建立混合式雲端一致性Create hybrid cloud consistency

本文將引導您完成建立混合式雲端一致性的高階方法。This article guides you through the high-level approaches for creating hybrid cloud consistency.

混合式部署模型在移轉期間可以降低風險,並提供順暢的基礎結構轉換。Hybrid deployment models during migration can reduce risk and contribute to a smooth infrastructure transition. 在處理商務程序時,雲端平台可提供最高等級的彈性。Cloud platforms offer the greatest level of flexibility when it comes to business processes. 許多組織都遲疑移至雲端。Many organizations are hesitant to make the move to the cloud. 相反地,他們想要保留對其最敏感性資料的完整控制權。Instead, they prefer to keep full control over their most sensitive data. 可惜的是,內部部署伺服器不允許與雲端相同的創新率。Unfortunately, on-premises servers don't allow for the same rate of innovation as the cloud. 混合式雲端解決方案可提供雲端創新的速度,以及內部部署管理的控制權。A hybrid cloud solution offers the speed of cloud innovation and the control of on-premises management.

整合混合式雲端一致性Integrate hybrid cloud consistency

使用混合式雲端解決方案可讓組織調整運算資源。Using a hybrid cloud solution allows organizations to scale computing resources. 它也消除為了處理短期需求高峰而支出大規模資本的需求。It also eliminates the need to make massive capital expenditures to handle short-term spikes in demand. 對您的企業所做的變更,可以促使針對更敏感的資料或應用程式釋出本機資源的需求。Changes to your business can drive the need to free up local resources for more sensitive data or applications. 取消布建雲端資源更容易、更快速且成本更低。It's easier, faster, and less expensive to deprovision cloud resources. 您只需要為組織暫時使用的那些資源付費,而不需要購買及維護額外資源。You pay only for those resources your organization temporarily uses, instead of having to purchase and maintain additional resources. 這種方法可減少長時間可能維持閒置的設備數量。This approach reduces the amount of equipment that might remain idle over long periods of time. 混合式雲端運算提供雲端運算彈性、擴充性和成本效益的所有優點,並具備資料暴露風險的最低可能風險。Hybrid cloud computing delivers all the benefits of cloud computing flexibility, scalability, and cost efficiencies with the lowest possible risk of data exposure.

建立跨身分識別、管理、安全性、資料、開發和 DevOps 的混合式雲端一致性

圖1:跨身分識別、管理、安全性、資料、開發和 DevOps 建立混合式雲端一致性。Figure 1: Creating hybrid cloud consistency across identity, management, security, data, development, and DevOps.

真正的混合式雲端解決方案必須提供四個元件,其中每個元件都有顯著的優點:A true hybrid cloud solution must provide four components, each of which brings significant benefits:

  • 適用于內部部署和雲端應用程式的一般身分識別: 此元件提供使用者單一登入 (SSO) 至所有應用程式,以提升使用者的生產力。Common identity for on-premises and cloud applications: This component improves user productivity by giving users single sign-on (SSO) to all their applications. 它也可確保應用程式和使用者跨越網路或雲端界限時的一致性。It also ensures consistency as applications and users cross network or cloud boundaries.
  • 跨混合式雲端的整合式管理和安全性: 此元件提供您一致的方式來監視、管理及保護環境,進而提高可見度和控制能力。Integrated management and security across your hybrid cloud: This component provides you with a cohesive way to monitor, manage, and secure the environment, which enables increased visibility and control.
  • 適用于資料中心和雲端的一致資料平臺: 此元件會建立資料可攜性,並結合對內部部署和雲端資料服務的無縫存取,以深入瞭解所有資料來源。A consistent data platform for the datacenter and the cloud: This component creates data portability, combined with seamless access to on-premises and cloud data services for deep insight into all data sources.
  • 跨雲端和內部部署資料中心的統一開發和 DevOps: 此元件可讓您視需要在兩個環境之間移動應用程式。Unified development and DevOps across the cloud and on-premises datacenters: This component allows you to move applications between the two environments as needed. 提升開發人員生產力的原因,是因為兩個位置現在都有相同的開發環境。Developer productivity improves because both locations now have the same development environment.

以下是 Azure 透視圖中這些元件的一些範例:Here are some examples of these components from an Azure perspective:

  • Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) 可與內部部署 Active Directory 搭配使用,為所有使用者提供通用身分識別。Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) works with on-premises Active Directory to provide common identity for all users. 跨內部部署和透過雲端的 SSO 可讓使用者輕鬆安全地存取需要的應用程式與資產。SSO across on-premises and via the cloud makes it simple for users to safely access the applications and assets they need. 系統管理員可以管理安全性和治理控制項,也可以彈性地調整許可權,而不會影響使用者體驗。Admins can manage security and governance controls and also have the flexibility to adjust permissions without affecting the user experience.
  • Azure 提供雲端和內部部署基礎結構的整合式管理和安全性服務。Azure provides integrated management and security services for both cloud and on-premises infrastructure. 這些服務包含一組整合的工具,可用來監視、設定和保護混合式雲端。These services include an integrated set of tools that are used to monitor, configure, and protect hybrid clouds. 這種端對端的管理方法,專門解決組織考慮混合式雲端解決方案的真實世界挑戰。This end-to-end approach to management specifically addresses real-world challenges that face organizations considering a hybrid cloud solution.
  • Azure 混合式雲端提供通用工具,確保對所有資料的存取都是安全、順暢且有效率的。Azure hybrid cloud provides common tools that ensure secure access to all data, seamlessly and efficiently. Azure 資料服務結合 Microsoft SQL Server,以建立一致的資料平台。Azure data services combine with Microsoft SQL Server to create a consistent data platform. 一致的混合式雲端模型可讓使用者同時使用操作和分析資料。A consistent hybrid cloud model allows users to work with both operational and analytical data. 您可以在內部部署和雲端中提供相同的服務,以進行資料倉儲、資料分析和資料視覺效果。The same services are provided on-premises and in the cloud for data warehousing, data analysis, and data visualization.
  • Azure 雲端服務(結合 Azure Stack 內部部署)可提供統一的開發和 DevOps。Azure Cloud Services, combined with Azure Stack on-premises, provide unified development and DevOps. 跨雲端和內部部署的一致性表示 DevOps 團隊可以建立在任一環境中執行的應用程式,而且可以輕鬆地部署到正確的位置。Consistency across the cloud and on-premises means that your DevOps team can build applications that run in either environment and can easily deploy to the right location. 您也可以在混合式解決方案中重複使用範本,這可進一步簡化 DevOps 程式。You also can reuse templates across the hybrid solution, which can further simplify DevOps processes.

混合式雲端環境中的 Azure StackAzure Stack in a hybrid cloud environment

Azure Stack 是混合式雲端解決方案,可讓組織在其資料中心執行一致的 Azure 服務。Azure Stack is a hybrid cloud solution that allows organizations to run Azure-consistent services in their datacenter. 它提供與 Azure 公用雲端服務一致的簡化開發、管理和安全性體驗。It provides a simplified development, management, and security experience that's consistent with Azure public cloud services. Azure Stack 是 Azure 的延伸模組。Azure Stack is an extension of Azure. 您可以使用它從您的內部部署環境執行 Azure 服務,然後在必要時移至 Azure 雲端。You can use it to run Azure services from your on-premises environments and then move to the Azure cloud if and when required.

透過 Azure Stack,您可以使用相同的工具,並提供與 Azure 公用雲端相同的體驗,來部署和操作 IaaS 和 PaaS。With Azure Stack, you can deploy and operate both IaaS and PaaS by using the same tools and offering the same experience as the Azure public cloud. 不論是透過 Web UI 入口網站或 PowerShell,Azure Stack 的管理對於使用 Azure 的 IT 系統管理員和終端使用者都有一致的外觀與操作。Management of Azure Stack, whether through the web UI portal or through PowerShell, has a consistent look and feel for IT administrators and end users with Azure.

Azure 和 Azure Stack 針對面向客戶與內部的企業營運應用程式,開啟新的混合式使用案例:Azure and Azure Stack open up new hybrid use cases for both customer-facing and internal line-of-business applications:

  • 邊緣和中斷連線的解決方案。Edge and disconnected solutions. 若要解決延遲和連線需求,客戶可以在 Azure Stack 本機處理資料,然後在 Azure 中匯總資料以進一步分析。To address latency and connectivity requirements, customers can process data locally in Azure Stack and then aggregate it in Azure for further analytics. 它們可以在兩者之間使用通用應用程式邏輯。They can use common application logic across both. 許多客戶對於此 edge 案例都有興趣,例如工廠樓層、巡航出貨和內建的環境。Many customers are interested in this edge scenario across different contexts, like factory floors, cruise ships, and mine shafts.
  • 符合各種法規的雲端應用程式。Cloud applications that meet various regulations. 客戶可以在 Azure 中開發及部署應用程式,並具備完整的彈性,可在 Azure Stack 上部署內部部署,以符合法規或原則需求。Customers can develop and deploy applications in Azure, with full flexibility to deploy on-premises on Azure Stack to meet regulatory or policy requirements. 不需要變更程式碼。No code changes are needed. 應用程式範例包括全域稽核、財務報告、外匯交易、線上遊戲和費用報告。Application examples include global audit, financial reporting, foreign exchange trading, online gaming, and expense reporting. 客戶有時候會根據商務和技術需求,將相同應用程式的不同實例部署到 Azure 或 Azure Stack。Customers sometimes look to deploy different instances of the same application to Azure or Azure Stack, based on business and technical requirements. Azure 可滿足大部分的需求,而 Azure Stack 可視需要補充部署方法。While Azure meets most requirements, Azure Stack complements the deployment approach where needed.
  • 內部部署的雲端應用程式模型。Cloud application model on-premises. 客戶可以使用 Azure web 服務、容器、微服務和無伺服器架構來更新及擴充現有的應用程式,或建立新的應用程式。Customers can use Azure web services, containers, microservices, and serverless architectures to update and extend existing applications or build new ones. 您可以跨雲端中的 Azure 和內部部署的 Azure Stack,使用一致的 DevOps 程序。You can use consistent DevOps processes across Azure in the cloud and Azure Stack on-premises. 即使是核心任務關鍵性應用程式,應用程式現代化也有越來越大的興趣。There's a growing interest in application modernization, even for core mission-critical applications.

Azure Stack 透過兩種部署選項來提供現代化:Azure Stack is offered via two deployment options:

  • Azure Stack 整合式系統: Azure Stack 整合系統是透過 Microsoft 與硬體合作夥伴提供的解決方案,可讓您透過簡單的管理來提供雲端進度的創新。Azure Stack integrated systems: Azure Stack integrated systems are offered through Microsoft and hardware partners to create a solution that provides cloud-paced innovation balanced with simple management. 因為 Azure Stack 是以硬體和軟體的整合系統形式提供,所以您可以獲得彈性和控制,同時又採用雲端的創新。Because Azure Stack is offered as an integrated system of hardware and software, you get flexibility and control while still adopting innovation from the cloud. Azure Stack 整合系統的大小範圍為4到12個節點。Azure Stack integrated systems range in size from 4 to 12 nodes. 它們是由硬體合作夥伴與 Microsoft 共同支援。They're jointly supported by the hardware partner and Microsoft. 您可以使用 Azure Stack 整合系統,來為生產環境工作負載啟用新案例。Use Azure Stack integrated systems to enable new scenarios for your production workloads.
  • Azure Stack 開發套件: Microsoft Azure Stack 開發工具組是 Azure Stack 的單一節點部署。Azure Stack Development Kit: The Microsoft Azure Stack Development Kit is a single-node deployment of Azure Stack. 您可以使用它來評估和瞭解 Azure Stack。You can use it to evaluate and learn about Azure Stack. 您也可以使用套件作為開發人員環境,您可以在其中使用與 Azure 一致的 Api 和工具進行開發。You can also use the kit as a developer environment, where you can develop by using APIs and tooling that are consistent with Azure. Azure Stack 開發套件不適用於作為生產環境。The Azure Stack Development Kit isn't intended for use as a production environment.

Azure Stack 單一雲端生態系統Azure Stack one-cloud ecosystem

您可以使用完整的 Azure 生態系統來加速 Azure Stack 方案:You can speed up Azure Stack initiatives by using the complete Azure ecosystem:

  • Azure 可確保大部分已通過 Azure 認證的應用程式和服務都可在 Azure Stack 上運作。Azure ensures that most applications and services that are certified for Azure will work on Azure Stack. 有數個 Isv 將其解決方案擴充至 Azure Stack。Several ISVs are extending their solutions to Azure Stack. 這些 Isv 包括 Bitnami、Docker、Kemp 技術、Pivotal Cloud Foundry、Red Hat Enterprise Linux 和 SUSE Linux。These ISVs include Bitnami, Docker, Kemp Technologies, Pivotal Cloud Foundry, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, and SUSE Linux.
  • 您可以選擇讓 Azure Stack 提供這些解決方案,並以完全受控服務的方式運作。You can opt to have Azure Stack delivered and operated as a fully managed service. 數個合作夥伴很快就會在 Azure 和 Azure Stack 上提供受控服務供應專案。Several partners will have managed service offerings across Azure and Azure Stack shortly. 這些合作夥伴包括 Tieto、Yourhosting、Revera、Pulsant 和 NTT。These partners include Tieto, Yourhosting, Revera, Pulsant, and NTT. 這些合作夥伴會透過雲端解決方案提供者 (CSP) 方案,為 Azure 提供受控服務。These partners deliver managed services for Azure via the Cloud Solution Provider (CSP) program. 他們正在擴充其供應專案,以納入混合式解決方案。They're extending their offerings to include hybrid solutions.
  • 以完整且完全受控的混合式雲端解決方案作為範例,Avanade 提供了多項供應專案。As an example of a complete, fully managed hybrid cloud solution, Avanade delivers an all-in-one offer. 它包含雲端轉換服務、軟體、基礎結構、設定和設定,以及持續受管理的服務。It includes cloud transformation services, software, infrastructure, setup and configuration, and ongoing managed services. 如此一來,客戶就可以使用 Azure Stack,就像現在的 Azure 一樣。This way customers can consume Azure Stack just as they do with Azure today.
  • 提供者可為客戶建立端對端的 Azure 解決方案,協助加速應用程式現代化方案。Providers can help accelerate application modernization initiatives by building end-to-end Azure solutions for customers. 每個提供者都帶來深層的 Azure 技能、領域和產業知識,以及 DevOps 等程式專長。Each provider brings a deep Azure skill set, domain and industry knowledge, and process expertise such as DevOps. 每個 Azure Stack 的執行都是一個機會,可讓提供者設計解決方案和潛在客戶,並影響系統部署。Every Azure Stack implementation is an opportunity for a provider to design the solution and lead and influence system deployment. 他們也可以自訂包含的功能,並提供營運活動。They can also customize the included capabilities and deliver operational activities. 提供者的範例包括 Avanade、DXC、Dell EMC 服務、Infront 諮詢群組、HPE Pointnext 和 PWC (先前的 PricewaterhouseCoopers) 。Examples of providers include Avanade, DXC, Dell EMC Services, Infront Consulting Group, HPE Pointnext, and PWC (formerly PricewaterhouseCoopers).