Office 大量啟用概觀 (機器翻譯)Overview of volume activation of Office

**適用對象:****Office 2019 和 Office 2016 的大量授權版本,包括 Project 和 VisioApplies to: Volume licensed versions of Office 2019 and Office 2016, including Project and Visio

啟用是在安裝于特定電腦上之後, 使用製造商驗證軟體的程式。Activation is the process of validating software with the manufacturer after it has been installed on a specific computer. 啟用: 確認產品是正版的, 不是欺詐性複本, 而且產品金鑰或序列值有效且沒有遭到破壞或廢除。Activation confirms that the product is genuine—not a fraudulent copy—and that the product key or serial number is valid and has not been compromised or revoked. 啟用也會在產品金鑰與特定安裝之間建立連結或關聯性。Activation also establishes a link or relationship between the product key and the particular installation.

注意

如果您是嘗試啟用 Office 個人複本的使用者, 請參閱啟用 office , 而非閱讀本文。If you're a user trying to activate a personal copy of Office, see Activate Office instead of reading this article.

批量啟用是 Microsoft 大量授權客戶用來自動化及管理在大型組織中啟用 Windows 作業系統、Microsoft Office 及其他 Microsoft 產品的程式。Volume activation is the process that Microsoft volume licensing customers use to automate and manage the activation of Windows operating systems, Microsoft Office, and other Microsoft products across large organizations.

您可以在三種不同的方法中啟動 Office 的大量授權版本, 包括 Project 和 Visio:There are three different methods that you can activate volume licensed versions of Office, including Project and Visio:

您選擇哪一種啟用方法, 取決於您環境的大小、網路基礎結構、連線性與安全性需求。Which activation method you choose depends on the size, network infrastructure, connectivity, and security requirements of your environment. 您可以選擇針對不同的 Office 版本和不同的電腦 (例如桌上型電腦和膝上型電腦), 使用不同的啟用方法。You can choose to use different activation methods for different versions of Office and for different computers, for example desktops and laptops. 因為這三種啟用方法也是用來啟動大量授權版本的 Windows, 所以您可以使用相同的方法來啟用 Windows 與 Office。Because these three activation methods are also used to activate volume licensed versions of Windows, you might be able to use the same method to activate both Windows and Office. 如需詳細資訊, 請參閱Windows 10 版批量啟動及大量啟用概述For more information, see Volume Activation for Windows 10 and Volume Activation Overview.

所有大量授權版本的 Office (包括 Project 和 Visio) 都有預先安裝的產品金鑰 (稱為一般大量授權金鑰 (GVLK)), 可用於 KMS 和 Active Directory 的啟用。All volume licensed versions of Office, including Project and Visio, have a preinstalled product key, called a Generic Volume License Key (GVLK), that can be used for KMS and Active Directory-based activation. 如果您是使用 KMS 或 Active Directory 來啟用 Office, 就不需要輸入每個 Office 安裝的產品金鑰。You don't have to enter a product key for each Office installation if you're activating Office by using KMS or Active Directory. 如果您使用的是 MAK 來啟用 Office, 您必須輸入每個 Office 安裝的產品金鑰, 但有幾種方法可讓您自動執行此作業。If you're activating Office by using MAK, you must enter a product key for each Office installation, but there are ways to automate that.

Office 的金鑰管理服務 (KMS) 啟用Key Management Service (KMS) activation of Office

KMS 啟用是一種用戶端伺服器模型, 其中每個用戶端要求從 KMS 主機電腦啟用。KMS activation is a client-server model in which each client requests activation from a KMS host computer. 啟動 Office 所需的金鑰已安裝于 KMS 主機電腦上。The keys needed to activate Office are installed on the KMS host computer. 用戶端使用 DNS 來尋找 KMS 主機電腦來要求啟用。The client uses DNS to locate a KMS host computer to request activation.

如需詳細資訊,請參閱下列各主題:For more information, see the following:

多個啟用金鑰 (MAK) 啟用 OfficeMultiple Activation Key (MAK) activation of Office

MAK 啟用是透過網際網路或電話, 透過 Microsoft 託管的啟用服務使用一次性啟動。MAK activation is used for one-time activation through Microsoft-hosted activation services, either via the internet or by telephone. MAK 啟用需要在用戶端電腦上安裝 MAK,並指示該電腦向這些服務自行進行啟用。MAK activation requires that a MAK is installed on a client computer and instructs that computer to activate itself against those services.

每個 MAK 已根據您的大量授權合約預先定義允許的啟用次數。Each MAK has a predetermined number of allowed activations and is based on your volume licensing agreement. 每個使用 MAK 進行的 Office 啟用都會計入啟用限制。Each Office activation that uses MAK counts toward the activation limit. 在啟用 Office 之後,除非硬體有大幅變更,否則不需要重新啟用。After Office is activated, no re-activation is required unless the hardware changes significantly.

如需詳細資訊, 請參閱使用 MAK 啟用大量授權版本的 OfficeFor more information, see Activate volume licensed versions of Office by using MAK.

以 Active Directory 為基礎的 Office 啟用Active Directory-based activation of Office

以 Active Directory 為基礎的啟用可以啟動已在加入網域的電腦上安裝的 Office。Active Directory-based activation can activate Office installed on domain-joined computers. 產品金鑰資訊 (即 KMS 所使用的相同) 會儲存在 Active Directory 中, 並在整個林中複製。The product key information, which is the same that is used by KMS, is stored in Active Directory and replicated throughout the forest. 如果 Office 無法連絡 Active Directory 以進行啟用, 則 Office 會嘗試使用 KMS 來啟用。If Office can't contact Active Directory for activation, Office tries to activate by using KMS.

如需詳細資訊, 請參閱使用 Active Directory 啟動大量授權版本的 OfficeFor more information, see Activate volume licensed versions of Office by using Active Directory.