在 SharePoint Server 2013 中規劃行動裝置檢視Plan for mobile views in SharePoint Server 2013

摘要:了解如何規劃在 SharePoint Server 2013 中使用的行動裝置瀏覽器體驗。Summary: Learn how to plan for using a mobile browser experience in SharePoint Server 2013.

在 SharePoint Server 2013,有新的、 最佳化的行動裝置瀏覽器體驗可用來檢視 SharePoint 網站。例如,您有彈性,可使用摩登的方塊 (英文) 解決方案,例如 HTML5 型現代檢視,或您可以設計根據貴組織的唯一的可用性需求的行動裝置檢視。有四種瀏覽器型 SharePoint Server 2013 中可用的體驗。您可以選擇這些體驗取決於多個因素,包括您有哪些裝置與您嘗試要啟用的行動裝置檢視的網站的類型。本文可協助您規劃在 SharePoint Server 2013 中使用行動裝置瀏覽器體驗所識別的特定檢視、 裝置和網站需求及提供行動裝置清查。完成後,您將了解您可以使用行動裝置檢視及您即為下一個步驟和指引無法接受這些檢視時。In SharePoint Server 2013, there are new, optimized mobile browser experiences available for viewing a SharePoint site. For example, you have the flexibility to use a modern out-of-the-box solution, such as the HTML5-based contemporary view, or you can design a mobile view based on your organization's unique usability requirements. There are four browser-based experiences that are available in SharePoint Server 2013. Your ability to choose these experiences depends on several factors, including which devices you have and the type of site that you are trying to enable for mobile views. This article will help you plan for using mobile browser experiences in SharePoint Server 2013 by identifying device and site requirements for a particular view, and providing inventory for your mobile device base. Upon completion, you will understand the mobile views that are available to you, and you will be provided with next steps and guidance if these views are unacceptable.

再繼續進行,建議您先閱讀Overview of 行動裝置與 SharePoint Server 2013。了解行動裝置檢視,包括瀏覽器重新導向程序及關聯行動裝置檢視重新導向 compat.browser 檔案上提供的詳細資料。如需受行動瀏覽器支援的 SharePoint Server 2013 中的資訊,請參閱 < SharePoint 2013 中支援的行動裝置瀏覽器Before proceeding, we recommend that you read Overview of mobile devices and SharePoint Server 2013. It provides additional details on understanding mobile views, including the browser redirection process and the compat.browser file that is associated with mobile view redirection. For information about which mobile browsers are supported in SharePoint Server 2013, see Mobile device browsers supported in SharePoint 2013.

行動裝置瀏覽器體驗Mobile browser experiences

本節將協助您了解 SharePoint Server 2013 中可用的行動裝置檢視及識別哪個檢視,您可以使用根據裝置和網站需求。總結來說,有三個不同的行動裝置瀏覽器體驗可用根據預設,稱為 「 允許您建立自訂的行動裝置瀏覽器檢視 SharePoint 發佈網站的裝置通道功能。下表說明這些檢視與裝置通道功能。This section will help you understand which mobile views are available in SharePoint Server 2013, and identify which views are available to you based on device and site requirements. In summary, there are three distinct mobile browser experiences that are available by default, and a feature known as device channels that will allow you create a customized mobile browser view for a SharePoint publishing site. The following table describes these views and the device channels feature.

表: 行動裝置瀏覽器檢視與裝置通道功能Table: Mobile browser views and device channel feature

行動裝置檢視Mobile view 裝置轉譯Device rendering 描述Description
現代檢視Contemporary view
新式檢視 僅限 smartphone 裝置。選取 [網站範本 (小組網站、 空白網站、 文件工作區、 文件中心及專案網站) 上的預設啟動。For smartphone devices only. Activated by default on select site templates (Team Site, Blank Site, Document Workspace, Document Center, and Project Site).
使用 SharePoint Server 2013 中的預設。It is available by default in SharePoint Server 2013.
現代行動裝置瀏覽器檢視以 HTML5 轉譯。Windows Phone 7.5 的 Mobile Internet Explorer 9.0 版或更新版本、iPhone iOS 5.0 的 Safari 4.0 版或更新版本,以及 Android 4.0 或更新版本的 Android 瀏覽器皆提供這類檢視。The contemporary mobile browser view renders in HTML5. This view is available to Mobile Internet Explorer version 9.0 or later versions for Windows Phone 7.5, Safari version 4.0 or later versions for iPhone iOS 5.0, and the Android browser for Android 4.0 or later versions.
現代檢視擁有新式的使用者介面,可最佳化觸控操作。The contemporary view has a modern UI that is optimized for touch.
提供直覺式瀏覽體驗,讓您輕鬆移動頁面及網站組件。It provides an intuitive navigation experience that allows you to move to different pages and parts of site with ease.
支援全螢幕 UI 檢視。Supports full screen UI view.
> [!IMPORTANT]> 現代檢視適合 smartphone 裝置。不過,某些 slates 可能還會收到此檢視,如果他們智慧型手機以使用類似的使用者代理程式字串。如需使用者代理程式字串和設定行動裝置檢視重新導向的詳細資訊,請參閱 < Configure SharePoint Server 中的瀏覽器定義檔案。如需新的新型檢視功能的詳細資訊,請參閱 < SharePoint Server 2013 的行動裝置概觀 (英文)> [!IMPORTANT]> The contemporary view is intended for smartphone devices. However, certain slates might also receive this view if they use similar user agent strings as smartphones. For more information about user agent strings and configuring mobile view redirection, see Configure the browser definition file in SharePoint Server. For more information about the new contemporary view functionality, see Overview of mobile devices and SharePoint Server 2013.
Classic view
傳統檢視 僅限 smartphone 裝置。此檢視轉譯 HTML 格式或類似標記語言 (CHTML、 WML、 等等),並提供新的新型檢視中無法呈現的行動裝置瀏覽器回溯相容性。For smartphone devices only. This view renders in HTML format, or similar markup languages (CHTML, WML, and so on), and provides backward compatibility for mobile browsers that cannot render in the new contemporary view.
是 SharePoint Server 2013 中的預設提供。It is offered by default in SharePoint Server 2013.
輕量型行動裝置檢視,可與 SharePoint 網站的清單和文件庫互動。Lightweight mobile view for interacting with lists and libraries on your SharePoint site.
超連結瀏覽機型Hyperlink navigation model.
全螢幕 UIFull screen UI
全螢幕 適用於 smartphone 與平板裝置。For smartphone and slate devices.
此檢視類似桌面 SharePoint 轉譯體驗。This view resembles the desktop SharePoint rendering experience.
瀏覽體驗與桌面體驗相同。Same navigation experience as the desktop experience.
現代檢視有功能表選項,可切換至全螢幕 UI 檢視。The contemporary view has a menu option to switch to the full screen UI view.
裝置通道 (自訂)Device channels (custom)
不適用-設計而定Not applicable - depends on design
適用於 smartphone 與平板裝置。僅可用於與發佈網站。For smartphone and slate devices. Can only be used with a publishing site.
有了裝置通道,您可使用不同設計 (針對各種裝置的使用者代理字串採用不同的設計),透過多種方法轉譯單一發佈網站。With device channels, you can render a single publishing site in multiple ways by using different designs that target different devices based on their user agent string.
對應網站與內容,即可使用特定裝置或裝置群組的各種主版頁面與樣式表。The site and content can be mapped to use different master pages and style sheets for a specific device or group of devices.
使用相同的頁面與頁面配置,即可輕鬆將不同的內容顯示到不同的裝置通道。You can easily show different content to different device channels by using same page and page layout.

行動裝置的裝置清查與網站規劃Device inventory and site planning for mobile devices

第一個重要的規劃步驟是以行動裝置會連線至 SharePoint Server 2013 網站庫存。接下來,您必須決定哪些網站將會提供 SharePoint Server 2013 的行動裝置檢視。The first important planning step is to inventory which mobile devices will be connecting to the SharePoint Server 2013 site. Next, you will have to determine which sites will offer mobile views for SharePoint Server 2013.

裝置清查Device inventory

一些重要的初步問題應哪些裝置我有,以及他們支援 SharePoint Server 2013?請務必清查包括品牌與作業系統資訊的所有裝置。此外,某些檢視就無法使用特定的電話及 slates 上表中所述。例如,如果您沒有在裝置上啟用 HTML5 的瀏覽器,不會顯示的新型檢視。或 SharePoint Server 2013 中可能不支援的裝置。若要協助規劃的這個階段,您可以執行下列動作:Some key preliminary questions should be Which devices do I have, and are they supported for SharePoint Server 2013? It is important to inventory all devices including brand and operating system information. Also, some of the views are unavailable to certain phones and slates as stated in the previous table. For example, if you do not have an HTML5-enabled browser on a device, the contemporary view will not be shown. Or, the device might not be supported in SharePoint Server 2013. To help with this stage of planning, you can do the following:

  • 在您的網路或行動裝置會連線至 SharePoint Server 2013 網站上的品牌與作業系統版本執行完整的裝置清查。Perform a full device inventory by brand and operating system version in your network, or on the mobile devices that will be connecting to the SharePoint Server 2013 site.

  • 請參閱了解哪些檢視可供智慧型手機與 slates 舊的瀏覽器體驗表格。若要查看品牌與作業系統 in SharePoint Server 2013 所支援的裝置瀏覽器,請參閱 < SharePoint 2013 中支援的行動裝置瀏覽器Refer to the previous browser experiences table to understand which views are available for both smartphones and slates. To see which device browsers are supported by brand and operating system in SharePoint Server 2013, see Mobile device browsers supported in SharePoint 2013.

若要協助使用此程序,在工作表是可以幫助您存貨目錄依品牌與作業系統版本。此外,用來識別是否支援的裝置瀏覽器或 SharePoint Server 2013 中不提供資料行。請務必擷取裝置清查與因此它可協助您選擇的本文稍後的各節所討論的行動裝置檢視的限制會公開支援資訊。若要下載此工作表,請參閱行動裝置清查與網站規劃工作表中 Microsoft 下載中心。To help with this process, a worksheet is available to help catalog your inventory by brand and operating system version. Also, it provides columns for identifying whether the device browser is supported or not in SharePoint Server 2013. It is important to capture device inventory and support information because it will help you expose restrictions in choosing a mobile view discussed in later sections of this article. To download this worksheet, see Mobile Device Inventory and Site Planning Worksheet in the Microsoft Download Center.

行動裝置的網站規劃Site planning for mobile devices

瀏覽器為基礎的行動裝置檢視 SharePoint Server 2013 中可用的不同的 SharePoint 網站範本數目而定。下表顯示可套用行動裝置檢視。The browser-based mobile views in SharePoint Server 2013 can be used on a number of different SharePoint site templates. The following table shows where mobile views can be applied.

表格: 瀏覽器行動裝置檢視 SharePoint 網站範本Table: Browser-based mobile views on SharePoint site templates

行動裝置檢視Mobile view 小組網站Team Site 空白網站Blank Site 文件工作區Document Workspace 文件中心Document Center Project SiteProject Site 發佈網站Publishing Site
現代檢視Contemporary view
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
n/a
全螢幕 UIFull screen UI
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
裝置通道Device channels
不適用Not applicable
不適用Not applicable
不適用Not applicable
不適用Not applicable
不適用Not applicable
Yes
Classic view
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
不適用Not applicable

注意

全螢幕 UI 檢視在所有 SharePoint 網站範本中皆使用得到,不只是本表格所列的範本而已。The full screen UI view is actually available for all SharePoint site templates and not for just the select templates that are listed in this table.

接聽的重要問題您要對 SharePoint Server 2013 的行動裝置檢視的網站?雖然在下一節中討論過選擇行動裝置檢視,務必找出哪些網站需要您組織中的行動裝置轉譯。前一節所述的相同工作表可讓您記錄此資訊。若要下載此工作表,請參閱行動裝置清查與網站規劃工作表中 Microsoft 下載中心。An important question to answer is Which sites do you plan to have mobile views on for SharePoint Server 2013? Although choosing a mobile view is discussed in the next section, it is important to identify which sites will require a mobile rendering in your organization. The same worksheet discussed in the previous section will allow you to record this information. To download this worksheet, see Mobile Device Inventory and Site Planning Worksheet in the Microsoft Download Center.

選擇行動裝置瀏覽器體驗Choose a mobile browser experience

執行完整裝置清查資料並瞭解裝置與網站對行動裝置檢視的各種限制後,您必須選擇最符合公司需求的行動瀏覽器檢視。After you perform a full device inventory and understand the different mobile view restrictions at the device and site levels, you must choose which mobile browser view best fits your organizational needs.

  • 我該選擇哪種檢視?Which view should I choose?

    主要考量因素如下:行動裝置的使用需求為何?使用者需求與行動版 SharePoint 解決方案的互動程度為何?是否有裝置或網站限制?全新體驗 (例如現代檢視) 是否足以應付一般互動使用?或者您需要高度自訂化的解決方案,滿足特殊的商務需求 (例如裝置通道)?請務必確切瞭解行動版 SharePoint 使用者群的需求,才能在選擇流程提供協助。This will depend primarily on factors such as what are your mobile usability requirements, what is the level of interaction a user needs with a mobile SharePoint solution, and are there any device or site restrictions. Will an out-of-the-box experience like the contemporary view be sufficient for general interaction, or do you need a more customizable solution that caters to specific business requirements like device channels? It is very important to clearly understand the needs of your mobile SharePoint user base to help with the selection process.

    下表提供一些主要考量因素,供您在評估特殊檢視的正面或負面使用影響時做為參考。這不是各種檢視選項之間的競爭力分析,因為根據裝置或網站範本需求,有些選項可能無法使用。比方說,裝置通道只能在發佈網站上使用,不能像其他檢視一樣,可在其他網站範本上使用。但是,目的就是要提供深入見解,並討論每個檢視的優缺點及使用影響。例如 UI 是否輕便,不會讓使用者覺得笨重?或是使用者會如何瀏覽行動網頁。The following table provides some prime considerations when you evaluate positive or negative user impact with a specific view. It is not a competitive analysis between the different view options because some choices might not be available for you based on device or site template requirements. An example is that device channels can only be used on a publishing site and not on other site templates like the other views. However, it is intended to provide insight and discussion into the advantages and disadvantages each view provides and the usability impact. For example, will the UI be lightweight and not potentially cumbersome to end users, or how will users navigate between mobile pages.

  • 表格: 選擇瀏覽器檢視的考量Table: Considerations for choosing a browser view

行動裝置檢視Mobile view 輕便的 UI 體驗吗?Lightweight UI experience? 觸控最佳化吗?Optimized for touch? 瀏覽方法Navigation method 桌面 / 完整 UI 轉譯?Desktop/ full UI rendering? 可自訂?Customizable?
現代檢視 (Smartphone)Contemporary view (smartphone)
Yes
Yes
導覽視窗Navigation window
No
No
全螢幕 UI (Smartphone 與平板裝置)Full screen UI (smartphone and slate)
No
No
與桌面相同的體驗Same experience as desktop
Yes
No
裝置通道 (僅適用 Smartphone 與平板發佈網站)Device channels (smartphone and slate-publishing site only)
依檢視設計定義Defined by view design
是:根據自訂設計Yes - based on custom design
依檢視設計定義Defined by view design
Yes
Yes
傳統檢視 (Smartphone)Classic view (smartphone)
Yes
No
超連結驅動Hyperlink driven
No
No
> [!IMPORTANT]
> Although the classic view is presented as an option in the previous table, it is considered to be a legacy mobile browser view for SharePoint Server 2013. If your device browser is supported, and renders in HTML5, the contemporary view will be seen instead of the classic view. We recommend that you evaluate the other browser views, if possible, for your mobile environment. 

It is again important to recognize the key advantages and potential disadvantages of these mobile views for your specific organization. For example, users might prefer to view a SharePoint site in its entirety on a smartphone because the look, feel, and navigation experience is similar to the desktop and is familiar. Or, a full-screen rendering is not preferable on a smartphone because of the reduced screen size and multiple touch gesture movements that are required to perform an operation. We highly recommend that you extensively test the mobile views available to you with users before deployment into a production environment.
  • 是否有可自訂解決方案,讓我可以建立自己的 SharePoint 行動裝置檢視吗?Is there a customizable solution available so I can create my own unique SharePoint mobile view?

    是,您可以使用裝置通道 in SharePoint Server 2013 建立自訂檢視。裝置通道更方便您的內容呈現特定網站內容、 樣式和即使變更圖像時的不同裝置的集區維護相同的 URL。例如相較於 SharePoint 網站的桌面版本,行動裝置檢視可設為具有較小的寬度、 有較佳具有較多的觸控目標、 導覽和一般顯示較少的資訊。Yes, you can create a custom view by using device channels in SharePoint Server 2013. Device channels make it easy to render certain site content, style your content, and even change images while maintaining the same URL across a pool of different devices. For example, compared to the desktop version of your SharePoint site, the mobile view can be formatted with a smaller width, have better navigation with wider touch targets, and show less information in general.

    重要

    裝置頻道只可用於發佈網站,不能用於其他網站範本。Device channels can only be used with publishing sites and not with other sites templates.

後續步驟Next steps

看完本文後,您應瞭解,根據裝置與網站限制,您可使用的行動裝置檢視有哪些。最後,您對後續步驟可能有疑問,尤其是在行動裝置檢視無法使用時,到底該怎麼辦。下列清單提供一些選項,讓您為公司部署理想的行動裝置檢視,另外也針對某些行動裝置檢視體驗提供進一步說明。After reading this article, you should understand which mobile views are available to you based on device and site restrictions. Ultimately, you might have questions about what to do next, especially if a particular mobile view is not available. The following list provides options to deploy the ideal mobile view for your organization, and further clarification on certain mobile view experiences.

  • 我裝置不支援 HTML5,而且我想要使用的新型檢視經驗。在此例中的選項是購買支援現代檢視以及轉譯體驗的裝置。若要查看品牌與作業系統 in SharePoint Server 2013 所支援的裝置瀏覽器,請參閱 < SharePoint 2013 中支援的行動裝置瀏覽器My devices do not support HTML5, and I want to use the contemporary view experience. In this case, the option is to purchase devices that do support the contemporary view and are capable of rendering the experience. To see which device browsers are supported by brand and operating system in SharePoint Server 2013, see Mobile device browsers supported in SharePoint 2013.

  • 之後評估我使用者群找到使用者不想使用適用的 SharePoint 網站的行動裝置檢視。完整的 UI 體驗熟悉,因為他們想要使用智慧型手機上的該選項。有數種方式來停用行動裝置檢視 SharePoint Server 2013,包括關閉行動瀏覽器檢視網站層級的功能。或者,您可以修改瀏覽器定義檔案在網際網路資訊服務 (IIS) 以變更行動裝置的重新導向行為。此檔案列出行動瀏覽器與裝置可存取在 SharePoint Server 2013 的行動裝置檢視。當使用者瀏覽 SharePoint 網站,使用行動裝置時,行動裝置瀏覽器會送出至網站包含使用者代理程式字串 HTTP GET 要求。如果行動裝置瀏覽器與裝置模型中的使用者代理程式字串列示於瀏覽器定義檔案和isMobileDevice設定行動裝置瀏覽器設為 true,SharePoint Server 2013 重新導向至行動裝置檢視網站的行動裝置瀏覽器。否則請網站的標準檢視會顯示在行動裝置瀏覽器中。如需詳細資訊,請參閱 < Configure SharePoint Server 中的瀏覽器定義檔案After evaluating my user base I find that users do not want to use a mobile view of our SharePoint sites. Due to familiarity with the full UI experience, they would rather use that option on smartphones. There are several ways to disable mobile views in SharePoint Server 2013, including turning off the feature Mobile Browser View at the site level. Alternatively, you can modify the browser definition file in Internet Information Services (IIS) to change mobile redirect behavior. This file lists the mobile browsers and devices that can access mobile views in SharePoint Server 2013. When a user browses a SharePoint site by using a mobile device, the mobile browser submits to the site an HTTP GET request that includes a user agent string. If the mobile browser and device model in the user agent string are listed in the browser definition file and the isMobileDevice setting for the mobile browser is set to true, SharePoint Server 2013 redirects the mobile browser to the mobile view of the site. Otherwise, a standard view of the site is shown in the mobile browser. For more information, see Configure the browser definition file in SharePoint Server.

  • 我要建立自訂的行動裝置檢視非發佈網站上。裝置通道僅可用於發佈網站。不過,您可以在非發佈網站上啟用發佈功能。I want to create a customized mobile view on a non-publishing site. Device channels can only be used in a publishing site. However, you can enable the publishing feature on your non-publishing sites.

另請參閱See also

概念Concepts

SharePoint Server 2013 的行動裝置概觀 (英文)Overview of mobile devices and SharePoint Server 2013

SharePoint 2013 中支援的行動裝置瀏覽器Mobile device browsers supported in SharePoint 2013