使用 Azure 備份來備份 Windows 伺服器Use Azure Backup to back up Windows Servers

適用于: Azure Stack HCI、版本 20H2;Windows Server 2019Applies to: Azure Stack HCI, version 20H2; Windows Server 2019

Windows Admin Center 可簡化將 Windows Server 備份到 Microsoft Azure。Windows Admin Center streamlines backing up Windows Servers to Microsoft Azure. 此程式也可防止您意外或惡意的刪除、損毀,甚至是勒索軟體。The process also protects you from accidental or malicious deletions, corruption, and even ransomware. 若要將安裝程式自動化,您可以將 Windows Admin Center 連線到 Azure,以使用 Azure 備份服務。To automate setup, you connect Windows Admin Center to Azure to use the Azure Backup service.

本文說明如何設定 Azure 備份,以及從 Windows Admin Center 建立伺服器磁片區和 Windows 系統狀態的備份原則。This article shows you how to configure Azure Backup, and create a Backup policy for server volumes and Windows System State from Windows Admin Center. 本指南的目的是要將虛擬機器中執行的工作負載, (Vm) Azure Stack HCI 作業系統上的 Vm 備份至 Azure。The guidance is intended for backing up workloads running in virtual machines (VMs) on the Azure Stack HCI operating system to Azure.

若要深入瞭解 Azure 與 Windows Admin Center 的整合,請參閱 將 Windows Server 連線至 azure 混合式服務To learn more about Azure integration with Windows Admin Center, see Connecting Windows Server to Azure hybrid services.

Azure 備份如何與 Windows Admin Center 搭配運作How Azure Backup works with Windows Admin Center

Azure 備份 是一項服務,可讓您在 Azure 中用來備份、保護和還原資料。Azure Backup is a service that you can use to back up, protect, and restore your data in Azure. Azure 備份將現有內部部署或外部部署備份解決方案取代為可靠、安全且成本競爭力的雲端式解決方案。Azure Backup replaces either existing on-premises or off-premises backup solutions with a cloud-based solution that is reliable, secure, and cost-competitive.

若要深入瞭解,請參閱 Azure 備份服務是什麼?To learn more, see What is the Azure Backup service?

Azure 備份提供多個元件,您可以下載並部署在適當的電腦、伺服器或雲端中。Azure Backup offers multiple components that you download and deploy on the appropriate computer, server, or in the cloud. 您部署的元件或代理程式,取決於您想要保護的項目。The component, or agent, that you deploy depends on what you want to protect. 無論您是在內部部署或 Azure 中保護資料,所有 Azure 備份元件都可以將資料備份到 Azure 中的復原服務保存庫。All Azure Backup components can back up data to a Recovery Services vault in Azure, no matter whether you're protecting data on-premises or in Azure.

Azure 備份與 Windows Admin Center 的整合非常適合用來備份磁片區,以及內部部署 Windows Server 或虛擬伺服器的 Windows 系統狀態。Azure Backup integration with Windows Admin Center is ideal for backing up volumes and the Windows System State for either on-premises Windows Servers or virtual servers. 完整的程式會備份檔案伺服器、網域控制站以及 IIS web 伺服器。The comprehensive process backs up file servers, domain controllers, and IIS web servers.

您可以透過 備份 工具存取 Windows Admin Center 中的 Azure 備份。You access Azure Backup in Windows Admin Center via the Backup tool. 備份工具的設定、管理和監視功能可讓您快速開始備份伺服器、備份和還原作業,以及監視 Windows 伺服器的整體備份健全狀況。The Backup tool setup, management, and monitoring capabilities let you quickly start backing up servers, do backup and restore operations, and monitor the overall backup health of Windows Servers.

PrerequisitesPrerequisites

使用 Azure 備份需要下列必要條件:The following prerequisites are required to use Azure Backup:

  • 至少有一個有效訂用帳戶的 Azure 帳戶An Azure account with at least one active subscription

  • 適用于目標 Windows 伺服器的網際網路存取 AzureInternet access to Azure for the target Windows Servers

  • 從 Windows Admin Center 閘道到 Azure 的連接A connection from the Windows Admin Center gateway to Azure

    若要深入瞭解,請參閱設定 Azure 整合To learn more, see Configuring Azure integration.

開始使用 Azure 備份Getting started with Azure Backup

當您第一次選取 Windows Admin Center 中的 備份 工具來建立與 Azure 的伺服器連線時,會顯示 [ 歡迎使用 Azure 備份 ] 頁面。When you first select the Backup tool in Windows Admin Center to establish a server connection to Azure, the Welcome to Azure Backup page displays. 選取 [ 設定 Azure 備份 ] 以啟動 Azure 備份安裝程式。Select Set up Azure Backup to start the Azure Backup setup wizard. 下列各節將詳細說明 wizard 中的步驟。The following sections detail the steps in the wizard.

如果已針對伺服器連接設定 Azure 備份,則選取 [ 備份 ] 工具會開啟 [ 備份] 儀表板If Azure Backup is already configured for a server connection, selecting the Backup tool opens the Backup Dashboard. 請參閱 [ 管理和監視 ] 區段,以取得您可以從儀表板進行的作業和工作的相關資訊。See the Management and monitoring section for information about operations and tasks that you can do from the dashboard.

步驟1:登入 Microsoft Azure 入口網站Step 1: Log on to the Microsoft Azure portal

登入您的 Azure 帳戶。Sign in to your Azure account.

注意

如果您已將 Windows Admin Center 閘道連接至 Azure,您應該會自動登入入口網站。If you've already connected the Windows Admin Center gateway to Azure, you should automatically log on to the portal. 選取 [ 登出 ],然後以不同的使用者登入。Select sign out to then sign in as a different user.

步驟2:設定 Azure 備份Step 2: Set up Azure Backup

針對 Azure 備份選取下列設定:Select the following settings for Azure Backup:

  • 訂用帳戶識別碼: 您要用來將 Windows Server 備份至 Azure 的 Azure 訂用帳戶。Subscription ID: The Azure subscription that you want to use for backing up Windows Server to Azure. 系統會建立所有 Azure 資產(例如 Azure 資源群組和復原服務保存庫),並與選取的訂用帳戶產生關聯。All Azure assets like the Azure Resource Group and the Recovery Services Vault will be created and associated with the selected subscription.
  • 保存庫: 復原服務保存庫是要儲存伺服器備份的位置。Vault: The Recovery Services Vault is the location where your servers' backups will be stored. 您可以使用現有的保存庫或 Windows Admin Center 會建立新的保存庫。You can use either an existing vault or Windows Admin Center will create a new one.
  • 資源群組: Azure 資源群組是資源集合的容器。Resource Group: The Azure Resource Group is a container for a collection of resources. 復原服務保存庫會建立或包含在指定的資源群組中。The Recovery Services vault is either created or contained in the specified Resource Group. 您可以使用現有的資源群組,或 Windows Admin Center 會建立新的資源群組。You can use either an existing Resource Group or Windows Admin Center will create a new one.
  • 位置: 將在其中建立復原服務保存庫的 Azure 區域。Location: The Azure region where the Recovery Services Vault will be created. 建議您選取最接近您要備份之 Windows Server 的 Azure 區域。We recommend selecting the Azure region that is closest to the Windows Server that you're backing up.

步驟3:選取備份專案和排程Step 3: Select backup items and schedule

  1. 從伺服器選取您要備份的專案。Select the items that you want to back up from your server. Windows Admin Center 可讓您選擇磁片區和 Windows 系統狀態的組合,並提供您已選取要備份之資料的估計大小。Windows Admin Center lets you choose a combination of volumes and Windows System State, and provides an estimated size of the data that you've selected to back up.

    注意

    第一個備份是所有選定資料的完整備份。The first backup is a full backup of all the selected data. 後續的備份是累加的,而且只會傳輸上次備份後發生的資料變更。Subsequent backups are incremental and transfer only changes to the data that have occurred since the previous backup.

  2. 針對您的 Windows 系統狀態和磁片區,選取多個預設的 備份 排程。Select from multiple preset Backup Schedules for your Windows System State and volumes.

步驟4:輸入加密複雜密碼Step 4: Enter an encryption passphrase

  1. 輸入最少16個字元的 加密複雜密碼Enter an Encryption Passphrase that has a minimum of 16 characters. Azure 備份使用您所建立和管理的加密複雜密碼來保護您的備份資料。Azure Backup secures your backup data with an encryption passphrase that you create and manage. 若要從 Azure 備份復原資料,需要加密複雜密碼。The encryption passphrase is required to recover data from Azure Backup.

    注意

    將複雜密碼儲存在安全的異地位置,例如另一部伺服器或 Azure Key VaultStore the passphrase in a secure offsite location, such as another server or the Azure Key Vault. 如果遺失或忘記複雜密碼,Microsoft 不會儲存複雜密碼,也無法將其重設。Microsoft does not store the passphrase and cannot retrieve or reset the passphrase if it is lost or forgotten.

  2. 檢查 wizard 頁面上的所有設定, 然後選取 [ 套用]。Review all of the settings on the wizard page, and then select Apply.

Windows Admin Center 接著會執行下列作業:Windows Admin Center then does the following operations:

  1. 建立 Azure 資源群組(如果尚未存在的話)。Creates an Azure Resource Group if one doesn't already exist.
  2. 依指定建立 Azure 復原服務保存庫。Creates an Azure Recovery Services Vault as specified.
  3. 在保存庫中安裝並註冊 Microsoft Azure 復原服務代理程式。Installs and registers the Microsoft Azure Recovery Services Agent in the Vault.
  4. 根據與 Windows Server 相關聯的選取選項,建立備份和保留排程。Creates the Backup and Retention schedule according to the selected options associated with the Windows Server.

管理與監視Management and monitoring

成功設定 Azure 備份之後,您會在開啟現有伺服器連接的備份工具時看到備份儀表板After successfully setting up Azure Backup, you'll see the Backup Dashboard when you open the Backup tool for an existing server connection. 您可以從儀表板執行下列工作:You can do the following tasks from the dashboard:

  • 存取 Azure 中的保存庫: 在 [ 總覽 ] 索引標籤上,選取 [復原 服務保存庫 ] 以存取保存庫,您可以在其中進行許多管理作業。Access the vault in Azure: On the Overview tab, select Recovery Services Vault to access the vault where you can do many management operations. 若要深入瞭解,請參閱 監視和管理復原服務保存庫To learn more, see Monitor and manage Recovery Services vaults.
  • 執行臨機操作備份: 選取 [ 立即備份 ] 以進行臨機操作備份。Do an ad hoc backup: Select Backup Now to make an ad hoc backup.
  • 監視作業和設定警示通知: 流覽至 [ 工作 ] 索引標籤,以監視進行中或過去的作業,並 設定警示通知 ,以接收失敗的工作和其他備份警示的電子郵件。Monitor jobs and configure alert notifications: Navigate to the Jobs tab to monitor ongoing or past jobs, and configure alert notifications to receive email on failed jobs and other backup alerts.
  • 查看復原點和復原資料: 選取 [ 復原點 ] 索引標籤以查看復原點,然後選取 [ 復原資料 ],以取得如何從 Azure 復原資料的步驟。View recovery points and recover data: Select the Recovery Points tab to view recovery points, and select Recover Data for steps on how to recover your data from Azure.

後續步驟Next steps

如需詳細資訊,請參閱:For more information, see also: