Windows 即服务概述Overview of Windows as a service

适用范围Applies to

  • Windows10Windows10
  • Windows 10 IoT MobileWindows 10 IoT Mobile

查找使用者信息?Looking for consumer information? 请参阅 Windows 更新:常见问题See Windows Update: FAQ

Windows 10 操作系统引入了一种生成、部署和维护 Windows 的全新方法:Windows 即服务。The Windows 10 operating system introduces a new way to build, deploy, and service Windows: Windows as a service. Microsoft 已经重新设计了该过程的每个部分,简化了 IT 专业人员的日常生活,并且为客户维持了一致的 Windows 10 体验。Microsoft has reimagined each part of the process, to simplify the lives of IT pros and maintain a consistent Windows 10 experience for its customers. 这些改进侧重于最大化提升客户参与 Windows 开发的程度、简化 Windows 客户端计算机的部署和维护,并且在一段时间后平衡部署和维护 Windows 所需的资源。These improvements focus on maximizing customer involvement in Windows development, simplifying the deployment and servicing of Windows client computers, and leveling out the resources needed to deploy and maintain Windows over time.

生成Building

在 Windows 10 之前,Microsoft 每隔几年发布新版 Windows。Prior to Windows 10, Microsoft released new versions of Windows every few years. 因为功能修订通常很庞大,所以此传统部署计划使用户不得不肩负起培训负担。This traditional deployment schedule imposed a training burden on users because the feature revisions were often significant. 这项计划也意味着很长时间内不提供新功能,这种方案在当今快速发展的世界中不适用,因为这个世界需要全新的安全、管理和部署功能应对挑战。That schedule also meant waiting long periods without new features — a scenario that doesn’t work in today’s rapidly changing world, a world in which new security, management, and deployment capabilities are necessary to address challenges. Windows 即服务每年将提供两次的小型功能更新(大概在三月和九月),帮助解决这些问题。Windows as a service will deliver smaller feature updates two times per year, around March and September, to help address these issues.

在过去,当 Microsoft 开发出新版本的 Windows 时,通常会在开发过程的末尾,即 Windows 几近可以交付时发布技术预览版。In the past, when Microsoft developed new versions of Windows, it typically released technical previews near the end of the process, when Windows was nearly ready to ship. 通过 Windows 10,新功能将尽快(在开发周期中通过名为外部测试的过程)传递到 Windows 预览体验成员社区,使这些组织可以看到 Microsoft 开发的内容,并且他们也可以尽快开始测试。With Windows 10, new features will be delivered to the Windows Insider community as soon as possible — during the development cycle, through a process called flighting — so that organizations can see exactly what Microsoft is developing and start their testing as soon as possible.

Microsoft 也依赖于在开发过程中接收组织反馈,使其可以尽快做出调整,而不是等到发布后再调整。Microsoft also depends on receiving feedback from organizations throughout the development process so that it can make adjustments as quickly as possible rather than waiting until after release. 有关 Windows 预览体验计划和如何注册的详细信息,请参阅 Windows 预览体验成员部分。For more information about the Windows Insider Program and how to sign up, see the section Windows Insider.

当然,Microsoft 也会执行大量内部测试,在新版本发布到 Windows 预览体验计划之前,工程团队将每天安装那些版本,较大的员工组也将经常安装那些版本。Of course Microsoft also performs extensive internal testing, with engineering teams installing new builds daily, and larger groups of employees installing builds frequently, all before those builds are ever released to the Windows Insider Program.

部署Deploying

部署 Windows 10 比部署之前版本的 Windows 要更简单。Deploying Windows 10 is simpler than with previous versions of Windows. 在从早期版本的 Windows 迁移时,可以使用简单的就地升级自动保存所有应用、设置和数据。When migrating from earlier versions of Windows, an easy in-place upgrade process can be used to automatically preserve all apps, settings, and data. 运行 Windows 10 后,部署 Windows 10 功能更新将同样简单。And once running Windows 10, deployment of Windows 10 feature updates will be equally simple.

组织部署新版 Windows 时遇到的最大挑战之一是兼容性测试。One of the biggest challenges for organizations when it comes to deploying a new version of Windows is compatibility testing. 虽然兼容性是组织以前升级到新版 Windows 时需要担心的一件事,但 Windows 10 可与大多数能在 Windows 7 或更高版本上运行的硬件和软件兼容。Whereas compatibility was previously a concern for organizations upgrading to a new version of Windows, Windows 10 is compatible with most hardware and software capable of running on Windows 7 or later. 由于有这种高级兼容性支持,所以可以大大简化应用兼容性测试过程。Because of this high level of compatibility, the app compatibility testing process can be greatly simplified.

应用程序兼容性Application compatibility

在处理 Windows 部署或升级时,应用程序兼容性测试一直以来就是一种负担。Application compatibility testing has historically been a burden when approaching a Windows deployment or upgrade. 借助 Windows 10,桌面应用程序、网站和在通用 Windows 平台 (UWP) 上生成的应用的应用程序兼容性已大幅提升。With Windows 10, application compatibility from the perspective of desktop applications, websites, and apps built on the Universal Windows Platform (UWP) has improved tremendously. Microsoft 深知组织在从 Windows XP 操作系统迁移到 Windows 7 时遇到的挑战,因此一直在努力提升 Windows 10 升级体验。Microsoft understands the challenges organizations experienced when they migrated from the Windows XP operating system to Windows 7 and has been working to make Windows 10 upgrades a much better experience.

大多数兼容 Windows 7 的桌面应用程序将直接兼容 Windows 10。Most Windows 7–compatible desktop applications will be compatible with Windows 10 straight out of the box. 因为现有 Win32 应用程序编程接口更改非常小,所以 Windows 10 能够实现如此之高的兼容性。Windows 10 achieved such high compatibility because the changes in the existing Win32 application programming interfaces were minimal. 再加上通过 Windows 预览体验计划提供的珍贵反馈和诊断数据,每个功能更新均可以保持这种级别的兼容性。Combined with valuable feedback via the Windows Insider Program and diagnostic data, this level of compatibility can be maintained through each feature update. 对于网站,Windows 10 包含 Internet Explorer 11 及其对传统网站的向后兼容性模式。As for websites, Windows 10 includes Internet Explorer 11 and its backward-compatibility modes for legacy websites. 最后,UWP 应用的兼容性原理与桌面应用程序相似,因此大多数 UWP 应用可与 Windows 10 兼容。Finally, UWP apps follow a compatibility story similar to desktop applications, so most of them will be compatible with Windows 10.

对于最重要的业务关键应用程序,组织仍应定期执行测试,检测与新版本的兼容性。For the most important business-critical applications, organizations should still perform testing on a regular basis to validate compatibility with new builds. 对于剩余应用程序,请考虑将它们作为试验部署过程的一部分进行验证,减少兼容性测试所花的时间。For remaining applications, consider validating them as part of a pilot deployment process to reduce the time spent on compatibility testing. 桌面分析 s 基于云的、与配置管理器集成的服务。Desktop Analytics s a cloud-based service that integrates with Configuration Manager. 该服务为您提供了有关 Windows 终结点更新准备情况(包括对现有应用程序的评估)的更明智决策的真知灼见和情报。The service provides insight and intelligence for you to make more informed decisions about the update readiness of your Windows endpoints, including assessment of your existing applications. 有关详细信息,请参阅 新式桌面停用常见问题的准备工作。For more, see Ready for modern desktop retirement FAQ.

设备兼容性Device compatibility

Windows 10 的设备兼容性也非常强;无需为 Windows 10 更换新硬件,因为任何能够运行 Windows 7 或更高版本的设备均可运行 Windows 10。Device compatibility in Windows 10 is also very strong; new hardware is not needed for Windows 10 as any device capable of running Windows 7 or later can run Windows 10. 事实上,运行 Windows 10 的最低硬件标准与 Windows 7 要求的相同。In fact, the minimum hardware requirements to run Windows 10 are the same as those required for Windows 7. 大多数在 Windows 8.1、Windows 8 或 Windows 7 中运行的硬件驱动程序将能够继续在 Windows 10 中运行。Most hardware drivers that functioned in Windows 8.1, Windows 8, or Windows 7 will continue to function in Windows 10.

维护Servicing

传统的 Windows 维护服务包含几种版本类型:重大修订(例如 Windows 8.1、Windows 8 和 Windows 7 操作系统)、服务包和每月更新。Traditional Windows servicing has included several release types: major revisions (e.g., the Windows 8.1, Windows 8, and Windows 7 operating systems), service packs, and monthly updates. Windows 10 具有两种版本类型:功能更新(每年增加两次的新功能)和质量更新(至少每个月提供一次安全和可靠性修补程序)。With Windows 10, there are two release types: feature updates that add new functionality twice per year, and quality updates that provide security and reliability fixes at least once a month.

因为 Windows 10 的缘故,组织需要改变处理部署更新的方式。With Windows 10, organizations will need to change the way they approach deploying updates. 服务分支是将用户分入部署功能和质量更新的组的首要方法。Servicing channels are the first way to separate users into deployment groups for feature and quality updates. 引入服务分支就将涉及到部署圈的概念,这其实是将部署组和服务分支组合归类到组设备,方便后续部署浪潮的方法。With the introduction of servicing channels comes the concept of a deployment ring, which is simply a way to categorize the combination of a deployment group and a servicing channel to group devices for successive waves of deployment. 有关开发利用服务分支和部署圈的部署策略的详细信息,请参阅计划 Windows 10 更新的维护策略For more information about developing a deployment strategy that leverages servicing channels and deployment rings, see Plan servicing strategy for Windows 10 updates.

有关每个可用于 Windows 10 的维护工具的信息,请参阅维护工具For information about each servicing tool available for Windows 10, see Servicing tools.

为了与此全新更新传递模型保持一致,Windows 10 提供三个服务分支,每个都可以不同程度地灵活控制将这些更新传递到客户端计算机的时间。To align with this new update delivery model, Windows 10 has three servicing channels, each of which provides different levels of flexibility over when these updates are delivered to client computers. 有关可用于 Windows 10 的服务分支的信息,请参阅服务分支For information about the servicing channels available in Windows 10, see Servicing channels.

命名更改Naming changes

目前有两个适用于 Windows 10 的发布频道:There are currently two release channels for Windows 10:

  • 半年频道每年接收两次功能更新。The Semi-Annual Channel receives feature updates twice per year.
  • 仅用于控制医疗设备或 ATM 机等专用设备(通常不运行 Office)的 Long Term Servicing Channel,大概每两到三年接收一次新功能发布。The Long Term Servicing Channel, which is designed to be used only for specialized devices (which typically don't run Office) such as those that control medical equipment or ATM machines, receives new feature releases every two to three years.

重要

在每个半年度频道发布时,我们建议立即开始部署,立即开始部署到选定的设备,以便在预先采纳 (定向的验证) 并按您的意愿提升到完全部署。With each Semi-Annual Channel release, we recommend beginning deployment right away to devices selected for early adoption (targeted validation) and ramp up to full deployment at your discretion. 这样,你便可以尽快获得新的功能、体验和集成安全性。This will enable you to gain access to new features, experiences, and integrated security as soon as possible. 不再使用 "半年度频道" (的目标) "称号。The "Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)" designation is no longer used. 有关详细信息,请参阅博客文章 Windows 10 和 "消失" SACFor more information, see the blog post Windows 10 and the "disappearing" SAC-T.

备注

有关详细信息,请参阅关于服务渠道的部分。For additional information, see the section about Servicing Channels.

您还可以阅读博客文章 Waas "简化" 和 "对齐",其中包含有关此更改的详细信息。You can also read the blog post Waas simplified and aligned, with details on this change.

重要

半年度频道上的设备必须将其诊断数据设置为 **1 (基本) ** 或更高版本,以确保服务以预期质量运行。Devices on the Semi-Annual Channel must have their diagnostic data set to 1 (Basic) or higher, in order to ensure that the service is performing at the expected quality. 有关设置诊断数据级别的说明,请参阅 配置操作系统诊断数据级别For instructions to set the diagnostic data level, see Configure the operating system diagnostic data level.

功能更新Feature updates

借助 Windows 10,Microsoft 可以将新功能打包进可以使用现有管理工具部署的功能更新。With Windows 10, Microsoft will package new features into feature updates that can be deployed using existing management tools. 因为提供功能更新的频率要比在之前的 Windows 版本提供的频率高(每年提供两次,大概在三月和九月,而非每隔 3-5 年提供一次),所以更改将包含在很小的区块中,而非一下子更改,而且减少了最终用户准备就绪时间。Because feature updates are delivered more frequently than with previous Windows releases — twice per year, around March and September, rather than every 3–5 years — changes will be in bite-sized chunks rather than all at once and end user readiness time much shorter.

质量更新Quality updates

因为每个月将提供大量更新,所以之前 Windows 版本中的月份更新通常都很大。Monthly updates in previous Windows versions were often overwhelming because of the sheer number of updates available each month. 许多组织都会分别选择需要安装的更新和不需要安装的更新,这导致大量组织部署基本安全更新但仅选择了非安全性修补程序子集的情况。Many organizations selectively chose which updates they wanted to install and which they didn’t, and this created countless scenarios in which organizations deployed essential security updates but picked only a subset of non-security fixes.

在 Windows 10 中,管理员不用每个月接收几项更细然后尝试弄清楚组织需要的更新,这最终将导致平台碎片化;他们将看到一个取代上个月更新的累积月份更新,该更新包含了安全性修补程序和非安全性修补程序。In Windows 10, rather than receiving several updates each month and trying to figure out which the organization needs, which ultimately causes platform fragmentation, administrators will see one cumulative monthly update that supersedes the previous month’s update, containing both security and non-security fixes. 此方法简化了程序修补,并且确保客户设备与 Microsoft 所做测试更为一致,进而减少了程序修补导致的意外问题。This approach makes patching simpler and ensures that customers’ devices are more closely aligned with the testing done at Microsoft, reducing unexpected issues resulting from patching. 图 1 的左侧提供了企业中 Windows 7 设备及其当前修补程序级别外观的示例。The left side of Figure 1 provides an example of Windows 7 devices in an enterprise and what their current patch level might look like. 右侧是 Microsoft 的测试环境设备所包含的设备。On the right is what Microsoft’s test environment devices contain. 这种重大差异是导致许多与 Windows 更新相关的兼容性问题和系统异常的基础。This drastic difference is the basis for many compatibility issues and system anomalies related to Windows updates.

图 1Figure 1

进行比较测试的企业中修补程序环境对比

服务渠道Servicing channels

为了与在 Windows 10 中传递功能更新和质量更新的新方法保持一致,Microsoft 引入了服务分支的概念,支持客户指定其个人设备更新的强制性。To align with the new method of delivering feature updates and quality updates in Windows 10, Microsoft introduced the concept of servicing channels to allow customers to designate how frequently their individual devices are updated. 例如,组织可能拥有 IT 部门可以使用新功能尽快更新的测试设备,并且还拥有需要更长的功能更新周期以确保连续性的特定设备。For example, an organization may have test devices that the IT department can update with new features as soon as possible, and then specialized devices that require a longer feature update cycle to ensure continuity.

考虑到这一点,Windows 10 提供了三个服务通道。With that in mind, Windows 10 offers three servicing channels. Windows 预览体验计划为组织提供测试将通过下一次功能更新推出的功能并提供相应反馈的机会。The Windows Insider Program provides organizations with the opportunity to test and provide feedback on features that will be shipped in the next feature update. 半年频道通过每年两次的功能更新发布提供新功能。The Semi-Annual Channel provides new functionality with twice-per-year feature update releases. 组织可以选择何时部署半年频道的更新。Organizations can choose when to deploy updates from the Semi-Annual Channel. 仅用于控制医疗设备或 ATM 机等专用设备(通常不运行 Office)的 Long Term Servicing Channel,大概每两到三年接收一次新功能发布。The Long Term Servicing Channel, which is designed to be used only for specialized devices (which typically don't run Office) such as those that control medical equipment or ATM machines, receives new feature releases every two to three years. 有关每个服务分支中版本的详细信息,请参阅 Windows 10 版本信息For details about the versions in each servicing channel, see Windows 10 release information.

虽然服务分支是个新概念,但组织可以使用在之前版本的 Windows 中用于管理更新和升级的相同管理工具。The concept of servicing channels is new, but organizations can use the same management tools they used to manage updates and upgrades in previous versions of Windows. 有关 Windows10 维护工具选项及其功能的详细信息,请参阅维护服务工具For more information about the servicing tool options for Windows 10 and their capabilities, see Servicing tools.

备注

服务分支不是在使用更新时分开设备组的唯一方式。Servicing channels are not the only way to separate groups of devices when consuming updates. 每个分支可以包含设备子集,这将进一步提升维护服务。Each channel can contain subsets of devices, which staggers servicing even further. 有关 Windows 10 的维护策略和正在进行的部署过程的信息,包括服务分支的角色,请参阅计划 Windows 10 更新的维护策略For information about the servicing strategy and ongoing deployment process for Windows 10, including the role of servicing channels, see Plan servicing strategy for Windows 10 updates.

半年频道Semi-Annual Channel

在半年服务渠道中,功能更新在 Microsoft 发布后即可使用。In the Semi-Annual servicing channel, feature updates are available as soon as Microsoft releases them. Windows 10 版本 1511 很少有推迟功能更新的维护工具选项,这使使用半年服务分支受到限制。Windows 10, version 1511, had few servicing tool options to delay feature updates, limiting the use of the Semi-Annual servicing channel. 从 Windows 10 版本1607开始,可提供更多的服务工具,这些工具可延迟最多365天的功能更新。Starting with Windows 10, version 1607, more servicing tools that can delay feature updates for up to 365 days are available. 此服务模型非常适合于试用部署和测试 Windows 10 功能更新以及用户(如需要立即处理最新功能的开发人员)。This servicing model is ideal for pilot deployments and testing of Windows 10 feature updates and for users such as developers who need to work with the latest features immediately. 当最新版本已通过试点部署和测试后,你将能够选择其进入广泛部署的时间。Once the latest release has gone through pilot deployment and testing, you will be able to choose the timing at which it goes into broad deployment.

Microsoft 正式发布适用于 Windows 10 的功能更新时,未配置为推迟功能更新的任何设备都可使用它,以便这些设备可以立即安装。When Microsoft officially releases a feature update for Windows 10, it is made available to any device not configured to defer feature updates so that those devices can immediately install it. 但是,使用 Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) 、Microsoft 终结点配置管理器或 Windows 更新 for Business 的组织可通过预扣其批准和部署来将功能更新推迟到选择性设备中。Organizations that use Windows Server Update Services (WSUS), Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager, or Windows Update for Business, however, can defer feature updates to selective devices by withholding their approval and deployment. 在此方案中,将提供半年频道可用的内容,但这些内容并不一定不可或缺,具体取决于管理系统策略。In this scenario, the content available for the Semi-Annual Channel will be available but not necessarily immediately mandatory, depending on the policy of the management system. 有关 Windows 10 维护工具的详细信息,请参阅维护工具For more details about Windows 10 servicing tools, see Servicing tools.

组织可望在半年度频道发布上发起目标部署。Organizations are expected to initiate targeted deployment on Semi-Annual Channel releases. 所有客户、独立软件供应商 (Isv) 和合作伙伴应在其环境中使用此时间进行测试和试验。All customers, independent software vendors (ISVs), and partners should use this time for testing and piloting within their environments. 2-4 个月后,我们将过渡到广泛的部署,鼓励客户和合作伙伴扩展和加速发布的部署。After 2-4 months, we will transition to broad deployment and encourage customers and partners to expand and accelerate the deployment of the release. 对于使用 Windows 更新 for Business 的客户,半年频道提供三个月的额外总部署时间,然后才需要更新到下一个版本。For customers using Windows Update for Business, the Semi-Annual Channel provides three months of additional total deployment time before being required to update to the next release.

备注

所有版本的 Windows 10 都有 18 个月的所有版本的服务-这些更新提供了版本的安全和功能更新。All releases of Windows 10 have 18 months of servicing for all editions--these updates provide security and feature updates for the release. 但是, 企业版和教育版 的秋季版本将为 特定的 Windows 10 版本提供额外的12个月的维修,每次发布30个月However, fall releases of the Enterprise and Education editions will have an additional 12 months of servicing for specific Windows 10 releases, for a total of 30 months from initial release. 此扩展服务窗口适用于从 Windows 10 版本1607开始的企业版和教育版。This extended servicing window applies to Enterprise and Education editions starting with Windows 10, version 1607.

备注

组织可以使用“维护工具”部分中提到的维护工具,选择性地将功能更新延迟为所希望的许多阶段。Organizations can electively delay feature updates into as many phases as they wish by using one of the servicing tools mentioned in the section Servicing tools.

Long-term Servicing ChannelLong-term Servicing Channel

专用系统(例如控制医疗设备、销售点系统和 Atm 的设备)通常需要较长的服务选项,因为其用途。Specialized systems—such as devices that control medical equipment, point-of-sale systems, and ATMs—often require a longer servicing option because of their purpose. 这些设备通常执行一项重要的任务,并且不像组织中其他设备那样频繁需要功能更新。These devices typically perform a single important task and don’t need feature updates as frequently as other devices in the organization. 相比通过用户界面更改保持最新状态,这些设备更应该尽可能地保持稳定和安全。It’s more important that these devices be kept as stable and secure as possible than up to date with user interface changes. LTSC 维护模型将阻止 Windows 10 企业版 LTSB 设备接收常规功能更新,仅提供质量更新,确保设备安全性保持在最新状态。The LTSC servicing model prevents Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB devices from receiving the usual feature updates and provides only quality updates to ensure that device security stays up to date. 有鉴于此,质量更新仍可立即用于 Windows 10 企业版 LTSB 客户端,但客户可以使用“维护工具”部分中提到的维护工具,以选择延迟更新。With this in mind, quality updates are still immediately available to Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB clients, but customers can choose to defer them by using one of the servicing tools mentioned in the section Servicing tools.

备注

Windows 10 企业版 LTSB 是单独的 Long Term Servicing Channel 版本。Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB is a separate Long Term Servicing Channel version.

长期服务通道不适合在组织中的大部分或所有设备上部署;它只能用于特殊用途的设备。Long-term Servicing channel is not intended for deployment on most or all the devices in an organization; it should be used only for special-purpose devices. 通常情况下,安装有 Microsoft Office 的设备是通用设备,通常由信息工作者使用,因此它更适合半年度服务通道。As a general guideline, a device with Microsoft Office installed is a general-purpose device, typically used by an information worker, and therefore it is better suited for the Semi-Annual servicing channel.

Microsoft 不会在运行 Windows 10 企业版 LTSB 的设备上通过 Windows 更新发布功能更新。Microsoft never publishes feature updates through Windows Update on devices that run Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB. 相反,它通常每隔 2 到 3 年提供新 LTSC 版本,组织可以选择将它们作为就地升级安装,甚至是跳过 10 年生命周期的版本。Instead, it typically offers new LTSC releases every 2–3 years, and organizations can choose to install them as in-place upgrades or even skip releases over a 10-year life cycle.

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Windows 10 LTSB 将在 LTSB 发布时支持当前发布的处理器和芯片组。Windows 10 LTSB will support the currently released processors and chipsets at the time of release of the LTSB. 随着未来的 CPU 生成的发布,将通过客户可为这些系统部署的未来 Windows 10 LTSB 版本创建支持。As future CPU generations are released, support will be created through future Windows 10 LTSB releases that customers can deploy for those systems. 有关详细信息,请参阅生命周期支持策略常见问题 - Windows 产品中的在 Windows 上支持最新的处理器和芯片集For more information, see Supporting the latest processor and chipsets on Windows in Lifecycle support policy FAQ - Windows Products.

LTSB 仅在 Windows10 企业版 LTSB 版本中提供。The Long-term Servicing Channel is available only in the Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB edition. 此版本的 Windows 不包含许多应用程序,例如 Microsoft Edge、Microsoft Store、Cortana (但受限制的搜索功能仍然可用) 、Microsoft Mail、日历、OneNote、天气、新闻、体育、纸币、照片、相机、音乐和时钟。This edition of Windows doesn’t include a number of applications, such as Microsoft Edge, Microsoft Store, Cortana (though limited search capabilities remain available), Microsoft Mail, Calendar, OneNote, Weather, News, Sports, Money, Photos, Camera, Music, and Clock. 这些应用在 Windows 10 企业版 LTSB 版中不受支持,即使你使用旁加载安装也是如此。These apps are not supported in Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB edition, even if you install by using sideloading.

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如果组织希望将当前运行 Windows 10 企业版 LTSB 的设备更改为半年频道,可以在不丢失用户数据的情况下进行更改。If an organization has devices currently running Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB that it would like to change to the Semi-Annual Channel, it can make the change without losing user data. 但是,因此 LTSB 本身就是自己的 SKU,所以需要从 Windows 10 企业版 LTSB 升级到 Windows 10 企业版,该版本支持半年频道。Because LTSB is its own SKU, however, an upgrade is required from Windows 10 Enterprise LTSB to Windows 10 Enterprise, which supports the Semi-Annual Channel.

Windows 预览体验成员Windows Insider

对于许多 IT 专业人员而言,及早了解功能更新(在功能更新可加入半年频道之前)非常有趣,并且对未来最终用户的通信,以及为下一个半年频道发布存在的任何问题提供测试方法而言很有价值。For many IT pros, gaining visibility into feature updates early—before they’re available to the Semi-Annual Channel — can be both intriguing and valuable for future end user communications as well as provide the means to test for any issues on the next Semi-Annual Channel release. 借助 Windows 10,功能外部测试支持 Windows 预览体验成员使用预生产代码,并可将其部署到测试计算机,从而早点了解下一个版本的信息。With Windows 10, feature flighting enables Windows Insiders to consume and deploy preproduction code to their test machines, gaining early visibility into the next build. 测试较早版本的 Windows 10 对 Microsoft 及其客户都有帮助,因为他们有机会在更新向大众提供之前发现可能出现的问题,并将其报告给 Microsoft。Testing the early builds of Windows 10 helps both Microsoft and its customers because they have the opportunity to discover possible issues before the update is ever publicly available and can report it to Microsoft.

Microsoft 建议所有组织至少有几个设备注册到 Windows 预览体验计划,并提供有关他们遇到的任何问题的反馈。Microsoft recommends that all organizations have at least a few devices enrolled in the Windows Insider Program and provide feedback on any issues they encounter. 有关 Windows 预览体验计划企业版的信息,请转到 Windows 预览体验计划企业版For information about the Windows Insider Program for Business, go to Windows Insider Program for Business.

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Microsoft 建议所有组织至少有一些在 Windows 预览体验计划中注册的设备,以便在其部署计划中包含 Windows 预览体验计划,并通过我们的反馈中心应用提供对 Microsoft 所遇到的任何问题的反馈。Microsoft recommends that all organizations have at least a few devices enrolled in the Windows Insider Program, to include the Windows Insider Program in their deployment plans and to provide feedback on any issues they encounter to Microsoft via our Feedback Hub app.

Windows 预览体验计划的目的不是替换组织中的半年频道部署。The Windows Insider Program isn’t intended to replace Semi-Annual Channel deployments in an organization. 而是向 IT 专业人员和其他有关各方提供预发布的 Windows 版本,他们可以测试这些版本并最终向 Microsoft 提供反馈。Rather, it provides IT pros and other interested parties with pre-release Windows builds that they can test and ultimately provide feedback on to Microsoft.

维护工具Servicing tools

IT 专业人员可以使用许多工具维护 Windows 即服务。There are many tools with which IT pros can service Windows as a service. 每个选项均有其优点和缺点,范围从功能和控制到简洁性和管理要求低。Each option has its pros and cons, ranging from capabilities and control to simplicity and low administrative requirements. 以下是可用于管理 Windows 即服务更新的维护工具示例:The following are examples of the servicing tools available to manage Windows as a service updates:

  • Windows 更新(独立) 控制功能更新的程度有限,因为 IT 专业人员可以手动配置处于半年频道中的设备。Windows Update (stand-alone) provides limited control over feature updates, with IT pros manually configuring the device to be in the Semi-Annual Channel. 组织可通过在 Windows 10 设备上的 Start\Settings\Update & Security\Advanced 选项中选择 "延迟升级" 复选框来确定延迟更新的设备。Organizations can target which devices defer updates by selecting the Defer upgrades check box in Start\Settings\Update & Security\Advanced Options on a Windows 10 device.
  • 适用于企业的 Windows 更新是维护 Windows 即服务的第二个选项。Windows Update for Business is the second option for servicing Windows as a service. 此维护工具增强了一些对更新延迟的控制,并且使用组策略进行集中式管理。This servicing tool includes control over update deferment and provides centralized management using Group Policy. 适用于企业的 Windows 更新可用于推迟更新,最多可推迟 365 天,具体取决于版本。Windows Update for Business can be used to defer updates by up to 365 days, depending on the version. 这些部署选项适用于半年频道中的客户端。These deployment options are available to clients in the Semi-Annual Channel. 除了能够使用组策略管理适用于企业的 Windows 更新之外,使用 Intune 无需任何本地基础结构即可配置任意选项。In addition to being able to use Group Policy to manage Windows Update for Business, either option can be configured without requiring any on-premises infrastructure by using Intune.
  • Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) 可在大范围内控制 Windows 10 更新,并且内置在 Windows Server 操作系统中。Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) provides extensive control over Windows 10 updates and is natively available in the Windows Server operating system. 除了能够延迟更新,组织还可以添加用于更新的批准层,并在准备就绪后将它们部署到特定计算机或计算机组。In addition to the ability to defer updates, organizations can add an approval layer for updates and choose to deploy them to specific computers or groups of computers whenever ready.
  • Microsoft 终结点配置管理器 最大限度地控制将 Windows 作为服务提供。Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager provides the greatest control over servicing Windows as a service. IT 专业人员可以延迟更新、批准更新,并且可以使用多种选项指向部署以及管理带宽使用情况和部署次数。IT pros can defer updates, approve them, and have multiple options for targeting deployments and managing bandwidth usage and deployment times.

组织选择使用的选项取决于资源、人员和 IT 组织具备的专长。With all these options, which an organization chooses depends on the resources, staff, and expertise its IT organization already has. 例如,如果它已使用 Microsoft 终结点配置管理器管理 Windows 更新,则可以继续使用它。For example, if IT already uses Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager to manage Windows updates, it can continue to use it. 同样地,如果 IT 在使用 WSUS,它也可以继续使用。Similarly, if IT is using WSUS, it can continue to use that. 若要统一查看每个工具的优势,请查阅表 1。For a consolidated look at the benefits of each tool, see Table 1.

表 1Table 1

维护工具Servicing tool 更新可以延迟吗?Can updates be deferred? 能够批准更新Ability to approve updates 对等选项Peer-to-peer option 其他功能Additional features
Windows 更新Windows Update 是(手动)Yes (manual) No 传递优化Delivery Optimization None
适用于企业的 Windows 更新Windows Update for Business Yes No 传递优化Delivery Optimization 其他组策略对象Other Group Policy objects
WSUSWSUS Yes Yes BranchCache 或传递优化BranchCache or Delivery Optimization 上游/下游服务器可扩展性Upstream/downstream server scalability
配置管理器Configuration Manager Yes Yes BranchCache、客户端对等缓存或传递优化。BranchCache, Client Peer Cache, or Delivery Optimization. 对于后者,请参阅 对等内容分发优化 Windows 10 更新传递For the latter, see peer-to-peer content distribution and Optimize Windows 10 Update Delivery 分发点,多个部署选项Distribution points, multiple deployment options

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由于 命名更改,其他一些产品(如组策略)中可能仍会显示更早的术语,如 CB 和 CBB。Due to naming changes, older terms like CB and CBB might still be displayed in some of our products, such as in Group Policy. 如果你遇到这些条款,则 "CB" 指的是半年频道 (目标) (不再使用),而 "CBB" 指的是半年频道。If you encounter these terms, "CB" refers to the Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)--which is no longer used--while "CBB" refers to the Semi-Annual Channel.


管理 Windows 10 更新的步骤Steps to manage updates for Windows 10

完成 了解有关更新和服务分支的信息(本主题)Learn about updates and servicing channels (this topic)
待完成 准备 Windows 10 更新的维护策略Prepare servicing strategy for Windows 10 updates
待完成 生成 Windows 10 更新的部署圈Build deployment rings for Windows 10 updates
待完成 将设备分配给 Windows 10 更新的服务分支Assign devices to servicing channels for Windows 10 updates
待完成 优化 Windows 10 更新的更新传递Optimize update delivery for Windows 10 updates
待完成 使用适用于企业的 Windows 更新部署更新Deploy updates using Windows Update for Business
使用 Windows Server Update Services 部署 Windows 10 更新or Deploy Windows 10 updates using Windows Server Update Services
使用 Microsoft 终结点配置管理器部署 Windows 10 更新or Deploy Windows 10 updates using Microsoft Endpoint Configuration Manager

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