Azure 客體 OS 版次與 SDK 相容性矩陣Azure Guest OS releases and SDK compatibility matrix

提供適用於雲端服務的最新 Azure 客體作業系統版次的最新資訊。Provides you with up-to-date information about the latest Azure Guest OS releases for Cloud Services. 此資訊協助您在客體 OS停用之前規劃升級路徑。This information helps you plan your upgrade path before a Guest OS is disabled. 如果您將角色設定成使用「自動」客體 OS 更新 (如 Azure 客體 OS 更新設定所述),就不一定要閱讀此頁面。If you configure your roles to use automatic Guest OS updates as described in Azure Guest OS Update Settings, it is not vital that you read this page.

重要

此頁面適用於客體作業系統上執行的雲端服務 Web 角色和背景工作角色。This page applies to Cloud Services web and worker roles, which run on top of a Guest OS. 不適用 於 IaaS 虛擬機器。It does not apply to IaaS Virtual Machines.

提示

請訂閱客體 OS 更新 RSS 摘要,以接收有關所有客體 OS 變更的最及時性通知。Subscribe to the Guest OS Update RSS Feed to receive the most timely notification on all Guest OS changes.

重要

僅支援最新 2 版的客體 OS,並可在 Azure 入口網站取得。Only the latest 2 versions of the Guest OS will be supported and available in the Azure portal.

不確定如何更新客體作業系統嗎?Unsure about how to update your Guest OS? 請查看這裡Check this out.

新聞更新News updates

2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019

12 月客體 OS 已發行。The December Guest OS has released.

2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018

11 月客體 OS 已發行。The November Guest OS has released.

2018 年 11 月 8 日November 8, 2018

10 月客體 OS 已發行。The October Guest OS has released.

2018 年 10 月 12 日October 12, 2018

9 月客體 OS 已發行。The September Guest OS has released.

2018 年 9 月 12 日September 12, 2018

8 月客體 OS 已發行。The August Guest OS has released.

2018 年 8 月 3 日August 3, 2018

7 月客體 OS 已發行。The July Guest OS has released.

2018 年 7 月 3 日July 3, 2018

6 月客體 OS 已發行。The June Guest OS has released.

版次Releases

系列 5 版次Family 5 releases

Windows Server 2016Windows Server 2016

安裝的 .NET Framework:3.5、4.6.2.NET Framework installed: 3.5, 4.6.2

注意

作業系統系列 5 的 RDP 密碼至少需要 10 個字元。The RDP password for OS family 5 must be a minimum of 10 characters.

組態字串Configuration string 發行日期Release date 停用日期Disable date
WA-GUEST-OS-5.26_201812-01WA-GUEST-OS-5.26_201812-01 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019 5.28 之後Post 5.28
WA-GUEST-OS-5.25_201811-01WA-GUEST-OS-5.25_201811-01 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018 5.27 之後Post 5.27
WA-GUEST-OS-5.24_201810-01WA-GUEST-OS-5.24_201810-01 2018 年 11 月 8 日November 8, 2018 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-5.23_201809-01WA-GUEST-OS-5.23_201809-01 2018 年 10 月 12 日October 12, 2018 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018
WA-GUEST-OS-5.22_201808-01WA-GUEST-OS-5.22_201808-01 2018 年 9 月 12 日September 12, 2018 2018 年 11 月 8 日November 8, 2018
WA-GUEST-OS-5.21_201807-02WA-GUEST-OS-5.21_201807-02 2018 年 8 月 3 日August 3, 2018 2018 年 10 月 12 日October 12, 2018
WA-GUEST-OS-5.20_201806-01WA-GUEST-OS-5.20_201806-01 2018 年 7 月 3 日July 3, 2018 2018 年 9 月 12 日September 12, 2018

系列 4 版次Family 4 releases

Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2

安裝的 .NET Framework:3.5、4.5.1.NET Framework installed: 3.5, 4.5.1

組態字串Configuration string 發行日期Release date 停用日期Disable date
WA-GUEST-OS-4.61_201812-01WA-GUEST-OS-4.61_201812-01 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019 4.63 之後Post 4.63
WA-GUEST-OS-4.60_201811-01WA-GUEST-OS-4.60_201811-01 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018 4.62 之後Post 4.62
WA-GUEST-OS-4.59_201810-01WA-GUEST-OS-4.59_201810-01 2018 年 11 月 8 日November 8, 2018 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-4.58_201809-01WA-GUEST-OS-4.58_201809-01 2018 年 10 月 12 日October 12, 2018 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018
WA-GUEST-OS-4.57_201808-01WA-GUEST-OS-4.57_201808-01 2018 年 9 月 12 日September 12, 2018 2018 年 11 月 8 日November 8, 2018
WA-GUEST-OS-4.56_201807-02WA-GUEST-OS-4.56_201807-02 2018 年 8 月 3 日August 3, 2018 2018 年 10 月 12 日October 12, 2018
WA-GUEST-OS-4.55_201806-01WA-GUEST-OS-4.55_201806-01 2018 年 7 月 3 日July 3, 2018 2018 年 9 月 12 日September 12, 2018

系列 3 版次Family 3 releases

Windows Server 2012Windows Server 2012

安裝的 .NET Framework:3.5、4.5.NET Framework installed: 3.5, 4.5

組態字串Configuration string 發行日期Release date 停用日期Disable date
WA-GUEST-OS-3.68_201812-01WA-GUEST-OS-3.68_201812-01 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019 3.70 之後Post 3.70
WA-GUEST-OS-3.67_201811-01WA-GUEST-OS-3.67_201811-01 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018 3.69 之後Post 3.69
WA-GUEST-OS-3.66_201810-01WA-GUEST-OS-3.66_201810-01 2018 年 11 月 8 日November 8, 2018 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-3.65_201809-01WA-GUEST-OS-3.65_201809-01 2018 年 10 月 12 日October 12, 2018 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018
WA-GUEST-OS-3.64_201808-01WA-GUEST-OS-3.64_201808-01 2018 年 9 月 12 日September 12, 2018 2018 年 11 月 8 日November 8, 2018
WA-GUEST-OS-3.63_201807-02WA-GUEST-OS-3.63_201807-02 2018 年 8 月 3 日August 3, 2018 2018 年 10 月 12 日October 12, 2018
WA-GUEST-OS-3.62_201806-01WA-GUEST-OS-3.62_201806-01 2018 年 7 月 3 日July 3, 2018 2018 年 9 月 12 日September 12, 2018

系列 2 版次Family 2 releases

Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1

安裝的 .NET Framework:3.5 (包含 2.0 和 3.0).NET Framework installed: 3.5 (includes 2.0 and 3.0)

組態字串Configuration string 發行日期Release date 停用日期Disable date
WA-GUEST-OS-2.81_201812-01WA-GUEST-OS-2.81_201812-01 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019 2.83 之後Post 2.83
WA-GUEST-OS-2.80_201811-01WA-GUEST-OS-2.80_201811-01 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018 2.82 之後Post 2.82
WA-GUEST-OS-2.79_201810-01WA-GUEST-OS-2.79_201810-01 2018 年 11 月 8 日November 8, 2018 2019 年 1 月 7 日January 7, 2019
WA-GUEST-OS-2.78_201809-01WA-GUEST-OS-2.78_201809-01 2018 年 10 月 12 日October 12, 2018 2018 年 12 月 14 日December 14, 2018
WA-GUEST-OS-2.77_201808-01WA-GUEST-OS-2.77_201808-01 2018 年 9 月 12 日September 12, 2018 2018 年 11 月 8 日November 8, 2018
WA-GUEST-OS-2.76_201807-02WA-GUEST-OS-2.76_201807-02 2018 年 8 月 3 日August 3, 2018 2018 年 10 月 12 日October 12, 2018
WA-GUEST-OS-2.75_201806-01WA-GUEST-OS-2.75_201806-01 2018 年 7 月 3 日July 3, 2018 2018 年 9 月 12 日September 12, 2018

MSRC 修補程式更新MSRC patch updates

這裡提供每月客體 OS 版次隨附的修補程式清單。The list of patches that are included with each monthly Guest OS release is available here.

SDK 支援SDK support

雖然 Azure SDK 的淘汰原則指出只支援 2.2 以上的版本,但特定客體 OS 系列仍允許您使用更舊的版本。Even though the retirement policy for the Azure SDK indicates that only versions above 2.2 are supported, specific Guest OS families allow you to use earlier versions. 您應該一律使用最新版本的支援 SDK。You should always use the latest supported SDK.

客體 OS 系列Guest OS family 相容的 SDK 版本Compatible SDK versions
55 版本 2.9.5.1+Version 2.9.5.1+
44 版本 2.1+Version 2.1+
33 版本 1.8+Version 1.8+
22 版本 1.3+Version 1.3+
11 版本 1.0+Version 1.0+

客體 OS 版次資訊Guest OS release information

有三個重要的客體 OS 版次日期:發行日期、停用日期,以及到期日期。There are three dates that are important to Guest OS releases: release date, disabled date, and expiration date. 客體 OS 在入口網站時會視為可用,且可以選擇作為目標客體 OS。A Guest OS is considered available when it is in the Portal and can be selected as the target Guest OS. 當客體 OS 觸達停用日期時,會從 Azure 中移除。When a Guest OS reaches the disabled date, it is removed from Azure. 不過,以該客體 OS 為目標的任何雲端服務將仍正常運作。However, any Cloud Service targeting that Guest OS will still operate as normal.

停用日期和到期日期之間的時間範圍,提供一個緩衝區,讓您可以輕鬆從一個客體 OS 轉換到到較新的客體 OS。The window between the disabled date and the expiration date provides you with a buffer to easily transition from one Guest OS to one newer. 如果您使用「自動化」 作為客體 OS,則一律會是最新版本,不必擔心過期問題。If you're using automatic as your Guest OS, you'll always be on the latest version and you don't have to worry about it expiring.

到期日期已過,任何仍在使用該客體 OS 的雲端服務將會遭到停止、刪除或強制升級。When the expiration date passes, any Cloud Service still using that Guest OS will be stopped, deleted, or forced to upgrade. 您可以從這裡閱讀更多有關淘汰原則的資訊。You can read more about the retirement policy here.

客體 OS 系列版本說明Guest OS family-version explanation

客體作業系統系列以 Microsoft Windows Server 的發行版本為基礎。The Guest OS families are based on released versions of Microsoft Windows Server. 客體作業系統是指執行 Azure 雲端服務的基礎作業系統。The Guest OS is the underlying operating system that Azure Cloud Services runs on. 每一個客體作業系統都有系列、版本和版次號碼。Each Guest OS has a family, version, and release number.

  • Guest OS familyGuest OS family
    是客體 OS 所根據的 Windows Server 作業系統版次。A Windows Server operating system release that a Guest OS is based on. 例如,「系列 3」 以 Windows Server 2012 為基礎。For example, family 3 is based on Windows Server 2012.
  • 客體 OS 版本Guest OS version
    客體 OS 系列映像特定,加上新客體 OS 版本產生當天可用的相關 Microsoft Security Response Center (MSRC) 修補程式。Specific to a Guest OS family image plus relevant Microsoft Security Response Center (MSRC) patches that are available at the date the new Guest OS version is produced. 不一定包含所有修補程式。Not all patches may be included.

    編號從 0 開始,每增加一組新的更新就加 1。Numbers start at 0 and increment by 1 each time a new set of updates is added. 必要時才會顯示尾端的零。Trailing zeros are only shown if important. 亦即,2.10 版是與 2.1 版不同且更新的版本。That is, version 2.10 is a different, much later version than version 2.1.

  • 客體 OS 版次Guest OS release
    是指客體 OS 版本的再發行版次。A rerelease of a Guest OS version. 如果 Microsoft 在測試期間發現問題而需要變更時,就會推出再發行版次。A rerelease occurs if Microsoft finds issues during testing; requiring changes. 最新的版次一律取代任何先前的版次,無論是否公開都一樣。The latest release always supersedes any previous releases, public or not. Azure 入口網站只允許使用者挑選特定版本的最新版次。The Azure portal will only allow users to pick the latest release for a given version. 視錯誤的嚴重性而定,通常不會強制升級舊版次上執行的部署。Deployments running on a previous release are usually not force upgraded depending on the severity of the bug.

在下列範例中,2 是系列,12 是版本,"rel2" 是版次。In the example below, 2 is the family, 12 is the version and "rel2" is the release.

客體作業系統版次 - 2.12 rel2Guest OS release - 2.12 rel2

此版次的組態字串 - WA-GUEST-OS-2.12_201208-02Configuration string for this release - WA-GUEST-OS-2.12_201208-02

客體作業系統的組態字串內嵌這項相同的資訊,還附上指出該版次考量哪些 MSRC 修補程式的日期。The configuration string for a Guest OS has this same information embedded in it, along with a date showing which MSRC patches were considered for that release. 在此範例中,針對 Widows Server 2008 R2 推出的 MSRC 修補程式 (達到且包含 2012 年 8 月) 已考量納入。In this example, MSRC patches produced for Windows Server 2008 R2 up to and including August 2012 were considered for inclusion. 只會包含明確適用於該 Windows Server 版本的修補程式。Only patches specifically applying to that version of Windows Server are included. 例如,如果某個 MSRC 修補程式適用於 Microsoft Office,則不會納入,因為該產品不是 Windows Server 基本映像的一部分。For example, if an MSRC patch applies to Microsoft Office, it will not be included because that product is not part of the Windows Server base image.

客體 OS 系統更新程序Guest OS system update process

此頁面包含即將推出的客體作業系統版次的相關資訊。This page includes information on upcoming Guest OS Releases. 客戶表示想要知道何時推出版次,因為他們的雲端服務角色如果設為「自動」更新,將重新啟動。Customers have indicated that they want to know when a release occurs because their cloud service roles will reboot if they are set to "Automatic" update. 在每月第二個星期二發行 MSRC 更新後,通常每 2-3 週才會推出客體 OS 版次。Guest OS releases typically occur 2-3 weeks after the MSRC update release that occurs on the second Tuesday of every month. 新版次包含每個客體作業系統系列的相關 MSRC 修補程式。New releases include all the relevant MSRC patches for each Guest OS family.

Microsoft Azure 正持續發行更新。Microsoft Azure is constantly releasing updates. 客體作業系統只是這過程中的一項更新。The Guest OS is only one such update in the pipeline. 影響版次的因素太多,無法在這裡完整列出。A release can be affected by many factors too numerous to list here. 此外,Azure 實際上是在成千上萬個電腦上執行。In addition, Azure runs on literally hundreds of thousands of machines. 這表示不可能指出您的角色重新啟動的確切日期和時間。This means that it's impossible to give an exact date and time when your role(s) will reboot. 我們正進行規劃來限制或控制重新開機時間。We are working on a plan to limit or time reboots.

新版次的客體作業系統發行時,需要一段時間才會完全傳播到整個 Azure。When a new release of the Guest OS is published, it can take time to fully propagate across Azure. 當服務更新到新的客體作業系統時,它們會重新啟動,讓更新網域生效。As services are updated to the new Guest OS, they are rebooted honoring update domains. 設為「自動」更新的服務會最先取得一個版次。Services set to use "Automatic" updates will get a release first. 更新之後,您在 Azure 入口網站中會看到您的服務列出新的客體作業系統版本。After the update, you’ll see the new Guest OS version listed for your service in the Azure portal. 此期間可能再度發行版次。Rereleases may occur during this period. 某些版本的部署期間可能很長,而且在官方發行日期之後,可能經過許多個星期都還不會進行自動升級重新啟動。Some versions may be deployed over longer periods of time and automatic upgrade reboots may not occur for many weeks after the official release date. 當客體作業系統推出時,您可以從入口網站或組態檔中明確地選擇該版本。Once a Guest OS is available, you can then explicitly choose that version from the portal or in your configuration file.

如需有關重新啟動的大量實用資訊,以及客體和主機 OS 更新的更多技術細節線索,請參閱標題為角色執行個體因作業系統升級而重新啟動 (英文) 的 MSDN 部落格文章。For a great deal of valuable information on restarts and pointers to more information technical details of Guest and Host OS updates, see the MSDN blog post titled Role Instance Restarts Due to OS Upgrades.

如果您手動更新客體 OS,請參閱客體 OS 淘汰原則以取得詳細資訊。If you manually update your Guest OS, see the Guest OS retirement policy for additional information.

客體 OS 支援能力和淘汰原則Guest OS supportability and retirement policy

如需客體 OS 可支援性和淘汰原則的說明,請參閱這裡The Guest OS supportability and retirement policy is explained here.