Azure Stack Hub 服務、方案、供應項目、訂用帳戶概觀Azure Stack Hub services, plans, offers, subscriptions overview

Microsoft Azure Stack Hub 是一個混合式雲端平台,可讓您從資料中心提供服務。Microsoft Azure Stack Hub is a hybrid cloud platform that lets you deliver services from your datacenter. 這類服務包括虛擬機器 (VM)、SQL Server 資料庫、SharePoint、Exchange,甚至 Azure Marketplace 項目Services include virtual machines (VMs), SQL Server databases, SharePoint, Exchange, and even Azure Marketplace items. 作為服務提供者,您可以提供服務給租用戶。As a service provider, you can offer services to your tenants. 在企業或政府機構中,您可以提供內部部署服務給您的員工。Within a business or government agency, you can offer on-premises services to your employees.

概觀Overview

身為 Azure Stack Hub 操作員,您可以使用供應項目、方案與訂用帳戶來設定和提供服務。As an Azure Stack Hub operator, you configure and deliver services by using offers, plans, and subscriptions. 供應項目包含一或多個方案,且每個方案都包含一或多項服務,分別設有配額。Offers contain one or more plans, and each plan includes one or more services, each configured with quotas. 藉由建立方案並將其組合成不同的供應項目,使用者即可訂閱您的供應項目及部署資源。By creating plans and combining them into different offers, users can subscribe to your offers and deploy resources. 此結構可讓您管理:This structure lets you manage:

  • 使用者可以存取的服務和資源。Which services and resources your users can access.
  • 使用者可以取用的資源數量。The amount of resources that users can consume.
  • 可以存取資源的區域。Which regions have access to the resources.

若要提供服務,請遵循下列重要步驟:To deliver a service, follow these high-level steps:

  1. 使用下列工具規劃您的服務供應項目:Plan your service offering, using:

    • 基礎服務,例如計算、儲存體、網路或 Key Vault。Foundational services, like compute, storage, networking, or Key Vault.
    • 加值服務,例如事件中樞、App Service、SQL Server 或 MySQL Server。Value-add services, like Event Hubs, App Service, SQL Server, or MySQL Server.
  2. 建立由一或多個服務組成的方案。Create a plan that consists of one or more services. 建立方案時,請選取或建立配額,以定義方案中每個服務的資源限制。When creating a plan, select or create quotas that define the resource limits of each service in the plan.

  3. 建立含有一個或多個方案的供應項目。Create an offer that has one or more plans. 供應項目可以包含基本方案及選擇性的附加方案。The offer can include base plans and optional add-on plans.

在您建立供應項目後,您的使用者就可加以訂閱,以存取服務及部署資源。After you've created the offer, your users can subscribe to it to access the services and deploy resources. 使用者可以訂閱所需的任意數量供應項目。Users can subscribe to as many offers as they want. 下圖顯示的簡單範例是已訂閱兩個供應項目的使用者。The following figure shows a simple example of a user who has subscribed to two offers. 每個供應項目都有一或兩個方案,且每個方案均提供對特定服務的存取權。Each offer has a plan or two, and each plan gives them access to specific services.

具有供應項目和方案的租用戶訂用帳戶

服務Services

您可以提供基礎結構即服務 (IaaS) 服務,讓您的使用者能夠建立可從 Azure Stack Hub 使用者入口網站佈建與管理的隨選運算基礎結構。You can offer Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) services that enable your users to build an on-demand computing infrastructure, provisioned and managed from the Azure Stack Hub user portal.

您也可以為 Azure Stack Hub 部署 Microsoft 和第三方提供者的平台即服務 (PaaS) 服務。You can also deploy Platform as a Service (PaaS) services for Azure Stack Hub from Microsoft and third-party providers. 您可以部署的 PaaS 服務包括 (但不限於):The PaaS services that you can deploy include, but aren't limited to:

您也可以結合服務,為不同的使用者整合和建置複雜的解決方案。You can also combine services to integrate and build complex solutions for different users.

配額Quotas

您可以使用預先設定的「配額」 ,或為方案中的每項服務建立新的配額,以利管理雲端容量。To help manage your cloud capacity, you can use pre-configured quotas , or create a new quota for each service in a plan. 配額會定義使用者訂用帳戶可以佈建或取用的資源上限。Quotas define the upper resource limits that a user subscription can provision or consume. 例如,配額可能會允許使用者建立最多五個 VM。For example, a quota might allow a user to create up to five VMs.

重要

最多可能需要兩小時的時間,才能在使用者入口網站中提供新的配額,或強制執行變更的配額。It can take up to two hours for new quotas to be available in the user portal or before a changed quota is enforced.

您可以依區域設定配額。You can set up quotas by region. 例如,為區域 A 提供計算服務的方案,可以有兩個 VM 的配額。For example, a plan that provides compute services for Region A could have a quota of two VMs.

注意

在 Azure Stack 開發套件 (ASDK) 中,只有一個區域 (名為 local ) 可供使用。In the Azure Stack Development Kit (ASDK), only one region (named local ) is available.

深入了解 Azure Stack Hub 中的配額類型Learn more about quota types in Azure Stack Hub.

方案Plans

方案結合一或多項服務。Plans are groupings of one or more services. 身為 Azure Stack Hub 操作員,您可以建立方案以提供給使用者。As an Azure Stack Hub operator, you create plans to offer to your users. 使用者接著即可訂閱您的供應項目,以使用其中的方案與服務。In turn, your users subscribe to your offers to use the plans and services they include. 建立方案時,請務必設定配額、定義基本方案,並考慮包含選擇性的附加方案。When creating plans, make sure to set your quotas, define your base plans, and consider including optional add-on plans.

基本方案Base plan

建立供應項目時,服務系統管理員可以包含基本方案。When creating an offer, the service administrator can include a base plan. 當使用者訂閱該供應項目時,預設會包含這些基本方案。These base plans are included by default when a user subscribes to that offer. 當使用者訂閱時,即可存取這些基本方案中所指定的所有資源提供者 (同時受到對應的配額限制)。When a user subscribes, they have access to all the resource providers specified in those base plans (with the corresponding quotas).

注意

如果供應專案有多個基本方案,則方案的組合儲存體容量不能超過儲存體配額。If an offer has multiple base plans, the combined storage capacity of the plans cannot exceed the storage quota.

附加方案Add-on plans

附加方案是您新增至供應項目的選擇性方案。Add-on plans are optional plans you add to an offer. 訂用帳戶中預設不會包含加購方案。Add-on plans aren't included by default in the subscription. 供應項目中提供的附加方案屬於額外的方案 (具有配額),訂閱者可將其加入其訂用帳戶中。Add-on plans are additional plans (with quotas) available in an offer that a subscriber can add to their subscriptions. 例如,您可以提供資源有限的基本方案以供試用,並為決定採用服務的客戶提供更多實質資源的附加方案。For example, you can offer a base plan with limited resources for a trial, and an add-on plan with more substantial resources to customers who decide to adopt the service.

供應項目Offers

供應項目是您建立的一個或多個方案的群組,使用者可以訂閱這些供應項目。Offers are groups of one or more plans that you create so that users can subscribe to them. 例如:供應專案 Alpha 可以包含方案 A (提供一組計算服務),以及方案 B (提供一組儲存體與網路服務)。For example: Offer Alpha can contain Plan A, which provides a set of compute services, and Plan B, which provides a set of storage and network services.

當您建立供應項目時,必須至少包含一個基本方案,但是您也可以建立使用者可以加入至其訂用帳戶的附加方案。When you create an offer, you must include at least one base plan, but you can also create add-on plans that users can add to their subscription.

規劃供應項目時,請記住下列重點:When you're planning your offers, keep the following points in mind:

試用版 供應專案:您可以使用試用版供應專案來吸引新使用者,然後再升級至其他服務。Trial offers : You use trial offers to attract new users, who can then upgrade to additional services. 若要建立試用供應項目,請建立小型的基本方案與選用的大附加元件方案。To create a trial offer, create a small base plan with an optional larger add-on plan. 或者,您可以建立包含小型基本方案的試用版供應專案,以及具有較大「隨用隨付」方案的個別供應項目。Alternatively, you can create a trial offer consisting of a small base plan, and a separate offer with a larger "pay as you go" plan.

容量規劃 :您可能會關心抓取大量資源的使用者,並讓所有使用者的系統堵塞。Capacity planning : You might be concerned about users who grab large amounts of resources and clog the system for all users. 若要協助改善效能,您可以設定方案與配額來規劃使用方式。To help performance, you can configure your plans with quotas to cap usage.

委派的提供者 :您可將在您的環境中建立供應項目的能力授與其他人。Delegated providers : You can grant others the ability to create offers in your environment. 例如,如果您是服務提供者,您可以將此能力委派給您的轉售商。For example, if you're a service provider, you can delegate this ability to your resellers. 或者,如果您是組織,您可以委派給其他部門/分公司。Or, if you're an organization, you can delegate to other divisions/subsidiaries.

訂閱Subscriptions

訂用帳戶可讓使用者存取您的供應項目。Subscriptions let users access your offers. 如果您是服務提供者的 Azure Stack Hub 操作員,使用者 (租用戶) 會透過訂閱供應項目的方式來購買您的服務。If you're an Azure Stack Hub operator for a service provider, your users (tenants) buy your services by subscribing to your offers. 如果您是組織的 Azure Stack Hub 操作員,使用者 (員工) 可以訂閱您提供的服務,而無需付費。If you're an Azure Stack Hub operator at an organization, your users (employees) can subscribe to the services you offer without paying.

使用者可在登入 Azure Stack Hub 後,建立新的訂用帳戶並取得現有訂用帳戶的存取權。Users create new subscriptions and get access to existing subscriptions by signing in to Azure Stack Hub. 每個訂用帳戶分別代表與單一供應項目的關聯。Each subscription represents an association with a single offer. 指派給一個訂用帳戶的供應項目 (及其方案和配額) 無法與其他訂用帳戶共用。The offer (and its plans and quotas) assigned to one subscription can't be shared with other subscriptions. 使用者建立的每個資源都與一個訂用帳戶相關聯。Each resource that a user creates is associated with one subscription.

您可以使用 Azure Stack Hub 操作員查看租使用者訂用帳戶的相關資訊,但除非該訂用帳戶的租使用者系統管理員明確地透過 RBAC 新增這些訂用帳戶的內容,否則您無法存取這些訂用帳戶的內容。As an Azure Stack Hub operator, you can see information about tenant subscriptions, but you can't access the contents of those subscriptions unless you are explicitly added through RBAC by a tenant administrator of that subscription. 這可讓租使用者將 Azure Stack Hub 操作員和租使用者空間之間的耗電量和責任加以隔離。This allows tenants to enforce separation of power and responsibilities between Azure Stack Hub operator and tenant spaces.

這種情況的例外狀況是訂用帳戶擁有者無法為操作員提供訂用帳戶的存取權,這會要求系統管理員取得訂用帳戶的擁有權,如 變更 Azure Stack Hub 使用者訂用帳戶的計費擁有者所述。The exception to this case is a situation in which the subscription owner is unable to provide the operator with access to the subscription, which requires the administrator to take ownership of the subscription as discussed in Change the billing owner for an Azure Stack Hub user subscription.

如果您的 Azure Stack Hub 實例已中斷連線,而您有兩個不同的網域,則網域1中的使用者會建立網域2中的使用者所使用的訂用帳戶,但某些訂用帳戶可能會出現在系統管理員入口網站中,但不會If your Azure Stack Hub instance is disconnected and you have two different domains where users in domain 1 create subscriptions that users in domain 2 consume, some subscriptions may appear in the admin portal but not appear in the user portal. 若要修正此問題,請讓網域1中的使用者為網域2中的訂閱設定正確的 RBAC。To fix this, have the users in domain 1 set the correct RBAC for the subscriptions in domain 2.

預設的提供者訂用帳戶Default provider subscription

當您部署 ASDK 時,系統會自動建立預設提供者訂用帳戶。The default provider subscription is automatically created when you deploy the ASDK. 此訂用帳戶可用來管理 Azure Stack Hub、部署其他資源提供者,以及為使用者建立方案與供應項目。This subscription can be used to manage Azure Stack Hub, deploy additional resource providers, and create plans and offers for users. 基於安全性和授權的緣故,此訂用帳戶不應用於執行客戶工作負載和應用程式。For security and licensing reasons, it shouldn't be used to run customer workloads and apps. 預設提供者訂用帳戶的配額無法變更。The quota of the default provider subscription can't be changed.

後續步驟Next steps

若要深入了解如何建立方案、供應項目和訂用帳戶,請先參閱建立方案To learn more about creating plans, offers, and subscriptions, start with Create a plan.