准备Prepare your organization for Windows To Go
部署 Windows To Go 的注意事项Deployment considerations for Windows To Go
Windows To Go 的安全和数据保护注意事项Security and data protection considerations for Windows To Go
Windows To Go 的最佳实践推荐Best practice recommendations for Windows To Go