Exchange Server 系統需求Exchange Server system requirements

安裝 Exchange Server 2019 之前,建議您先檢閱本主題,以確保您的網路、硬體、軟體、用戶端及其他元素都符合 Exchange 2019 的需求。此外,請確認您了解 Exchange 2019 和舊版 Exchange 所支援的共存案例。Before you install Exchange Server 2019, we recommend that you review this topic to ensure your network, hardware, software, clients, and other elements meet the requirements for Exchange 2019. Also, make sure you understand the coexistence scenarios that are supported for Exchange 2019 and earlier versions of Exchange.

若要確實安裝 Exchange 2019,請參閱部署 Exchange 的全新安裝To actually install Exchange 2019, see Deploy new installations of Exchange.

支援的共存案例Supported coexistence scenarios

下表描述 Exchange 2019 與舊版 Exchange 之間支援的共存案例:The supported coexistence scenarios between Exchange 2019 and earlier versions of Exchange are described in the following table:

Exchange 版本Exchange version Exchange 2019 組織共存Exchange 2019 organization coexistence
Exchange 2010 和更早版本Exchange 2010 and earlier versions 不支援Not supported
Exchange 2013Exchange 2013 支援組織中所有 Exchange 2013 伺服器 (包括 Edge Transport Server) 上的 Exchange 2013 累計更新 21 (CU21) 或更新版本。Supported with Exchange 2013 Cumulative Update 21 (CU21) or later on all Exchange 2013 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.
Exchange 2016Exchange 2016 支援組織中所有 Exchange 2016 伺服器 (包括 Edge Transport Server) 上的 Exchange 2016 CU11 或更新版本。Supported with Exchange 2016 CU11 or later on all Exchange 2016 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.
混合的 Exchange 2013 與 Exchange 2016 組織Mixed Exchange 2013 and Exchange 2016 organization 如果組織中的所有 Exchange 2013 與 Exchange 2016 伺服器都符合本表先前所述的需求,則受到支援。Supported if all Exchange 2013 and Exchange 2016 servers in the organization meet the requirements as previously described in this table.

支援的混合部署案例Supported hybrid deployment scenarios

對於已升級到最新版 Office 365 的 Office 365 租用戶,Exchange 2019 支援混合式部署。如需混合式部署的相關資訊,請參閱混合式部署必要條件Exchange 2019 supports hybrid deployments with Office 365 tenants that have been upgraded to the latest version of Office 365. For more information about specific hybrid deployments, see Hybrid deployment prerequisites.

網路及目錄伺服器Network and directory servers

下表描述 Exchange 2019 組織中網路及目錄伺服器的需求:The requirements for the network and the directory servers in your Exchange 2019 organization are described in the following table:

元件Component 需求Requirement
網域控制站Domain controllers 樹系中的所有網域控制站都必須執行下列其中一個 Windows Server 版本:All domain controllers in the forest need to be running one of the following versions of Windows Server:
• Windows Server 2019 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2019 Standard or Datacenter
• Windows Server 2016 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
• Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Datacenter
Active Directory 樹系Active Directory forest Active Directory 樹系功能層級為 Windows Server 2012 R2 或更新版本。The Active Directory forest functional level is Windows Server 2012 R2 or higher.
Active Directory 站台Active Directory site 安裝 Exchange Server 的 Active Directory 站台必須包含至少一個可寫入的網域控制站,同時也是全域目錄伺服器,否則安裝將會失敗。此外,您無法在安裝 Exchange 伺服器後從 Active Directory 站台移除網域控制站。The Active Directory site where you install the Exchange Server must contain at least one writeable domain controller that's also a global catalog server, or the installation will fail. Furthermore, you can't install the Exchange server and then remove the domain controller from the Active Directory site.
DNS 命名空間DNS namespace Exchange 2019 支援下列 DNS 命名空間:Exchange 2019 supports the following DNS namespaces:
• 連續• Contiguous
• 不連續• Noncontiguous
• 單一標籤網域• Single label domains
• 斷續• Disjoint
如需 Exchange 所支援之 DNS 命名空間的詳細資訊,請參閱 KB2269838For more information about DNS namespaces that are supported by Exchange, see KB2269838.
IPv6IPv6 只在 Exchange Server 上已安裝並啟用 IPv4 時,Exchange 2013 及更新版本才會支援 IPv6。Exchange 2013 and later support IPv6 only when IPv4 is also installed and enabled on the Exchange server.
如果您在此組態中部署 Exchange,且您的網路支援 IPv4 和 IPv6,則所有 Exchange 伺服器都可以對使用 IPv6 位址的裝置、伺服器及用戶端傳送和接收資料。如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Exchange 2013 中的 IPv6 支援 (機器翻譯)。If you deploy Exchange in this configuration, and your network supports IPv4 and IPv6, all Exchange servers can send data to and receive data from devices, servers, and clients that use IPv6 addresses. For more information, see IPv6 Support in Exchange 2013.

目錄伺服器架構Directory server architecture

搭配 64 位元 Windows Server 版本的 64 位元硬體上的 Active Directory 網域控制站會提高 Exchange 2019 的目錄服務效能。Active Directory domain controllers on 64-bit hardware with a 64-bit version of Windows Server will increase directory service performance for Exchange 2019.

在目錄伺服器上安裝 ExchangeInstalling Exchange on directory servers

基於安全性和效能原因,不建議在 Active Directory 目錄伺服器上安裝 Exchange 2019。只能在成員伺服器上安裝 Exchange 2019。For security and performance reasons, we don't recommend installing Exchange 2019 on Active Directory directory servers. Only install Exchange 2019 on member servers.

若要深入了解在目錄伺服器上安裝 Exchange 時可能遇到的問題,請參閱不建議在網域控制器上安裝 Exchange [WarningInstallExchangeRolesOnDomainController]。在安裝了 Exchange 之後,就不支援將伺服器角色從成員伺服器變更為目錄伺服器,反之亦然。To learn more about the issues that you'll encounter when you install Exchange on a directory server, see Installing Exchange on a domain controller is not recommended [WarningInstallExchangeRolesOnDomainController]. After Exchange is installed, changing the server role from a member server to a directory server or vice-versa isn't supported.

硬體Hardware

如需在虛擬環境中部署 Exchange 的資訊,請參閱 Exchange Server 虛擬化For information about deploying Exchange in a virtualized environment, see Exchange Server virtualization.

元件Component 需求Requirement 附註Notes
處理器Processor 下列類型的 64 位元處理器之一:Either of the following types of 64-bit processors:
• 支援 Intel 64 架構的 Intel 處理器 (以前稱為 Intel EM64T)。• Intel processor that supports Intel 64 architecture (formerly known as Intel EM64T).
• 支援 AMD64 平台的 AMD 處理器。• AMD processor that supports the AMD64 platform.
附註:不支援 Intel Itanium IA64 處理器。Note: Intel Itanium IA64 processors aren't supported.
附註:實體機器上建議最多 2 個支援處理器通訊端。Note: Recommended Supported Processor Sockets is up to 2 on physical machines.
請參閱本主題後面的作業系統一節,以取得支援的作業系統。See the Operating system section later in this topic for supported operating systems.
記憶體Memory 視所安裝的 Exchange 角色而有所不同:Varies depending on Exchange roles that are installed:
Mailbox:建議的下限為 128GBMailbox: 128GB minimum recommended
Edge Transport:建議的下限為 64GB。Edge Transport: 64GB minimum recommended.
請注意,Exchange 2019 支援大型記憶體 (最多 256 GB)。Note that Exchange 2019 has large memory support (up to 256 GB).
分頁檔大小Paging file size 將分頁檔設為等於 25% 已安裝記憶體的大小。Set the page file to a size equal to 25% of installed memory. None
磁碟空間Disk space • 在您要安裝 Exchange 的磁碟機上至少 30 GB 的可用空間。• At least 30GB of free space on the drive where you're installing Exchange.
• 在系統磁碟機上至少 200 MB 的可用空間。• At least 200MB of free space on the system drive.
• 在包含訊息佇列資料庫的磁碟機上至少 500 MB。• At least 500MB on the drive containing the message queue database.
螢幕解析度Screen resolution 1024 x 768 像素 (XGA) 以上1024 x 768 pixels (XGA) or higher None
檔案系統File system 包含下列檔案類型的磁碟分割上需要 NTFS:NTFS is required on partitions that contain the following types of files:
• 系統磁碟分割。• The System partition.
• Exchange 二進位檔案。• Exchange binaries.
• Exchange 診斷記錄所產生的檔案。• Files generated by Exchange diagnostic logging.
• 傳輸資料庫檔案 (例如,郵件佇列資料庫)。• Transport database files (for example, the mail queue database).
您可以在包含下列檔案類型的磁碟分割上選擇性地使用 ReFS:Optionally, you can use ReFS on the partitions that contain the following types of files:
• 信箱資料庫和交易記錄。• Mailbox databases and transaction logs.
None

作業系統Operating system

下表描述 Exchange 2019 所支援的作業系統:The supported operating systems for Exchange 2019 are described in the following table:

Exchange 元件Exchange component 需求Requirement
Mailbox 和 Edge Transport server roleMailbox and Edge Transport server roles Windows Server 2019 Standard 或 DatacenterWindows Server 2019 Standard or Datacenter
管理工具Management tools 下列其中一個 Windows 版本:One of the following versions of Windows:
• Windows Server 2019 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2019 Standard or Datacenter
• 64 位元版本的 Windows 10• 64-bit edition of Windows 10

附註Notes:

  • 完整支援並建議在執行 Windows Server Core 的電腦上安裝 Exchange 2019。不再需要桌面體驗功能。Installing Exchange 2019 on a computer that's running Windows Server Core is fully supported and recommended. The Desktop Experience feature is no longer required.

  • 不支援在執行 Nano 伺服器的電腦上安裝 Exchange 2019。Installing Exchange 2019 on a computer that's running Nano Server isn't supported.

Exchange 2019 伺服器支援的 Powershell 版本Supported Powershell versions for Exchange 2019 servers

Exchange 2019 伺服器支援 Exchange 安裝所在之 Windows Server 版本中所包括的 PowerShell 版本。請不要在 Exchange Server 上安裝獨立下載的 WMF 或 PowerShell。Exchange 2019 servers support the version of PowerShell that's included in the release of Windows Server where Exchange is installed. Don't install stand-alone downloads of WMF or PowerShell on Exchange servers.

在 Exchange 2019 伺服器上安裝其他軟體Installing other software on Exchange 2019 servers

我們不支援在 Exchange Server 上安裝 Office 用戶端或 Office 伺服器軟體 (例如 SharePoint Server、商務用 Skype Server、Office Online Server 或 Project Server)。您想要在 Exchange 2019 伺服器上安裝的其他軟體,必須設計為會在和 Exchange 相同的電腦上執行。We don't support installing Office client or Office server software on Exchange servers (for example, SharePoint Server, Skype for Business Server, Office Online Server, or Project Server). Other software that you want to install on Exchange 2019 servers needs to be designed to run on the same computer as Exchange.

.NET Framework.NET Framework

強烈建議您使用最新版的 .NET Framework,但您正要安裝的 Exchange 版本必須支援此版本。We strongly recommend that you use the latest version of the .NET Framework that's supported by the release of Exchange you're installing.

重要

下表中未列出的 .NET Framework 版本,在任何版本的 Exchange 2019 上皆不受支援。這包括 .NET Framework 次要和修補程式等級的版本。Releases of .NET Framework that aren't listed in the table below aren't supported on any release of Exchange 2019. This includes minor and patch-level releases of .NET Framework.

Exchange 版本Exchange version .NET Framework 4.7.2.NET Framework 4.7.2
Exchange 2019Exchange 2019 RTM 支援Supported

支援的用戶端Supported clients

  • Outlook 2019Outlook 2019

  • Outlook 2016Outlook 2016

  • Mac 版 Outlook 2016Outlook 2016 for Mac

  • Outlook 2013Outlook 2013

  • Office 365 的 Mac 版 OutlookOutlook for Mac for Office 365

Lync/商務用 Skype Server 整合Lync/Skype For Business Server integration

如果將 Lync 目前狀態和即時訊息與 Exchange Server 整合,需要 Lync Server 2013 累計更新 10 或更新版本。如果將 商務用 Skype 目前狀態和即時訊息與 Exchange Server 整合,需要商務用 Skype Server 累計更新 7 或更新版本。If integrating Lync presence and instant messaging with Exchange Server, Lync Server 2013 Cumulative Update 10 or later is required. If integrating Skype for Business presence and instant messaging with Exchange Server, Skype for Business Server Cumulative Update 7 or later is required.

安裝 Exchange Server 2016 之前,建議您先檢閱本主題,以確保您的網路、硬體、軟體、用戶端及其他元素都符合 Exchange 2016 的需求。此外,請確認您了解 Exchange 2016 和舊版 Exchange 所支援的共存案例。Before you install Exchange Server 2016, we recommend that you review this topic to ensure your network, hardware, software, clients, and other elements meet the requirements for Exchange 2016. Also, make sure you understand the coexistence scenarios that are supported for Exchange 2016 and earlier versions of Exchange.

若要確實安裝 Exchange 2016,請參閱部署 Exchange 的全新安裝To actually install Exchange 2016, see Deploy new installations of Exchange.

支援的共存案例Supported coexistence scenarios

下表列出支援 Exchange 2016 與舊版 Exchange 共存的案例。The following table lists the scenarios in which coexistence between Exchange 2016 and earlier versions of Exchange is supported.

Exchange 2016 與舊版 Exchange 伺服器共存Coexistence of Exchange 2016 with earlier versions of Exchange Server

Exchange 版本Exchange version Exchange 組織共存Exchange organization coexistence
Exchange 2007 和更早版本Exchange 2007 and earlier versions 不支援Not supported
Exchange 2010Exchange 2010 支援組織中所有 Exchange 2010 伺服器 (包括 Edge Transport Server) 上的 Exchange 2010 SP3 更新彙總套件 11 或更新版本。Supported with Update Rollup 11 for Exchange 2010 SP3 or later on all Exchange 2010 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.
Exchange 2013Exchange 2013 支援組織中所有 Exchange 2013 伺服器 (包括 Edge Transport Server) 上的 Exchange 2013 累計更新 10 或更新版本。Supported with Exchange 2013 Cumulative Update 10 or later on all Exchange 2013 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.
混合的 Exchange 2010 與 Exchange 2013 組織Mixed Exchange 2010 and Exchange 2013 organization 支援下列 Exchange 最低版本:Supported with the following minimum versions of Exchange:
組織中所有 Exchange 2010 伺服器 (包括 Edge Transport Server) 上的 Exchange 2010 SP3 更新彙總套件 11 或更新版本。Update Rollup 11 Exchange 2010 SP3 or later on all Exchange 2010 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.
組織中所有 Exchange 2013 伺服器 (包括 Edge Transport Server) 上的 Exchange 2013 累計更新 10 或更新版本。Exchange 2013 Cumulative Update 10 or later on all Exchange 2013 servers in the organization, including Edge Transport servers.

支援的混合部署案例Supported hybrid deployment scenarios

對於已升級到最新版 Office 365 的 Office 365 承租人,Exchange 2016 支援混合式部署。如需混合部署的相關資訊,請參閱Hybrid Deployment PrerequisitesExchange 2016 supports hybrid deployments with Office 365 tenants that have been upgraded to the latest version of Office 365. For more information about specific hybrid deployments, see Hybrid Deployment Prerequisites.

網路及目錄伺服器Network and directory servers

下表列出您的 Exchange 2016 組織中,網路及目錄伺服器的需求。The following table lists the requirements for the network and the directory servers in your Exchange 2016 organization.

Exchange 2016 的網路和目錄伺服器需求Network and directory server requirements for Exchange 2016

元件Component 需求Requirement
網域控制站Domain controllers 樹系中的所有網域控制站都必須執行下列其中一個 Windows Server 版本:All domain controllers in the forest need to be running one of the following versions of Windows Server:
• Windows Server 2016 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter
• Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Datacenter
• Windows Server 2012 Standard 或 Datacenter• Windows Server 2012 Standard or Datacenter
• Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard 或 Enterprise• Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard or Enterprise
• Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter RTM 或更新版本• Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter RTM or later
Active Directory 樹系Active Directory forest Active Directory 樹系功能層級為 Windows Server 2008 R2 或更新版本。The Active Directory forest functional level is Windows Server 2008 R2 or higher.
Active Directory 站台Active Directory site 安裝 Exchange Server 的 Active Directory 站台必須包含至少一個可寫入的網域控制站,同時也是全域目錄伺服器,否則安裝將會失敗。此外,您無法在安裝 Exchange 伺服器後從 Active Directory 站台移除網域控制站。The Active Directory site where you install the Exchange Server must contain at least one writeable domain controller that's also a global catalog server, or the installation will fail. Furthermore, you can't install the Exchange server and then remove the domain controller from the Active Directory site.
DNS 命名空間支援DNS namespace support Exchange 2016 支援下列網域名稱系統 (DNS) 命名空間:Exchange 2016 supports the following domain name system (DNS) namespaces:
• 連續• Contiguous
• 不連續• Noncontiguous
• 單一標籤網域• Single label domains
• 斷續• Disjoint
如需有關 Exchange 所支援 DNS 命名空間的詳細資訊,請參閱 Microsoft 知識庫文章 2269838: 單一標籤網域、斷續命名空間和不連續命名空間與 Microsoft Exchange 的相容性For more information about DNS namespaces supported by Exchange, see Microsoft Knowledge Base article 2269838, Microsoft Exchange compatibility with Single Label Domains, Disjoined Namespaces, and Discontiguous Namespaces.
IPv6 支援IPv6 support 在 Exchange 2016 中,只有同時安裝並啟用 IPv4 時才會支援 IPv6。如果在此組態中部署 Exchange 2016,且網路支援 IPv4 和 IPv6,則所有 Exchange 伺服器都可以對使用 IPv6 位址的裝置、伺服器及用戶端傳送和接收資料。如需詳細資訊,請參閱 IPv6 Support in Exchange 2013In Exchange 2016, IPv6 is supported only when IPv4 is also installed and enabled. If Exchange 2016 is deployed in this configuration, and the network supports IPv4 and IPv6, all Exchange servers can send data to and receive data from devices, servers, and clients that use IPv6 addresses. For more information, see IPv6 Support in Exchange 2013.

目錄伺服器架構Directory server architecture

使用 64 位元的 Active Directory 網域控制站能夠提高 Exchange 2016 的目錄服務效能。The use of 64-bit Active Directory domain controllers increases directory service performance for Exchange 2016.

注意

在多網域環境中,於 Active Directory 語言地區設定設為日文 (ja-jp) 的 Windows Server 2008 網域控制站上,伺服器可能無法接收於輸入複寫期間儲存在物件上的某些屬性。如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Microsoft 知識庫文章 949189:設定為日文語言地區設定的 Windows Server 2008 網域控制站,可能無法在輸入複寫期間將更新套用至物件上的屬性In multi-domain environments, on Windows Server 2008 domain controllers that have the Active Directory language locale set to Japanese (ja-jp), your servers may not receive some attributes that are stored on an object during inbound replication. For more information, see Microsoft Knowledge Base article 949189, A Windows Server 2008 domain controller that is configured with the Japanese language locale may not apply updates to attributes on an object during inbound replication.

在目錄伺服器上安裝 Exchange 2016Installing Exchange 2016 on directory servers

基於安全和效能原因,我們建議您只將 Exchange 2016 安裝在成員伺服器上,而不要安裝在 Active Directory 目錄伺服器上。若要了解在目錄伺服器上安裝 Exchange 2016 時可能會面臨的問題,請參閱不建議在網域控制器上安裝 Exchange [WarningInstallExchangeRolesOnDomainController]。Exchange 2016 安裝好之後,就不支援將其角色從成員伺服器變更為目錄伺服器,反之亦然。For security and performance reasons, we recommend that you install Exchange 2016 only on member servers and not on Active Directory directory servers. To learn about the issues you can face when installing Exchange 2016 on a directory server, see Installing Exchange on a domain controller is not recommended [WarningInstallExchangeRolesOnDomainController]. After Exchange 2016 is installed, changing its role from a member server to a directory server, or vice versa, isn't supported.

硬體Hardware

如需在虛擬環境中部署 Exchange 的資訊,請參閱 Exchange Server 虛擬化For information about deploying Exchange in a virtualized environment, see Exchange Server virtualization.

Exchange 2016 的硬體需求Hardware requirements for Exchange 2016

元件Component 需求Requirement 附註Notes
處理器Processor x64 架構電腦與 Intel 處理器 (支援 Intel 64 架構,以前稱為 Intel EM64T)。 x64 architecture-based computer with Intel processor that supports Intel 64 architecture (formerly known as Intel EM64T).
AMD 處理器 (支援 AMD64 平台)。 AMD processor that supports the AMD64 platform.
附註:不支援 Intel Itanium IA64 處理器。Note: Intel Itanium IA64 processors not supported.
如需詳細資訊,請參閱調整 Exchange 2016 部署的大小For more information, see Sizing Exchange 2016 Deployments.
請參閱本主題後面的作業系統一節,以取得支援的作業系統。See the Operating system section later in this topic for supported operating systems.
記憶體Memory 視所安裝的 Exchange 角色而有所不同:Varies depending on Exchange roles that are installed:
Mailbox:下限為 8GBMailbox: 8GB minimum
Edge Transport:下限為 4GBEdge Transport: 4GB minimum
如需詳細資訊,請參閱調整 Exchange 2016 部署的大小For more information, see Sizing Exchange 2016 Deployments.
分頁檔大小Paging file size 分頁檔大小上限和下限必須設定為實體 RAM 加 10 MB,如果您使用超過 32 GB 的 RAM,大小上限為 32,778 MB (32GB)。The page file size minimum and maximum must be set to physical RAM plus 10MB, to a maximum size of 32,778MB (32GB) if you're using more than 32GB of RAM. None
磁碟空間Disk space 安裝 Exchange 的磁碟至少要 30 GB。At least 30 GB on the drive on which you install Exchange.
您計劃要安裝的每個整合通訊 (UM) 語言套件,都需要額外 500 MB 的可用磁碟空間。An additional 500 MB of available disk space for each Unified Messaging (UM) language pack that you plan to install.
系統磁碟上有 200 MB 的可用磁碟空間。200 MB of available disk space on the system drive.
儲存郵件佇列資料庫的硬碟擁有至少 500 MB 可用空間。A hard disk that stores the message queue database on with at least 500 MB of free space.
如需詳細資訊,請參閱調整 Exchange 2016 部署的大小For more information, see Sizing Exchange 2016 Deployments.
磁碟機Drive 本機或透過網路存取的 DVD-ROM 光碟機。DVD-ROM drive, local or network accessible. None
螢幕解析度Screen resolution 1024 x 768 像素以上1024 x 768 pixels or higher None
檔案格式File format 磁碟分割格式為 NTFS 檔案系統,適用於下列磁碟分割:Disk partitions formatted as NTFS file systems, which applies to the following partitions:
• 系統磁碟分割• System partition
• 儲存 Exchange 二進位檔或 Exchange 診斷記錄所產生之檔案的磁碟分割• Partitions that store Exchange binary files or files generated by Exchange diagnostic logging
• 資料庫檔案,例如信箱和傳輸資料庫• Database files, such as mailbox and transport databases
只包含下列檔案類型的磁碟分割可以選擇性地格式化成 ReFS:Disk partitions containing only the following types of files can optionally be formatted as ReFS:
• 包含交易記錄檔的磁碟分割• Partitions containing transaction log files
• 包含信箱資料庫檔案的磁碟分割• Partitions containing mailbox database files
• 包含內容索引檔案的磁碟分割• Partitions containing content indexing files
None

作業系統Operating system

下表列出 Exchange 2016 所支援的作業系統。The following table lists the supported operating systems for Exchange 2016.

重要:我們不支援在執行 Windows Server Core 或 Nano 伺服器的電腦上安裝 Exchange 2016。您必須安裝 Windows Server 桌面體驗功能。若要安裝 Exchange 2016,您必須執行下列其中一個步驟,先在 Windows Server 上安裝桌面體驗,再啟動 Exchange 2016 安裝程式:Important: We don't support the installation of Exchange 2016 on a computer that's running Windows Server Core or Nano Server. The Windows Server Desktop Experience feature needs to be installed. To install Exchange 2016, you need to do one of the following to install the Desktop Experience on Windows Server prior to starting Exchange 2016 Setup:

  • Windows Server 2012 和 Windows Server 2012 R2:請在 Windows PowerShell 中執行下列命令Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2: Run the following command in Windows PowerShell

    Install-WindowsFeature Server-Gui-Mgmt-Infra, Server-Gui-Shell -Restart
    
  • Windows Server 2016:請安裝 Windows Server 2016 並選擇 [桌面體驗] 安裝選項。如果電腦執行的是 Windows Server 2016 Core 模式,而您想要在上面安裝 Exchange 2016,您需要重新安裝作業系統並選擇 [桌面體驗] 安裝選項。Windows Server 2016: Install Windows Server 2016 and choose the Desktop Experience installation option. If a computer is running Windows Server 2016 Core mode and you want to install Exchange 2016 on it, you'll need to reinstall the operating system and choose the Desktop Experience installation option.

Exchange 2016 所支援的作業系統Supported operating systems for Exchange 2016

元件Component 需求Requirement
Mailbox 和 Edge Transport server roleMailbox and Edge Transport server roles Windows Server 2016 Standard 或 Datacenter *Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter*
Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard 或 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 Standard 或 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 Standard or Datacenter
管理工具Management tools 下列其中之一:One of the following:
Windows Server 2016 Standard 或 Datacenter *Windows Server 2016 Standard or Datacenter*
Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard 或 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 R2 Standard or Datacenter
Windows Server 2012 Standard 或 DatacenterWindows Server 2012 Standard or Datacenter
64 位元版本的 Windows 1064-bit edition of Windows 10
64 位元版本的 Windows 8.164-bit edition of Windows 8.1

*需要 Exchange Server 2016 累計更新 3 或更新版本。* Requires Exchange Server 2016 Cumulative Update 3 or later.

Exchange 2016 支援的 Windows Management Framework 版本Supported Windows Management Framework versions for Exchange 2016

Exchange 2016 僅支援您要安裝 Exchange 的 Windows 版本中所內建的 Windows 管理架構版本。請勿安裝在執行 Exchange 的伺服器上做為獨立下載項目提供的 Windows 管理架構版本。Exchange 2016 only supports the version of Windows Management Framework that's built in to the release of Windows that you're installing Exchange on. Don't install versions of Windows Management Framework that are made available as stand-alone downloads on servers running Exchange.

在 Exchange 2016 伺服器上安裝其他軟體Installing other software on an Exchange 2016 server

我們不支援在 Exchange 2016 伺服器上安裝 Office 用戶端或 Office 伺服器軟體,例如 SharePoint Server、商務用 Skype Server、Office Online Server 或 Project Server。您想要在 Exchange 2016 伺服器上安裝的其他軟體,必須設計為會在和 Exchange 相同的電腦上執行。We don't support the installation of Office client or Office server software, such as SharePoint Server; Skype for Business Server; Office Online Server; or Project Server, on Exchange 2016 servers. Other software that you want to install on Exchange 2016 servers needs to be designed to run on the same computer as Exchange.

.NET Framework.NET Framework

強烈建議您使用最新版的 .NET Framework,但您正要安裝的 Exchange 版本必須支援此版本。We strongly recommend that you use the latest version of .NET Framework that's supported by the release of Exchange you're installing.

重要

下表中未列出的 .NET Framework 版本,在任何版本的 Exchange 2016 上皆不受支援。這包括 .NET Framework 次要和修補程式等級的版本。Releases of .NET Framework that aren't listed in the table below are not supported on any release of Exchange 2016. This includes minor and patch-level releases of .NET Framework.

Exchange 版本Exchange version .NET Framework 4.7.2.NET Framework 4.7.2 .NET Framework 4.7.1.NET Framework 4.7.1 .NET Framework 4.6.2.NET Framework 4.6.2
Exchange 2016 CU11、CU12Exchange 2016 CU11 支援Supported 支援Supported
Exchange 2016 CU10Exchange 2016 CU10 支援Supported
Exchange 2016 CU8、CU9Exchange 2016 CU8 & CU9 支援Supported 支援Supported
Exchange 2016 CU5、CU6、CU7Exchange 2016 CU5 - CU7 支援Supported

支援的用戶端 (最新的更新)Supported clients (with latest updates)

  • Outlook 2019Outlook 2019

  • Outlook 2016Outlook 2016

  • Outlook 2013Outlook 2013

  • Outlook 2010 SP2Outlook 2010 SP2

  • Mac 版 Outlook 2016Outlook 2016 for Mac

  • Office 365 的 Mac 版 OutlookOutlook for Mac for Office 365

Exchange 第三方用戶端Exchange third-party clients

Exchange Server 提供數種知名的通訊協定,並且發行第三方廠商經常為其撰寫用戶端的 API。Exchange Server offers several well-known protocols, and publishes APIs that third-party vendors often write clients for.

Microsoft 對於第三方開發人員建立的用戶端,不保證 (明示或暗示) 其整體適用性、符合性、相容性或安全性。Microsoft makes no warranties, expressed or implied, as to the overall suitability, fitness, compatibility, or security of clients that are created by third-party developers.

如果您想要使用第三方用戶端 (使用我們的通訊協定或 API),建議您在企業工作區中部署用戶端之前,徹底檢閱並測試所有考量 (功能性、安全性、維護、管理等等)。我們也建議您確定第三方廠商是否提供適當的企業支援合約 (ESA)。 If you want to use a third-party client that uses our protocols or APIs, we recommend that you thoroughly review and test all considerations (functionality, security, maintenance, management, and so on) before you deploy the client in the enterprise workspace. We also recommend that you make sure that the third-party vendor offers an appropriate Enterprise Support Agreement (ESA).