使用日历定义更新策略Define update strategy with a calendar

通常,组织将操作系统更新的部署视为 (功能更新) 作为具有开始、中间和结束的离散项目。Traditionally, organizations treated the deployment of operating system updates (especially feature updates) as a discrete project that had a beginning, a middle, and an end. 发布通常以映像 (形式"生成",) 然后分发给用户及其设备。A release was "built" (usually in the form of an image) and then distributed to users and their devices.

如今,越来越多的组织将部署视为一个持续更新过程,在组织中成波地推出。Today, more organizations are treating deployment as a continual process of updates that roll out across the organization in waves. 在此方法中,将更新插入此过程,在更新运行时,您可以监视异常、错误或用户影响,并响应问题,而不会中断整个过程。In this approach, an update is plugged into this process and while it runs, you monitor for anomalies, errors, or user impact and respond as issues arise--without interrupting the entire process. Microsoft 一直在发展其 Windows 10 发布周期、更新机制和相关工具以支持此模型。Microsoft has been evolving its Windows 10 release cycles, update mechanisms, and relevant tools to support this model. 功能更新每年发布两次,大约在 3 月和 9 月。Feature updates are released twice per year, around March and September. 所有版本的 Windows 10 针对所有版本提供 18 个月的服务。All releases of Windows 10 have 18 months of servicing for all editions. 企业版和教育版的秋季版本为特定 Windows 10 版本额外提供 12 个月的服务,自初始版本起共 30 个月。Fall releases of the Enterprise and Education editions have an additional 12 months of servicing for specific Windows 10 releases, for a total of 30 months from initial release.

尽管我们鼓励你部署每个可用版本,并针对环境某些部分保持快速节奏,但我们也会意识到你可能具有大量设备,并且需要很少或没有中断,因此你可能会选择每年更新一次。Though we encourage you to deploy every available release and maintain a fast cadence for some portion of your environment, we also recognize that you might have a large number of devices, and a need for little or no disruption, and so you might choose to update annually. 18/30 个月的生命周期节奏允许你允许环境某些部分更快地移动,而大多数环境移动速度可能较低。The 18/30 month lifecycle cadence lets you allow some portion of your environment to move faster while a majority can move less quickly.

日历方法Calendar approaches

可以使用日历方法实现更快的每年两次节奏或每年节奏。You can use a calendar approach for either a faster twice-per-year cadence or an annual cadence. 根据公司规模,安装 Windows 10 功能更新通常少于每年一次,因此设备会退出服务并易受安全威胁的攻击,因为它们将停止接收每月安全更新。Depending on company size, installing Windows 10 feature updates less often than once annually risks devices going out of service and becoming vulnerable to security threats, because they will stop receiving the monthly security updates.

年度Annual

以下是显示一个示例计划的日历,该计划将每个日历年应用一个 Windows 10 功能更新,与 Microsoft Endpoint Manager 和 Microsoft 365 应用版发布周期保持一致:Here's a calendar showing an example schedule that applies one Windows 10 feature update per calendar year, aligned with Microsoft Endpoint Manager and Microsoft 365 Apps release cycles:

[ ![C显示年度更新节奏的 alendar]alendar showing an annual update cadence](images/annual-calendar.png) ](images/annual-calendar.png#lightbox)

在安装下一个更新之前,此方法从每个功能更新提供大约 12 个月的使用时间。This approach provides approximately 12 months of use from each feature update before the next update is due to be installed. 通过与 Windows 10 版本 H2 功能更新保持一致,每个版本的服务期将自可用时间起 30 个月,从而在应用未来功能更新时为您提供更大的灵活性。By aligning to the Windows 10, version H2 feature update, each release will be serviced for 30 months from the time of availability, giving you more flexibility when applying future feature updates.

如果符合以下任一条件,则此节奏可能最适合你:This cadence might be most suitable for you if any of these conditions apply:

  • 你只需从 Windows 10 维护服务流程开始你的旅程。You are just starting your journey with the Windows 10 servicing process. 如果你不熟悉支持 Windows 10 服务的新流程,则从每三到五年执行一次的项目移动到每年两次的功能更新过程可能会很棘手。If you are unfamiliar with new processes that support Windows 10 servicing, moving from a project happening once every three to five years to a twice-a-year feature update process can be daunting. 此方法让你有时间来学习新方法和工具来减少工作量和成本。This approach gives you time to learn new approaches and tools to reduce effort and cost.

  • 你想要等待,了解其他公司采用 Windows 10 功能更新的成功情况。You want to wait and see how successful other companies are at adopting a Windows 10 feature update.

  • 你想要快速使用功能更新,并且希望能够在业务优先级发生变化时跳过功能更新,同时为 Windows 10 提供服务。You want to go quickly with feature updates, and want the ability to skip a feature update while keeping Windows 10 serviced in case business priorities change. 与在每个日历年下半月发布的 Windows 10 功能更新保持一致,你可以获得 Windows 10 (30 个月的服务,而与 18 个月的服务相比,) 。Aligning to the Windows 10 feature update released in the second half of each calendar year, you get additional servicing for Windows 10 (30 months of servicing compared to 18 months).

快速Rapid

此日历显示一个示例计划,在发布每个功能更新时,每年安装两次:This calendar shows an example schedule that installs each feature update as it is released, twice per year:

[ ![U显示更快的更新节奏的 pdate 日历]pdate calendar showing a faster update cadence](images/rapid-calendar.png) ](images/rapid-calendar.png#lightbox)

如果满足以下条件,此节奏可能最适合你:This cadence might be best for you if these conditions apply:

  • 你具有强大的变革兴趣。You have a strong appetite for change.
  • 你想要持续更新支持基础结构并解锁新方案。You want to continuously update supporting infrastructure and unlock new scenarios.
  • 你的组织拥有大量信息工作者,他们可以使用 Windows 10 和 Office 中的最新特性和功能。Your organization has a large population of information workers that can use the latest features and functionality in Windows 10 and Office.
  • 你具有 Windows 10 功能更新的经验。You have experience with feature updates for Windows 10.