Microsoft Azure 詞彙:Azure 平台上的雲端術語字典Microsoft Azure glossary: A dictionary of cloud terminology on the Azure platform

Microsoft Azure 詞彙是 Azure 平台上簡短的雲端術語字典。The Microsoft Azure glossary is a short dictionary of cloud terminology for the Azure platform. 另請參閱:See also:

帳戶account

用來存取和管理 Azure 訂用帳戶的帳戶。An account that's used to access and manage an Azure subscription. 通常稱為 Azure 帳戶,雖然帳戶可以是以下任何一項:現有公司、學校或個人 Microsoft 帳戶,或 Office 365 使用者名稱和密碼。It's often referred to as an Azure account although an account can be any of these: an existing work, school, or personal Microsoft account, or an Office 365 user name and password. 當您註冊免費試用版時,也可以建立帳戶來管理 Azure 訂用帳戶。You can also create an account to manage an Azure subscription when you sign up for the free trial.
請參閱 Office 365 帳戶註冊 Azure 訂用帳戶您可以用來登入的帳戶See Sign up for an Azure subscription with your Office 365 account and Accounts you can use to sign in.

API 應用程式API app

App Service 應用程式的另一個名稱。Another name for App Service app.

App Service 應用程式App Service app

Azure App Service 提供的計算資源,可供裝載網站或 Web 應用程式、Web API或行動裝置應用程式後端The compute resources that Azure App Service provides for hosting a website or web application, web API, or mobile app backend. App Service 應用程式也稱為「應用程式服務」 、「Web 應用程式」 、「API 應用程式」 和「行動裝置應用程式」 。App Service apps are also referred to as App Services, web apps, API apps, and mobile apps.

可用性設定組availability set

可一起管理的虛擬機器集合,以提供應用程式備援能力和可靠性。A collection of virtual machines that are managed together to provide application redundancy and reliability. 可用性設定組的用法可確保在預定進行或未預定進行的維護事件期間,至少有一部虛擬機器可以使用。The use of an availability set ensures that during either a planned or unplanned maintenance event at least one virtual machine is available.
請參閱管理 Windows 虛擬機器的可用性管理 Linux 虛擬機器的可用性See Manage the availability of Windows virtual machines and Manage the availability of Linux virtual machines

Azure 傳統部署模型Azure classic deployment model

您可以使用兩個 部署模型 之一來部署 Azure 中的資源 (新模型是 Azure Resource Manager)。One of two deployment models used to deploy resources in Azure (the new model is Azure Resource Manager). 有些 Azure 服務僅支援 Resource Manager 部署模型、有些僅支援傳統部署模型,而有些則可支援兩個模型。Some Azure services support only the Resource Manager deployment model, some support only the classic deployment model, and some support both. 每個 Azure 服務的文件指定其支援的模型。The documentation for each Azure service specifies which model(s) they support.

Azure 命令列介面 (CLI)Azure command-line interface (CLI)

命令列介面,可用來從 Windows、macOS 和 Linux 電腦管理 Azure 服務。A command-line interface that can be used to manage Azure services from Windows, macOS, and Linux. 某些服務或服務功能可以只透過 PowerShell 或 CLI 進行管理。Some services or service features can be managed only via PowerShell or the CLI. 請參閱 Azure CLISee Azure CLI

Azure PowerShellAzure PowerShell

命令列介面,可透過命令列從 Windows 電腦管理 Azure 服務。A command-line interface to manage Azure services via a command line from Windows PCs. 某些服務或服務功能可以只透過 PowerShell 或 CLI 進行管理。Some services or service features can be managed only via PowerShell or the CLI. 請參閱如何安裝和設定 Azure PowerShellSee How to install and configure Azure PowerShell

Azure Resource Manager 部署模型Azure Resource Manager deployment model

您可以使用兩個 部署模型 之一來部署 Microsoft Azure 中的資源 (另一個是傳統部署模型)。One of two deployment models used to deploy resources in Microsoft Azure (the other is the classic deployment model). 有些 Azure 服務僅支援 Resource Manager 部署模型、有些僅支援傳統部署模型,而有些則可支援兩個模型。Some Azure services support only the Resource Manager deployment model, some support only the classic deployment model, and some support both. 每個 Azure 服務的文件指定其支援的模型。The documentation for each Azure service specifies which model(s) they support.

容錯網域fault domain

可用性設定組中可能會同時失敗的虛擬機器集合。The collection of virtual machines in an availability set that can possibly fail at the same time. 範例之一是位於一個機架中的電腦群組,這組電腦會共用通用電源和網路開關。An example is a group of machines in a rack that share a common power source and network switch. 在 Azure 中,可用性設定組中的虛擬機器會自動分散於多個容錯網域中。In Azure, the virtual machines in an availability set are automatically separated across multiple fault domains.
請參閱管理 Windows 虛擬機器的可用性管理 Linux 虛擬機器的可用性See Manage the availability of Windows virtual machines or Manage the availability of Linux virtual machines

地區geo

針對資料常駐定義且通常包含兩個以上區域的界限。A defined boundary for data residency that typically contains two or more regions. 界限可能是在國界內或超出國界,並受到稅法所影響。The boundaries may be within or beyond national borders and are influenced by tax regulation. 每個地理區域至少擁有一個區域。Every geo has at least one region. 地理區域的範例為亞太地區和日本。Examples of geos are Asia Pacific and Japan. 也稱為 地理位置Also called geography.
請參閱 Azure 區域See Azure Regions

異地複寫geo-replication

自動複寫內容的程序,例如區域配對中的 Blob、資料表和佇列。The process of automatically replicating content such as blobs, tables, and queues within a regional pair.
請參閱 Azure SQL Database 的主動式異地複寫See Active Geo-Replication for Azure SQL Database

imageimage

包含作業系統和應用程式組態的檔案,可用來建立任意數目的虛擬機器。A file that contains the operating system and application configuration that can be used to create any number of virtual machines. 在 Azure 中有兩種類型的映像:VM 映像和 OS 映像。In Azure there are two types of images: VM image and OS image. VM 映像包含作業系統和建立映像時所有連接至虛擬機器的磁碟。A VM image includes an operating system and all disks attached to a virtual machine when the image is created. 作業系統映像只包含通用的作業系統且不含任何資料磁碟組態。An OS image contains only a generalized operating system with no data disk configurations.
請參閱使用 PowerShell 或 CLI 在 Azure 中瀏覽並選取 Windows 虛擬機器映像See Navigate and select Windows virtual machine images in Azure with PowerShell or the CLI

限制limits

您可以建立的資源數目或可達到的效能評定。The number of resources that can be created or the performance benchmark that can be achieved. 限制通常會與訂用帳戶、服務和供應項目相關聯。Limits are typically associated with subscriptions, services, and offerings.
請參閱 Azure 訂用帳戶和服務限制、配額與限制See Azure subscription and service limits, quotas, and constraints

負載平衡器load balancer

網路上電腦之間分散連入流量的資源。A resource that distributes incoming traffic among computers in a network. 在 Azure 中,負載平衡器會將流量分散到定義於內部負載平衡器集中的虛擬機器。In Azure, a load balancer distributes traffic to virtual machines defined in a load-balancer set. 負載平衡器 可以是面向網際網路的,也可以是內部的。A load balancer can be internet-facing, or it can be internal.

行動裝置應用程式mobile app

App Service 應用程式的另一個名稱。Another name for App Service App.

供應項目offer

適用於 Azure 訂用帳戶的定價、信用額度及相關條款。The pricing, credits, and related terms applicable to an Azure subscription.
請參閱 Azure 供應項目詳細資料頁面See the Azure offer details page

入口網站portal

用來部署和管理 Azure 服務的安全 Web 入口網站。The secure web portal used to deploy and manage Azure services.

regionregion

地理區域內不會跨越國界且包含一或多個資料中心的地區。An area within a geo that does not cross national borders and contains one or more datacenters. 定價、區域性服務和供應項目類型是在區域層級公開。Pricing, regional services, and offer types are exposed at the region level. 區域通常會與另一個區域配對,兩者可多達數百英哩遠。A region is typically paired with another region, which can be up to several hundred miles away. 區域配對可用來做為災害復原及高可用性案例的機制。Regional pairs can be used as a mechanism for disaster recovery and high availability scenarios. 也稱為「位置」 。Also referred to as location.
請參閱 Azure 區域See Azure Regions

resourceresource

Azure 方案一部分的項目。An item that is part of your Azure solution. 每個 Azure 服務可讓您部署不同類型的資源,例如資料庫或虛擬機器。Each Azure service enables you to deploy different types of resources, such as databases or virtual machines.
請參閱 Azure Resource Manager 概觀See Azure Resource Manager overview

資源群組resource group

資源管理員中的容器,可保留應用程式的相關資源。A container in Resource Manager that holds related resources for an application. 資源群組可以包含應用程式的所有資源,或只保留以邏輯方式分組在一起的資源。The resource group can include all of the resources for an application, or only those resources that are logically grouped together. 您可以決定如何根據對組織最有利的方式,將資源配置到資源群組。You can decide how you want to allocate resources to resource groups based on what makes the most sense for your organization.
請參閱 Azure Resource Manager 概觀See Azure Resource Manager overview

Resource Manager 範本Resource Manager template

一個 JSON 檔案,可以宣告方式定義一或多個 Azure 資源,並定義所部署資源之間的相依性。A JSON file that declaratively defines one or more Azure resources and that defines dependencies between the deployed resources. 範本可用來以一致性方式重複部署資源。The template can be used to deploy the resources consistently and repeatedly.
請參閱編寫 Azure Resource Manager 範本See Authoring Azure Resource Manager templates

資源提供者resource provider

提供資源的服務,讓您可透過資源管理員進行部署及管理。A service that supplies the resources you can deploy and manage through Resource Manager. 每個資源提供者都會提供作業,以便能運用所部署的資源。Each resource provider offers operations for working with the resources that are deployed. 資源提供者可以透過 Azure 入口網站、Azure PowerShell 和數個程式設計的 SDK 來存取。Resource providers can be accessed through the Azure portal, Azure PowerShell, and several programming SDKs.
請參閱 Azure Resource Manager 概觀See Azure Resource Manager overview

角色role

用於控制可指派給使用者、群組和服務的存取權的方式。A means for controlling access that can be assigned to users, groups, and services. 角色能夠在 Azure 資源上執行建立、管理及讀取之類的動作。Roles are able to perform actions such as create, manage, and read on Azure resources.
請參閱RBAC:內建角色See RBAC: Built-in roles

服務等級協定 (SLA)service level agreement (SLA)

此協定會描述 Microsoft 對執行時間與連線能力的承諾。The agreement that describes Microsoft’s commitments for uptime and connectivity. 每個 Azure 服務都有特定的 SLA。Each Azure service has a specific SLA.
請參閱服務等級協定See Service Level Agreements

共用存取簽章 (SAS)shared access signature (SAS)

不需公開帳戶金鑰,即可讓您授與有限資源存取權的簽章。A signature that enables you to grant limited access to a resource, without exposing your account key. 例如,Azure 儲存體使用 SAS 授與 blob 等物件的用戶端存取權。For example, Azure Storage uses SAS to grant client access to objects such as blobs. IoT 中樞會使用 SAS 授與裝置權限以傳送遙測。IoT Hub uses SAS to grant devices permission to send telemetry.

storage accountstorage account

可讓您存取 Azure 儲存體中 Azure Blob、佇列、資料表和檔案服務的帳戶。An account that gives you access to the Azure Blob, Queue, Table, and File services in Azure Storage. 儲存體帳戶名稱可定義 Azure 儲存體資料物件的唯一命名空間。The storage account name defines the unique namespace for Azure Storage data objects.
請參閱關於 Azure 儲存體帳戶See About Azure storage accounts

訂用帳戶subscription

客戶與 Microsoft 的合約,可讓他們取得 Azure 服務。A customer's agreement with Microsoft that enables them to obtain Azure services. 訂用帳戶定價及相關條款是由針對訂用帳戶所選擇的供應項目來控管。The subscription pricing and related terms are governed by the offer chosen for the subscription. 請參閱 Microsoft 線上訂用帳戶合約Azure 訂用帳戶如何與 Azure Active Directory 產生關聯See Microsoft Online Subscription Agreement and How Azure subscriptions are associated with Azure Active Directory

tagtag

一個編製索引的詞彙,可讓您根據管理或計費需求將資源分類。An indexing term that enables you to categorize resources according to your requirements for managing or billing. 當您有複雜的資源集合時,您可使用標籤以最有利的方式將這些資產視覺化。When you have a complex collection of resources, you can use tags to visualize those assets in the way that makes the most sense. 例如,您可以標記在組織中具有類似角色,或屬於相同部門的資源。For example, you could tag resources that serve a similar role in your organization or belong to the same department.
請參閱使用標籤來組織您的 Azure 資源See Using tags to organize your Azure resources

更新網域update domain

可用性設定組中會同時更新的虛擬機器集合。The collection of virtual machines in an availability set that are updated at the same time. 同一個更新網域中的虛擬機器會在預定進行的維護期間一起重新啟動。Virtual machines in the same update domain are restarted together during planned maintenance. Azure 永遠不會一次重新啟動多個更新網域。Azure never restarts more than one update domain at a time. 也稱為升級網域。Also referred to as an upgrade domain.
請參閱管理 Windows 虛擬機器的可用性管理 Linux 虛擬機器的可用性See Manage the availability of Windows virtual machines and Manage the availability of Linux virtual machines

虛擬機器virtual machine

執行作業系統的實體電腦軟體實作。The software implementation of a physical computer that runs an operating system. 同一個硬碟上可同時執行多部虛擬機器。Multiple virtual machines can run simultaneously on the same hardware. 在 Azure 中,虛擬機器適用於各種大小。In Azure, virtual machines are available in a variety of sizes.
請參閱虛擬機器文件See Virtual Machines documentation

虛擬機器擴充功能virtual machine extension

一個實作行為或功能的資源,可協助其他程式運作,或提供與執行中電腦互動的能力。A resource that implements behaviors or features that either help other programs work or provide the ability for you to interact with a running computer. 例如,您可以使用 VM 存取擴充功能,來重設或修改 Azure 虛擬機器上的遠端存取值。For example, you could use the VM Access extension to reset or modify remote access values on an Azure virtual machine.

請參閱關於虛擬機器擴充功能和功能 (Windows)關於虛擬機器擴充功能和功能 (Linux)See About virtual machine extensions and features (Windows) or About virtual machine extensions and features (Linux)

虛擬網路virtual network

一種網路,可提供與所有其他 Azure 租用戶隔離之 Azure 資源間的連線能力。A network that provides connectivity between your Azure resources that is isolated from all other Azure tenants. Azure VPN 閘道可讓您建立虛擬網路之間及虛擬網路與內部部署網路之間的連線。An Azure VPN Gateway lets you establish connections between virtual networks and between a virtual network and an on-premises network. 您可以完全控制虛擬網路內的 IP 位址區塊、DNS 設定、安全性原則和路由表。You can fully control the IP address blocks, DNS settings, security policies, and route tables within a virtual network.
請參閱虛擬網路概觀See Virtual Network Overview

Web 應用程式Web app

App Service 應用程式的另一個名稱。Another name for App Service App.

請參閱See also