在 SharePoint Server 2013 中規劃數位資產庫Plan digital asset libraries in SharePoint Server 2013

摘要:了解如何規劃儲存和效能、 權限及安全性、 中繼資料與搜尋網頁組件、 檢視及篩選和用戶端的支援。Summary: Learn how to plan storage and performance, permissions and security, metadata and search, Web Parts, views and filters, and client support.

SharePoint Server 2013 資產庫是一種特殊的文件庫。它是一組媒體檔案 — 例如影像、 音訊及視訊檔 — 的共用與其他網站的使用者。The SharePoint Server 2013 asset library is a special kind of document library. It is a collection of media files — such as image, audio, and video files — that is shared with other site users.

如需如何管理數位資產的資訊,請參閱 < Overview of SharePoint Server 2013 中管理數位資產For information about how to manage digital assets, see Overview of managing digital assets in SharePoint Server 2013.

資產庫概觀Asset library overview

資產庫是在您與其他網站使用者共用的 SharePoint Server 2013 的媒體檔案的集合。規劃數位資產管理的一部分,您必須決定哪種資產庫最佳適合組織的需求。因為資產庫具有特殊的數位資產的內容類型的 SharePoint Server 2013 文件庫,您可以使用相同方法讓您用以規劃文件管理解決方案的許多。Asset libraries are collections of media files on SharePoint Server 2013 that you share with other site users. As part of planning for managing digital assets, you must decide which kind of asset library best fits the needs of the organization. Because the asset library is a SharePoint Server 2013 library with specialized content types for digital assets, you use many of the same methods that you use to plan a document management solution.

資產庫有下列兩種用途:You can use an asset library in the following two ways:

  • 成小組層級的數位資產的一般文件庫。資產庫儲存小組所使用的影像、 音訊及視訊檔案。網站擁有者上傳、 組織及管理資產的小組權限可能會提供任何人或您可能會限制組織和管理資產小型子集的人員在小組的工作。As a general document library for digital assets at the team level. The asset library stores images, audio, and video files for use by a team. A site owner might give everyone on the team permissions to upload, organize and manage assets, or you might restrict the task of organizing and managing assets to a small subset of people on the team.

    注意

    SharePoint Server 2013 不支援音訊或視訊內容的即時資料流。SharePoint Server 2013 does not support live streaming of audio or video content.

  • 做為組織的數位資產的集中存放庫。在此情況下,您用於內容核准] 及 [工作流程新增至文件庫的所有資產。具有不同的角色的人員可能負責核准程序的不同階段。例如,圖形設計者和音訊或視訊生產者無法上載資產庫。但內容管理員可能會負責節省分類的傳入資產,資產指派其他中繼資料及核准其列印出版物。As a centralized repository for digital assets for the organization. In this situation, you use content approval and workflow for all assets that are added to the library. People who have different roles might be responsible for separate stages of the approval process. For example, graphic designers and audio or video producers could upload assets to the library. But a content manager might be responsible for triaging incoming assets, assigning additional metadata to the assets, and approving them for publication.

如需您可能使用數位資產庫的案例的詳細資訊,請參閱 < overview of SharePoint Server 2013 中管理數位資產使用資產庫的案例] 區段。For more information about scenarios in which you might use a digital asset library, see the Scenarios for using the asset library section in Overview of managing digital assets in SharePoint Server 2013.

規劃資產庫Plan for asset libraries

規劃數位資產解決方案的資產庫包含下列主要步驟:Planning the asset libraries for a digital asset solution consists of the following major steps:

  1. 識別管理數位資產的角色Identify roles for managing digital assets

  2. 分析資產使用狀況Analyze asset usage

  3. 規劃資產庫的組織Plan organization of asset libraries

  4. 規劃內容類型Plan content types

  5. 規劃數位資產的內容控管Plan content governance for digital assets

  6. 規劃工作流程Plan workflows

  7. 規劃原則Plan policies

  8. 資產庫的其他用途Other uses for an asset library

識別管理數位資產的角色Identify roles for managing digital assets

規劃數位資產庫的第一個步驟是決定 [參與者] 和 [專案關係人的解決方案。找出誰將建立數位資產的組織何種資產建立、 負責管理資產,及誰維護資產儲存所在的伺服器。如需詳細資訊及工作表來記錄您收集的資料,請參閱識別使用者及分析 SharePoint Server 中的文件使用狀況The first step in planning a digital asset library is to determine the participants and stakeholders for the solution. Find out who creates digital assets in the organization, what kinds of assets they create, who manages the assets, and who maintains the servers on which the assets are stored. For more information and for a worksheet to record the data that you collect, see Identify users and analyze document usage in SharePoint Server.

分析資產使用狀況Analyze asset usage

在識別誰資產上運作之後,決定類型資產他們所處理,以及他們使用資產的方式。這可協助您決定如何建構資產庫多少文件庫所要使用資產的內容類型及套用至資產庫的資訊管理原則。因為大部分的數位資產的大小大於更加標準文件,您還必須規劃的儲存容量。如需詳細資訊及工作表來記錄您收集的資料,請參閱識別使用者及分析 SharePoint Server 中的文件使用狀況After you identify who works on assets, determine the kinds of assets they work on, and how they use the assets. This helps you determine how to structure the asset libraries, how many libraries are required, which content types to use for the assets, and which information management policies to apply to the asset libraries. Because the size of most digital assets is much larger than standard documents, you must also plan for storage capacity. For more information and for a worksheet to record the data that you collect, see Identify users and analyze document usage in SharePoint Server.

規劃資產庫的組織Plan organization of asset libraries

您規劃資產庫時,將決定應該在何處建立資產庫、必須如何使用資產庫、需要多少資產庫,以及如何組織資產庫。您可以使用規劃文件庫的相同方法規劃資產庫。本節說明下列關於規劃資產庫的步驟:As you plan the asset libraries, you decide where you should create them, how they must be used, how many are needed, and how to organize them. You use the same methods to plan asset libraries as you do to plan document libraries. This section describes the following steps for planning asset libraries:

  • 決定需要多少資產庫Determine how many asset libraries are needed

  • 決定在何處建立各個資產庫Decide where you want to create each asset library

  • 選擇固定或共同作業的資產庫Choose a fixed or collaborative library

  • 決定如何組織資產庫Decide how to organize the asset library

    決定需要多少資產庫。這種判定、 舊版分析和規劃步驟、 也取決於資產庫的使用方式。例如,如果您有個別的小組,必須使用資產庫的共同作業及誰必須使用例如版本設定的內容控管他們所處理資產時,您可以建立資產庫的每個小組網站。您可以讓管理自己資產的小組。如果您要用作大規模的集中存放庫許多小組所使用的資產庫時,您可能會建立一個單一的資產庫。然後您可以調整的權限管理人員如何使用、 管理與搜尋文件庫。如需詳細資訊,請參閱規劃在 SharePoint 2013 中的文件庫Determine how many asset libraries are needed. This determination, as in the earlier analysis and planning steps, also depends on how the asset library will be used. For example, if you have individual teams that must use asset libraries for collaboration, and who must use content governance such as versioning while they work on assets, you can create an asset library for each team site. You can then let the teams manage their own assets. If you want the asset library to serve as a large-scale centralized repository that is used by many teams, you might create a single asset library. Then, you can adjust the permissions to manage how people use, manage, and search the library. For more information, see Plan document libraries in SharePoint 2013.

注意

如果您啟用 Web 應用程式的磁碟快取,該 Web 應用程式中的各個網站集合將使用這個快取。如果您不需要大部分的網站都有磁碟快取,可考慮在個別 Web 應用程式中放入需要磁碟快取的資產庫所在的網站集合。If you enable the disk-based cache for a web application, every site collection within that web application will use the cache. If you do not have to have the disk-based cache for most the sites, consider putting in a separate web application only those site collections that contain an asset library that requires the disk-based cache.

決定您要建立各個資產庫。其中您建立資產庫,取決於您規劃如何使用它。將用於小組層級的資產庫,您可能會建立網站層級的資產庫。集中存放庫,您可能會建立網站集合層級的資產庫。如果資產庫將會用於發佈網站,將文件庫中的發佈網站相同網站集合使發佈頁面所使用的資產檔案可用來發佈網站。使用資產分析可決定誰將建立和使用資產和這些資產的使用方式。這可協助您決定所需資產庫在企業中。Decide where you want to create each asset library. Where you create the asset library depends on how you plan to use it. For an asset library that will be used at the team level, you might create the asset library at the site level. For a centralized repository, you might create the asset library at the site collection level. If the asset library will be used with a web publishing site, put the library in the same site collection as the publishing site so that asset files that are used by publishing pages are available to the publishing site. Use your asset analysis to determine who creates and uses assets, and how those assets are used. This will help you decide where asset libraries are needed in the enterprise.

選擇固定或共同作業文件庫。此案例中,根據資產庫會是固定的文件庫或共同作業環境。固定文件庫中已完成的資產都已存回及文件庫是唯讀屬性。在共同作業環境中的文件庫啟用版本設定及具有適當的權限的使用者可以同時讀取及寫入到現有的資產。Choose a fixed or collaborative library. Depending on the scenario, the asset library will be either a fixed library or a collaborative environment. In a fixed library, completed assets are checked in and the library is read-only. In a collaborative environment, versioning is enabled for the library, and users who have appropriate permissions can both read and write to existing assets.

決定如何組織資產庫。您可以規劃資產庫的根目錄中儲存所有資產和以根據特定準則的文件庫使用者顯示資產使用自訂檢視。您也可以使用資料夾來保留資產根據您指定的準則。例如,您可能會將視訊檔案置於一個資料夾與另一個中的音訊檔案。或者,您可能會建立產品所依據的資料夾及放到 [產品] 資料夾相關的特定產品的所有資產。請參閱資產分析來決定如何在組織中使用資產最常見的案例。Decide how to organize the asset library. You can plan to store all assets in the root of the asset library, and use custom views to display assets to library users based on certain criteria. You can also use folders to hold assets based on criteria that you specify. For example, you might put video files in one folder and audio files in another. Or, you might create folders based on products and put all assets related to a particular product into the product folder. Refer to your asset analysis to determine the most common scenarios for how assets are used in your organization.

規劃內容類型Plan content types

資產庫中包含的內容類型為影像、 音訊及視訊。您可以使用這些內容類型或建立衍生自,根據您的組織分類需求的自訂內容類型。例如,您可能會建立兩個不同的內容類型的海報和產品標誌與這些新的內容類型的基本特性衍生自 「 圖像 」 內容類型。此排列方式可讓您建立個別的屬性的兩個新的內容類型的關聯、 指定不同的工作流程、 或設定不同的資訊管理原則的內容類型為基礎。如需詳細資訊,請參閱規劃內容類型及 SharePoint 2013 中的工作流程The content types included in an asset library are image, audio, and video. You can either use these content types or create custom content types that are derived from them, depending on the classification needs of your organization. For example, you might create two separate content types for posters and product logos, and derive the base characteristics for those new content types from the image content type. This arrangement lets you associate separate properties for the two new content types, specify different workflows, or set different information management policies based on the content types. For more information, see Plan content types and workflows in SharePoint 2013.

規劃數位資產的內容控管Plan content governance for digital assets

規劃數位資產的每個內容類型和儲存位置的控制項的適當程度。例如共同作業解決方案資產庫時,您可以使用版本設定儲存在文件庫中的資產連續重複項目和可以要求使用者在存回及取出之前於資產資產。您也可以指定的資產必須核准之前他們可以可供對象的核准程序。如需詳細資訊,請參閱規劃文件版本設定、 內容核准與簽出控管 SharePoint 2013 功能You plan the appropriate degree of control for each content type and storage location for digital assets. For example, if the asset library is a collaborative solution, you can use versioning to store successive iterations of assets in the library, and can require users to check assets in and out before working on assets. You can also specify an approval process by which assets must be approved before they can be made available to an audience. For more information, see Plan document versioning, content approval, and check-out controls in SharePoint 2013.

規劃工作流程Plan workflows

對於資產庫中的資產,您可以按照在文件庫中使用工作流程的相同方式執行管理工作。重要考量事項包括:You use workflows to perform management tasks on assets in the asset library in the same manner as you use workflows in a document library. Important considerations include the following:

  • 是否必須先檢閱和核准資產,資產使用者才能使用資產?Do assets have to be reviewed and approved before they can be used by asset consumers?

  • 哪些人負責管理資產的到期時間?Who is responsible for managing the expiration of assets?

  • 到期後保留或刪除資產?Are assets retained or deleted after expiration?

如需詳細資訊,請參閱規劃內容類型及 SharePoint 2013 中的工作流程For more information, see Plan content types and workflows in SharePoint 2013.

規劃原則Plan policies

針對您想要使用資產庫中每個內容類型,您必須規劃指定如何稽核、 保留,以及標示資產的資訊管理原則。如需詳細資訊,請參閱 < Plan for SharePoint Server 中的資訊管理原則For each content type that you want to use in the asset library, you must plan the information management policies that specify how assets are audited, retained, and labeled. For more information, see Plan for information management policy in SharePoint Server.

重要

SharePoint Server 2013 不自動適用音訊或視訊內容會儲存在 SharePoint Server 2013 資產庫中的資訊版權管理 (IRM) 保護。此外,當使用者檢視儲存在 SharePoint Server 2013 中的音訊或視訊資產,這些資產的複本可能會儲存使用者的本機瀏覽器快取中。SharePoint Server 2013 media player 支援播放數位版權管理保護套用的 Silverlight 3 或更新版本支援外部 IRM 提供者之受 IRM 保護之音訊及視訊的格式。如需詳細資訊,請參閱數位版權管理 (DRM) (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=154933)。SharePoint Server 2013 does not automatically apply Information Rights Management (IRM) protection to audio or video content that is stored in a SharePoint Server 2013 asset library. Additionally, when audio or video assets stored in SharePoint Server 2013 are viewed by a user, copies of those assets might be stored in the user's local browser cache. The SharePoint Server 2013 media player supports playing IRM-protected audio and video formats where the Digital Rights Management protection was applied by an external IRM provider that is supported by Silverlight 3 or later versions. For more information, see Digital Rights Management (DRM) (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=154933).

資產庫的其他用途Other uses for an asset library

下表列出 SharePoint Server 2013 中的資產庫的其他用途。The following table lists additional uses for an asset library in SharePoint Server 2013.

功能Feature 描述Description
播客Podcasts
使用者可以輸入到新的音訊和視訊檔案新增至資產庫時接收更新其播客應用程式的 URL 文件庫的 RSS 摘要。如需如何上傳音訊和視訊檔案的詳細資訊,請參閱 < Set up 資產庫來儲存影像、 音訊或視訊檔Users can enter the URL for the library RSS feed into their podcast application to receive updates when new audio and video files are added to the asset library. For more information about how to upload audio and video files, see Set up an Asset Library to store image, audio, or video files.
建議的內容瀏覽器位置Suggested Content Browser Locations
當您使用的發佈網站時,在不同的網站中的資產庫的 URL 可以新增至發佈網站的建議的內容瀏覽器位置清單。這可讓他們將資產插入至 Office 應用程式,例如 Word 或 SharePoint Server 2013,內的網頁時存取資產庫的內容建立者。When you are using a publishing site, the URL for an asset library in a separate site can be added to the Suggested Content Browser Locations list for the publishing site. This lets content creators access the asset library when they insert assets into web pages within SharePoint Server 2013, or within Office applications, such as Word.
內容組合管理Content Organizer
您可使用資產庫作為中央存放庫時,可以考慮使用 [內容組合管理] 網站功能自動傳送使用者上傳到資產庫的資產。啟用 [內容組合管理] 網站功能之後,會自動建立名稱為「暫時擱置的文件庫」的新文件庫。這能夠讓您建立規則,指定新增到這個文件庫的資產如何傳送到資產庫之類的其他文件庫。例如,您可以指定所有音訊資產儲存於資產庫的一個資料夾,而所有視訊資產儲存於另一個資料夾。When you are using an asset library as a centralized repository, consider using the Content Organizer site feature to automate the routing of assets that are uploaded to the library by users. When the Content Organizer site feature is activated, a new library named Drop Off Library is automatically created. This lets you create rules that specify how assets added to this library are routed to other libraries, such as the asset library. For example, you can specify that all audio assets are stored in one folder of the asset library, whereas all video assets are stored in another folder.
若要使用 [內容組合管理的優點是特定的中繼資料欄位可以是需要新增新的資產時收到的使用者輸入。這可協助控制如何不同類型的資產會路由傳送。此外,這可自動化部分內容管理工作,並減少管理資產庫及包含資產管理的工作負載。如需詳細資訊,請參閱 < Configure 路由傳送文件內容組合管理An advantage to using the Content Organizer is that certain metadata fields can be required to receive user input when new assets are added. This helps control how different types of assets are routed. In addition, this can automate some of the content management work and reduce the workload of administering the asset library and managing the assets it contains. For more information, see Configure the Content Organizer to route documents
發佈的連結Published links
本機電腦上的管理員群組的成員可以新增連結至 SharePoint 網站與清單中如 Word、 Excel 及 PowerPoint 的 Office 用戶端應用程式。這些連結出現在 [開啟儲存另存新檔] 對話方塊的 [我的 SharePoint 網站] 索引標籤上時開啟及儲存文件從這些應用程式。使用者可以手動將連結新增至其已發佈的連結清單瀏覽至文件庫並按一下 [連線至 Office。如需詳細資訊,請參閱 <新增或刪除 Office 用戶端應用程式 (SharePoint Server 2010) 的連結Members of the Administrators group on the local computer can add links to SharePoint sites and lists from client applications in Office such as Word, Excel, and PowerPoint. These links appear on the My SharePoint Sites tab of the Open, Save, and Save As dialog boxes when you open and save documents from these applications. Users can manually add links to their published link lists by browsing to a library and clicking Connect to Office. For more information, see Add or delete links to Office client applications (SharePoint Server 2010).

規劃權限和安全性Plan for permissions and security

規劃權限及安全性的資產庫是相同的權限和文件庫中的安全性規劃。如需可用的預設群組、 權限等級及何時使用自訂群組或層級,請參閱 < Determine 權限等級與 SharePoint 2013 中的群組Planning for permissions and security in an asset library is the same as planning for permissions and security in a document library. For information about the available default groups, permission levels, and when to use custom groups or levels, see Determine permission levels and groups in SharePoint 2013.

規劃儲存和效能Plan for storage and performance

由於資產庫是為特定的文件庫類型,決定儲存需求的數位資產的格式類似於判斷文件的儲存需求。主要差異是資產庫通常包含比文件庫包含較少的資產。但資產庫中的資產超過這些文件庫中。當您規劃儲存空間時,分析的內容來判斷多少資產會儲存在資產庫,以及這些資產的平均大小。例如,如果您有 50000 資產的平均檔案大小為 10 mb (MB),您必須至少要有 500 gb 的存放區的資料庫伺服器上。如果您將會使用資產庫儲存影片檔,您必須判斷這些檔案平均大小。根據預設,視訊檔案上傳大小上限為 250 MB。如果您知道必須支援較大型影片檔,您可增加檔案上傳大小藉由使用管理中心為最多 2 GB 的每個 web 應用程式。如果您要使用的磁碟二進位大型物件 (BLOB) 快取,您必須確定前端網頁伺服器具有足夠的磁碟空間中用來儲存快取的檔案。Because an asset library is a specialized kind of document library, determining storage requirements for digital assets resembles determining storage requirements for documents. The primary difference is that asset libraries typically contain fewer assets than document libraries contain. But the assets in an asset library are larger than those in a document library. When you plan for storage, analyze the content to determine how many assets will be stored in the asset library, and the average size of those assets. For example, if you have 50,000 assets and the average file size is 10 megabytes (MB), you must have at least 500 gigabytes (GB) of storage on the database server. If you will be using the asset library to store video files, you must determine the average size of those files. By default, the maximum video file upload size is 250 MB. If you know that you have to support larger video files, you can increase the file upload size up to 2 GB for every web application by using Central Administration. If you will be using the disk-based binary large object (BLOB) cache, you must also make sure that the front-end web server has sufficient disk space in which to store the cached files.

端視將在資產庫中儲存的數位資產檔案類型而定,您應該啟用磁碟型的 BLOB 快取和位元速度節流設定,讓使用者提高效能。啟用磁碟型 BLOB 快取通常是不錯的作法。啟用 BLOB 快取之後,它會將指定的檔案類型儲存於前端網頁伺服器,以減少使用者要求這些檔案並提供給使用者時對於資料庫伺服器造成的負擔。Depending on the type of digital asset files that will be stored in the asset library, you should enable the disk-based BLOB cache and Bit Rate Throttling to provide better performance for users. It is usually a good idea to enable the disk-based BLOB cache. When the BLOB cache is enabled, it stores specified file types on the front-end web server to reduce the load put on the database server when those files are requested and served to users.

視訊轉譯功能可以讓使用者上傳同一段視訊的多個轉譯。視訊轉譯可以有不同的轉碼器和格式或不同的位元速度。使用者可以選擇要使用的轉譯。預設選擇最低位元速度的視訊。The video renditions feature lets users upload multiple renditions of a video. The video renditions can have different codecs and formats, or different bit rates. A user can choose the rendition to play. By default, the video with the lowest bit rate is chosen.

如果您將使用資產庫來做為使用者的音訊和視訊檔案,我們建議您一律啟用 BLOB 快取與您啟用位元速度節流設定的伺服器上。位元速度節流設定控制的音訊和視訊檔案下載至用戶端,讓網站上的整體效能不受影響的速率。如需的磁碟快取的詳細資訊,請參閱規劃快取及效能 (SharePoint Server 2010)。如需如何啟用及設定位元速度節流設定,請參閱位元速度節流設定讀我檔案(https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=154962)。If you will be using the asset library to serve audio and video files to users, we recommend that you always enable the BLOB cache, and that you enable Bit Rate Throttling on the server. Bit Rate Throttling controls the rate at which audio and video files are downloaded to the client so that overall performance on the site is not affected. For more information about the disk-based cache, see Plan for caching and performance (SharePoint Server 2010). For information about how to enable and configure Bit Rate Throttling, see Bit Rate Throttling Readme (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=154962).

新增說明數位資產的中繼資料可大幅提升資產庫中的內容可搜尋性。規劃資產庫時,必須注意大量媒體檔案不會自動變成可搜尋,因為這些檔案不包含搜尋引能夠索引的文字。用來說明數位資產的中繼資料可包含的資訊有標題、描述、作者、版權,以及提供資產相關其他詳細資料的企業關鍵字。將資產上傳到資產庫時,會自動輸入影像大小和維度之類的中繼資料。其他中繼資料則必須手動新增。例如,上傳資產時,資產建立者可以新增影像的文字描述。另外,資產管理員將傳入的資產歸類或執行管理工作時,可以新增關鍵字,並更新核准狀態。The addition of metadata that helps describe the type and content of a digital asset greatly improves the discoverability of content in an asset library. When you plan an asset library, remember that rich media files are not automatically searchable because they do not contain text that a search engine can index. The metadata that is used to describe digital assets can include information such as the title, description, author, copyright, and enterprise keywords that provide additional details about the asset. Some metadata, such as the size and dimensions of an image, is entered automatically when the asset is uploaded to the asset library. Other metadata is added manually. For example, an asset creator might add a text description of an image when the asset is uploaded. Or, a library manager might add keywords and update approval status during triage of incoming assets or performance of administrative task.

SharePoint Server 2013 包含了許多改進視訊搜尋。使用者可以使用 「 搜尋導覽網頁組件來篩選搜尋結果,以顯示視訊的結果。視訊搜尋結果頁面會顯示每段影片縮圖。使用者可以按一下 [移至 [影片播放程式] 頁面上或暫停檢視其他資訊例如誰上傳視訊時已上傳的縮圖、 檢視等情況的數字的縮圖。視訊搜尋結果頁面也會提供視訊特定搜尋精簡器。使用者可以藉由長度的視訊] 中的視訊、 人員縮小搜尋結果與上傳的日期。SharePoint Server 2013 includes many improvements for video search. Users can use the Search Navigation Web Part to filter the search results to display only video results. The video search results page shows a thumbnail for each video. Users can click the thumbnail to go to the video player page or pause on the thumbnail to view additional information such as who uploaded the video, when it was uploaded, number of views, and so on. The video search results page also provides video-specific search refiners. Users can refine the search results by length of video, people in the video, and upload date.

規劃視訊縮圖Plan for video thumbnails

縮圖預覽圖像程序的影片上傳至資產庫時自動建立。內容作者也可以從影片中選擇一個圖文框或上傳圖片並使用該為縮圖預覽圖像。運作的自動縮圖架設,您必須安裝桌面體驗功能前端網頁伺服器上主控的 SharePoint Server 2013。如需詳細資訊,請參閱桌面體驗概觀 (英文)Thumbnail preview images are created automatically when a video is uploaded to an asset library. Content authors can also choose a frame from the video or upload a picture and use that as the thumbnail preview image. For automatic thumbnail creation to work, you must install the Desktop Experience feature on the front-end web server that hosts SharePoint Server 2013. For more information, see Desktop Experience Overview.

規劃網頁組件和網頁Plan for Web Parts and web pages

SharePoint Server 2013 有許多網頁組件及欄位控制項,利用內容類型中的資產庫。網頁組件會由內容擁有者新增至網頁組件頁面中的 [網頁] 區域。欄位控制項是由網站開發和設計工具新增至發佈頁面。網頁組件及欄位控制項用來顯示數位資產的範例包括:SharePoint Server 2013 has many Web Parts and field controls that take advantage of the content types in an asset library. Web Parts are added to web zones in Web Part pages by content owners. Field controls are added to publishing pages by site developers and designers. Examples of Web Parts and field controls that are used to display digital assets include the following:

  • 媒體網頁組件及欄位控制項。用來顯示網頁中內嵌的視訊。Media Web Part and field control. Used to display embedded video in a web page.

  • 圖像網頁組件及欄位控制項。用來顯示網頁上的影像。Image Web Part and field control. Used to display images on a web page.

  • 內容查詢網頁至上組件用來顯示網站集合中的所有網站、 選取的網站或子網站] 或特定清單或文件庫中的項目。查詢可以設定為傳回的項目依據] 清單及內容類型、 清單及可篩選及針對特定對象。Content Query Web Part. Used to display items from all sites in a site collection, a selected site or subsite, or a specific list or library. The query can be configured to return a list of items based on list and content types, and can be filtered and targeted to a specific audience.

  • 內容搜尋網頁至上組件用來顯示已編目並新增至搜尋索引的內容。您可以設定網頁組件並從查詢建立器選擇視訊內容類型。Content Search Web Part. Used to display content that was crawled and added to the search index. You can configure the Web Part and choose the video content type from the query builder.

當您設計的網站的網頁時,請考慮公開給使用者的網頁與網頁組件以協助使用者尋找的資產所需的欄位。您可以自訂使用者藉由編輯文件庫設定] 頁面上的縮圖] 檢視將滑鼠指標放在資產的資產庫時顯示的資訊。如需網頁組件及欄位控制項的詳細資訊,請參閱了解欄位控制項與 SharePoint Server 2007 發佈網站中的網頁組件When you design web pages for sites, consider which fields to expose to users in web pages and Web Parts to help users find the assets they need. You can customize the information that is displayed when a user rests the pointer on an asset in the asset library by editing the Thumbnail view in the Library Settings page. For more information about Web Parts and field controls, see Understanding Field Controls and Web Parts in SharePoint Server 2007 Publishing Sites.

規劃用戶端支援Plan for client support

SharePoint Server 2013 支援 HTML5 和 Silverlight media player。HTML5 媒體播放程式是用來在播放所有與 HTML5 相容的視訊檔案的預設媒體播放程式<視訊>目前的瀏覽器的項目實作。SharePoint Server 2013 選取 player 自動根據視訊的格式。如果無法在 HTML 5 媒體播放程式播放視訊的格式,系統會使用 Silverlight media player。SharePoint Server 2013 supports HTML5 and Silverlight media players. The HTML5 media player is the default media player that is used to play all video files that are compatible with the HTML5 <video> element implementation for the current browser. SharePoint Server 2013 selects the player automatically, depending on the video format. If the video format cannot be played on the HTML 5 media player, the system uses the Silverlight media player.

使用 Silverlight media player、 Silverlight 3 或更新版本、 必須安裝在用戶端電腦上。如需 Silverlight 3 的詳細資訊,請參閱Silverlight 概觀 (英文) (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=154002)。To use the Silverlight media player, Silverlight 3, or later versions, must be installed on the client computers. For more information about Silverlight 3, see Silverlight Overview (https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?LinkId=154002).

如需 Silverlight media player 支援的媒體格式的詳細資訊,請參閱支援的媒體格式、 通訊協定及記錄欄位For more information about the media formats that are supported by Silverlight media players, see Supported Media Formats, Protocols, and Log Fields.

另請參閱See also

概念Concepts

管理 SharePoint Server 2013 中的數位資產概觀Overview of managing digital assets in SharePoint Server 2013