在 SharePoint Server 中規劃「我的網站」Plan for My Sites in SharePoint Server

摘要:了解在 SharePoint Server 中規劃「我的網站」部署的程序與注意事項。Summary: Learn about the process and considerations for planning a My Sites deployment in SharePoint Server.

在 SharePoint Server 中,「我的網站」是組織中使用者的個人網站。對使用者而言,「我的網站」看似單一的網站,但在 SharePoint Server 中,「我的網站」包含了網頁應用程式、「我的網站」的主機網站集合、個人網站集合,以及數項 SharePoint 服務應用程式與功能。除了個人網站集合之外,此基礎結構的其他所有部分都只需要設定一次,並可供「我的網站」部署的使用者成員共用。In SharePoint Server, a My Site is a personal site for a user in an organization. Although a My Site appears as a single site to a user, the My Sites architecture in SharePoint Server consists of a web application, a My Site host site collection, an individual site collection, and several SharePoint service applications and features. Except for the individual site collection, all other parts of this infrastructure are configured once and shared among all the users who are part of the My Sites deployment.

本文包含有關「我的網站」的架構、相關服務,以及規劃「我的網站」部署之其他注意事項的資訊。This article contains information about My Sites architecture, related services, and other considerations when planning to deploy My Sites.

「我的網站」的架構My Sites architecture

「我的網站」的架構包含代管「我的網站」的 Web 應用程式、「我的網站」的主機網站集合,以及使用者的個人網站集合。The My Sites architecture consists of a web application that hosts My Sites, a My Site host site collection, and individual site collections for users.

每個使用者的「我的網站」會使用兩個網站集合,分別是伺服器陣列之「我的網站」的主機網站集合,以及使用者的個人網站集合。雖然您可以使用現有的 Web 應用程式代管這些網站集合,仍建議您使用專用的 Web 應用程式,以提升效能與管理的便利性。Each user's My Site uses two site collections: the farm's My Site host site collection and the user's individual site collection. Although you can use an existing web application to host these site collections, we recommend that you use a dedicated web application to improve performance and manageability.

如果您建立「我的網站」主機網站集合,而使用者建立個人網站集合,則資料會由代管「我的網站」之 Web 應用程式所關聯的一或多個內容資料庫負責維護。一如 SharePoint Server 中的其他 Web 應用程式,當您需要多個資料庫儲存資料時,您也可為 Web 應用程式增加內容資料庫。如需詳細資訊,請參閱本文稍後的<規劃儲存需求>。When you create the My Site host site collection and users create their individual site collections, the data is maintained in one or more content databases that are associated with the web application that hosts My Sites. Like other web applications in SharePoint Server, you can add content databases to this web application if you must have multiple databases for storage. For more information, see Planning for storage requirements later in this article.

使用者必須先建立「我的網站」的主機網站集合,以及可以啟用「我的網站」之個人網站集合的設定,才可建立「我的網站」。如需詳細資訊,請參閱<在 SharePoint Server 中設定「我的網站」>。The My Site host site collection and the configuration that enables individual My Sites site collections to be created are required before users can create My Sites. For more information, see Configure My Sites in SharePoint Server.

下列各節將詳細說明「我的網站」的主機網站集合與個人網站集合。The My Site host site collection and individual site collections are described more fully in the following sections.

「我的網站主機」網站集合My Site host site collection

「My Site」的主機網站集合是特殊的網站集合,可以顯示所有使用者之「我的網站」的新聞摘要與設定檔頁面。此網站集合必須使用「My Site」的主機網站範本 (位於「建立網站集合」頁面的 [企業] 索引標籤)。每個 User Profile Service 應用程式只能使用「My Site」的主機網站範本一次,後文中將有所說明。The My Site host site collection is a special site collection that displays the newsfeed and profile pages of all users' My Sites. The site collection's site template must be the My Site host site template, available from the Enterprise tab of the Create Site Collection page. The My Site host site template can be used only once per User Profile service application, which is discussed later in this article.

「我的網站」的網站集合必須位在 Web 應用程式根目錄 (在使用者介面中顯示為 /) 中。否則,當您嘗試啟用 Web 應用程式之自助服務網站的建立功能時,將會收到訊息表示根目錄下沒有網站集合。我們的建議是使用專用的 Web 應用程式代管「我的網站」,因此除非您有特殊需求,必須在更深層的統一資源定位器 (URL) 路徑中建立網站,否則應使用「My Site」之主機集合的根目錄路徑。My Sites require that a site collection exist at the web application root (which is displayed as / in the user interface). Without this, you will receive a message that states that there is no site collection at the root when you try to enable self-service site creation for the web application. Because we recommend that you use a dedicated web application to host My Sites, you should use the root path for the My Site host collection unless you have a specific requirement to create the site collection deeper in the uniform resource locator (URL) path.

雖然我們不建議在路徑深層建立「My Site」的主機,但您若是採取此作法,必須將其置於包含絕對路徑的管理路徑下。除此之外,您還必須在 Web 應用程式根目錄下另建一個網站集合,而該網站集合可以是空的或不使用任何範本而建立。Although not recommended, if you create the My Site host deeper in the path, it must be under an explicit inclusion managed path. Additionally, you must create a separate site collection at the web application root, although this site collection can be empty and created without a template.

「 我的網站 」 主機網站集合的 URL 是由相同的使用者設定檔服務應用程式的所有使用者共用。新聞摘要的 URL 為 http://_主機名稱_/default.aspx、關於我的 URL 為 http://_主機名稱_/person.aspx,其中_「 主機名稱 」是網站集合的地址。例如,如果您設定 「 我的網站主機網站集合在http://contoso.com/my、 使用者存取其新聞摘要及設定檔在http://contoso.com/my/default.aspx和http://contoso.com/my/person.aspx、 分別。The URL for a My Site host site collection is shared by all users of the same User Profile service application. The URL for Newsfeed is http:// _hostname/default.aspx, and the URL for About Me is http:// hostname/person.aspx, where hostname is the address of the site collection. For example, if you configure your My Site host site collection at http://contoso.com/my, users access their newsfeeds and profiles at http://contoso.com/my/default.aspx and http://contoso.com/my/person.aspx, respectively.

雖然 User Profile Service 應用程式的所有使用者都是使用這些 URL,顯示給每位使用者的資訊卻不會相同。SharePoint Server 會依據使用者的登入帳戶,決定所要顯示的資訊。此資訊由本文所述之 SharePoint 服務應用程式所提供,會隨使用者而改變。Although these URLs are the same for all users of a User Profile service application, the information displayed for each user is different. SharePoint Server determines the information to display based on the user's logon account. The information is targeted to that specific user and is provided by the SharePoint service applications referred to in this article.

當訪客檢視其他使用者的「我的網站」時,將只會看到該使用者的設定檔頁面。此 URL 為 http:// hostname/person.aspx?accountname= account,其中 hostname_是網站集合的位址, _account_是使用者名稱 (如有設定,則是使用者的網域名稱)。例如 http://contoso.com/my/person.aspx?accountname=sidney。When a visitor views another user's My Site, the visitor can see only the user's profile page. This URL is http:// _hostname/person.aspx?accountname= account, where hostname is the address of the site collection and account is the user name (and, if it is configured, the user's domain name). For example, http://contoso.com/my/person.aspx?accountname=sidney.

個人網站集合Individual site collections

使用者的個人網站集合會保存使用者個人之「我的網站」的文件庫。使用者必須在第一次存取「我的網站」時建立個人網站集合。建立個人網站集合的能力需要在 SharePoint Server 進行下列設定:A user's individual site collection hosts the document library of the user's individual My Site. An individual site collection is created the first time that a user accesses the My Site. This ability to create an individual site collection requires the following configuration in SharePoint Server:

  • 代管「我的網站」的 Web 應用程式必須使用包含相對路徑的管理路徑,例如 sites 或 personal。此路徑即是使用者第一次存取「我的網站」時建立個人網站集合所使用的路徑。The web application that hosts My Sites has a wildcard inclusion managed path, such as sites or personal. This is the path under which the individual site collections will be created when users access their My Sites for the first time.

  • User Profile Service 應用程式的 [設定我的網站] 設定會設定為使用「My Site」之主機網站集合的路徑,以及個人網站集合之包含相對路徑的管理路徑。The Setup My Sites settings for the User Profile service application are configured to use the URL of the My Site host site collection and the wildcard inclusion managed path for individual site collections.

  • 此 Web 應用程式已啟用自助網站架設功能。此功能可在指定之包含相對路徑的管理路徑下建立個別網站集合。自助網站架設功能對於跨網站指令碼有特殊的安全性考量。所以強烈建議由專用 Web 應用程式代管「我的網站」,目的在隔離「我的網站」中執行的任何指令碼,不讓其對環境中的其他網站造成影響。The web application is enabled for self-service site creation. This functionality enables the individual site collections to be created under the specified wildcard inclusion managed path. The self-service site creation feature has special security considerations for cross-site scripting. This strengthens the recommendation to host My Sites in a dedicated web application to isolate any scripts running in a My Site from affecting other sites in your environment.

  • 使用者必須擁有建立個人網站建立 「 我的網站權限。根據預設,此權限會啟用所有已驗證的使用者。如需詳細資訊,請參閱本文後述的規劃使用者與使用者權限Users must have Create Personal Site permissions to create a My Site. By default, this permission is enabled for all authenticated users. For more information, see Plan users and user permissions later in this article.

「我的網站」之使用者文件庫 URL 部分的格式是 http:// hostname/ managed_path/ account/documents,其中 hostname_是「我的網站」之主機網站集合的位址, _managed_path_是「我的網站」的管理路徑, _account_是使用者的登入帳戶。例如,您若是將「我的網站」的主機網站集合管理路徑設為 http://contoso.com/my,使用者將會從 http://contoso.com/my/ _account/documents 存取他們的文件。The URL to a user's document library section of a My Site is in the format of http:// hostname/ managed_path/ account/documents, where hostname is the address of the My Site host site collection, managed_path is the managed path for the My Site host, and account is the account of the user logged on. For example, if you configure your My Site host site collection and managed path at http://contoso.com/my, users access their documents at http://contoso.com/my/ account/documents.

對於 URL 的 account_部分,當您設定「我的網站」時,您有三個選項可以指定如何命名使用者的網站集合,如下表所示。With the _account part of the URL, when you set up My Sites, you have three options to specify how to name an individual user's site collection, as shown in the following table.

表格:使用者個人網站集合的命名選項Table: Naming options for an individual user's site collection

選項Option 描述Description
使用者名稱 (不解決衝突)User name (do not resolve conflicts)
若使用此選項,「My Site」的名稱將會是帳戶的使用者名稱,而不是使用者的顯示名稱。例如,若使用者的易記名稱是 Sidney Higa,帳戶名稱是 sidney,便會將網站集合命名為 sidney。只有在確認組織中所有使用者皆是使用唯一的名稱時,才使用第一個選項。否則使用者將會在佈建他們的「我的網站」時發生衝突。當衝突發生時,只有第一位以使用者名稱建立「My Site」的使用者才會成功。接下來的使用者將無法再以相同使用者名稱建立「My Site」。By using this option, the My Site name is the user name of the account. This is not a user's display name. For example, if a user's friendly name is Sidney Higa and the user's account is sidney, the site collection is named sidney. Only choose the first option if you are sure that all user names in your organization are unique. Otherwise users will encounter conflicts when they provision their My Sites. If a conflict occurs, the first user who creates a My Site with a user name is successful. However, the next user who tries to use the same user name cannot create a My Site.
使用者名稱 (使用 domain_username,解決衝突)User name (resolve conflicts by using domain_username)
若使用此選項,只有第一位使用重複使用者名稱的使用者,會以其使用者名稱建立「My Site」,接下來第二位使用相同使用者名稱的使用者,便會以網域名稱加使用者名稱來建立「My Site」。例如第一位使用者的「My Site」會建立在 http://contoso.com/my/sidney/default.aspx 之下,第二位使用者的「My Site」會建立在 http://contoso.com/my/CONTOSO_sidney/default.aspx 之下。只有在組織中可以同時有重複的使用者名稱時 (例如有多個網域時),才選擇此選項。由於只有使用者名稱的目錄來源才可確認名稱的唯一性,因此此選項可以避免網域不同但使用者名稱相同的兩位使用者,在建立其「我的網站」時發生問題。By using this option, the first user who has a duplicate user name will have a My Site created by using the user name only, and a second user who has that same user name will have a My Site created by using both the domain name and user name. For example, the first user will have a My Site created under http://contoso.com/my/sidney/default.aspx while the second user will have a My Site created under http://contoso.com/my/CONTOSO_sidney/default.aspx. Choose this option when it is possible for a user name to exist multiple times in an organization, such as when you have multiple domains. Because a user name is guaranteed to be unique only within its own directory source, this option prevents two users who have the same user name but different domains from encountering issues when they create their My Sites.
網域和使用者名稱 (將不會有衝突)Domain and user name (will not have conflicts)
若使用此選項,所有「My Site」的名稱都會以網域名稱加使用者名稱的格式建立。例如 http://contoso.com/my/CONTOSO_sidney/default.aspx。若您希望「我的網站」統一使用網域名稱加使用者名稱的格式,而忽略使用者名稱是否有所衝突,請使用此選項。By using this option, all My Site names are created by using both the domain name and user name. For example, http://contoso.com/my/CONTOSO_sidney/default.aspx. Choose this option when you want My Sites to be consistently named with the domain name and user name, regardless of whether conflicts with user names exist or not.

「我的網站」必須仰賴許多 SharePoint 服務應用程式及其相關資料庫。本節將討論這些相關服務應用程式。除此之外也可參考相關文章連結,妥善地規劃及實作這些服務應用程式,以支援環境中的「我的網站」。My Sites rely on several SharePoint service applications and their related databases. These related service applications are discussed in this section, although you should also refer to the linked articles to fully plan and implement them to support My Sites in your enterprise.

User Profile Service 應用程式User Profile service application

User Profile Service 應用程式共有三個資料庫:設定檔資料庫、社交資料庫與同步處理資料庫。設定檔資料庫會儲存有關於使用者的資訊,例如設定檔圖片、使用者所屬的組織等等。社交資料庫會儲存使用者使用 [記事與標記] 功能所建立的社交標記指標。同步處理資料庫會儲存設定檔所匯入的連線資訊。SharePoint Server 會使用設定檔資料庫中的資訊,個人化使用者之「My Site」的「資訊」頁面中所顯示的資料。除此之外,User Profile Service 應用程式如有啟用社交運算功能 (例如「我的網站」的標記、資訊頁與新聞摘要),會影響使用者之「My Site」的 [資訊] 與 [新聞摘要] 兩部分。The User Profile service application has three databases: profile database, a social database, and a synchronization database. The profile database stores information about users, such as a profile picture, the organization the users belong to, and so on. The social database stores pointers to social tags and notes created by the users when they use the Notes and Tags feature. The synchronization database stores connection information for profile import. SharePoint Server uses the information in the profile database to personalize the data displayed on the About Me page of a user's My Site. Additionally, the User Profile service application enables social computing features, such as tagging, mentions, and newsfeeds for My Sites, which affect the About Me and Newsfeed sections of a user's My Site.

「我的網站」需要 User Profile Service 應用程式。The User Profile service application is required for My Sites.

規劃設定檔同步處理Plan for profile synchronization

雖然「我的網站」必須設定 User Profile Service 應用程式,但同步 SharePoint Server 與目錄服務或商務應用程式僅為建議,並非必要。設定檔同步處理藉由讓 User Profile Service 應用程式可以從目錄服務及商務應用程式收集組織中使用者的資訊,進而提供「我的網站」許多豐富的功能。也因此使用者的「我的網站」隨時都能提供即時而可靠的資訊。除此之外也可同步整個部署中,所有使用相同 User Profile Service 應用程式之網站集合的使用者資訊。個人化功能也可能會運用使用者資訊,提升組織中共同作業與關係的價值。Although configuring the User Profile service application is required for My Sites, synchronizing profiles between SharePoint Server and directory services or business applications is optional but highly recommended. Profile synchronization provides rich functionality for My Sites by enabling the User Profile service application to collect information about users in an organization from directory services and business applications. As a result, consistent and timely information is always available on a user's My Site. Information about users can also be synchronized across the deployment among all site collections that use the same User Profile service application. User information can also be used by personalization features to increase the value of collaboration and relationships in an organization.

規劃原則與隱私Plan policies and privacy

SharePoint Server 提供預設的原則集,讓您根據組織的需要提供適當的資訊。如有特殊需求,也可建立及部署自訂的原則功能。在規劃「我的網站」時,應定義組織中關鍵商務需要哪些資訊,以及哪些資訊可能不適合讓組織全體一起共用。在這兩端的中間,則是是可以讓特定的使用者共用的資訊。對於不適合讓組織全體一起共用的資訊,您可以專門為這些特殊情況建立原則。SharePoint Server provides a default set of policies that you can configure to make the appropriate information available to meet the needs of an organization. You can also create and deploy custom policy features to meet specific needs. When planning for My Sites, you should define which information is needed for key business processes in an organization and which information might be unsuitable for sharing across an organization. Between these extremes is the information that should be shared only among some users. In the case of information that might be unsuitable for sharing across an organization, you must create policies to address these specific situations.

除此之外,「My Site」功能也可能會儲存或使用個人的身分識別資訊。在規劃「我的網站」部署時,請務必妥善規劃要如何控制這些功能的行為,甚至是關閉這些功能,以保障這項資訊的隱私。這些決定受多種因素影響,例如公司的隱私權實務,以及區域或國家/區域的隱私權法律。Additionally, My Site features might store or use personally identifiable information. When planning to deploy My Sites, make sure that you carefully plan how to control the behavior of these features — or turn off the features — to help protect the privacy of this information. These decisions are affected by several factors, such as corporate privacy practices, and regional or national/regional privacy laws.

規劃使用者與使用者權限Plan users and user permissions

使用者要能夠建立「我的網站」、維護其設定檔、追蹤人員與內容,以及使用標記與記事,都必須在 User Profile Service 應用程式中設定相關的使用者權限。您必須決定要授與使用者或使用者群組下列哪項權限:For users to create My Sites, maintain their profiles, follow people and content, and use tags and notes, there are user permissions to configure in the User Profile service application. Determine which of the following permissions to grant to users or groups of users:

  1. 建立個人網站 此權限可讓使用者建立個人網站,以儲存其文件與新聞摘要,以及搜尋內容。Create Personal Site This permission enables users to create a personal site to store their documents, newsfeed, and followed content.

  2. 追蹤人員與編輯設定檔 此權限可讓使用者從自己的「我的網站」追踨人員及編輯其個人的設定檔。Follow People and Edit Profile This permission enables users to follow people from their My Site and to edit their personal profile.

  3. 使用標記與記事:這個權限可讓使用者使用「標記與記事」功能。Use Tags and Notes This permission enables users to use the Tags and Notes feature.

預設所有通過驗證的使用者皆會獲此權限,但您可以視需要設定特殊的權限。例如,您可以只開放全職員工建立「我的網站」,而非組織的全體工作人員。可授與使用者的使用者權限有七種不同的組合。不過,並非所有這些權限組合都提供預期結果。最好的作法是授與權限給安全性群組,而不要授與特定的使用者,以簡化管理作業。By default, all authenticated users are granted all these permissions, but you can configure specific permissions depending on your needs. For example, you could allow only full-time employees to create My Sites, instead of all workers in your organization. There are seven different combinations of user permissions available to grant to users. However, not all of these permission combinations provide the expected results. As a best practice, simplify administration by granting permissions to security groups instead of specific users.

注意

不建議在 User Profile Service 應用程式中變更使用者權限。您所做的任何變更都不會對使用者經驗造成實際影響。例如,如果您移除 [追蹤人員及編輯設定檔] 權限,使用者仍然可以編輯設定檔,而且其他使用者仍然可以追蹤他們所選擇的人員。此外,如果您移除 My Site 使用者的 [追蹤人員及編輯設定檔] 權限,則會停用「標記與記事」功能。不建議移除任何社交功能。Changing user permissions in the User Profile service application is not recommended. Any changes that you make will not impact the user experience in a meaningful way. For example, if you remove the Follow People and Edit Profile permission the user will still be able to edit profiles and other users will still be able to follow people they choose. Additionally, if you remove the Follow People and Edit Profile permission for a My Site user the Tags and Notes feature is disabled. We do not recommend removing any social features.

Managed Metadata Service 應用程式Managed metadata service application

Managed Metadata Service 應用程式可讓 Web 應用程式儲存及存取受管理的中繼資料字詞資料庫中的關鍵字。「我的網站」必須具備此功能,使用者才可在 [專業領域] 區段中指定其專業領域的關鍵字,在新聞摘要內的文章中使用雜湊標記,以及使用「My Site」的 [標記與記事] 功能進行社交標記。The managed metadata service application enables web applications to store and access keywords from a managed metadata term database. For My Sites, this functionality is required for users to specify keywords as their areas of expertise in the Ask Me About section, to use hash tags in posts in newsfeeds, and for social tagging by using the Tags and Notes feature of a My Site.

極力建議您在「我的網站」上使用 Managed Metadata Service 應用程式,而且必須將其設定為 Web 應用程式的預設關鍵字字詞庫。A managed metadata service application is highly recommended for My Sites. It must be configured as the default keyword term store for the web application.

Search Service 應用程式Search service application

雖然 SharePoint Server Search Service 應用程式並非「我的網站」的必備項目,但仍極力建議您加以使用,讓使用者得以從自己的「我的網站」,利用姓名或專業領域搜尋組織中的人員。除此之外,您如有在微網誌文章中加入雜湊標記,只要使用者按一下該標記,還可將其導向設有該標記的搜尋結果。此搜尋功能屬於企業搜尋的規劃與設定。Although not required for My Sites, the SharePoint Server Search service application is highly recommended to enable users to search from their My Sites for people in the organization based on names or areas of expertise. Additionally, when you add a hash tag to microblog posts, users are directed to search results for that tag when they click it. This search functionality is part of enterprise search planning and configuration.

當使用者搜尋人員時,顯示的結果中會包含公用使用者設定檔連結與連絡方式 (電子郵件或訊息程式) 連結。您可以在規劃「我的網站」時提供預設的人員搜尋範圍,以及提供內含自訂搜尋範圍與索引標籤的 [搜尋中心] 索引標籤,供特定的使用者群組使用。When a user searches for people, results contain links to the public profiles of users and links to contact them by email or messaging programs. When planning for My Sites, you might want to consider supplementing the default people search scope, and supplementing the Search Center tab with customized search scopes and tabs for more specific groups of users.

若 User Profile Service 應用程式與 Search Service 應用程式各有不同的管理員,User Profile Service 應用程式應檢閱資訊架構,找出可能與某些其他使用者可能會在網站中搜尋之使用者特定群組相關的關鍵商務概念,然後再與 Search Service 應用程式管理員合作,為這些特定群組訂定搜尋範圍與人員搜尋索引標籤。User Profile Service 應用程式管理員也可依據其對自己所管理之使用者設定檔的認識,找出其他有用的使用者群組,並另為這些群組建立其他特殊搜尋範圍與搜尋索引標籤。If the administrator of the User Profile service application differs from the administrator of the Search service application, the User Profile service application administrator should review the information architecture and site hierarchy to determine the key business concepts that might relate to specific groups of users for whom other users might search across sites. Then the User Profile service application administrator can work with the Search service application administrator to develop search scopes and people search tabs for those specific groups. User Profile service application administrators can also use their knowledge of the user profiles they manage to determine other useful groups of users, and to create additional specific search scopes and search tabs for those groups.

網站集合管理員也可為網站集合成員建立網站層級的搜尋範圍。Site collection administrators can also create site-level search scopes for users who are members of their site collections.

人員搜尋規劃也會反映在使用者設定檔規劃中。初始規劃可以先列出您要方便大家尋找的人員或使用者群組。但您必須另建額外的使用者設定檔屬性,才能夠讓這些人員很容易地被他人找到。People search planning also feeds back into user profile planning. Initial planning might reveal people or groups of users whom you want to make it easier to find. However, additional user profile properties might have to be created to allow for those users to be found easily.

規劃「我的網站」時,應決定是否要讓使用者根據同事的專業知識來搜尋組織中的同事。人員搜尋與專業知識標記可讓使用者搜尋組織內將自己描述為具有特定領域專長的人員。組織內的使用者可以在自己的設定檔中加入描述自己專長的字詞。人員搜尋會使用這些字詞,從組織中搜尋具有特定領域專長的人員。When planning My Sites, you should determine whether you want to enable users to locate colleagues within the organization based on the colleagues' expertise. People search and expertise tagging help users locate people inside an organization who have identified themselves as having significant experience with a particular subject. Users in your organization can add terms to their profile that describe areas in which they have experience. These terms are used by people search when a user searches for someone in the organization who has experience in a particular area.

如有啟用電子郵件分析,使用者還可使用 Outlook 的電子郵件分析功能尋找人員。若是使用 Outlook 電子郵件,會從 Outlook 匯入建議的同事。若是使用 Outlook,SharePoint Server 會分析電子郵件訊息,然後根據分析結果建議同事與關鍵字。當使用者編輯其設定檔時,便可見到這些建議。If email analysis is enabled, users can also find people by using email analysis in Outlook. Colleague suggestions are imported from Outlook if you are using Outlook email. If you are using Outlook, SharePoint Server analyzes sent email messages and then makes colleague and keyword suggestions based on this analysis. Users can then see these suggestions when they edit their profiles.

雖然您可以使用「群組原則」讓 Outlook 中的所有使用者或特定群組使用電子郵件分析功能,使用者可以選擇不使用此功能。若停用所有使用者的電子郵件分析功能,使用者也可以個別選擇使用。Although you can enable email analysis for all users in Outlook or only for specific groups by using Group Policy, users can opt out of this feature. If email analysis is disabled for all users, individual users can still opt in.

規劃工作與排程Planning for jobs and schedules

下表是與「我的網站」功能相關的計時器工作。The timer jobs in the following table are related to My Sites functionality.

表格:「我的網站」相關的計時器工作Table: Timer jobs related to My Sites

服務Services 工作Jobs
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Web 應用程式Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Web Application
「我的網站」清除工作My Site Cleanup Job
Microsoft SharePoint Foundation TimerMicrosoft SharePoint Foundation Timer
User Profile service application name - 使用者設定檔至 SharePoint 完整同步處理User Profile service application name - User Profile to SharePoint Full Synchronization
User Profile service application name - 使用者設定檔至 SharePoint 快速同步處理User Profile service application name - User Profile to SharePoint Quick Synchronization
User Profile ServiceUser Profile Service
User Profile service application name - 摘要快取重新填入User Profile service application name - Feed Cache Repopulation
User Profile service application name - 活動摘要工作User Profile service application name - Activity Feed Job
User Profile service application name - 活動摘要清除工作User Profile service application name - Activity Feed Cleanup Job
User Profile service application name - 我的網站建議電子郵件工作User Profile service application name - My Site Suggestions Email Job

您可以視組織的需要啟用或停用這些工作,以及設定其排程。這些工作位於 SharePoint 管理中心網站中,[檢閱工作定義] 區段的 [監視] 中。在 [檢視] 清單中,選取 [服務],然後再從 [服務] 功能表中,選取 [變更服務] 選取不同的服務,以及檢視相關計時器工作。You can enable or disable these jobs, and configure their schedules to meet the needs of your organization. These jobs are located in the SharePoint Central Administration website, under Monitoring, in the Review job definitions section. In the View list, select Service and then, from the Service menu, select Change Service to select different services and view the related timer jobs.

規劃分散在不同地理區的部署Planning for geographically distributed deployments

規劃「我的網站」時,必須考慮組織中使用者的所在位置,以及伺服器陣列或用於代管「我的網站」之 User Profile Service 應用程式的數量。您如有多個伺服器陣列或 User Profile Service 應用程式,必須設定信任之「My Site」的主機位置。When planning for My Sites, you must consider the location of the users in the organization and the number of farms or User Profile service applications that will host My Sites. If you have more than one farm or User Profile service application, you will likely have to configure trusted My Site host locations.

我的網站的 User Profile Service 部署考量User Profile service deployment considerations for My Sites

「我的網站」取決於 User Profile Service 應用程式。在 SharePoint Server 中,「我的網站」應該使用一個 User Profile Service 應用程式來設定。使用單一 User Profile Service 應用程式的伺服陣列架構包含:My Sites depend on the User Profile service application. In SharePoint Server, My Sites should be configured by using one User Profile service application. Server farm architectures using a single User Profile service application include the following:

  • 單一伺服器陣列與單一 User Profile Service 應用程式。A single server farm with a single User Profile service application.

  • 企業服務伺服器陣列共用單一 User Profile Service 應用程式,以及一或多個使用的伺服器陣列。「我的網站主機」位於其中一個使用的伺服器陣列。在 SharePoint Server 中,當您共用 User Profile Service 應用程式時,使用的伺服器陣列必須與企業服務伺服器陣列位於相同的資料中心。不支援透過 WAN 連線使用另一個伺服器陣列的 User Profile Service 應用程式。這表示,User Profile Service 應用程式和「我的網站主機」都必須位於相同的資料中心。An enterprise services farm sharing a single User Profile service application together with one or more consuming farms. The My Sites Host is located on one of the consuming farms. In SharePoint Server, the consuming farm must be physically located in the same datacenter as the enterprise services farm when you share the User Profile service application. Consuming the User Profile service application from another farm over a WAN connection is not supported. This means that both the User Profile service application and the My Site Host must be located in the same datacenter.

信任之「我的網站」的主機位置Trusted My Site host locations

[受信任的我的網站主機位置] 功能可以禁止使用者在具有多個 User Profile Service 應用程式的組織中,建立多個「My Site」。The Trusted My Site Host Locations feature prevents a user from creating more than one My Site in an organization with multiple User Profile service applications.

例如在跨多個地理區的伺服器陣列部署中,環境中每個區域或區域的伺服器陣列,可能各有自己的 User Profile Service 應用程式。預設使用者可以在每個 User Profile Service 應用程式或伺服器陣列中建立一個不同的「My Site」。但無論從管理或使用者的層面來看,此種作法都可能會帶來無法意料的結果。當組織中的個別使用者擁有多個「我的網站」時,伺服器資源便就必須隨之增加。除此之外,使用者可能不了解或想要有多個「我的網站」。For example, in a server farm deployment that spans geographic regions, you might have separate User Profile service applications for each region or regional server farms in the environment. By default, a user can create a different My Site in each User Profile service application or server farm, which could cause unwanted results from both an administration perspective and a user perspective. When you have multiple My Sites for an individual user in an organization, server resource needs increase. Additionally, users might not understand or want multiple My Sites.

若要禁止個別使用者建立多個「我的網站」,必須設定信任之「My Site」的主機位置。指定之後,無論使用者在何處瀏覽,只要其嘗試建立或存取多個「我的網站」,都會將其重新導向到單一的「 My Site」。 此功能可以確保每位使用者只可在組織中建立一個「My Site」。To prevent individual users from creating multiple My Sites, configure trusted My Site host locations. When specified, users are redirected to the single My Site host location that is intended for their accounts regardless of where they are browsing when they attempt to create or access their My Sites. This feature ensures that each user can create only one My Site in an organization.

您不一定要設定信任之「My Site」的主機位置。Configuring trusted My Site host locations is optional.

規劃多語使用者介面Planning for the multilingual user interface

如有啟用,使用者即可在他們的「我的網站」上使用多語使用者介面功能。此功能可以不使用建立網站時所選的預設主要語言,而改用使用者希望的第二種語言顯示網站的使用者介面。建立新網站時,預設會以伺服器上 SharePoint Server 安裝的預設主要語言建立。伺服器陣列管理員必須在伺服器上安裝語言套件,才可以預設主要語言之外的語言建立網站。When enabled, users can use the multilingual user interface feature for their My Sites. This feature is used to display the site's user interface in a secondary language that the user prefers instead of the default, primary language that was selected when the site was created. By default, when a new site is created, it is created in the default, primary language of the SharePoint Server installation on the server. A farm administrator must install language packs on the server before sites can be created in languages other than the default, primary language.

「 我的網站、 多語系使用者介面功能由控制語言選項] 設定時設定 「 我的網站 」 設定。使用者可用的語言會對應至伺服器陣列中已安裝的語言套件。如需語言套件的詳細資訊,請參閱安裝或解除安裝語言套件的 SharePoint Server 2016For My Sites, the multilingual user interface feature is controlled by the Language Options setting when you configure My Site settings. The languages that are available to users correspond to the language packs installed in the server farm. For more information about language packs, see Install or uninstall language packs for SharePoint Server 2016.

規劃儲存需求Planning for storage requirements

由於「My Site」使用者可以編輯自己的設定檔、產生新聞摘要活動、上傳及下載文件等等,因此,您必須仔細規劃符合環境需要的儲存與容量需求。同時也應考慮「我的網站」的內容資料庫及「我的網站」相關服務的資料庫。Because My Site users can edit their profiles, generate newsfeed activities, upload and download documents, and so on, plan carefully for the storage and capacity needs of your environment. Take into consideration the content databases for My Sites and the databases for the related services of My Sites.

除此之外,SharePoint Server 備有預設個人網站配額範本,其儲存上限為 100 MB 但無使用者人數限制。使用者的「My Site」中每位使用者的個人網站集合,皆會使用此配額範本。由於摘要活動現已儲存在使用者的「My Site」上的清單中,而且這些清單不會加以封存,因此儲存需求將會與日遞增。您可以考慮將個人網站配額增加到 500 MB 或更多,視您期望的摘要活動而定。Additionally, SharePoint Server includes a default Personal Site quota template, which has a storage limit of 100 MB and no user limit. This quota template is used for each user's individual site collection in the user's My Site. Because feed activity is now stored in lists in the user's My Site, and those lists are not archived, storage needs will continue to grow. Therefore, consider increasing the personal site quota to 500 MB or more depending on the activity that you expect in the feeds.

設定配額範本是選擇性作業,但建議進行。Configuring quota templates is optional, but recommended.

規劃檔案類型Planning for file types

一如 SharePoint Server 中的其他 Web 應用程式,您也可設定使用者能上傳到代管「我的網站」的 Web 應用程式或從其下載的檔案類型。若您要禁止使用者上傳或下載大小可能會很大的檔案類型 (例如媒體檔案類型),或是可以在用戶端電腦上執行的檔案類型 (例如可執行檔),即可使用此方法。Like other web applications in SharePoint Server, you can configure the file types that users can upload to or download from the web application that hosts My Sites. This is useful if you want to prevent users from uploading or downloading file types that can be large, such as media file types, or file types that can be run on the client computer, such as executable files.

依預設,SharePoint Server 會禁止某些檔案類型。但您可以將「我的網站」設定成允許這些檔案類型,或是新增其他要禁止的檔案類型,視組織的需要而定。By default, SharePoint Server blocks certain file types. However, you can configure My Sites to allow these file types, or add other file types to block depending on the needs in your organization.