在 SharePoint Server 中規劃商務用 OneDrivePlan for OneDrive for Business in SharePoint Server

摘要: 深入了解在規劃於 SharePoint Server 2016 或 SharePoint Server 2013 內部部署環境中安裝 商務用 OneDrive 時,您需要考慮的事項。Summary: Learn about things you need to consider when planning to setup OneDrive for Business in a SharePoint Server 2016 or a SharePoint Server 2013 on-premises environment.

商務用 OneDrive - Office 365 或 SharePoint ServerOneDrive for Business - Office 365 or SharePoint Server

您應該決定的其中一個先期規劃考量,就是您是否要在 SharePoint Server 中使用 商務用 OneDrive,或您是否會更適合在 Office 365 中使用 商務用 OneDrive。許多公司選取在內部部署環境中使用 商務用 OneDrive,是因為產業限制 (例如,金融業或政府機關),或著是禁止其資料透過網際網路傳輸的商業規則。如果您的公司並不受到上述限制,我們也建議您把在 Office 365 中使用 商務用 OneDrive 的可能性納入考量。在 Office 365 中使用 商務用 OneDrive 的主要優點是相對於您必須連接自己的網路,您只需要有網際網路連線即可使用,而且 Office 365 服務可以提供使用者儲存體。One of the first planning considerations you should make is if you truly want to use OneDrive for Business in SharePoint Server, or if you would be better suited to use OneDrive for Business in Office 365. Many companies select to use OneDrive for Business in an on-premises environment due to industry restrictions (for example, finance or government), or business rules that prohibit transmitting their data over the internet. If your company isn't restricted by either, you should also explore the possibility of using OneDrive for Business in Office 365. The key benefits in using OneDrive for Business in Office 365 is that you only need an internet connection to use it, versus being connected to your network, and that user storage is provided by your Office 365 service.

注意

[!附註] 如需有關在 Office 365 中使用 商務用 OneDrive 的詳細資訊,請參閱<什麼是商務用 OneDrive?For more information about OneDrive for Business in Office 365, see What is OneDrive for Business?

設定商務用 OneDriveSetting up OneDrive for Business

若要讓 SharePoint Server 在 商務用 OneDrive 中可供您的使用者使用,您需要在SharePoint Server 管理中心設定下列服務:To make OneDrive for Business in SharePoint Server available to your users, you need to configure the following services in SharePoint Server Central Administration:

必要服務Required Service 能做什麼?What does it do?
Managed Metadata ServiceManaged Metadata service
管理您組織中所有網站的中繼資料。Manages metadata across all sites in your organization.
User Profile Service 應用程式User Profile Service Application
儲存使用者相關資訊,並且為「我的網站」的必備條件。Stores information about users, and is required for My Sites.
我的網站My Sites
針對個別使用者在組織中提供個人網站,同時也是該使用者的文件庫所在位置。Provides a personal site for individual users in an organization, and is where the user's document library resides.

注意

[!附註] 如需如何為 商務用 OneDrive設定每個服務所需的詳細資訊,請參閱<在 SharePoint Server 內部部署環境中設定商務用 OneDrive>。For detailed information about how to set up each service as required for OneDrive for Business, see Set up OneDrive for Business in a SharePoint Server on-premises environment.

使用商務用 OneDrive 同步處理用戶端Using the OneDrive for Business sync client

商務用 OneDrive同步用戶端為使用者提供的檔案本機儲存體的便利性。同步處理用戶端也能讓使用者進行文件的離線工作。如此一來,若 SharePoint Server連線中斷時,使用者仍然可以使用這些文件。當用戶端電腦或裝置稍後重新連線到 SharePoint Server 時,檔案即會進行同步處理。The OneDrive for Business sync clients give users the convenience of local storage of their files. Sync clients also enable users to take documents offline. Users then can use those documents when they're disconnected from SharePoint Server. Later, when the client computer or device reconnects to SharePoint Server, the files are synchronized.

在 SharePoint Server 內部部署環境中,您會需要有直接儲存到文件庫的選項 (例如,從 Office 2016),也就是無論身處何處,皆可從您的 商務用 OneDrive 本機資料夾進行檔案同步處理的位置。當在內部部署環境中使用 商務用 OneDrive 同步用戶端時,其主要好處為能對筆記型電腦與公司網路三不五時就連接中斷時進行同步處理,例如外出旅行的時候。In a SharePoint Server on-premises environment, you may have the option to save directly to your document library (for example, from Office 2016), which is where files are synchronized from your OneDrive for Business local folder anyway. When the OneDrive for Business sync client is used in an on-premises environment, it's primary benefit is for synchronizing files on laptops that are used while disconnected from your corporate network at times, such as when traveling.

同步處理用戶端也提供您的使用者,直接在本機 商務用 OneDrive 同步處理資料夾中進行工作的便利性。直接在資料夾中工作和儲存您的檔案,會比開啟「我的網站」文件庫來得更加便利。The sync client also provides your users the added convenience of working with files directly from the local OneDrive for Business sync folder. Work with and saving your files directly in the folder is more convenient than opening your My Sites document library.

重要

[!重要事項] 在 SharePoint Server內部部署環境中使用 商務用 OneDrive,請使用 Groove.exe 的商務用 OneDrive 同步用戶端。商務用 OneDrive 下一代同步用戶端 (OneDrive.exe) 目前不支援在 SharePoint Server內部部署環境中使用。Use the OneDrive for Business sync client for Groove.exe when using OneDrive for Business in a SharePoint Server on-premises environment. The OneDrive for Business Next Generation sync client (OneDrive.exe) is currently not supported to work in a SharePoint Server on-premises environment.

檔案位置的變更Changes in file location

如果使用者想要變更在電腦或裝置中同步處理資料的位置,其必須停止同步處理該資料夾,然後設定新的同步處理。設定新的同步處理可讓他們選擇新的位置。If a user wants to change the location on their computer or device to which data is synchronized, they must stop synchronizing the folder and then set up a new synchronization. Setting up a new synchronization allows them to choose a new location.

同樣地,如果您變更您 SharePoint Server我的網站 主機位置的 URL,使用者必須停止舊位置的同步處理,並以新的 URL 設定新的同步處理。Similarly, if you change the URLs of your SharePoint Server My Site host, users must stop the synchronization to the old location and set up a new synchronization to the new URL.

停止同步處理並對相同的 商務用 OneDrive 程式庫啟動新的同步處理,不會損失 商務用 OneDrive 程式庫中的任何資料。但是,使用者必須將所有檔案重新同步處理到其本機電腦或裝置。此程序可能需要一些時間,且不能被中斷。Stopping a synchronization and starting a new one to the same OneDrive for Business library won't cause the loss of any data in the OneDrive for Business library. But users must re-synchronize all files to their local computer or device. This process may take some time and shouldn't be interrupted.

頻寬考量事項Network bandwidth considerations

有幾種情況會可能會造成 商務用 OneDrive 同步用戶端特別高的網路頻寬使用量:There are several situations in which OneDrive for Business sync clients can cause unusually high network bandwidth usage:

  • 當您首次展開 商務用 OneDrive 而使用者為首次進行所有檔案的同步處理。When you first roll out OneDrive for Business and users are synchronizing all of their files for the first time.

  • 當您變更 我的網站 主機的 URL,而使用者必須重新同步處理其檔案。When you change the URL of the My Site host and users are required to re-synchronize their files.

請隨時注意這些變更對您網路的影響。Be mindful of the potential impact of these changes on your network.

資料安全性Data security

同步處理用戶端會使用該站台的 http:// 或 https:// 通訊協定,來進行同步傳輸資料。如果商務用 OneDrive 站台使用安全通訊端層 (SSL) 連線 (https://),則同步用戶端所傳送的資料會加密;否則,並不會加密。Sync clients use the http:// or https:// protocol of the site that they're synchronizing with to transfer data. If the OneDrive for Business site uses a Secure Socket Layer (SSL) connection (https://), then the data being transferred by the sync client is encrypted; otherwise, it's not.

Office 365 預設會使用 SSL 的 OneDrive for Business 連線。如果您使用 SharePoint Server,我們建議設定 SSL 用於外部您公司的網域就會發生任何連線您 「 我的網站主機。如果您使用 Active Directory 目錄服務,您可以設定 [群組原則設定同步處理只在網域網路。設定需要組織的內部網路外面連線至 SharePoint Server 中的商務用戶端的 OneDrive 的 SSL 連線。Office 365 uses SSL for OneDrive for Business connections by default. If you're using SharePoint Server, we recommend configuring your My Site host to use SSL for any connections that will occur outside your corporate domain. If you're using Active Directory directory services, you can configure the Group Policy setting Sync Only On Domain Network. The setting requires an SSL connection for OneDrive for Business clients that connect to SharePoint Server from outside the organization's intranet.

伺服器和 Windows 用戶端電腦上的本機磁碟資料可以透過「Windows BitLocker 磁碟加密」進行加密。Data on local disks on both server and Windows client computers can be encrypted by using Windows BitLocker Drive Encryption.

本機裝置上的資料Data on local devices

一旦文件庫與電腦或行動裝置同步處理後,檔案仍會繼續保留在該位置。就算使用者的 我的網站 及其使用者帳戶已刪除,檔案仍會留在該電腦或裝置中。在此情況下,雖然檔案仍保留在電腦或裝置,但使用者無法再次與 SharePoint Server 同步處理檔案。Once a document library is synchronized with a computer or mobile device, the files continue to exist there. Files remain on the computer or device even if the user's My Site and their user account are deleted. In this situation, although the files remain on the computer or device, the user can't synchronize the files with SharePoint Server again.

如果在用戶端工作站上儲存檔案會違背您公司的政策,您可以在 SharePoint Server中移除文件庫的同步處理功能If storing files on a client workstation is against your corporate policy, you can remove synchronization functionality from document libraries in SharePoint Server.

移動至混合式環境Moving to a hybrid environment

基於各種原因,您可能稍後會探索在 Office 365 中使用 商務用 OneDrive,例如保留您目前的內部部署網站與自訂項目,但將個人儲存層面的部份卸載至雲端。這也會提供您的使用者在未連線到公司網路時,對其商務檔案的存取權。At a later time, you might explore the possibility of using OneDrive for Business in Office 365 for various reasons, such as keeping your on-premises sites and customizations in their current state, but offloading the personal storage aspect of it to the cloud. This would also provide your users access to their business files while not connected to the corporate network.

注意

[!附註] 如需有關在 SharePoint Server中設定 商務用 OneDrive 混合式環境的詳細資訊,請參閱<設定商務用 OneDrive (混合式) - 藍圖>。For more information about configuring a hybrid environment for OneDrive for Business in SharePoint Server, see Configure hybrid OneDrive for Business - roadmap.

為 SharePoint Server 升級商務用 OneDriveUpgrading from OneDrive for Business in SharePoint Server

如果您在 SharePoint Server 中使用 商務用 OneDrive,您可以在 SharePoint Server 中升級至 商務用 OneDrive,作為升級的一部分。您可以將此作為升級「我的網站」主機網站集合的一部分,可讓您也具有升級 「我的網站」的個人網站集合選項,其會用來儲存您的 商務用 OneDrive 使用者檔案。If you are using OneDrive for Business in SharePoint Server, you can upgrade to OneDrive for Business in SharePoint Server as part of the upgrade process. You can do this as part of the process to upgrade your My Sites Host site collection, which allows you the option to also upgrade the My Sites personal site collections, which are used to store your OneDrive for Business user files.

注意

[!附註] 如需詳細資訊,請參閱<升級「我的網站主機」網站集合>。For more information, see Upgrade the My Site Host site collection.