SharePoint Server 的 OneDrive 概觀Overview of OneDrive for Business in SharePoint Server

摘要:了解 SharePoint Server 中的商務用 OneDrive。Summary: Learn about OneDrive for Business in SharePoint Server.

注意

[!附註] 雖然 商務用 OneDrive 皆用於 SharePoint Server 內部部署和 Office 365 環境,本文章將說明其如何在 SharePoint Server中運作。如需有關如何在 Office 365 環境中運作的詳細資訊,請參閱<什麼是商務用 OneDrive?>。While OneDrive for Business is used in both SharePoint Server on-premises and Office 365 environments, this article describes how it works in SharePoint Server. For more information about how it works in an Office 365 environment, see What is OneDrive for Business?.

商務用 OneDrive 是在 SharePoint Server 或 Office 365 中,使用者的「What's new in social computing in SharePoint Server 2013」預設文件庫。此文件庫內容可選用與一或多個使用者的電腦或裝置進行同步處理。OneDrive for Business is the default document library in a user's What's new in social computing in SharePoint Server 2013 in SharePoint Server or in Office 365. The contents of this library can optionally be synchronized with one or more of the user's computers or devices.

透過使用 商務用 OneDrive,您可以協助確保您使用者的商務檔案會儲存在中央位置。將商務檔案儲存在單一位置,可以方便使用者共用文件及共同作業。如果您正在使用 Office 365 的 商務用 OneDrive,您也可以將使用者的檔案移至雲端,減少內部部署的儲存成本。By using OneDrive for Business, you can help ensure that business files for your users are stored in a central location. Storing business files in one location makes it easy for users to share and collaborate on documents. If you're using OneDrive for Business in Office 365, you can also reduce your on-premises storage costs by moving your users' files to the cloud.

商務用 OneDrive 不同於家庭用戶 OneDrive 服務,在於 商務用 OneDrive 是根據 SharePoint,用來儲存使用者的商務文件和檔案。家庭用戶 OneDrive 是獨立服務,供個人使用。OneDrive for Business is different from the consumer OneDrive service in that OneDrive for Business is based on SharePoint and is meant for storing a user's business documents and files. Consumer OneDrive is a separate service that is meant for personal use.

為何在 SharePoint Server 內部部署環境中使用商務用 OneDrive?Why use OneDrive for Business in a SharePoint Server on-premises environment?

雖然 商務用 OneDrive 在 Office 365 中擔任作為許多企業的最佳儲存裝置解決方案,但有些企業基於各種原因,可能會限制將公司資料存入雲端,包括:While OneDrive for Business in Office 365 may serve as an optimal storage solution for many businesses, some businesses may be restricted from saving their company data to the cloud for various reason, including:

  • 禁止上傳資料到網際網路的商務規定Business rules that prohibit transmitting data over the internet

  • 業界規定Industry rules

  • 規範標準Compliance standards

此外,您的環境可能需要 IT 人員對會套用到環境中的更新實施嚴格的控管。其中一個原因,可能是因您有特規的第三方應用程式或有自訂項目,經過測試只能在特定版本的產品或服務上使用。Additionally, your environment may require your IT-staff to have strict control on updates that are applied in your environment. One of the reasons may be that you have specialized third-party applications or customization that have only been tested to work with specific versions of a product or service.

若為這些類型的客戶,商務用 OneDrive 可以在 SharePoint Server實作內部部署環境,提供您商務使用者由 商務用 OneDrive所提供的同步處理和儲存功能,但仍會將所有資料保留在您的內部部署環境內。For these types of customers, OneDrive for Business can be implemented in a SharePoint Server on-premises environment, providing your business users with the sync and storage features provided by OneDrive for Business, but keeping all of your data within your on-premises environment.

此外,SharePoint Server 的更新,及在其上所執行的服務 (例如商務用 OneDrive) 皆由您的內部控制。Additionally, updates to SharePoint Server and the services run on it (such as OneDrive for Business) are controlled internally by you.

它如何運作?How does it work?

在 SharePoint Server 中,商務用 OneDrive 單純只是使用者 MySite 中的文件程式庫。這為您的使用者提供個人的儲存空間,不論是直接透過「我的網站」的文件庫,或是作為 Office 2013 或 Office 2016 中的儲存位置。雖然 商務用 OneDrive 中的 Office 365 檔案會儲存至雲端,但在 商務用 OneDrive 中 SharePoint Server 的內部部署環境,您用於 SharePoint Server 的使用者檔案會儲存在 SQL Server 中的 SharePoint 內容資料庫。「我的網站主機」網站主控的 Web 應用程式之使用者儲存配額,是透過網站設定進行設定。In SharePoint Server, OneDrive for Business is simply the document library in a user's MySite. This provides personal storage for your users, either directly through the document library in their My Site, or as a save location in Office 2013 or Office 2016. While OneDrive for Business in Office 365 files are saved to the cloud, in OneDrive for Business in a SharePoint Server on-premises environment, user files are stored in the SharePoint Content database in the SQL Server that you are using for SharePoint Server. User storage quotas are set through site settings for the web application that is hosting the My Site host site.

OneDrive for Business in SharePoint Server 2013 on-premises

同步處理檔案Synchronizing files

若要同步處理 商務用 OneDrive 檔案,您必須使用同步用戶端。同步用戶端會自動同步處理企業用 OneDrive 和使用者電腦或行動裝置之間的檔案。可以使用各種不同的作業系統和行動裝置。商務用 OneDrive Windows 同步用戶端也同時是 Office 安裝的一部分。To synchronize OneDrive for Business files, you need to use a sync client. Sync clients automatically synchronize files between OneDrive for Business and a user's computer or a mobile device. They are available for a variety of operating systems and mobile devices. The OneDrive for Business Windows sync client is also included as part of an Office installation.

當您正在使用 商務用 OneDrive 中的 SharePoint Server,您可以同步處理您的檔案到各種裝置,但這些裝置必須連線到 SharePoint Server 的網路位置,才能進行同步處理。同步處理對於筆記型電腦與公司網路三不五時就會連接中斷時最有幫助,例如外出旅行的時候。這點不同於使用 商務用 OneDrive 中的 Office 365,其需要網際網路連線,因為檔案會從您的使用者裝置同步至 Office 365,而不是到您的網路中的內部部署位置。When you're using OneDrive for Business in SharePoint Server, you can synchronize your files to a variety of devices, but those devices need to be connected to the network where SharePoint Server resides in order for the sync to work. Synchronizing is mostly useful for laptops that are used while disconnected from your corporate network at times, such as when traveling. This differs from usingOneDrive for Business in Office 365, in which an Internet connection is required since files are synchronized from your users device to Office 365 instead of to an on-premises location in your network.

商務用 OneDrive 混合式OneDrive for Business hybrid

如果您使用 SharePoint Server 且想為您使用者的商務文件利用雲端儲存的優勢,您可以在 Office 365中設定 商務用 OneDrive,並在使用者按下 SharePoint Server中的 商務用 OneDrive 連結時,將您的使用者自動重新導向至 Office 365。If you use SharePoint Server and want to take advantage of cloud storage for your users' business documents, you can set up OneDrive for Business in Office 365 and have your users automatically redirected to Office 365 when they click the OneDrive for Business link in SharePoint Server.

透過使用 Office 365 作為文件儲存空間,您可以利用雲端儲存的優勢,而不需要移轉您所有的工作負載至 Office 365。By using Office 365 for document storage, you can take advantage of cloud storage without having to migrate all of your workloads to Office 365.

設定 商務用 OneDrive 混合式需要設定 Office 365(您應該已經設定過了),並在您的 SharePoint Server 環境設定您的 商務用 OneDrive,以「重新導向」至 Office 365 的 商務用 OneDrive。 如需規劃 商務用 OneDrive 混合式的相關資訊,請參閱<設定商務用 OneDrive (混合式) - 藍圖>。Setting up OneDrive for Business hybrid requires configuring Office 365 if you haven't already, and configuring your OneDrive for Business in your SharePoint Server environment to "redirect" to OneDrive for Business in Office 365. For information about planning OneDrive for Business hybrid, see Configure hybrid OneDrive for Business - roadmap.

快速入門Getting started

設定 SharePoint Server中的 商務用 OneDrive 需要設定「使用者設定檔服務」應用程式,以及設定「我的網站」。如需詳細的規劃資訊,請參閱<在 SharePoint Server 中規劃商務用 OneDrive>。Setting up OneDrive for Business in SharePoint Server requires configuring a User Profile Service application and setting up My Sites. For detailed planning information, see Plan for OneDrive for Business in SharePoint Server.

如需有關商務用 OneDrive 會如何使用的詳細資訊,請參閱<儲存空間、同步,以及共用您的工作檔案 (企業用 OneDrive)>。For more information about how OneDrive for Business is used, see Store, sync, and share your work files (OneDrive for Business).