記錄 SharePoint Server 的伺服器陣列組態設定Document farm configuration settings in SharePoint Server

摘要: 了解如何記錄 SharePoint Server 2016 和 SharePoint 2013 中的伺服器陣列組態設定。Summary: Learn how to document farm configuration settings in SharePoint Server 2016 and SharePoint 2013.

您可以使用 PowerShell 來記錄 SharePoint Server 中的伺服器陣列組態設定。You can document your farm configuration settings in SharePoint Server by using PowerShell.

記錄組態設定非常重要,因為這使您不僅可以為環境建立指令碼化部署,還可以在出現故障時,快速重新建立一組設定。Documenting configuration settings is important both so that you can create scripted deployments for your environment and so that you can quickly re-create a set of configurations if a failure were to occur.

使用 PowerShell 記錄 SharePoint Server 中的伺服器陣列組態設定Using PowerShell to document farm configuration settings in SharePoint Server

下列程序說明如何針對 SharePoint Server 建立和執行 PowerShell 指令碼。然後您就可以在出現故障時,使用此指令碼來還原伺服器陣列組態設定。The following procedure describes how to create and run a PowerShell script for SharePoint Server. You can then use this script to restore the farm configuration settings if a failure were to occur.

使用 PowerShell 記錄 SharePoint Server 的組態設定To document SharePoint Server configuration settings by using PowerShell

  1. 確認您具備下列成員身分:Verify that you have the following memberships:

    • SQL Server 執行個體上的 securityadmin 固定伺服器角色。securityadmin fixed server role on the SQL Server instance.

    • 所有要更新之資料庫上的 db_owner 固定資料庫角色。db_owner fixed database role on all databases that are to be updated.

    • 正在執行 PowerShell Cmdlet 之所在伺服器上的系統管理員群組。Administrators group on the server on which you are running PowerShell cmdlets.

    • 您必須閱讀 about_Execution_Policies (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=193050)。You must read about_Execution_Policies (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=193050).

      系統管理員可以使用 Add-SPShellAdmin Cmdlet 授與使用 SharePoint Server Cmdlet 的權限。An administrator can use the Add-SPShellAdmin cmdlet to grant permissions to use SharePoint Server cmdlets.

      注意

      如果您不具備上述權限,請連絡安裝程式系統管理員或 SQL Server 系統管理員要求權限。如需 PowerShell 權限的其他資訊,請參閱<權限>與 Add-SPShellAdminIf you do not have permissions, contact your Setup administrator or SQL Server administrator to request permissions. For additional information about PowerShell permissions, see Permissions and Add-SPShellAdmin.

  2. 使用 [記事本] 等文字編輯器來建立文字檔,然後將下列程式碼貼入檔案。範例中的命令將會建立 XML 檔案,這些文件可以記錄目前伺服器陣列中 Web 應用程式與服務應用程式的設定。僅選擇與環境相關的那些命令。Use a text editor, such as Notepad, to create a text file by pasting the following code into the file. The commands in the example create XML files that document the configurations of the Web applications and service applications in the current farm. Choose only those commands that are relevant to your environment.

    ##
    ## Common SharePoint configuration settings
    ##
    #Retrieve Web Application information. The default depth of 2 does not return much detail--we recommend that you use a depth of 4 for this cmdlet.
    Get-SPWebApplication | Export-Clixml .\WebAppFilename.xml -depth 4
    #Retrieve custom layout information. 
    Get-SPWebApplication | Get-SPCustomLayoutsPage | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPCustomLayoutsPage.xml
    #Determine how SharePoint designer access is configured.
    Get-SPWebApplication | Get-SPDesignerSettings  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDesignerSettings.xml
    #Retrieve information about alternate access mapping
    Get-SPAlternateURL  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPAlternateURL.xml
    #Retrieve information about content databases
    Get-SPContentDatabase  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPContentDatabase.xml
    #Retrieve database properties for each database
    Get-SPDatabase  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDatabase.xml
    #Retrieve information about all SharePoint Products installed in the farm, and the versions of all updates installed for each product.
    Get-SPProduct  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPProduct.xml
    #Retrieve farm information
    Get-SPFarm  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPFarm.xml
    Get-SPFarmConfig  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPFarmConfig.xml
    #Retrieve information about the servers in the farm
    Get-SPServer  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServer.xml
    #Retrieve information about installed features
    Get-SPFeature  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPFeature.xml
    #Retrieve information about globally-installed site templates
    Get-SPWebTemplate  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPWebTemplate.xml
    #Retrieve information about deployed solutions
    Get-SPSolution  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSolution.xml
    #Retrieve information about sandboxed solutions deployed in a site collection
    Get-SPSite | Get-SPUserSolution  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPUserSolution.xml
    #Retrieve information about claims authentication
    Get-SPTrustedIdentityTokenIssuer  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPTrustedIdentityTokenIssuer.xml
    Get-SPTrustedServiceTokenIssuer  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPTrustedServiceTokenIssuer.xml
    Get-SPTrustedRootAuthority  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPTrustedRootAuthority.xml
    #Retrieve information about installed Help
    Get-SPHelpCollection  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPHelpCollection.xml
    #Retrieve information about the logging levels that have been set
    Get-SPLogLevel  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPLogLevel.xml
    #Retrieve information about the sites in the farm
    Get-SPSite  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSite.xml
    Get-SPSiteAdministration  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSiteAdministration.xml
    Get-SPSiteSubscription  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSiteSubscription.xml
    #Retrieve ULS logging information
    Get-SPDiagnosticConfig  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDiagnosticConfig.xml
    Get-SPDiagnosticsPerformanceCounter  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDiagnosticsPerformanceCounter.xml
    Get-SPDiagnosticsProvider  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDiagnosticsProvider.xml
    #Retrieve information about accounts registered in the configuration database
    Get-SPManagedAccount  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPManagedAccount.xml
    Get-SPProcessAccount  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPProcessAccount.xml
    Get-SPShellAdmin  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPShellAdmin.xml
    #Retrieve specific information about the certificate authority
    Get-SPCertificateAuthority  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPCertificateAuthority.xml
    Get-SPClaimProvider  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPClaimProvider.xml
    Get-SPClaimProviderManager  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPClaimProviderManager.xml
    #Retrieve information about content deployment jobs
    Get-SPContentDeploymentJob | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPContentDeploymentJob.xml
    Get-SPContentDeploymentPath | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPContentDeploymentPath.xml
    #Retrieve information about the Mobile Messaging account.
    Get-SPWebApplication | Get-SPMobileMessagingAccount  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPMobileMessagingAccount.xml
    ##
    ##Common service infrastructure settings
    ##
    #Retrieve information about the service applications in the farm
    Get-SPServiceApplication  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPServiceApplicationPool  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceApplicationPool.xml
    Get-SPServiceApplicationProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceApplicationProxy.xml
    Get-SPServiceApplicationProxyGroup  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceApplicationProxyGroup.xml
    Get-SPServiceApplication | Get-SPServiceApplicationEndpoint  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceApplicationEndpoint.xml
    #Retrieve information about the services running in the farm
    Get-SPServiceInstance  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceInstance.xml
    #Retrieve information about InfoPath form services
    Get-SPInfoPathFormsService  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPInfoPathFormsService.xml
    Get-SPInfoPathFormTemplate  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPInfoPathFormTemplate.xml
    ###WARNING: The following cmdlet requires  run as administrator rights. 
    Get-SPInfoPathUserAgent  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPInfoPathUserAgent.xml
    #Retrieve information about common Web service settings
    Get-SPServiceHostConfig  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPServiceHostConfig.xml
    ##
    ## Common service application settings
    ##
    #Access Services
    #Retrieve specific information for the Access Services service application
    Get-SPAccessServiceApplication  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPAccessServiceApplication.xml
    #Application Discovery and Load Balancer Service Application 
    Get-SPTopologyServiceApplication  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPTopologyServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPTopologyServiceApplicationProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPTopologyServiceApplicationProxy.xml
    #Business Data Connectivity Service
    #Retrieve information about data connection files. ###WARNING: The following cmdlet requires  run as administrator rights
    Get-SPDataConnectionFile | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDataConnectionFile.xml
    ###WARNING: The following cmdlet requires  run as administrator rights
    Get-SPDataConnectionFile | Get-SPDataConnectionFileDependent  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPDataConnectionFileDependent.xml
    #Excel Services Application
    #Note: An Excel service application must be provisioned for the following cmdlets to succeed. 
    Get-SPExcelServiceApplication | Get-SPExcelBlockedFileType  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPExcelBlockedFileType.xml
    Get-SPExcelServiceApplication | Get-SPExcelDataConnectionLibrary  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPExcelDataConnectionLibrary.xml
    Get-SPExcelServiceApplication | Get-SPExcelDataProvider  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPExcelDataProvider.xml
    Get-SPExcelServiceApplication | Get-SPExcelFileLocation  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPExcelFileLocation.xml
    Get-SPExcelServiceApplication | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPExcelServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPExcelServiceApplication | Get-SPExcelUserDefinedFunction  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPExcelUserDefinedFunction.xml
    Get-SPWebApplication | Get-SPInfoPathWebServiceProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPInfoPathWebServiceProxy.xml
    Get-SPWebApplication | Get-SPManagedPath  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPManagedPath.xml
    
    #Managed Metadata Service
    #Note: A Managed Metadata service application must be provisioned for the following cmdlets to succeed. 
    Get-SPServiceApplication | ?{$_.TypeName -eq "Managed Metadata Service"} | %{$id = $_.Id;Get-SPMetadataServiceApplication -Id $_ | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPMetadataServiceApplication-$id.xml}
    Get-SPServiceApplicationProxy | ?{$_.TypeName -eq "Managed Metadata Service Connection"} | %{$id = $_.Id;Get-SPMetadataServiceApplicationProxy -Id $_ | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPMetadataServiceApplicationProxy-$id.xml}
    Get-SPSite | Get-SPTaxonomySession  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPTaxonomySession.xml
    #PerformancePoint Service Application
    #Note: A PerformancePoint service application must be provisioned for the following cmdlets to succeed. 
    Get-SPPerformancePointServiceApplication | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPPerformancePointServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPPerformancePointServiceApplication | Get-SPPerformancePointServiceApplicationTrustedLocation  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPPerformancePointServiceApplicationTrustedLocation.xml
    #Search 
    #Retrieve search information
    #Note:  A Search service application must be provisioned for the following cmdlets to succeed. 
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchAdministrationComponent  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchAdministrationComponent.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlContentSource  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlContentSource.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlCustomConnector  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlCustomConnector.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlDatabase  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlDatabase.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlExtension  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlExtension.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlMapping  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlMapping.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlRule  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchCrawlRule.xml
    $searchApp = Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication; Get-SPEnterpriseSearchExtendedClickThroughExtractorJobDefinition -SearchApplication $searchApp | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchExtendedClickThroughExtractorJobDefinition.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchExtendedConnectorProperty  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchExtendedConnectorProperty.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchExtendedQueryProperty  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchExtendedQueryProperty.xml
    ###WARNING: The following command generates a 120MB file that records the out of the box settings###
    #Note: The Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAuthority and Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryDemoted cmdlets require the Owner and SearchApplication parameters#
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchLanguageResourcePhrase  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchLanguageResourcePhrase.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataCategory  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataCategory.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataCrawledProperty  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataCrawledProperty.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataManagedProperty  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataManagedProperty.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataMapping  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchMetadataMapping.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAuthority  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAuthority.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryDemoted  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryDemoted.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAndSiteSettingsService  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAndSiteSettingsService.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAndSiteSettingsServiceInstance  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAndSiteSettingsServiceInstance.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAndSiteSettingsServiceProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryAndSiteSettingsServiceProxy.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchService  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchService.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceInstance.xml
    ###WARNING: The following command generates a file per site collection###
    #Note: The Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQuerySuggestionCandidates and Get-SPEnterpriseSearchRankingModel cmdlets require the Owner and SearchApplication parameters#
    Get-SPSite | %{$id = $_.Id;Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryKeyword -Site $_ | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryKeyword-$id.xml}
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryScope  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryScope.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryScope | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryScopeRule  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQueryScopeRule.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQuerySuggestionCandidates  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchQuerySuggestionCandidates.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchRankingModel  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchRankingModel.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Get-SPEnterpriseSearchSecurityTrimmer  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchSecurityTrimmer.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplicationProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplicationProxy.xml
    Get-SPEnterpriseSearchSiteHitRule  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPEnterpriseSearchSiteHitRule.xml
    #Security Token Service Application
    #Retrieve information about the security token service used for incoming SOAP messages.
    Get-SPSecurityTokenServiceConfig  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSecurityTokenServiceConfig.xml
    #State Service
    #Retrieve information about the State Service.
    Get-SPSessionStateService  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPSessionStateService.xml
    Get-SPStateServiceApplication  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPStateServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPStateServiceApplicationProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPStateServiceApplicationProxy.xml
    Get-SPStateServiceDatabase  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPStateServiceDatabase.xml
    #Usage and Health data collection
    #Retrieve information about the Usage and Health Data Collection service application.
    Get-SPUsageApplication  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPUsageApplication.xml
    Get-SPUsageDefinition  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPUsageDefinition.xml
    Get-SPUsageService  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPUsageService.xml
    #Visio Service
    #A Visio service application must be provisioned for the following cmdlets to succeed.
    Get-SPVisioServiceApplication | Get-SPVisioExternalData  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPVisioExternalData.xml
    Get-SPVisioServiceApplication | Get-SPVisioPerformance  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPVisioPerformance.xml
    Get-SPVisioServiceApplication | Get-SPVisioSafeDataProvider  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPVisioSafeDataProvider.xml
    Get-SPVisioServiceApplication | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPVisioServiceApplication.xml
    Get-SPVisioServiceApplicationProxy  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPVisioServiceApplicationProxy.xml
    #Web Analytics Service Application
    A Web Analytics service application must be provisioned for the following cmdlets to succeed.
    Get-SPServiceApplication | ?{$_.TypeName -eq "Web Analytics Service Application"} | %{$id = $_.Id;Get-SPWebAnalyticsServiceApplication -Id $_ | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPWebAnalyticsServiceApplication-$id.xml}
    Get-SPServiceApplicationProxy | ?{$_.TypeName -eq "Web Analytics Service Application Proxy"} | %{$id = $_.Id;Get-SPWebAnalyticsServiceApplicationProxy -Id $_ | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPWebAnalyticsServiceApplicationProxy-$id.xml}
    Get-SPWebApplication | Get-SPWebApplicationHttpThrottlingMonitor  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPWebApplicationHttpThrottlingMonitor.xml
    Get-SPWebPartPack  | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPWebPartPack.xml
    #Word Automation Services
    ###Note: These cmdlets are commented out because you are unlikely to want to run them. ###
    #Get-SPSite | %{$web=Get-SPWeb $_.Url;$webid=$web.Id;$web | Get-SPUser | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPUser-$webid.xml}
    # Get-SPSite | %{$web=Get-SPWeb $_.Url;$webid=$web.Id;$web | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPWeb-$webid.xml}
    
  3. 儲存檔案並新增 .ps1 副檔名,例如 SuggestedNameOfFile.ps1。Save the file and add the .ps1 extension, such as SuggestedNameOfFile.ps1.

    注意

    您可以使用不同的檔案名稱,但是必須將檔案儲存為副檔名為 .ps1 的 ANSI 編碼文字檔。You can use a different file name, but you must save the file as an ANSI-encoded text file whose extension is .ps1.

  4. 啟動 SharePoint 管理命令介面。Start the SharePoint Management Shell.

  5. 變更至您儲存檔案的目錄。Change to the directory where you saved the file.

  6. 在 PowerShell 命令提示字元中,輸入下列命令:At the PowerShell command prompt, type the following command:

    ./SuggestedFileName.ps1
    

如需詳細資訊,請參閱<Export-Clixml>、<Get-SPWebApplication>、<Get-SPServiceApplication>。For more information, see Export-Clixml, Get-SPWebApplication, Get-SPServiceApplication.

注意

建議您在執行命令列管理工作時使用 Windows PowerShell。Stsadm 命令列工具已過時,但為與舊版產品相容,仍會隨附提供。We recommend that you use Microsoft PowerShell when performing command-line administrative tasks. The Stsadm command-line tool has been deprecated, but is included to support compatibility with previous product versions.

在 SharePoint Server 中使用 Cmdlet 的範例Example of using a cmdlet in SharePoint Server

本節提供一個方法範例,您可以透過這些方法使用建議的 Cmdlet。This section provides an example of ways that you can use one of the recommended cmdlets.

Get-SPAlternateURL Cmdlet 提供備用存取對應的資訊。透過管道將 Cmdlet 傳遞給 Export-Clixml Cmdlet 會將相關資訊寫入 XML 檔案。The Get-SPAlternateURL cmdlet provides information about alternate access mapping. Piping the cmdlet to the Export-Clixml cmdlet writes the information to an XML file.

Get-SPAlternateURL | Export-Clixml .\Get-SPAlternateURL.xml

下列章節列出 Get-SPAlternateURL.xml 檔案的內容。某些區段已摺疊。The following section lists the content of the Get-SPAlternateURL.xml file. Some sections are collapsed.

- <Objs Version="1.1.0.1" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/powershell/2004/04">
+ <Obj RefId="0">
- <Obj RefId="7">
  <TNRef RefId="0" /> 
  <ToString>Microsoft.SharePoint.Administration.SPAlternateUrl</ToString> 
- <Props>
  <S N="IncomingUrl">http://servername</S> 
  <URI N="Uri">http://servername/</URI> 
+ <Obj N="UrlZone" RefId="8">
- <Obj N="Collection" RefId="9">
  <TNRef RefId="2" /> 
- <IE>
- <Obj RefId="10">
  <TNRef RefId="0" /> 
  <ToString>Microsoft.SharePoint.Administration.SPAlternateUrl</ToString> 
+ <Props>
- <MS>
  <S N="Zone">Default</S> 
  <S N="PublicUrl">http://servername</S> 
  </MS>
  </Obj>
  </IE>
- <Props>
  <I32 N="Count">1</I32> 
  <B N="IsReadOnly">false</B> 
  <S N="TypeName">Alternate Access Mapping Collection</S> 
  <S N="DisplayName">SharePoint - 80</S> 
  <U64 N="DiskSizeRequired">0</U64> 
  <B N="CanSelectForBackup">false</B> 
  <B N="CanRenameOnRestore">false</B> 
  <B N="CanSelectForRestore">false</B> 
  <S N="Name">SharePoint - 80</S> 
  <G N="Id">5b65a69a-222d-4fe0-904b-0fb928bc7a89</G> 
  <S N="Status">Online</S> 
  <S N="Parent">SPFarm Name=SERVERNAME_SharePoint_Configuration_Database</S> 
  <I64 N="Version">3661</I64> 
+ <Obj N="Properties" RefId="12">
  <TNRef RefId="3" /> 
  <DCT /> 
  </Obj>
  <S N="Farm">SPFarm Name=SERVERNAME_SharePoint_Configuration_Database</S> 
  <Ref N="UpgradedPersistedProperties" RefId="11" /> 
  </Props>
  </Obj>
  <Ref N="UpgradedPersistedProperties" RefId="11" /> 
  </Props>
+ <MS>
+ <Obj N="Zone" RefId="13">
  <TNRef RefId="1" /> 
  <ToString>Default</ToString> 
  <I32>0</I32> 
  </Obj>
  <S N="PublicUrl">http://servername</S> 
  </MS>
  </Obj>
  </Objs>

本範例從 XML 檔案匯入輸出,讓您可以更輕鬆地查看其內容。This example imports the output from the XML file so that you can see its contents more easily.

Import-Clixml .\Get-SPAlternateURL.xml

匯入 XML 檔案後,即可在管道中使用物件,就像它們是指定類型的實際物件一樣。Once an XML file is imported, you can use the objects in the pipeline as if they were real objects of the given type.

Import-Clixml .\Get-SPAlternateURL.xml | %{$_.Uri}

您也可以透過管道將物件作為 Cmdlet 的一部分傳遞,並檢視所有預期的屬性、方法與 TypeNames。下列範例會透過管道傳遞 URI。You can also pipe the objects as part of the cmdlet, and view all of the expected properties, methods, and TypeNames. The following example pipes URIs.

Import-Clixml .\Get-SPAlternateURL.xml | %{$_.Uri | Get-Member}

請參閱See also

其他資源Other Resources

Export-ClixmlExport-Clixml

Import-ClixmlImport-Clixml

Get-SPAlternateURLGet-SPAlternateURL

ForEach-ObjectForEach-Object

Get-MemberGet-Member