定義您的標記策略Define your tagging strategy

將中繼資料標記套用到雲端資源時,您可以包含資源名稱中無法包含的資產相關資訊。When you apply metadata tags to your cloud resources, you can include information about those assets that couldn't be included in the resource name. 您可以使用該資訊來對資源執行更複雜的篩選和報告。You can use that information to perform more sophisticated filtering and reporting on resources. 建議您讓這些標記包含資源相關的工作負載或應用程式、營運需求和擁有權資訊等內容。You want these tags to include context about the resource's associated workload or application, operational requirements, and ownership information. IT 或業務小組可以使用這些資訊來尋找資源,或產生資源使用量和計費的相關報告。This information can be used by IT or business teams to find resources or generate reports about resource usage and billing.

您要套用至資源的標記,以及必要標記或選擇性標記的判定,會因為組織不同而有所差異。What tags you apply to resources and what tags are required or optional differs among organizations. 下列清單提供可捕捉資源重要內容和相關資訊的常見標記範例。The following list provides examples of common tags that capture important context and information about a resource. 請使用此清單作為建立您自有標記慣例的起點。Use this list as a starting point to establish your own tagging conventions.

建議標記的最小值Minimum suggested tags

下列標記將引導所有後續的雲端採用架構方法中的執行和流程。The following tags will guide implementation and processes in all subsequent Cloud Adoption Framework methodologies. 這些方法中的許多最佳作法會根據下列標記來示範雲端作業和治理的自動化。Many of the best practices in those methodologies demonstrate automation of cloud operations and governance based on the following tags.

標記名稱Tag Name 描述Description 索引鍵和範例值Key and example values
工作負載名稱Workload name 資源支援的工作負載名稱。Name of the workload the resource supports. WorkloadNameWorkloadName

  • ControlCharts
  • 資料分類Data classification 此資源所裝載資料的敏感度。Sensitivity of data hosted by this resource. DataClassificationDataClassification

  • Non-business
  • Public
  • General
  • Confidential
  • Highly confidential
  • 業務關鍵性Business criticality 資源或支援的工作負載的業務影響。Business impact of the resource or supported workload. 重要性Criticality

  • Low
  • Medium
  • High
  • Business unit-critical
  • Mission-critical
  • 業務單位Business unit 您公司的最上層部門,擁有資源所屬的訂用帳戶或工作負載。Top-level division of your company that owns the subscription or workload that the resource belongs to. 在小型組織中,此標記可能是單一公司或共用的頂層組織元素。In smaller organizations, this tag might represent a single corporate or shared top-level organizational element. BusinessUnitBusinessUnit

  • Finance
  • Marketing
  • Product XYZ
  • Corp
  • Shared
  • 作業承諾Operations commitment 為此工作負載或資源提供的作業支援層級。Level of operations support provided for this workload or resource. OpsCommitmentOpsCommitment

  • Baseline only
  • Enhanced baseline
  • Platform operations
  • Workload operations
  • 營運小組Operations team 小組負責每日作業。Team accountable for day-to-day operations. OpsTeamOpsTeam

  • Central IT
  • Cloud operations
  • ControlCharts team
  • MSP-{Managed Service Provider name}
  • 其他常見的標記範例Additional common tagging examples

    以下是在 Azure 中經常使用的一些標籤,以提升 Azure 資源使用量的可見度。The following are a number of tags commonly used across Azure to increase visibility into the usage of Azure resources.

    標記名稱Tag Name 描述Description 索引鍵和範例值Key and example values
    應用程式名稱Application name 如果工作負載是在多個應用程式或服務之間進行細分,則會增加資料細微性。Added granularity, if the workload is subdivided across multiple applications or services. ApplicationNameApplicationName

  • IssueTrackingSystem
  • 核准者名稱Approver name 負責核准此資源相關成本的人員。Person responsible for approving costs related to this resource. 核准者Approver

  • chris@contoso.com
  • 需要的/核准的預算Budget required/approved 配置給此應用程式、服務或工作負載的金額。Money allocated for this application, service, or workload. BudgetAmountBudgetAmount

  • $200,000
  • 成本中心Cost center 與此資源相關聯的會計成本中心。Accounting cost center associated with this resource. CostCenterCostCenter

  • 55332
  • 災害復原Disaster recovery 應用程式、工作負載或服務的業務關鍵性。Business criticality of the application, workload, or service. DRDR

  • Mission-critical
  • Critical
  • Essential
  • 專案的結束日期End date of the project 排定淘汰應用程式、工作負載或服務的日期。Date when the application, workload, or service is scheduled for retirement. 日期EndDate

  • 2023-10-15
  • 環境Environment 應用程式、工作負載或服務的部署環境。Deployment environment of the application, workload, or service. EnvEnv

  • Prod
  • Dev
  • QA
  • Stage
  • Test
  • 擁有者名稱Owner name 應用程式、工作負載或服務的擁有者。Owner of the application, workload, or service. 擁有者Owner

  • jane@contoso.com
  • 要求者名稱Requester name 要求建立此應用程式的使用者。User who requested the creation of this application. 要求者Requester

  • john@contoso.com
  • 服務類別Service class 應用程式、工作負載或服務的服務等級協定層級。Service level agreement level of the application, workload, or service. ServiceClassServiceClass

  • Dev
  • Bronze
  • Silver
  • Gold
  • 專案的開始日期Start date of the project 初次部署應用程式、工作負載或服務的日期。Date when the application, workload, or service was first deployed. 起始StartDate

  • 2020-10-15
  • 採取動作Take action

    請參閱 資源命名和標記決策指南Review the resource naming and tagging decision guide.

    下一步Next steps

    瞭解如何在 Azure 中的訂用帳戶之間移動資源群組和資產。Learn how to move resource groups and assets between subscriptions in Azure.