成本管理專業領域概觀Cost Management discipline overview

成本管理專業領域是雲端採用架構治理模型中的五個雲端治理專業領域之一。The Cost Management discipline is one of the Five Disciplines of Cloud Governance within the Cloud Adoption Framework governance model. 對於許多客戶而言,治理成本是採用雲端技術時的主要考量。For many customers, governing their costs is a major concern when adopting cloud technologies. 平衡效能需求、採用步調和雲端服務成本,頗具挑戰性。Balancing performance demands, adoption pacing, and cloud services costs can be challenging. 這在實作雲端技術的主要業務轉換期間特別重要。This is especially relevant during major business transformations that implement cloud technologies. 本節將概述開發成本管理專業領域作為雲端管理策略一部分的方法。This section outlines the approach to developing a Cost Management discipline as part of a cloud governance strategy.

注意

成本管理專業領域不會取代現有的業務小組、帳戶處理實務,以及牽涉到您的組織中對 IT 相關成本進行財務管理的程序。Cost Management discipline does not replace the existing business teams, accounting practices, and procedures that are involved in your organization's financial management of IT-related costs. 此專業領域的主要目的是找出與 IT 支出有關的潛在雲端相關風險,並提供降低風險指導方針給負責部署和管理雲端資源的業務和 IT 小組。The primary purpose of this discipline is to identify potential cloud-related risks related to IT spending, and provide risk-mitigation guidance to the business and IT teams responsible for deploying and managing cloud resources.

本指引之主要適用對象為組織的雲端架構設計師和雲端治理小組的其他成員。The primary audience for this guidance is your organization's cloud architects and other members of your cloud governance team. 從此專業領域衍生的決策、原則和流程,應會涉及與您的業務和 IT 小組相關成員進行互動與討論,特別是那些負責擁有和管理雲端式工作負載並支付費用的領導人。The decisions, policies, and processes that emerge from this discipline should involve engagement and discussions with relevant members of your business and IT teams, especially those leaders responsible for owning, managing, and paying for cloud-based workloads.

Policy statementsPolicy statements

可操作的原則聲明和所產生的架構需求,均可做為成本管理專業領域的基礎。Actionable policy statements and the resulting architecture requirements serve as the foundation of a Cost Management discipline. 使用範例原則聲明作為定義成本管理原則的起點。Use sample policy statements as a starting point for defining your Cost Management policies.

警告

範例原則來自於常見的客戶體驗。The sample policies come from common customer experiences. 若要進一步使這些原則與特定雲端治理需求保持一致,請執行下列步驟,以建立符合您獨特商務需求的原則聲明。To better align these policies to specific cloud governance needs, execute the following steps to create policy statements that meet your unique business needs.

開發治理原則聲明Develop governance policy statements

下列步驟可協助您定義治理原則來控制環境中的成本。The following steps help you define governance policies to control costs in your environment.

     

範本圖示

成本管理專業領域範本:下載此範本以記錄成本管理專業領域。Cost Management discipline template: Download the template for documenting a Cost Management discipline.

風險圖示

商務風險:了解通常會與成本管理專業領域相關聯的動機與風險。Business risks: Understand the motives and risks commonly associated with the Cost Management discipline.

計量圖示

指標和度量:瞭解是否為投資成本管理專業領域的正確時機。Indicators and metrics: Indicators to understand whether it's the right time to invest in the Cost Management discipline.

遵循圖示

原則遵循流程:用以在成本管理專業領域中支援原則合規性的建議流程。Policy adherence processes: Suggested processes for supporting policy compliance in the Cost Management discipline.

成熟度圖示

成熟度:使雲端管理成熟度與雲端採用階段保持一致。Maturity: Align cloud management maturity with phases of cloud adoption.

工具鏈圖示

工具鏈:可實作來支援成本管理專業領域的 Azure 服務。Toolchain: Azure services that can be implemented to support the Cost Management discipline.

後續步驟Next steps

開始評估特定環境中的商務風險。Get started by evaluating business risks in a specific environment.