聚焦在移轉的成本控制機制Migration-focused cost control mechanisms

無論我們在技術小組中的角色為何,雲端都會對我們的工作方式帶來一些改變。The cloud introduces a few shifts in how we work, regardless of our role on the technology team. 成本就是這種改變的絕佳範例。Cost is a great example of this shift. 在過去,只有財務和 IT 領導階層才會關心 IT 資產的成本 (基礎結構、應用程式和資料)。In the past, only finance and IT leadership were concerned with the cost of IT assets (infrastructure, apps, and data). 雲端可讓每一位 IT 成員進行決策,並做出為使用者提供更佳支援的決策。The cloud empowers every member of IT to make and act on decisions that better support the end user. 不過,伴隨著這種能力的責任是,在做出這些決策時必須要有成本意識。However, with that power comes the responsibility to be cost conscious when making those decisions.

本文介紹可協助您在將工作負載遷移至 Azure 之前、期間和之後做出明智成本決策的工具。This article introduces the tools that can help make wise cost decisions before, during, and after migrating workloads to Azure.

本文介紹的工具包括:The tools in this article include:

  • Azure MigrateAzure Migrate
  • Azure 定價計算機Azure pricing calculator
  • Azure TCO 計算機Azure TCO calculator
  • Azure 成本管理 + 計費Azure Cost Management + Billing
  • Azure AdvisorAzure Advisor

要完成本文所述的程序,可能還需要與 IT 經理、財務部門或企業營運應用程式擁有者合作。The processes described in this article may also require a partnership with IT managers, finance, or line-of-business application owners.

在移轉任何資產 (基礎結構、應用程式或資料) 之前,您都有機會根據對這些資產觀察到的效能準則,來估計成本及調整大小。Prior to migration of any asset (infrastructure, app, or data), there is an opportunity to estimate costs and refine sizing based on observed performance criteria for those assets. 估計成本有兩個用途:它可實現成本控制,並且可提供檢查點以確保目前的預算可支應必要的效能需求。Estimating costs serves two purposes: it allows for cost control, and it provides a checkpoint to ensure that current budgets account for necessary performance requirements.

成本計算機Cost calculators

針對手動成本計算,可使用兩個便利的計算機,根據要移轉的工作負載架構來提供快速成本預估。For manual cost calculations, there are two handy calculators that can provide a quick cost estimate based on the architecture of the workload to be migrated.

這些手動成本計算機可單獨使用,以預測可能的支出和節省數額。These manual cost calculators can be used on their own to forecast potential spend and savings. 其也可以與 Azure Migrate 的成本預測工具搭配使用,以根據替代架構或效能限制適當調整成本期望。They can also be used in conjunction with the cost forecasting tools of Azure Migrate to adjust the cost expectations to fit alternative architectures or performance constraints.

Azure Migrate 計算Azure Migrate calculations

必要條件: 此索引標籤的其餘部分均假設讀者已在 Azure Migrate 中填入要移轉的資產集合 (基礎結構、應用程式和資料)。Prerequisites: The remainder of this tab assumes the reader has already populated Azure Migrate with a collection of assets (infrastructure, apps, and data) to be migrated. 先前關於評估的文章已介紹如何收集初始資料。The prior article on assessments provides instructions on collecting the initial data. 填入資料之後,請依照接下來的幾個步驟,根據收集到的資料來預估每月成本。Once the data is populated, follow the next few steps to estimate monthly costs based on the data collected.

Azure Migrate 會根據收集器和服務對應所擷取的資料來計算每月成本預估。Azure Migrate calculates monthly cost estimates based on data captured by the collector and Service Map. 下列步驟將會載入成本預估:The following steps will load the cost estimates:

  1. 瀏覽至入口網站中的 [Azure Migrate 評量]。Navigate to Azure Migrate assessment in the portal.
  2. 在專案的 [概觀] 頁面中,選取 [+ 建立評估]。In the project Overview page, select + Create assessment.
  3. 選取 [檢視全部] 以檢閱評量屬性。Select View all to review the assessment properties.
  4. 建立群組,並指定群組名稱。Create the group, and specify a group name.
  5. 選取您想要新增至群組的機器。Select the machines that you want to add to the group.
  6. 選取 [建立評估] 以建立群組和評估。Select Create assessment, to create the group and the assessment.
  7. 建立評估之後,在 [概觀] > [儀表板] 中檢視該評估。After the assessment is created, view it in Overview > Dashboard.
  8. 在入口網站瀏覽的 [評估詳細資料] 區段中,選取[成本詳細資料]。In the Assessment details section of the portal navigation, select Cost details.

產生的預估值 (如下圖所示) 可識別計算和儲存體的每月成本,這通常是雲端成本中最大的部分。The resulting estimate, pictured below, identifies the monthly costs of compute and storage, which often represent the largest portion of cloud costs.

成本詳細資料檢視

圖 1:此圖表顯示 Azure Migrate 中評估的成本詳細資料檢視。Figure 1: Diagram of the cost details view of an assessment in Azure Migrate.

其他資源Additional resources