成本管理專業領域中的風險承受度度量和指標Risk tolerance metrics and indicators in the Cost Management discipline

瞭解如何量化與成本管理專業領域相關聯的商務風險承受度。Learn to quantify business risk tolerance associated with the Cost Management discipline. 定義計量和指標有助於建立商業案例,以投資此專業領域的成熟度。Defining metrics and indicators helps to create a business case for investing in the maturity of this discipline.

計量Metrics

成本管理通常著重于成本相關的計量。Cost management generally focuses on metrics related to costs. 在您的風險分析中,您會想要收集與目前和計畫的雲端工作負載相關的資料,以判斷您所面臨的風險,以及成本管理專業領域的重要投資如何針對您規劃的雲端部署。As part of your risk analysis, you'll want to gather data related to your current and planned spending on cloud-based workloads to determine how much risk you face, and how important investment in your Cost Management discipline is for your planned cloud deployments.

以下是您應該收集的實用計量範例,以協助您評估成本管理專業領域內的風險承受度:The following are examples of useful metrics that you should gather to help evaluate risk tolerance within the Cost Management discipline:

  • 年度費用: 雲端提供者所提供之服務的年度總成本。Annual spending: The total annual cost for services provided by a cloud provider.
  • 每月費用: 雲端提供者所提供之服務的每月總成本。Monthly spending: The total monthly cost for services provided by a cloud provider.
  • 預測與實際的比率: 比較預測和實際支出 (每月或每年) 的比率。Forecasted versus actual ratio: The ratio comparing forecasted and actual spending (monthly or annual).
  • 採用的步調 (每月) 比例: 雲端成本中從月到月的差異百分比。Pace of adoption (month-over-month) ratio: The percentage of the delta in cloud costs from month to month.
  • 累積成本: 從月底開始算起的每日總費用。Accumulated cost: Total accrued daily spending, starting from the beginning of the month.
  • 花費趨勢: 預算的費用趨勢。Spending trends: Spending trend against the budget.

風險承受度指標Risk tolerance indicators

在早期小規模部署期間(例如開發/測試或實驗性的第一個工作負載),成本管理的風險可能較低。During early small-scale deployments, such as dev/test or experimental first workloads, cost management is likely to be of relatively low risk. 隨著更多資產的部署,風險成長和企業的風險容忍可能會遭到拒絕。As more assets are deployed, the risk grows and the business's tolerance for risk is likely to decline. 此外,因為愈來愈多的雲端採用小組有能力將資產設定或部署至雲端,使得風險增加,而承受度降低。Additionally, as more cloud adoption teams are given the ability to configure or deploy assets to the cloud, the risk grows and tolerance decreases. 相反地,開發成本管理專業領域會讓來自雲端採用階段的人員部署更創新的技術。Conversely, developing a Cost Management discipline will take people from the cloud adoption phase to deploying more innovative technologies.

在雲端採用的早期階段,您會與企業一起判斷風險承受度基準。In the early stages of cloud adoption, you will work with your business to determine a risk tolerance baseline. 有了基準之後,您必須決定會觸發成本管理專業領域投資的準則。Once you have a baseline, you will need to determine the criteria that would trigger an investment in the Cost Management discipline. 這些準則可能會因為不同組織而有所差異。These criteria will likely be different for every organization.

當您發現業務風險後,您將與您的企業一起識別可用來識別觸發條件的基準,而這些觸發條件可能會提高這些風險。Once you have identified business risks, you will work with your business to identify benchmarks that you can use to identify triggers that could potentially increase those risks. 以下是一些範例,說明如何將計量(如上面所述)與您的風險基準容錯進行比較,以指出您的業務需要進一步投資成本管理。The following are a few examples of how metrics, such as those mentioned above, can be compared against your risk baseline tolerance to indicate your business's need to further invest in cost management.

  • 承諾用量導向 (最常見的) : 致力於消費 $x 的公司,這一年在雲端廠商上為 000000Commitment-driven (most common): A company that is committed to spending $x,000,000 this year on a cloud vendor. 他們需要成本管理專業領域,以確保業務不會超過20% 的費用目標,而且他們將會使用至少90% 的承諾用量。They need a Cost Management discipline to ensure that the business doesn't exceed its spending targets by more than 20%, and that they will use at least 90% of their commitment.
  • 百分比觸發程式: 具有雲端費用的公司,對其生產系統而言是穩定的。Percentage trigger: A company with cloud spending that is stable for their production systems. 如果這項變更超過 x%,則成本管理專業領域是明智的投資。If that changes by more than x%, then a Cost Management discipline is a wise investment.
  • 過度布建觸發程式: 相信其已部署解決方案的公司過度布建。Overprovisioned trigger: A company who believes their deployed solutions are overprovisioned. 成本管理是優先的投資,直到他們示範適當的布建和資產使用率調整為止。Cost management is a priority investment until they demonstrate proper alignment of provisioning and asset utilization.
  • 每月費用觸發程式: 在每個月使用超過 $x 000 的公司會被視為大小調整的成本。Monthly spending trigger: A company that spends over $x,000 per month is considered a sizable cost. 如果在指定的月份內支出超過該數量,就必須投資成本管理。If spending exceeds that amount in a given month, they will need to invest in cost management.
  • 年度費用觸發程式: 具有 IT R&D 預算的公司,可讓您在雲端測試上每年花費 $x (000)Annual spending trigger: A company with an IT R&D budget that allows for spending $x,000 per year on cloud experimentation. 他們可能會在雲端中執行生產工作負載,但如果預算未超過該數量,它們仍會被視為實驗性解決方案。They may run production workloads in the cloud, but they're still considered experimental solutions if the budget doesn't exceed that amount. 如果超過預算,則需要將預算視為生產投資,並密切地管理費用。If the budget is exceeded, they will need to treat the budget like a production investment and manage spending closely.
  • 營運 費用-不利 (不尋常的) : 以公司來說,他們的營運費用是厭惡,在部署開發/測試工作負載之前,將需要成本管理控制。Operating expense-adverse (uncommon): As a company, they're averse to operating expenses and will need cost management controls in place before deploying a dev/test workload.

下一步Next steps

使用 成本管理專業領域範本 ,記錄符合目前雲端採用方案的計量和容錯指標。Use the Cost Management discipline template to document metrics and tolerance indicators that align to the current cloud adoption plan.

查看範例成本管理原則,作為開始開發您專屬原則的起點,以解決符合您雲端採用方案的特定商務風險。Review sample Cost Management policies as a starting point to develop your own policies to address specific business risks aligned with your cloud adoption plans.