面向 IT 专业人员的 Windows 10 版本 20H2 中的新增功能What's new in Windows 10, version 20H2 for IT Pros

适用于Applies to

  • Windows 10 版本 20H2Windows 10, version 20H2

本文列出了 IT 专业人员感兴趣的 Windows 10 版本 20H2(也称为 Windows 10 2020 年 10 月更新)中新增和更新的功能和内容。This article lists new and updated features and content that is of interest to IT Pros for Windows 10, version 20H2, also known as the Windows 10 October 2020 Update. 此更新还包含 Windows 10 版本 2004 以前的累积更新所含的所有功能和修复程序。This update also contains all features and fixes included in previous cumulative updates to Windows 10, version 2004.

备注

在此版本和未来版本中,Windows 10 发布命名法将从年份和月份模式(YYMM)更改为年份和半年模式(YYH1,YYH2)。With this release and future releases, the Windows 10 release nomenclature is changing from a year and month pattern (YYMM) to a year and half-year pattern (YYH1, YYH2).

和之前的秋季发布一样,Windows 10 版本 20H2 是一组作用域已确定的功能,用于进行部分性能改进、企业功能和质量增强。As with previous fall releases, Windows 10, version 20H2 is a scoped set of features for select performance improvements, enterprise features, and quality enhancements. 作为 目标为 H2 发布,20H2 将在运行 Windows 10 企业版或 Windows 10 教育版的设备上服务 30 个月(自发布日期起)。As an H2-targeted release, 20H2 is serviced for 30 months from the release date for devices running Windows 10 Enterprise or Windows 10 Education editions.

若要下载并安装 Windows 10 版本 20H2,请使用 Windows 更新(“设置 > 更新和安全 > Windows 更新”)。To download and install Windows 10, version 20H2, use Windows Update (Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update). 有关详细信息(包括视频),请参阅 “如何获取 Windows 10 2020 年 10 月更新”。For more information, including a video, see How to get the Windows 10 October 2020 Update.

Microsoft EdgeMicrosoft Edge

此版本将自动包含基于 Chromium 的新 Microsoft Edge 浏览器,而不是旧版本的 Edge。This release automatically includes the new Chromium-based Microsoft Edge browser instead of the legacy version of Edge. 有关详细信息,请参阅 Microsoft Edge 文档For more information, see the Microsoft Edge documentation.

维护Servicing

Windows 更新Windows Update

可通过多种更改来帮助改善用来扫描 Windows Server 更新服务(WSUS)更新的设备安全性。There are several changes that help improve the security of devices that scan Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) for updates. 有关详细信息,请参阅“提高扫描 WSUS 的 Windows 设备的安全性的更改”。For more information, see Changes to improve security for Windows devices scanning WSUS.

从 Windows 10 版本 20H2 开始,LCUs 和 SSUs 已合并为一个每月累积更新(通过 Microsoft Catalog 或 Windows Server Update Services 提供)。Starting with Windows 10, version 20H2, LCUs and SSUs have been combined into a single cumulative monthly update, available via Microsoft Catalog or Windows Server Update Services. 有关详细信息,请参阅“ 简化服务堆栈更新的本地部署”。For more information, see Simplifying on-premises deployment of servicing stack updates.

部署Deployment

提供了新的指南,可帮助准备服务策略,并且将设备迅速和尽可能无缝地移动到最新版本的 Windows 10。New guidance is available to help prepare a servicing strategy and move your devices to the latest version of Windows 10 quickly and as seamlessly as possible.

活动被分为以下阶段:“计划” > “准备” > “部署”Activities are grouped into the following phases: Plan > Prepare > Deploy:

通过评估和理解基本活动来计划部署:Plan your deployment by evaluating and understanding essential activities:

通过执行必要的操作,准备用于部署的设备和环境:Prepare your devices and environment for deployment by performing necessary actions:

在组织中策略性地部署和管理 Windows 10:Deploy and manage Windows 10 strategically in your organization:

Windows AutopilotWindows Autopilot

自上次发布 Windows 10 后的 Windows Autopilot 的增强功能包括:Enhancements to Windows Autopilot since the last release of Windows 10 include:

  • 适用于 HoloLens 的 Windows Autopilot:使用 Windows Autopilot,为 HoloLens 2 设置 HoloLens 2 自部署模式。Windows Autopilot for HoloLens: Set up HoloLens 2 devices with Windows Autopilot for HoloLens 2 self-deploying mode.
  • Windows Autopilot 与合作管理:协同管理和 Autopilot 可以一起帮助你降低成本和改善最终用户体验。Windows Autopilot with co-management: Co-management and Autopilot together can help you reduce cost and improve the end user experience.
  • Windows Autopilot 部署报表的增强功能处于预览中。Enhancements to Windows Autopilot deployment reporting are in preview. 从 Microsoft 终结点管理器管理中心(endpoint.microsoft.com)中,选择 “设备” > “监视器”,然后向下滚动到 “注册” 部分。From the Microsoft Endpoint Manager admin center (endpoint.microsoft.com), select Devices > Monitor and scroll down to the Enrollment section. 单击 “Autopilot 部署(预览版)”。Click Autopilot deployment (preview).

Windows 评估和部署工具包 (ADK)Windows Assessment and Deployment Toolkit (ADK)

没有适用于 Windows 10 版本 20H2 的新 ADK。There is no new ADK for Windows 10, version 20H2. 适用于 Windows 10 版本 2004 的 ADK 将兼容 Windows 10 版本 20H2。The ADK for Windows 10, version 2004 will also work with Windows 10, version 20H2. 有关详细信息,请参阅“下载并安装 Windows ADK”。For more information, see Download and install the Windows ADK.

设备管理Device management

新式设备管理(MDM)策略使用新的“本地用户和组设置”进行扩展,此设置与通过组策略所管理的设备而可用的选项相匹配。Modern Device Management (MDM) policy is extended with new Local Users and Groups settings that match the options available for devices managed through Group Policy.

有关 MDM 中新增功能的详细信息,请参阅“移动设备注册和管理中的新增功能For more information about what's new in MDM, see What's new in mobile device enrollment and management

安全性Security

Microsoft Defender for EndpointMicrosoft Defender for Endpoint

此版本包括了已针对 Microsoft Defender for Endpoint 自动事件响应 (IR) 新增的对非 ASCII 文件路径的改进支持。This release includes improved support for non-ASCII file paths has been added for Microsoft Defender for Endpoint Auto Incident Response (IR).

在此版本中, DisableAntiSpyware 参数已弃用。The DisableAntiSpyware parameter is deprecated in this release.

适用于 Office 的 Microsoft Defender 应用程序防护Microsoft Defender Application Guard for Office

Microsoft Defender 应用程序防护现支持 Office:使用 适用于 Office 的 Microsoft Defender 应用程序防护,可在独立容器中启动不受信任的 Office 文档(来自企业外部),防止可能存在的恶意内容危及设备。Microsoft Defender Application Guard now supports Office: With Microsoft Defender Application Guard for Office, you can launch untrusted Office documents (from outside the Enterprise) in an isolated container to prevent potentially malicious content from compromising your device.

Windows HelloWindows Hello

借助在设备上可用的专用硬件和软件组件(与 配置好的 Windows 10 版本 20H2 一起从工厂送出),现在的 Windows Hello 通过支持指纹和人脸传感器,对基于虚拟化安全性的支持提供了附加支持。With specialized hardware and software components available on devices shipping with Windows 10, version 20H2 configured out of factory, Windows Hello now offers added support for virtualization-based security with supporting fingerprint and face sensors. 此功能将隔离和保护用户的生物识别身份验证数据。This feature isolates and secures a user's biometric authentication data.

虚拟化Virtualization

Windows 沙盒Windows Sandbox

此版本中提供了 Windows 沙盒 的新策略。New polices for Windows Sandbox are available in this release. 有关详细信息,请参阅“策略 CSP-WindowsSandbox”。For more information, see Policy CSP - WindowsSandbox.

Windows 虚拟桌面 (WVD)Windows Virtual Desktop (WVD)

注意: WVD 未直接绑定到 Windows 10 版本,但在此处,它被包含在 Windows 中的发展功能中。Note: WVD is not tied directly to a Windows 10 release, but it is included here as an evolving capability of Windows.

WVD 中的新功能发布于 Ignite 2020。New capabilities in WVD were announced at Ignite 2020. 有关详细信息,请参阅“公布 Windows 虚拟桌面版中的新管理、安全性和监视功能For more information, see Announcing new management, security, and monitoring capabilities in Windows Virtual Desktop.

此外, Windows 虚拟桌面现在正式发布于 Azure 政府云中In addition, Windows Virtual Desktop is now generally available in the Azure Government cloud.

Windows ShellWindows Shell

此版本实施了对 Windows 10 用户界面的几项增强:Some enhancements to the Windows 10 user interface are implemented in this release:

  • 在此版本中,“开始”菜单上磁贴后面的纯色将替换为半透明的背景。With this release, the solid color behind tiles on the Start menu is replaced with a partially transparent background. 磁贴也可以识别主题。Tiles are also theme-aware.
  • “开始”菜单上的图标不再拥有每个图标周围都拥有的正方形轮廓。Icons on the Start menu no longer have a square outline around each icon.
  • 通知在外观上稍有改变。Notifications are slightly updated in appearance.
  • 现在,你可以在高级显示设置中更改监视器刷新频率。You can now change the monitor refresh rate on advanced display settings.
  • 默认情况下,按 Alt + Tab 将会显示 Edge 浏览器选项卡。Alt+Tab now shows Edge browser tabs by default. 可在 “设置” > “系统” > “多任务”Alt + Tab 中编辑此设置。You can edit this setting under Settings > System > Multitasking: Alt+Tab.
  • “系统和安全”下的“系统控制面板”已更新到“设置” > “关于”页面。The System control panel under System and Security has been updated to the Settings > About page. 链接至设备管理器、远程桌面、系统保护、高级系统设置和重命名此电脑的链接将移至“关于”页面。Links to Device Manager, Remote desktop, System protection, Advanced system settings, and Rename this PC are moved to the About page.

二合一电脑2-in-1 PCs

在二合一设备上,在你拆离屏幕时,Windows 将自动切换到平板电脑模式。On a 2-in-1 device, Windows will now automatically switch to tablet mode when you detach the screen.

SurfaceSurface

现在,在 Surface Hub 2 上提供了 Windows 10 专业版和企业版。Windows 10 Pro and Enterprise are now available on Surface Hub 2. 有关详细信息,请参阅“对于 IT 管理员而言的 Surface Hub 2 新增功能”。For more information, see What's new in Surface Hub 2S for IT admins.

桌面分析Desktop Analytics

桌面分析是一项与配置服务器集成的云连接服务,可提供对阻止中的 Windows 终结点管理的数据驱动见解。Desktop Analytics is a cloud-connected service, integrated with Configuration Manager that provides data-driven insights to the management of Windows endpoints in your organization. 桌面分析需要 Windows E3 或 E5 许可证,或者 Microsoft 365 E3 或 E5 许可证。Desktop Analytics requires a Windows E3 or E5 license, or a Microsoft 365 E3 or E5 license.

有关桌面分析和此 Windows 10 版本的信息,请参阅桌面分析中的新增功能For information about Desktop Analytics and this release of Windows 10, see What's new in Desktop Analytics.

另请参阅See Also

面向 IT 专业人员的 Windows 10 版本 20H2 新增功能What’s new for IT pros in Windows 10, version 20H2
Windows 10 2020 年 10 月更新入门Get started with the October 2020 update to Windows 10
使用 2020 年 10 月更新来了解 Windows 10Learn Windows 10 with the October 2020 Update
Windows Server 中的新增功能:Windows Server 中的新增功能和更新功能。What's New in Windows Server: New and updated features in Windows Server.
Windows 10 功能:有关 Windows 10 功能的一般信息。Windows 10 Features: General information about Windows 10 features.
Windows 10 中的新增功能:查看 Windows 10 其他版本中的新增功能。What's New in Windows 10: See what’s new in other versions of Windows 10.
公布更多在 Windows 上更轻松地开发应用的方法:简化 Windows 中的应用程序开发。Announcing more ways we’re making app development easier on Windows: Simplifying app development in Windows.
Windows 10 中删除的特性和功能:已删除的功能。Features and functionality removed in Windows 10: Removed features.
不再开发的 Windows 10 功能:未开发的功能。Windows 10 features we’re no longer developing: Features that are not being developed.