Azure Stack Hub 系統管理基本資料Azure Stack Hub administration basics

若您還不熟悉 Azure Stack Hub 管理,有幾件事需要知道。If you're new to Azure Stack Hub administration, there are several things you need to know. 本文將概略說明您身為 Azure Stack Hub 操作員所扮演的角色,以及您需要告知使用者哪些事項,好讓他們能夠上手。This article provides an overview of your role as an Azure Stack Hub operator, and what you need to tell your users to help them become productive.

了解組建Understand the builds

整合系統Integrated systems

如果您使用 Azure Stack Hub 整合式系統,更新套件會散發 Azure Stack Hub 的更新版本。If you're using an Azure Stack Hub integrated system, update packages distribute updated versions of Azure Stack Hub. 您可以使用系統管理員入口網站中的 [更新 ] 圖格來匯入及套用這些套件。You can import these packages and apply them by using the Updates tile in the administrator portal.

開發套件Development kit

如果您使用 Azure Stack 開發套件 (ASDK),請檢閱什麼是 Azure Stack Hub?以了解 ASDK 的用途和限制。If you're using the Azure Stack Development Kit (ASDK), review What is Azure Stack Hub? to learn the purpose and limitations of the ASDK. 您可以使用 ASDK 作為「沙箱」,在其中評估 Azure Stack Hub,並在非生產環境中開發和測試您的應用程式。You can use the ASDK as a sandbox, where you can evaluate Azure Stack Hub and develop and test your apps in a non-production environment. 如需部署資訊,請參閱 Azure Stack 開發套件部署For deployment information, see Azure Stack Development Kit deployment.

就像 Azure 一樣,我們迅速地進行創新。Like Azure, we innovate rapidly. 我們會定期發行新組建。We'll regularly release new builds. 如果您執行的是 ASDK 並且想要移至最新的組建,就必須重新部署 Azure Stack HubIf you're running the ASDK and you want to move to the latest build, you must redeploy Azure Stack Hub. 您無法套用更新套件。You can't apply update packages. 此流程需要時間,但好處是您可以嘗試最新的功能。This process takes time, but the benefit is that you can try out the latest features. 我們網站上的 ASDK 文件會反映最新發行的組建。The ASDK documentation on our website reflects the latest release build.

了解可用的服務Learn about available services

您需要意識到有哪些服務您可以提供給您的使用者。You'll need an awareness of which services you can make available to your users. Azure Stack Hub 支援 Azure 服務的子集。Azure Stack Hub supports a subset of Azure services. 支援的服務清單將持續改進。The list of supported services will continue to evolve.

基礎服務Foundational services

依預設,當您部署 Azure Stack Hub 時,Azure Stack Hub 會包含下列的「基礎服務」:By default, Azure Stack Hub includes the following "foundational services" when you deploy Azure Stack Hub:

  • 計算Compute
  • 儲存體Storage
  • 網路功能Networking
  • Key VaultKey Vault

利用這些基礎服務,您可用最少的設定,將基礎結構即服務 (IaaS) 提供給您的使用者。With these foundational services, you can offer Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) to your users with minimal configuration.

其他服務Additional services

目前,我們支援下列的其他平台即服務 (PaaS) 服務:Currently, we support the following additional Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) services:

  • App Service 方案App Service
  • Azure FunctionsAzure Functions
  • SQL 和 MySQL 資料庫SQL and MySQL databases
  • 事件中樞Event Hubs
  • IoT 中樞 (預覽版) IoT Hub (in preview)
  • Kubernetes (預覽)Kubernetes (in preview)

在可讓使用您的使用者使用之前,這些服務需要其他設定。These services require additional configuration before you can make them available to your users. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Azure Stack Hub 操作員文件的<教學課程>和<做法指南\提供服務>小節。For more information, see the "Tutorials" and the "How-to guides\Offer services" sections of our Azure Stack Hub operator documentation.

服務藍圖Service roadmap

Azure Stack Hub 會持續新增對 Azure 服務的支援。Azure Stack Hub will continue to add support for Azure services. 如需計畫藍圖,請參閱 Azure Stack Hub:Azure 的擴充技術白皮書。For the projected roadmap, see the Azure Stack Hub: An extension of Azure whitepaper. 您也可以留意 Azure Stack Hub 部落格文章的新宣告。You can also monitor the Azure Stack Hub blog posts for new announcements.

我該使用哪個帳戶?What account should I use?

管理 Azure Stack Hub 時,有幾個要注意的帳戶考量。There are a few account considerations to be aware of when managing Azure Stack Hub. 尤其是在使用 Windows Server「Active Directory 同盟服務」(AD FS) 而不是 Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) 作為身分識別提供者的部署中。Especially in deployments using Windows Server Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) as the identity provider instead of Azure Active Directory (Azure AD). 下列帳戶考量同時適用於 Azure Stack Hub 整合式系統和 ASDK 部署:The following account considerations apply to both Azure Stack Hub integrated systems and ASDK deployments:

帳戶Account Azure ADAzure AD AD FSAD FS
本機系統管理員 (.\Administrator)Local Administrator (.\Administrator) ASDK 主機管理員。ASDK host administrator. ASDK 主機管理員。ASDK host administrator.
AzureStack\AzureStackAdminAzureStack\AzureStackAdmin ASDK 主機管理員。ASDK host administrator.

可用來登入 Azure Stack Hub 系統管理員入口網站。Can be used to sign in to the Azure Stack Hub administrator portal.

具備檢視及管理 Service Fabric 環的存取權。Access to view and administer Service Fabric rings.
ASDK 主機管理員。ASDK host administrator.

無法存取 Azure Stack Hub 系統管理員入口網站。No access to the Azure Stack Hub administrator portal.

具備檢視及管理 Service Fabric 環的存取權。Access to view and administer Service Fabric rings.

已不再是「預設提供者訂用帳戶」(DPS) 的擁有者。No longer owner of the Default Provider Subscription (DPS).
AzureStack\CloudAdminAzureStack\CloudAdmin 可在具特殊權限的端點內存取及執行允許的命令。Can access and run permitted commands within the privileged endpoint. 可在具特殊權限的端點內存取及執行允許的命令。Can access and run permitted commands within the privileged endpoint.

無法登入 ASDK 主機。Can't sign in to the ASDK host.

「預設提供者訂用帳戶」(DPS) 的擁有者。Owner of the Default Provider Subscription (DPS).
Azure AD 全域管理員Azure AD Global Administrator 在安裝期間使用。Used during installation.

「預設提供者訂用帳戶」(DPS) 的擁有者。Owner of the Default Provider Subscription (DPS).
不適用。Not applicable.

我可以使用哪些工具來管理?What tools do I use to manage?

您可以使用系統管理員入口網站或 PowerShell 來管理 Azure Stack Hub。You can use the administrator portal or PowerShell to manage Azure Stack Hub. 了解基本概念最簡單的方式是透過入口網站。The easiest way to learn the basic concepts is through the portal. 如果您想要使用 PowerShell,則有些準備步驟。If you want to use PowerShell, there are preparation steps. 開始之前,請先熟悉如何在 Azure Stack Hub 上使用 PowerShell。Before you get started, you might want to get familiar with how PowerShell is used on Azure Stack Hub. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱開始在 Azure Stack Hub 上使用 PowerShellFor more information, see Get started with PowerShell on Azure Stack Hub.

Azure Stack Hub 使用 Azure Resource Manager 作為其基礎的部署、管理及組織機制。Azure Stack Hub uses Azure Resource Manager as its underlying deployment, management, and organization mechanism. 如果您要管理 Azure Stack Hub 並協助支援使用者,您可以了解 Resource Manager。If you're going to manage Azure Stack Hub and help support users, you can learn about Resource Manager. 請參閱開始使用 Azure Resource Manager 白皮書。See the Getting Started with Azure Resource Manager whitepaper.

您的一般責任Your typical responsibilities

您的使用者想要使用服務。Your users want to use services. 從其觀點看來,您的主要角色是將這些服務提供給他們。From their perspective, your main role is to make these services available to them. 請決定所要提供的服務,並藉由建立方案、供應項目及配來提供這些服務。Decide which services to offer, and make those services available by creating plans, offers, and quotas. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Azure Stack Hub 中的服務提供概觀For more information, see Overview of offering services in Azure Stack Hub.

您也必須將項目新增至 Azure Stack Hub MarketplaceYou'll also need to add items to Azure Stack Hub Marketplace. 最簡單的方式就是從 Azure 下載市集項目到 Azure Stack Hub。The easiest way is to download marketplace items from Azure to Azure Stack Hub.

注意

如果您想要測試方案、供應項目和服務,您可以使用使用者入口網站,而非系統管理員入口網站。If you want to test your plans, offers, and services, you can use the user portal; not the administrator portal.

除了提供服務之外,您還必須執行操作員的日常工作,以保持 Azure Stack Hub 正常運作。In addition to providing services, you must do the regular duties of an operator to keep Azure Stack Hub up and running. 這些職責包括下列工作:These duties include the following tasks:

要告訴使用者的內容What to tell your users

您將需要讓使用者知道如何使用 Azure Stack Hub 中的服務、如何連線到環境,以及如何訂閱供應項目。You'll need to let your users know how to work with services in Azure Stack Hub, how to connect to the environment, and how to subscribe to offers. 除了任何您想要提供給使用者的自訂文件以外,您還可以將使用者導向至 Azure Stack Hub 使用者文件Besides any custom documentation that you may want to provide your users, you can direct users to Azure Stack Hub User Documentation.

了解如何使用 Azure Stack Hub 中的服務Understand how to work with services in Azure Stack Hub

在使用服務和 Azure Stack Hub 中的應用程式之前,有些資訊您的使用者必須先了解。There's information your users must understand before they use services and build apps in Azure Stack Hub. 例如,有特定的 PowerShell 和 API 版本需求。For example, there are specific PowerShell and API version requirements. 此外,在 Azure 中的服務與 Azure Stack Hub 中的對等服務之間有一些功能差異。Also, there are some feature deltas between a service in Azure and the equivalent service in Azure Stack Hub. 請確保您的使用者會檢閱下列文章:Make sure that your users review the following articles:

這些文件中的資訊摘要了說明在 Azure 中與 Azure Stack Hub 中服務之間的差異。The information in these articles summarizes the differences between a service in Azure and Azure Stack Hub. 它補充了全域 Azure 文件中所提供的 Azure 服務相關資訊。It supplements the information that's available for an Azure service in the global Azure documentation.

以使用者的身分連線到 Azure Stack HubConnect to Azure Stack Hub as a user

在 ASDK 環境中,如果使用者未使用遠端桌面來連線至 ASDK 主機,則可設定虛擬私人網路 (VPN) 連線來連線至 Azure Stack Hub。In an ASDK environment, if a user doesn't use Remote Desktop to connect to the ASDK host, they can configure a virtual private network (VPN) connection to connect to Azure Stack Hub. 請參閱連線到 Azure Stack HubSee Connect to Azure Stack Hub.

您的使用者會想要知道如何存取使用者入口網站或如何透過 PowerShell 連線。Your users will want to know how to access the user portal or how to connect through PowerShell. 在整合系統環境中,使用者入口網站位址會因部署而異。In an integrated systems environment, the user portal address varies per deployment. 您將必須提供正確的 URL 給使用者。You'll need to provide your users with the correct URL.

如果使用 PowerShell,使用者可能需要先註冊資源提供者,才能使用服務。If using PowerShell, users may have to register resource providers before they can use services. 資源提供者負責管理服務。A resource provider manages a service. 例如,網路資源提供者負責管理如虛擬網路、網路介面和負載平衡器等資源。For example, the networking resource provider manages resources like virtual networks, network interfaces, and load balancers. 他們必須安裝 PowerShell、下載 其他模組,並設定 PowerShell (其中包含資源提供者註冊)。They must install PowerShell, download additional modules, and configure PowerShell (which includes resource provider registration).

訂閱供應項目Subscribe to an offer

使用者必須先訂閱供應項目 (您以操作員身分所建立),才能使用服務。Before a user can use services, they must subscribe to an offer that you've created as an operator.

從哪裡取得支援Where to get support

注意

若要尋找舊版 Azure Stack Hub (1905 之前) 的支援資訊,請參閱舊版 Azure Stack Hub (1905 之前) 的說明及支援To find support information for earlier releases of Azure Stack Hub (pre-1905), see Help and Support for earlier releases Azure Stack Hub (pre-1905).

整合系統Integrated systems

就整合系統而言,在 Microsoft 與原始設備製造商 (OEM) 硬體合作夥伴之間有一個協調的提升和解決程序。For an integrated system, there's a coordinated escalation and resolution process between Microsoft and our original equipment manufacturer (OEM) hardware partners.

如果雲端服務發生問題,將會透過 Microsoft 支援服務提供支援。If there's a cloud services issue, support is offered through Microsoft Support. 若要提出支援要求,請在系統管理員入口網站右上角選取 [說明及支援] 圖示 (問號)。To open a support request, select the help and support icon (question mark) in the upper-right corner of the administrator portal. 然後選取 [說明 + 支援],並在 [支援] 區段下選取 [新增支援要求]。Then select Help + support and then New support request under the Support section.

如果部署、修補程式和更新、硬體 (包括現場可更換單元) 或任何硬體品牌化軟體 (例如在硬體生命週期主機上執行的軟體) 發生問題,請先連絡您的 OEM 硬體廠商。If there's an issue with deployment, patch and update, hardware (including field replaceable units), or any hardware-branded software, like software running on the hardware lifecycle host, contact your OEM hardware vendor first.

針對任何其他情況,則請連絡 Microsoft 支援服務。For anything else, contact Microsoft Support.

Azure Stack 開發套件 (ASDK)Azure Stack Development Kit (ASDK)

針對 ASDK,您可以在 Microsoft 論壇中詢問與支援相關的問題。For the ASDK, you can ask support-related questions in the Microsoft forums. 若要參與論壇,請選取系統管理員入口網站右上角的 [說明及支援] 圖示 (問號),然後選取 [說明 + 支援],再選取 [支援] 區段底下的 [MSDN 論壇]。To get to the forums, select the Help and support icon (question mark) in the upper-right corner of the administrator portal, then select Help + support, and then select MSDN Forums under the Support section. 我們會定期留意這些論壇。These forums are regularly monitored. 由於 ASDK 是一個評估環境,因此並未透過 Microsoft 支援服務提供官方支援。Because the ASDK is an evaluation environment, there's no official support offered through Microsoft Support.

後續步驟Next steps

Azure Stack Hub 中的區域管理Region management in Azure Stack Hub