在 SharePoint Server 中設定代表性頁面Configure authoritative pages in SharePoint Server

摘要: 了解如何指定代表性頁面與非代表性 URL 及網站。搜尋使用代表性頁面的清單以計算排名結果。Summary: Learn how to specify authoritative pages and non-authoritative URLs and sites. Search uses the list of authoritative pages to calculate the ranking of results.

靜態排名決定頁面的相對重要性,是按照使用者從代表性頁面瀏覽至文件的最小點選數進行計算。當文件與最具代表性的頁面越接近,其靜態排名就越高。Static rank determines the relative importance of a page, and it is computed as the smallest number of clicks it would take a user to navigate from an authoritative page to a document. The closer a document is to the most authoritative page, the higher its static rank is.

管理員會提供一個小型的代表性頁面集。代表性頁面的範例可以是公司入口網站的首頁。An administrator provides a small set of authoritative pages. An example of an authoritative page could be the home page of a company portal.

具備特定領域知識的管理員,可藉由指定額外的代表性頁面與非代表性頁面來影響頁面的相對重要性。非代表性頁面的範例可以是網站的 URL,且網站中包含做為保留記錄用途的過時資訊An administrator with specific knowledge of an area can influence the relative importance of pages by specifying additional authoritative and non-authoritative pages. An example of non-authoritative pages could be URLs of sites that contain outdated information that are kept for record-keeping

將頁面指定為代表性頁面或非代表性頁面Specify pages as authoritative or non-authoritative

可使用下列程序,將頁面指定為代表性頁面或非代表性頁面。Use the following procedure to specify pages as authoritative or non-authoritative.

將頁面指定為代表性頁面或非代表性頁面To specify pages as authoritative or non-authoritative

  1. 確認執行此程序的使用者帳戶是否為 Search Service 應用程式的管理員。Verify that the user account that is performing this procedure is an administrator for the Search service application.

  2. 在管理中心中,按一下 [應用程式管理] 區段的 [管理服務應用程式]。In Central Administration, in the Application Management section, click Manage service applications.

  3. 按一下 [Search Service 應用程式]。Click the Search service application.

  4. 在 [搜尋管理] 頁面上,按一下 [快速啟動] 中的 [代表性頁面]*On the Search Administration page, in the Quick Launch, click *Authoritative Pages.

  5. 在 [指定代表性頁面] 頁面上的 [代表性網頁]**** 區段內的 [最具代表性的頁面]**** 方塊中,輸入最具代表性之頁面的 URL。以換行字元分隔這些 URL,所以一行只有一個 URL。On the Specify Authoritative Pages page, in the Most authoritative pages box in the Authoritative Web Pages section, type the URLs of pages that are the most authoritative. Separate the URLs with returns so that there is one URL per line.

  6. 在 [第 2 級代表性頁面]**** 方塊中,輸入任何應視為第 2 級頁面的 URL。In the Second-level authoritative pages box, type the URLs of any pages that should be seen as second-level.

  7. 在 [第 3 級代表性頁面]**** 方塊中,輸入任何應視為第 3 級頁面的 URL。In the Third-level authoritative pages box, type the URLs of any pages that should be seen as third-level.

  8. 在 [非代表性網站]**** 區段的 [降階的網站]**** 方塊中,輸入其排名要低於所有其他網站之網站 URL。一行只輸入一個 URL。In the Non-authoritative Sites section, in the Sites to demote box, type the URLs of any sites that you want to be ranked lower than all of the other sites. Type one URL per line.

    所有前置字元符合 [降階網站] 方塊中 URL 前置字元的 URL 都會降階處理。例如:輸入 http://archive/ 會針對以 http://archive/ 為開頭的 URL 排名進行降階處理。All URLs whose prefix matches the prefix of a URL in the Sites to demote box are demoted. Example: Entering http://archive/ demotes the rank of all URLs that begin with http://archive/.

  9. 在 [相關性排名分析]**** 區段,選取 [立即重新整理]**** 核取方塊,以執行已定義或更新的排名分析。In the Relevance Ranking Analytics section, select the Refresh now check box to run the ranking analytics you have defined or that you have updated.

    如果清除核取方塊,稍後將會根據定義的排程執行排名分析。If you clear the check box, ranking analytics run later according to a defined schedule.

  10. 按一下 [確定]*Click *OK.