Cloudyn 入口網站中的可用報告Reports available in the Cloudyn portal

本文說明 Cloudyn 入口網站中所含 Cloudyn 報告的用途。This article describes the purpose of the Cloudyn reports that are included in the Cloudyn portal. 也會說明如何有效運用這些報告。It also describes how you can effectively use the reports. 大部分為直覺式的報告,具有一致的外觀及操作方式。Most reports are intuitive and have a uniform look and feel. 在一份報告中所能執行的動作,大部分也能在其他報告中執行。Most of the actions that you can do in one report, you can also do in other reports. 如需概略了解 Cloudyn 報告的使用方式 (包括如何自訂和儲存或排定報告),請參閱了解成本報告For an overview about how to use Cloudyn reports, including how to customize and save or to schedule reports, see Understanding cost reports.

「Azure 成本管理」提供與 Cloudyn 類似的功能。Azure Cost Management offers similar functionality to Cloudyn. 「Azure 成本管理」是原生的 Azure 成本管理解決方案。Azure Cost Management is a native Azure cost management solution. 它可協助您分析成本、建立及管理預算、匯出資料,以及檢閱最佳化建議並依據這些建議採取動作來節省成本。It helps you analyze costs, create and manage budgets, export data, and review and act on optimization recommendations to save money. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Azure 成本管理For more information, see Azure Cost Management.

注意

Cloudyn 即將在 2020 年底淘汰。Cloudyn is being deprecated by the end of 2020. 現有的 Cloudyn 功能會盡可能直接整合到 Azure 入口網站中。Existing Cloudyn features are being integrated directly into the Azure portal wherever possible. 除了 CSP 客戶以外,目前沒有任何新的客戶可以上線。With the exception of CSP customers, no new customers can onboard at this time. 現有產品在完全淘汰之前將保有其支援。Support for the existing product will remain until it is fully deprecated. 若要了解如何判斷 Azure 成本管理還是 Cloudyn 較符合您的成本管理需求,請參閱選擇 Azure 成本管理和 CloudynFor information about determining whether Azure Cost Management or Cloudyn is best for your cost management needs, see Choose between Azure Cost Management and Cloudyn.

報表類型Report types

Cloudyn 報告類型有三種:There are three types of Cloudyn reports:

  • 隨時間變化的報告。Over-time reports. 例如,隨時間變化的成本報告:For example, the Cost Over Time report. 隨時間變化的報告會按預先定義的解析,顯示出選定的時間間隔內依時間順序排列的資料,並顯示前兩個月的每週解析。Over-time reports show a time series of data over a selected interval with a predefined resolution and show a weekly resolution for last two months. 您可以使用分組和篩選功能來縮放至不同的資料點。You can use grouping and filtering to zoom in to various data points.
    • 隨時間變化的報告可有助於檢視趨勢,並偵測突增或異常的狀況。Over-time reports can help you view trends and detect spikes or anomalies.
  • 分析報告。Analysis reports. 例如,成本分析報告。For example, the Cost Analysis report. 這些報告會顯示出您所定義的某段時間內彙總的資料,並允許對資料進行分組和篩選。These reports show aggregated data over a period that you define and allow grouping and filtering on the data.
    • 分析報告有助於檢視突增情形,並判斷異常的根本原因,還可顯示資料的細目。Analysis reports can help you view spikes and determine anomaly root-causes and to show you a granular break-down of your data.
  • 表格式報告。Tabular reports. 能夠以表格形式檢視任何報告,但某些報告則是只能以表格形式檢視。You can view any report as a table, but some reports are viewed only as a table. 這些報告會提供詳細的項目清單。These reports provide you detailed lists of items.
    • 建議是以表格式報告呈現,無視覺效果可使用。Recommendations are tabular reports—there are no visualizations for recommendations. 不過,您可以將建議結果視覺化。However, you can visualize recommendation results. 例如,隨時間所節省下的量。For example, savings over time.
    • 表格式報告可作為動作清單,也可用於資料匯出,以供進一步處理。Tabular reports are useful as lists of actions or for data export for further processing. 例如,退款報告。For example, a chargeback report.

成本報告會顯示_實際_或_分攤_的成本。Cost reports show either actual or amortized costs.

實際成本報告會顯示所選時間範圍期間的付款。Actual cost reports display the payments made during the selected time frame. 舉例而言,像是購買保留執行個體 (RI) 這類一次性費用全部會在實際成本報告中顯示為成本突增。For example, all one-time fees such as reserved instance (RI) purchases are shown in actual cost reports as spikes in cost.

分攤成本報告會將一次性費用分攤給費用所適用的期間。Amortized cost reports spread one-time fees over a period to which they apply. 例如,購買 RI 的一次性費用會在保留期限平均分攤,而不會顯示為突增。For example, one-time fees for RI purchases are spread over the reservation term and are not shown as a spike. 只有藉由分攤檢視才能真正的趨勢,並進行成本預估。The amortized view is the only way to see true trends and make cost projections.

在某些情況下,分攤會以個別的報告顯示。In some cases, the amortization is presented as a separate report. 例如「成本分析」和「分攤成本分析」報告。Examples include the Cost Analysis and Amortized Cost Analysis reports. 在其他情況下,「成本配置」和「成本分析」這類報告會以分攤作為報告原則。In other cases, amortization is a report policy such as the Cost Allocation and Cost Analysis reports.

您可以安排定期遞交任何報告。You can schedule any report for periodic delivery. 成本報告可設定閾值,適合作為警示之用。Cost reports allow setting a threshold, so they're useful for alerts.

成本分析與成本配置Cost analysis vs. cost allocation

_成本分析_報告會顯示您雲端提供者的帳單資料。Cost analysis reports display billing data from your cloud providers. 您可以使用報告來群組並鑽研計費檔案中的各種資料區段。Using the reports, you can group and drill into various data segments itemized from the billing file. 報告可跨雲端廠商的未經處理帳單資料進行更細微的成本瀏覽。The reports enable granular cost navigation across your cloud vendor's raw billing data.

有些_成本分析_報表不會按照資源標記將成本分組。Some cost analysis reports don't group costs by resource tags. 而且在使用成本配置 360 建立成本模型來配置成本後,報告才會顯示標記型計費資訊。And, tag-based billing information only appears in reports after you allocate costs by creating a cost model using Cost Allocation 360.

使用成本配置 360 建立成本模型之後,您就可以使用_成本配置_報告。Cost allocation reports are available after you create a cost model using Cost Allocation 360. Cloudyn 會處理成本/帳單資料,並將資料與您雲端帳戶的使用量和標記資料進行「比對」 。Cloudyn processes cost and billing data and matches the data to the usage and tag data of your cloud accounts. 若要符合資料,Cloudyn 需要存取您的使用量資料。To match the data, Cloudyn requires access to your usage data. 如果您有缺少認證的帳戶,則這些帳戶會標示為_未分類的資源_。If you have accounts that are missing credentials, they are labeled as uncategorized resources.

儀表板Dashboards

Cloudy 中的儀表板可提供高階的報告檢視。Dashboards in Cloudy provide a high-level view of reports. 儀表板是由小工具所構成,而每個小工具基本上都是報告縮圖。Dashboards are made up of widgets and each widget is essentially a report thumbnail. 當您自訂報告時,您可將這些報告儲存到 [我的報告],而這些報告便會新增至儀表板。When you customize reports, you save them to My Reports and they're added to the dashboard. 如需儀表板的詳細資訊,請參閱透過儀表板檢視重要成本計量For more information about dashboards, see View key cost metrics with dashboards.

報告中的預算資訊Budget information in reports

許多 Cloudyn 報告在您手動建立報告之後都會顯示預算資訊。Many Cloudyn reports show budget information after you've manually created one. 因此必須先建立預算,報告才會顯示預算資訊。So reports won't show budget information until you create a budget. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱預算管理設定For more information, see Budget Management settings.

報告和報告功能Reports and reporting features

Cloudyn 包括下列報告和報告功能。Cloudyn includes the following reports and reporting features.

成本導覽報告Cost Navigator report

「成本導覽」報告可透過儀表板檢視畫面,快速檢視計費的耗用量。The Cost Navigator report is a quick way to view your billing consumption using a dashboard view. 其中有篩選條件和基本檢視的子集,可立即顯示組織成本的摘要檢視畫面。It has a subset of filters and basic views to immediately show a summarized view of organization's costs. 成本會依日期顯示。Costs are shown by date. 因為此報告旨在初步檢視成本,因此其彈性和完整度不如其他許多報告或您自行建立的自訂儀表板。Because the report is intended as an initial view of your costs, it's not as flexible or as comprehensive as many other reports or custom dashboards that you create yourself.

依照預設,報告中的主要檢視畫面會顯示:By default, major views in the report show:

  • 隨時間變化的成本 (顯示工作週橫條圖檢視畫面)。Cost over time showing a work week bar chart view. 您可以變更日期範圍來變更日期範圍橫條圖。You can change the Date Range to change date range bar chart.
  • 以圓形圖呈現的服務支出。Expenditures by service, using a pie chart.
  • 以圓形圖依標記呈現資源分類。Resource categorization by tags, using a pie chart.
  • 以圓形圖依成本實體呈現支出。Expenditures by cost entities, using a pie chart.
  • 以清單檢視畫面呈現各個日期的成本總計。Cost total, per date in a list view.

[Cost Analysis] (成本分析) 報表Cost Analysis report

「成本分析」報告會依據原則計算回報和退款。The Cost Analysis report is a calculation of showback and chargeback, based on your policy. 這份報告會將所有的配置規則套用到您的成本上,再彙總您在所選時間範圍內的雲端使用量。It aggregates your cloud consumption during a selected time frame, after having applied all allocation rules to your cost. 舉例而言,此報告會依標記計算成本,重新指派未標記的資源的成本,並對於保留執行個體選擇性配置使用量。For example, it calculates the costs by tags, reassigns the costs of untagged resources and optionally allocates the utilization of reserved instances.

成本配置 360 中設定的原則會用於「成本分析」報告中,並會將結果與雲端廠商未經處理資料中的資訊相結合。The policies set in Cost Allocation 360 are used in the Cost Analysis report and results are then combined with information from your cloud vendor's raw data.

此報告會如何進行計算?How is this report calculated? Cloudyn 服務會藉由套用「帳戶親和性」 ,確保配置會保留每個連結帳戶的完整性。The Cloudyn service ensures allocation retains the integrity of each linked account by applying account affinity. 親和性可確保非使用特定服務的帳戶不會有這項服務配置給它的任何成本。Affinity ensures an account that doesn't use a specific service doesn't have any costs of this service allocated to it. 該帳戶中累積的成本會保留在該帳戶中,且配置原則並不會加以計算。The costs accrued in that account remain in that account and are not calculated by the allocation policies. 例如,您可能有五個連結的帳戶。For example, you might have five linked accounts. 如果其中只有三個使用儲存體服務,儲存體服務的成本就只會在三個帳戶中跨標記加以配置。If only three of them use storage services, then the cost of storage services is only allocated across tags in the three accounts.

使用成本分析報告進行:Use the Cost Analysis report to:

  • 計算您組織的計費/回報Calculate your organization chargeback/showback
  • 將您的成本分類Categorize all your costs
  • 顯示特定時間範圍內整個部署的彙總檢視。Display an aggregated view of your entire deployment for a specific time frame.
  • 以成本模型中建立的原則作為基礎,依標記類別檢視成本。View costs by tag categories based on policies created in the cost model.

若要使用成本分析報告:To use the Cost Analysis report:

  1. 選取日期範圍。Select a date range.
  2. 視需要新增標記。Add tags, as needed.
  3. 新增群組。Add groups.
  4. 選擇您先前建立的成本模型。Choose a cost model that you created previously.

隨時間變化的成本報告Cost Over Time report

隨時間變化的成本報告會以時間序列顯示成本配置結果。The Cost over Time report displays the results of cost allocation as time series. 如此即可觀察趨勢,並偵測部署中的不合規行為。It allows you to observe trends and detect irregularities in your deployment. 基本上,它會顯示一段定義期間的成本分佈。It essentially shows costs distributed over a defined period. 此報告會包含主要成本參與者,包括持續成本和在所選時間範圍內耗費的一次性保留執行個體之費用。The report includes your main cost contributors including ongoing costs and one-time reserved instance fees that are being spent during a selected time frame. 這份報告使用的是成本管理員 360 中設定的原則。Policies set in Cost Allocation 360 are used in this report.

使用隨時間變化的成本報告進行:Use the Cost Over Time report to:

  • 請查看一段時間的變更,以及從一天 (或日期範圍) 到另一天哪些影響有所變更。See changes over time and which influences change from one day (or date range) to the next.
  • 分析特定執行個體一段時間的成本。Analyze costs over time for a specific instance.
  • 了解特定執行個體的成本為何增加。Understand why there was a cost increase for a specific instance.

若要使用隨時間變化的成本報告:To use the Cost Over Time report:

  1. 選取日期範圍。Select a date range.
  2. 視需要新增標記。Add tags, as needed.
  3. 新增群組。Add groups.
  4. 選擇您先前建立的成本模型。Choose a cost model that you created previously.
  5. 選取實際成本或分攤的成本。Select actual costs or amortized costs.
  6. 選擇是要套用配置規則來檢視未經處理的帳單資料檢視,還是要套用至重新計算的成本檢視。Choose whether to apply allocation rules to view raw billing data view or to recalculated cost view.

實際成本分析報告Actual Cost Analysis report

實際成本分析報告會顯示未修改的提供者成本。The Actual Cost Analysis report shows provider costs with no modifications. 其會顯示您主要的成本參與者,包括持續成本和一次性費用。It shows your main cost contributors, including ongoing costs and one-time fees.

您可以使用該報告檢視訂用帳戶的成本資訊。You can use the report to view cost information for your subscriptions. 在報告中,Azure 訂用帳戶會顯示為帳戶名稱帳戶號碼In the report, Azure subscriptions are shown as account name and account number. 連結的帳戶會顯示 AWS 訂用帳戶。Linked accounts show AWS subscriptions. 若要按照每個訂用帳戶成本檢視每個帳戶的細目,請在 [群組] 下選取您擁有的訂用帳戶類型。To view per subscription costs, a breakdown for each account, under Groups, select the type of subscription that you have.

使用實際成本分析報告進行:Use the Actual Cost Analysis report to:

  • 分析並監視指定時間範圍期間所花費的原始提供者成本。Analyze and monitor raw provider costs spent during a specified time frame.
  • 排程閾值警示。Schedule a threshold alert.
  • 分析您的帳戶與實體所產生的未修改成本。Analyze unmodified costs incurred by your accounts and entities.

隨時間變化的實際成本報告Actual Cost Over Time report

隨時間變化的實際成本報告是透過定義的時間解析,將成本分佈的標準成本分析報告。The Actual Cost Over Time report is a standard cost analysis report distributing cost over a defined time resolution. 此報告會顯示隨時間變化的花費,讓您能夠觀察趨勢,並偵測花費的審查。The report displays spending over time to allow you to observe trends and detect spending irregularities. 此報告會顯示主要成本參與者,包括持續成本和在所選時間範圍內耗費的一次性保留執行個體之費用。This report shows your main cost contributors including ongoing costs and one-time reserved instance fees that are being spent during a selected time frame.

使用隨時間變化的實際成本報告進行:Use the Actual Cost Over Time report to:

  • 請參閱隨時間變化的成本趨勢。See cost trends over time.
  • 尋找成本中的審查。Find irregularities in cost.
  • 尋找與雲湍提供者相關的所有成本相關問題。Find all cost-related questions related to cloud providers.

分攤的成本報告Amortized cost reports

這組分攤的成本報告會顯示以線性非使用量作為基礎的服務費用或單次應支付成本,並在其存留期間,隨時間平均分散其成本。This set of amortized cost reports shows linearized non-usage based service fees, or one-time payable costs and spread their cost over time evenly during their lifespan. 例如,一次性費用可能會包含:For example, one-time fees might include:

  • 每年的支援費用Annual support fees
  • 每年的安全性元件費用Annual security component fees
  • 保留執行個體購買費用Reserved Instances purchase fees
  • 一些 Azure Marketplace 項目Some Azure Marketplace items

在計費檔案中,當服務耗用量的開始和結束日期 (時間戳記) 具有相等值時,就會將一次性費用區分特性。In the billing file, one-time fees are characterized when the service consumption start and end dates (timestamp) have equal values. Cloudyn 服務會接著將其辨識為分攤的一次性費用。The Cloudyn service then recognizes them as one-time fees that are amortized. 而不會分攤包含隨需使用量成本而且以耗用量作為基礎的其他服務。Other consumption-based services with on-demand usage costs are not amortized.

分攤的成本報告包括:Amortized cost reports include:

  • 分攤成本分析Amortized cost analysis
  • 隨時間變化的分攤成本Amortized cost over time

[Cost Analysis] (成本分析) 報表Cost Analysis report

成本分析報告可讓您深入了解您的雲端耗用量,以及在所選時間範圍內的花費。The Cost Analysis report provides insight into your cloud consumption and spending during a selected time frame. 成本配置 360 中設定的原則會用於成本分析報告。The policies set in the Cost Allocation 360 are used in the Cost Analysis report.

Cloudyn 會如何計算此報告?How does Cloudyn calculate this report?

Cloudyn 會藉由套用「帳戶親和性」 ,確保配置會保留每個連結帳戶的完整性。Cloudyn ensures that allocation retains the integrity of each linked account by applying account affinity. 親和性可確保非使用特定服務的帳戶也不會有這項服務配置給它的任何成本。Affinity ensures an account that doesn't use a specific service also doesn't have any costs of this service allocated to it. 該帳戶中累積的成本會保留在該帳戶中,且配置原則並不會加以計算。The costs accrued in that account remain in that account and aren't calculated by the allocation policies. 例如,您可能有五個連結的帳戶。For example, you might have five linked accounts. 如果其中只有三個使用儲存體服務,儲存體服務的成本就只會在三個帳戶中跨標記加以配置。If only three of them use storage services, then the cost of storage services is only allocated across tags in the three accounts.

使用成本分析報告進行:Use the Cost Analysis report to:

  • 顯示特定時間範圍內整個部署的彙總檢視。Display an aggregated view of your entire deployment for a specific time frame.
  • 以成本模型中建立的原則作為基礎,依標記類別檢視成本。View costs by tag categories based on policies created in the cost model.

隨時間變化的成本報告Cost Over Time report

隨時間變化的成本報告會顯示一段時間的花費,讓您可以在部署中找出趨勢並注意不合規行為。The Cost Over Time report displays spending over time so you can spot trends and notice irregularities in your deployment. 基本上,它會顯示一段定義期間的成本分佈。It essentially shows costs distributed over a defined period. 此報告會包含主要成本參與者,包括持續成本和在所選時間範圍內耗費的一次性保留執行個體之費用。The report includes your main cost contributors including ongoing costs and one-time reserved instance fees that are being spent during a selected time frame. 這份報告使用的是成本管理員 360 中設定的原則。Policies set in Cost Allocation 360 are used in this report.

使用隨時間變化的成本報告進行:Use the Cost Over Time report to:

  • 請查看一段時間的變更,以及從一天 (或日期範圍) 到另一天哪些影響有所變更。See changes over time and which influences change from one day (or date range) to the next.
  • 分析特定執行個體一段時間的成本。Analyze costs over time for a specific instance.
  • 了解特定執行個體的成本為何增加。Understand why there was a cost increase for a specific instance.

自訂費用報告Custom Charges report

企業和 CSP 使用者通常會發現自己會將所新增的服務提供給其外部或內部的客戶,而自己本身也在消耗雲端資源。Enterprise and CSP users often find themselves providing added services to their external or internal customers, in addition to their own cloud resource consumption. 對於新增的服務或折扣 (以自訂明細項目新增至客戶的帳單或退款報告),您可以定義自訂費用。You define custom charges for added services or discounts that are added to customer's billing or chargeback reports as custom line items.

自訂服務費用可反映出帳單中一般不會顯示的服務。Custom service charges reflect services that aren't normally shown in a bill. 您建立的自訂費用則會顯示在成本報告中。The custom charges that you create are then shown in Cost reports.

自訂費用不是自訂定價Custom charges aren't custom pricing. 自訂費用清單不會顯示可能向您收取的不同費率。The list of custom charges doesn't show the different rates that you may be charging. 例如,AWS 帳單費用只會顯示所收取的費用。For example, AWS billing charges are displayed just as they are charged.

建立自訂費用:To create a custom charge:

  1. 在 [自訂費用] 中,按一下 [新增] 。In Custom Charges, click Add New. [新增自訂費用] 對話方塊隨即出現。The Add New Custom Charge dialog box is displayed.
  2. 在 [提供者名稱] 中,輸入提供者的名稱。In Provider Name, enter the name of the provider.
  3. 在 [服務名稱] 中,輸入服務的型別。In Service Name, enter the type of service.
  4. 在 [描述] 中,新增自訂費用的描述。In Description, add a description for the custom charge.
  5. 在 [型別] 中輸入選取的百分比,然後在 [服務] 下拉式清單中,選取要在成本報告中加入成為自訂費用的服務。In Type, enter the select Percentage and then in Services dropdown, select the services to include as custom charges in the cost reports.
  6. 在 [付款] 中,選取是一次性費用還是週期性費用。In Payment, select if the charge is a One-Time Fee or Recurring Fee. 如果費用是定期費用,但是您想要分攤這筆費用,請選取 [分攤],並選取月數。If the charge is a Recurring Fee, select Amortized if you want the charge to be amortized and select the number of months.
  7. 如果在 [日期] 中選取一次性費用,請在 [生效日期] 中,輸入支付費用的日期。In Dates, if a one-time fee is selected, in Effective Date, enter the date the charge is paid. 如果選取 [週期性費用],請輸入包括費用開始日期和結束日期的日期範圍。If Recurring Fee is selected, enter the date range including start date and the end date for the charge.
  8. 在 [實體] 樹狀結構中,選取您想要套用費用的實體,然後選取 [開啟] 。In the Entities tree, select the entities that you want to apply the charge to and then select On.

將費用指派給實體時,使用者無法變更費用。系統管理員新增到父實體的費用會處於唯讀狀態。When charges are assigned to an entity, users can't change them. Charges that are added by an administrator to a parent entity are read-only.

檢視自訂費用:To view custom charges:

自訂費用會顯示在成本報告中。Custom charges are shown in Cost reports. 例如,可開啟「實際成本分析」報告,然後在 [擴充篩選] 下選取 [獨立] 。For example, open the Actual Cost Analysis report, then under Extended Filters, select Standalone. 然後篩選以顯示 [自訂費用] 。Then filter to show Custom Charges.

成本配置 360Cost Allocation 360

您可以使用成本配置 360 建立自訂成本配置模型,將成本指派給已使用的雲端資源。You use Cost Allocation 360 to create custom cost allocation models to assign costs to consumed cloud resources. 許多報告都會顯示您使用自訂成本模型建立的自訂成本模型之中的資訊。Many reports show information from custom cost models that you've created with custom cost models. 而且,某些報告只會顯示您使用成本配置建立自訂成本模型之後的資訊。And, some reports only show information after you've created a custom cost model with cost allocation.

如需關於建立自訂成本模型的詳細資訊,請參閱教學課程:使用 Cloudyn 管理成本For more information about creating custom cost models, see Tutorial: Manage costs by using Cloudyn.

隨時間變化的成本和預算報告Cost vs. Budget Over Time report

在「隨時間變化的成本和預算」報告可讓您依據您的預算比較主要成本細項。The Cost vs. Budget Over Time report allows you to compare the main cost contributors against your budget. 指派的預算會在報告中出現,因此您可以檢視隨時間變化的預算號用量 (超過/不足/持平)。The assigned budget appears in the report so that you can view your (over/under/par) budget consumption over time. 使用預算報告頂端的 [顯示/隱藏欄位] 時,您可以檢視成本、預算、累積成本或總預算。Using Show/Hide Fields at the top of the report, you can select to view cost, budget, accumulated cost, and total budget.

當月預估成本報告Current Month Projected Cost report

「當月預估成本」報告會提供當月累計成本摘要的細項。The Current Month Projected Cost report provides insight into your current month-to-date cost summary. 此報告會顯示從月初的成本、從上個月的成本,以及當月預估總成本。This report displays your costs from the beginning of month, from the previous month, and the total projected cost for the current month. 當月預估成本的計算方式是最新每月成本以及依據過去 30 天內監視的成本進行的預估兩者的總和。The current month projected cost is calculated as sum of the up-to-date monthly cost and a projection based on the cost monitored in the last 30 days.

使用當月預估成本報告:Use the Current Month Projected Cost report to:

  • 依服務預估每月成本Project monthly costs by service
  • 依帳戶預估每月成本Project monthly costs by account

年度預估成本報告Annual Projected Cost report

「年度預估成本」報告可檢視根據先前支出趨勢預估的年度成本。The Annual Projected Costs report allows you to view annual projected costs based on previous spending trends. 報告中會顯示後續 12 個月的整體預估成本。It shows the next 12 months of overall projected costs. 預估值是以後續 12 個月所推斷的趨勢函數,根據過去 30 天的使用情況有關聯的成本來推算。The projections are made using a trend function extrapolated over the next 12 months, based on the costs associated with the last 30 days of usage.

預算管理設定Budget Management settings

預算管理可讓您設定會計年度的預算。Budget Management allows you to set a budget for your fiscal year.

若要將預算新增至實體:To add a budget to an entity:

  1. 在預算管理頁面上的 [實體] 下方,選取您要在其中建立預算的實體。On the Budget Management page, under Entities, select the entity where you want to create the budget.
  2. 在預算的年份中,選取您要建立預算的年份。In the budget year, select the year where you want to create the budget.
  3. 在每個月中設定您的預算,然後按一下 [儲存] 。In each month, set your budget and then and click Save.

匯入檔案作為每年的預算:To import a file for the annual budget:

  1. 在 [動作] 下方,選取 [匯出] 來下載作為預算基礎的空白 CSV 範本。Under Actions, select Export to download an empty CSV template to use as your basis for the budget.
  2. 將預算項目填入 CSV 檔案,並將它儲存在本機。Fill in the CSV file with your budget entries and save it locally.
  3. 選取 [動作] 下方的 [匯入] 。Under Actions, select Import.
  4. 選取您儲存的檔案,然後按一下 [確定] 。Select your saved file and then click OK.

若要將已完成的預算匯出為 CSV 檔案,按一下 [動作] 下方的 [匯出] 來下載檔案。To export your completed budget as a CSV file, under Actions, select Export to download the file.

完成時,您的預算會顯示在「成本分析」報告中,並顯示在「隨時間變化的成本和預算」報表中。When completed, your budget is shown in Cost Analysis reports and in the Cost vs. Budget Over Time report. 您也可以根據預算閾值來排程報告。You can also schedule reports based on budget thresholds.

Azure 資源總管報告Azure Resource Explorer report

「Azure 資源總管」報告會顯示 Cloudyn 中所有可用 Azure 資源的大量清單。The Azure Resource Explorer report shows a bulk list of all the Azure resources available in Cloudyn. 若要有效使用報告,您的 Azure 帳戶應先啟用擴充計量。To effectively use the report, your Azure accounts should have extended metrics enabled. 擴充計量可讓 Cloudyn 存取 Azure VM。Extended metrics provide Cloudyn access to your Azure VMs. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱新增 Azure 虛擬機器的擴充計量For more information, see Add extended metrics for Azure virtual machines.

隨時間變化的 Azure 資源報告Azure Resources Over Time report

「隨時間變化的 Azure 資源」報告會對於在特定期間內執行的所有資源顯示細目。The Azure Resources Over Time report shows a breakdown of all resources running over a specific period. 若要有效使用報告,您的 Azure 帳戶應先啟用擴充計量。To effectively use the report, your Azure accounts should have extended metrics enabled. 擴充計量可讓 Cloudyn 存取 Azure VM。Extended metrics provide Cloudyn access to your Azure VMs. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱新增 Azure 虛擬機器的擴充計量For more information, see Add extended metrics for Azure virtual machines.

執行個體總管報告Instance Explorer report

「執行個體總管」報告可用來檢視虛擬機器資產的各種計量。The Instance Explorer report is used to view various metrics for assets of your virtual machines. 您可以向下切入到特定執行個體來檢視資訊,例如:You can drill-into specific instances to view information such as:

  • 執行個體執行間隔Instance running intervals
  • 所選期間中的生命週期Life cycle in the selected period
  • CPU 使用率CPU utilization
  • 網路輸入Network input
  • 輸出流量Output traffic
  • 作用中磁碟Active disks

「執行個體總管」報告會收集定義的日期範圍之中的所有執行間隔,並據此彙總資料。The Instance Explorer report collects all running intervals within the defined date range and aggregates data accordingly. 若要檢視日期範圍內的每個執行中時間間隔,請展開執行個體。To view each of the running intervals during the date range, expand the instance. 每個執行個體的成本是根據 AWS 和 Azure 定價選取的日期範圍計算而得。The cost of each instance is calculated for the date range selected based on AWS and Azure list prices. 不適用任何折扣。No discounts are applied. 可以使用 [顯示/隱藏欄位] 新增更多報告欄位。You can add additional fields to the report using Show/Hide Fields.

使用「執行個體總管」報告:Use Instance Explorer report to:

  • 計算每台機器的預估成本。Calculate the estimated cost per machine.
  • 建立完整的清單,包括時間範圍內所有作用中機器的彙總執行時數。Create a full list, including aggregated running hours, of all machines that were active during a time range.
  • 依雲端服務提供者或帳戶建立清單。Create a list by cloud service provider or account.
  • 檢視時間範圍內建立或終止的機器。View machines created or terminated during a time range.
  • 檢視所有目前已停止的機器。View all currently stopped machines.
  • 檢視每台機器的標記。View the tags of each machine.

隨時間變化的執行個體報告Instances Over Time report

使用「隨時間變化的執行個體」報告,您可以看到選取的時間範圍內作用中機器的最大數目。Using the Instances Over Time report, you can see the maximum number of machines that were active each during the selected time range. 如果定義的解析是依週或依月,所得結果會是該週任何指定的當天作用中機器的最大數目。If the defined resolution is by week or month, results are the maximum number of machines active on any given day during that month. 選取日期範圍,即可選擇想在報告中顯示的篩選條件。Select a date range to select the filters that you want displayed in the report.

隨時間變化的執行個體使用率報告Instance Utilization Over Time report

此報告會顯示所有執行個體經過一段時間的 CPU 或記憶體使用率細目。This report shows a breakdown of CPU or memory use over time for all your instances.

隨時間變化的計算能力成本報告Compute Power Cost Over Time report

「隨時間變化的計算能力成本」報告會提供指定日期範圍內的計算能力細目。The Compute Power Over Time report provides a breakdown of compute power over a specified date range. 雖然其他報告會顯示執行中機器數目或執行階段時數,但是此報表所顯示的是核心時數、計算單位時數或 GB RAM 時數。Although other reports show the number of running machines or the runtime hours, this report shows Core hours, Compute unit hours, or GB RAM hours.

使用報告:Use the report to:

  • 檢查指定日期範圍內的計算能力。Check compute power within a specified date range.
  • 檢視以成本配置模型為基礎的計算時間。View compute times based on cost allocation models.

此報表是連結至您的成本配置 360 原則,因此會按照定義的標記和您選取的成本原則顯示結果。This report is linked to your Cost Allocation 360 policies so results are shown based on the defined tagging and policies your selected cost policy. 未建立任何原則時,則不會顯示結果。When you don't have a policy created, then results aren't shown.

隨時間變化的計算能力平均成本報告Compute Power Average Cost Over Time report

「隨時間變化的計算能力平均成本」報告不僅可用來檢視每台執行中機器的成本,You use the Compute Power Average Cost Over Time report to view more than just the cost of each running machine. 報告會顯示各個執行個體小時、核心小時、計算單位小時和 GB RAM 小時的平均成本。The report shows your average cost per instance hour, core hour, compute unit hour, and GB RAM hour. 其會深入剖析部署的效率。The report provides insight into the efficiency of your deployment.

此報表連結至您的成本配置 360 原則,因此會按照定義的標記和您選取的成本原則顯示結果。This report is linked to your Cost Allocation 360 policies so results are displayed based on the defined tagging and policies your selected cost policy. 未建立任何原則時,則不會顯示結果。When you don't have a policy created, then results aren't shown.

隨時間變化的 S3 成本報告S3 Cost Over Time report

「隨時間變化的 S3 成本」報告會提供指定時間範圍內經過一段時間後每個貯體的 Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) 成本細目。The S3 Cost Over Time report provides a breakdown of Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) costs per bucket over time for a specified time frame. 報告可供您找出主要成本驅動因素的貯體,並顯示 S3 使用量和費用的趨勢。The report helps you find the buckets that are your main cost drivers and it shows you trends in your S3 usage and spending.

S3 成本分佈報告S3 Distribution of Cost report

報告可用來依貯體和儲存型別分析過去一個月的 S3 成本。Use the report to analyze your S3 cost for the last month by bucket and storage class. 您可以使用圓形圖檢視來設定可見性閾值。You can use the pie chart view to set the visibility threshold. 或者,您也可以使用資料表檢視來查看小計。Or, you can use the table view to see subtotals.

S3 貯體屬性報告S3 Bucket Properties report

報告可用來檢視 S3 貯體屬性。Use the report to view S3 bucket properties. 您可以使用圓形圖檢視來設定可見性閾值。You can use the pie chart view to set the visibility threshold. 或者,您也可以使用資料表檢視來查看小計。Or, you can use the table view to see subtotals.

隨時間變化的 RDS 執行個體報告RDS Instances Over Time report

此報告可用來檢視指定期間內執行的所有 Amazon 關聯式資料庫服務 (RDS) 執行個體細目。Use the report to view a breakdown of all Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS) instances running during the specified period.

RDS 作用中執行個體報告RDS Active Instances report

此報告可用來分析 RDS 作用中執行個體。Use the report to analyze RDS active instances. 可在報告中,展開明細項目以檢視其他資訊。In the report, expand the line item to view additional information.

Azure 保留執行個體報告Azure Reserved Instances report

Azure 保留執行個體報告能在同一個畫面中檢視所有 Azure 保留執行個體。The Azure Reserved Instances report provides you with a single view of all your Azure reserved instances. 此報告會顯示每回購買的明細項目。This report displays each purchase as is its own line item. 報告也會顯示購買的帳戶、購買的類型和執行個體型別、剩餘天數等等的詳細資料。The report also shows details about that purchase such as the account that purchased it, the type of purchase and instance type, days remaining and so on. 您可以使用 [顯示/隱藏欄位] 顯示或隱藏報告資料。You can show or hide report data using Show/Hide Fields.

Azure 保留執行個體報告可用來檢視:Use the Azure Reserved Instances report to view:

  • 依購買日期列出的所有保留清單。A list of all reservations by purchase date.
  • RI 到期前的剩餘時間。Time remaining until the RI expires.
  • 一次性費用。One-time fees.
  • 購買 RI 的帳戶和購買時間。The account that purchased RIs, and when.

AWS 保留執行個體報告AWS Reserved Instances report

AWS 保留執行個體報告提供所有 AWS 保留執行個體的單一檢視。The AWS Reserved Instances report provides you with a single view of all AWS reserved instances. 此報告會顯示每次購買本身的明細項目,以及購買的帳戶、購買的類型和執行個體型別、剩餘天數等等的詳細資料。This report displays each purchase is its own line item and details about that purchase such as the account that purchased it, the type of purchase and instance type, days remaining and so on. 您可以使用 [顯示/隱藏欄位] 顯示或隱藏報告資料。You can show or hide report data using Show/Hide Fields.

AWS 保留執行個體報告可用來檢視:Use the AWS Reserved Instances report to view:

  • 依購買日期列出的所有保留清單。A list of all reservations by purchase date.
  • RI 到期前的剩餘時間。Time remaining until the RI expires.
  • 一次性費用。One-time fees.
  • 原始購買識別碼 (保留識別碼)。Original purchase ID (reservation ID).
  • 購買 RI 的帳戶和購買時間。The account that purchased RIs and when.

EC2 RI 購買建議報告EC2 RI Buying Recommendations report

雲端資源的使用基本上是隨需模式,其資源只有在使用後才會產生成本。The foundation of cloud resource consumption is the on-demand model, where resources incur cost only when used. 無需任何前期承諾費用,用多少付多少。There are no up-front commitments — you pay only for what you use, when you use it.

AWS 提供了一種彈性計算雲端 (EC2) 服務的替代定價模式 - 保留執行個體 (RI)。AWS offers an alternative pricing model for its Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) services — the reserved instance (RI). 此種定價模式,可確保使用者在 RI 期間,每當有所需要便有容量可用。This pricing model guarantees users the capacity whenever they need it for the duration of the RI. RI 會提供優於隨需定價的大幅價格折扣。The RI offers significant price discounts over on-demand pricing. 不過,使用者需要支付虛擬執行個體使用上的前期承諾費用。In return, users make an upfront commitment for the use of a virtual instance. 承諾費用端看於承諾期間 (一或三年) 內的特定系列、大小、可用性區域 (AZ) 和作業系統。The commitment is bound to a specific family, size, availability zone (AZ), and operating system, over the period of commitment (one or three years). RI 可以讓 AWS 有效率地規劃未來的容量,並且獲得客戶使用其服務的承諾。The RI allows AWS to efficiently plan future capacity, as well as to gain customer commitment to using its services.

RI 有三種付款選項,亦即全額預付:Three payment options for RIs, which are all-upfront:

  • 第 0 天的大量總和,提供最高的折扣Bulk sum at day 0, offering the highest discount
  • 無預付 - 在 RI 期間按月分期支付 RI 成本,不過折扣最低No upfront - in which the cost of RI is paid in monthly installments over the duration of the RI, offering the lowest discount
  • 部分預付,預付價格的 ¼-½,其餘按月分期支付,折扣較低,不過接近全額預付的折扣Partial upfront, in which ¼ - ½ of the price is paid up front, and the rest in monthly installments, with a discount rate that is lower, but close, to the all-upfront rate

Cloudyn 會評估過去 30 天每部機器的執行時間。Cloudyn evaluates the uptime of each machine for the last 30 days. 如果在目前的執行時間層級以 RI 執行機器更符合成本效益,Cloudyn 就會建議購買 RI。Cloudyn recommends buying RIs when it is more cost-effective to run the machine with an RI at the current uptime level.

報告會顯示一年中節省最多成本的建議原因。The report shows the justification for its recommendations to save the most money over the year. 建議是建議以 RI 取代隨需執行個體。The recommendations suggest replacing on-demand instances with RIs. 您可以直接從報告購買 RI。You can purchase RIs directly from the report.

每個索引標籤均可開啟成為完整報告。Each tab opens as a full report. 索引標籤中需要注意的區段包括:Notable sections in tabs include:

  • EC2 RI 購買影響 - 此區段模擬隨需與保留執行個體的差異。EC2 RI Purchase Impact - This section provides a simulation of the difference between on-demand vs reserved instances. 按一下 [放大] ,藉由已對於建議定義的篩選條件查看完整「EC2 RI 購買影響」報告。Click Zoom in, to see the full EC2 RI Purchase Impact report with the filters already defined to your recommendation. 此報告會顯示所有可能 RI 購買的購買影響。This report shows the purchase impact of all potential RI purchases. 您可以調整預期平均執行時間,以查看購買 EC2 保留執行個體時可能節省的成本。You can adjust the expected average uptime to see the potential saving when you purchase EC2 Reserved Instances.

  • 節省分析 - 此區段提供依循 Cloudyn 建議時可能達成的成本節省,以及實現節省的月份。Saving Analysis - This section provides the potential savings achieved and the month the savings are actualized when following Cloudyn recommendations. 實際節省的成本和節省的百分比會以紅色強調顯示。The actual savings and the percent saved are highlighted in red.

  • EC2 RI 類型比較 - 此區段強調 Cloudyn 之建議部署 (包括所有相關選項) 的投資報酬率重點。EC2 RI Type Comparison - This section emphasizes the ROI highlights of Cloudyn's recommended deployment, including all relevant options. 此報告中的結果是假設電腦在 100% 執行時間執行。The results in this report assume that the machine is running at 100% uptime. 按一下 [放大] 開啟詳細報告。Click Zoom In to open the detailed report.

  • 隨時間變化的執行個體 - 此區段顯示與建議、隨需、保留執行個體和付現相關聯的所有執行個體細目。Instances Over Time - This section displays a breakdown of all instances associated with the recommendation, OnDemand, Reserved Instances, and Spot. 按一下 [放大] 開啟詳細報告。Click Zoom In to open the detailed report.

  • 均分點 - 此區段以表格顯示所有可能的建議部署和投資報酬率發生時的月份。Breakeven Points - This section displays a table of all the possible recommended deployments and the ROI and the month when the ROI occurs. 按一下 [放大] 開啟詳細報告。Click Zoom In to open the detailed report.

隨時間變化的 EC2 保留報告EC2 Reservations Over Time report

「隨時間變化的 EC2 保留」報告會對於您購買的 EC2 RI 追蹤使用情況的狀態。The EC2 Reservations Over Time report tracks the status of your usage of your purchased EC2 RIs. 您可以將報告的解析設定為小時、天或週。You can set the resolution of the report to hour, day, or week.

使用報告:Use the report to:

  • 顯示購買後已使用和未使用的保留量。Display reservations purchased that are used and not used.
  • 向下切入到小時解析以查看每小時 RI 使用量。Drill in to the resolution by hour to see RI usage per hour.

隨時間變化的節省量報告Savings Over Time report

「隨時間變化的節省量」報告可檢視使用保留執行個體和付現執行個體所節省的成本。Use the Savings Over Time report to view the savings achieved using reserved instances as well as spot instances. 報告會顯示由於 RI 購買在經過一段時間後達成的投資報酬。The report shows the ROI achieved over time resulting from RI purchases.

若要檢視 RI 的節省成本,可按照價格模型將結果分組,然後選取 [保留] 。To view savings from RIs, group the results by Price Model and select Reservation. 若要特定帳戶或執行個體型別所達到的 RI 節省,可將相關的群組和篩選條件新增到帳戶或執行個體型別。To view RI savings achieved by a specific account or instance type, add the relevant grouping and filter to the account or instance type.

若要查看現付執行個體所達到的節省,請將 [價格模型] 篩選為 [現付] 。To see savings from Spot instance use, filter the Price Model to Spot. 此報告的預設篩選條件是 RI 和付現執行個體。The default filter for this report is RI and Spot Instances.

RDS RI 購買建議報告RDS RI Buying Recommendations report

「RDS RI 購買建議」報告會建議何時使用 RDS RI,而非隨需執行個體。RDS RI Buying Recommendations report recommends when to use RDS RIs instead of on-demand instances.

每個索引標籤均可開啟成為完整報告。Each tab opens as a full report. 索引標籤中需要注意的區段包括:Notable sections in tabs include:

  • RDS RI 購買影響 - 此區段模擬隨需與保留執行個體的差異。RDS RI Purchase Impact - This section provides a simulation of the difference between on demand vs reserved instances. 按一下 [放大] ,藉由已對於建議定義的篩選條件查看完整「RDS RI 購買影響」報告。Click Zoom in to see the full RDS RI Purchase Impact report with the filters already defined to your recommendation. 此報告會可讓您查看所有可能 RI 購買的購買影響。This report allows you to see the purchase impact of all potential RI purchases. 您可以調整預期的平均執行時間,並查看購買 RI 可能節省的成本。You can adjust the expected average uptime and see the potential saving by purchasing RIs.

  • 節省分析 - 此區段提供依循 Cloudyn 建議時可能達成的成本節省,以及實現節省的月份。Saving Analysis – This section provides the potential savings achieved and the month the savings are actualized when following Cloudyn recommendations. 實際節省的成本和節省的百分比會以紅色強調顯示。The actual savings and the percent saved are highlighted in red.

  • RDS RI 類型比較 - 此區段強調與建議部署有關的投資報酬率重點,包括所有相關的選項。RDS RI Type Comparison - This section emphasizes the ROI highlights of the recommended deployment, including all relevant options. 此報告中的結果是假設電腦在 100% 執行時間執行。The results in this report assume that the machine is running at 100% uptime. 按一下 [放大] 開啟所選機器的詳細報告。Click Zoom In to open the detailed report for the selected machine.

  • 隨時間變化的執行個體 - 此區段顯示與建議、隨需、保留執行個體和付現相關聯的所有執行個體細目。Instances Over Time – This section displays a breakdown of all instances associated with the recommendation, OnDemand, Reserved Instances, and Spot. 按一下 [放大] 開啟詳細報告。Click Zoom In to open the detailed report.

  • 均分點 - 此區段以表格顯示所有可能的建議部署和投資報酬率發生時的月份。Breakeven Points – This section displays a table of all the possible recommended deployments and the ROI and the month when the ROI occurs. 按一下 [放大] 開啟詳細報告。Click Zoom In to open the detailed report.

隨時間變化的 RDS 保留報告RDS Reservations Over Time report

「隨時間變化的 RDS 保留」報告可用來檢視指定期間已使用和未使用保留的細目。Use the RDS Reservation Over Time report to view a breakdown of both your used and unused reservations during the specified period.

保留執行個體購買影響報告Reserved Instance Purchase Impact report

「EC2 RI 購買影響」報告可讓您模擬經過一段時間的保留執行個體成本與隨選成本。The EC2 RI Purchase Impact report allows you to simulate reserved instance cost versus on-demand cost over time. 這有助於您做出更好的購買決定。It can help you make better purchasing decisions. 調整篩選條件,例如平均執行階段、字詞、平台等等,以便在您考慮 RI 購買時做出明智的決定。Adjust the filters such as average runtime, term, platform, and others to make informed decisions when you consider RI purchases.

符合成本效益的大小調整建議報告Cost-Effective Sizing Recommendations report

「符合成本效益的大小調整建議」報告提供 AWS 和 Azure 的結果。The Cost-Effective Sizing Recommendations report provides results for AWS and Azure. 對於 AWS 使用者,您的 RI 購買會納入考量,而且結果不包括以 RI 的身分執行的機器。For AWS users, your RI purchases are taken into consideration and the results don't include machines running as RI's. 此報告提供可縮減而減少使用量的執行個體清單。This report provides a list of underutilized instances that are candidates to downsize. 建議是以過去 30 天的使用情況和效能資料為基礎。Recommendations are based on your usage and performance data from the last 30 days. 每個建議都有可縮減的執行個體清單、縮減的理由,以及檢視執行個體完整詳細資料和效能計量的連結。In each recommendation is a list of candidates to downsize, the justification to downsize, and a link to view complete details and performance metrics of the instance. 另外相關建議也建議變更為較新的執行個體類型。And when relevant recommendations advise changing to newer generation instance types.

您無法從此報告下載建議縮減的執行個體識別碼清單。You can't download the list of instance IDs that are recommended to downsize from this report. 若要下載執行個體識別碼,可使用「所有大小調整建議」報告。To download Instance IDs, use the All Sizing Recommendations report.

考慮下列縮減範例:Consider the following downsizing example:

您有六個 m3.xlarge 執行中執行個體。You have six m3.xlarge running instances. Cloudyn 分析顯示其中五個的 CPU 使用率偏低。Cloudyn analysis shows that five of them have low CPU utilization. 請考慮縮減這幾個。Consider downsizing them.

「成本影響」會計算成本影響。In Cost Impact, the cost impact is calculated. 在此範例中,展開明細項目時,您可以看到一個 m3.xlarge 執行個體 (Linux/Unix) 成本的目前價格是每小時 0.266 美元,和一個 m3.large 執行個體 (Linux/Unix) 成本的目前價格是 每小時 0.133 美元。In this example, by expanding the line item, you can see the current price for one m3.xlarge instance (Linux/Unix) costs $0.266 per hour and one m3.large instance (Linux/Unix) costs $0.133 per hour. 因此,五個 m3.xlarge 執行個體在 100% 使用率下的每年成本是 11,651 美元。So, the annual cost is $11,651 for five m3.xlarge instances running at 100% utilization. 五個 m3.large 執行個體在 100% 使用率下的每年成本是 5,825 美元。The annual cost is $5,825 for five m3.large instances running at 100% utilization. 可能節省 5,825 美元。The potential savings are $5,825.

若要檢視符合成本效益的大小調整理由,請按一下 [+] 展開明細項目。To view cost-effective sizing justifications, click + to expand the line item. 在 [詳細資料] 中:In Details:

  • [建議理由] 區段會顯示目前的部署,以及建議縮減的執行個體數目。The Recommendation Justification section displays the current deployment and the number of instances recommended to downsize.
  • [成本影響] 區段會顯示判斷可能節省的成本所用的計算。The Cost Impact section displays the calculation used to determine potential savings.
  • [可能年度節省] 區段會顯示按照 Cloudyn 的建議縮減大小時,可能達成的年度節省。The Potential Annual Savings section displays the potential annual savings when downsizing per Cloudyn's recommendation.

所有大小調整建議報告All Sizing Recommendations report

此報告提供可縮減而減少使用量的執行個體清單。This report provides a list of underutilized instances that are candidates to downsize. 建議是以過去 30 天的使用情況和效能資料為基礎。The recommendations are based on your usage and performance data from the last 30 days. 在每個建議中,您可以檢視執行個體的完整詳細資料和效能計量。In each recommendation, you can view complete details and performance metrics of the instance.

如果您已購買 AWS 保留執行個體,此報告包含所有執行中執行個體 (包括以 RI 身分執行的執行個體) 的結果。If you've purchased AWS reserved instances, this report contains results for all running instances, including instances running as RIs.

所有大小調整建議報告可用來:Use the All Sizing Recommendations report to:

  • 查看可縮減的所有執行個體清單。See a list of all your instances that are candidates to downsize.
  • 匯出包含執行個體名稱和識別碼的報告清單。Export a report list containing Instance Names and IDs.

若要檢視特定執行個體的建議詳細資料,請按一下 + 展開詳細資料。To view recommendation details for a specific Instance, click + to expand the details. [建議詳細資料] 區段提供建議的概觀。The Recommendation Details section provides an overview of the recommendation.

[標記] 區段提供所選執行個體的標記索引鍵和值清單。The Tags section provides the list of the tag keys and values for the selected instance. 左窗格中的 [標記] 可用來篩選區段。Use Tags in the left pane to filter the section.

[CPU 使用率] 區段會提供執行個體在過去一個月中逐日的 CPU 使用率。The CPU Utilization section provides the CPU utilization for the instance over the last month, by day.

按一下圖表可向下切入並開啟「隨時間變化的執行個體 CPU」報告,以查看執行個體的細目。Click the graph to drill down and open the Instance CPU Over Time Report to see a breakdown of the instances.

  • 使用 [顯示/隱藏欄位] 來新增或移除欄位:時間戳記、平均 CPU、最小 CPU、最大 CPU。Use Show/Hide Fields to add or remove fields: Timestamp, Avg CPU, Min CPU, Max CPU.
  • 使用 [日期範圍] 輸入日期或日期範圍,並向下切入到特定的執行個體識別碼。Use Date Range to enter a date or date range and drill into a specific InstanceID.
  • 使用 [擴充篩選條件] 顯示所有或特定的執行個體識別碼Use Extended Filters to show all or a specific Instance ID
  • 按一下 [放大] 可開啟「CPU 使用率」報告Click Zoom in to open the CPU Utilization Report

如果長達 30 天未監視執行個體,則會顯示不完整的資料。If the instance hasn't been monitored for 30 days, incomplete data is shown.

[記憶體使用量 (GB)] 區段提供記憶體使用率的資訊。The Memory Utilization (GB) section provides information about the memory utilized. 對於 AWS 使用者,不會自動提供記憶體計量,需要透過 AWS 對於每個執行個體新增。For AWS users, memory metrics are not automatically available and need to be added per instance through AWS. AWS 會向您收費,以便啟用 EC2 執行個體的記憶體指標。AWS charges you to enable memory metrics for EC2 instances.

[記憶體使用量 (%)] 區段會顯示使用的記憶體百分比。The Memory Utilization (%) section displays the percent of memory used.

[網路輸入流量] 區段會顯示所選執行個體經過一段時間的網路流量、平均流量和最大流量快照集。The Network Input Traffic section displays a snapshot over time of the network traffic, average, and maximum, for the selected instance. 將滑鼠停留在線條上,可查看該段時間的日期和最大的流量。Hover over the lines to see the date and maximum traffic for that time. 按一下 [放大] 可開啟「網路輸入流量」報告。Click Zoom In to open the Network Input Traffic Report.

[網路輸出流量] 區段會顯示所選執行個體的網路輸出流量快照集。The Network Output Traffic section displays a snapshot of the network output traffic for the selected instance. 將滑鼠停留在線條上,可查看該段時間的日期和最大的流量。Hover over the lines to see the date and maximum traffic for that time. 按一下 [放大] 可開啟「網路輸出流量」報告。Click Zoom In to open the Network Output Traffic report.

執行個體計量瀏覽器報告Instance Metrics Explorer report

「執行個體計量瀏覽器」報告顯示每個執行個體的跨雲端效能計量。The Instance Metrics Explorer report shows cross-cloud performance metrics per instance. 該報告可用來檢視根據 CPU、記憶體和網路計量閾值呈現使用量過高或過低的執行個體。Use the report to view instances that are over or under-utilized based on CPU, memory, and network metric thresholds.

若要檢視每個執行個體的跨雲端效能:To view cross-cloud performance per instance:

  1. 在 [日期範圍] 中,選取您要檢視效能的日期範圍。In Date Range, select a date range for which you want to view performance.
  2. 在 [標記] 中,選取您要檢視的任何標記。In Tags, select any tags that you want to view.
  3. 在 [篩選條件] 中,選取您要在報告中顯示的篩選條件。In Filters, select the filters you want to display in the report.
  4. 在 [擴充篩選條件] 中,調整報告閾值:In Extended Filters, adjust the report thresholds for:
    • 平均 CPUAvg CPU
    • 最大 CPUMax CPU
    • 平均記憶體Avg Memory
    • 最大記憶體Max Memory
  5. 在 [擴充篩選條件] 中,按一下 [顯示] ,然後選取要顯示的執行個體型別。In Extended Filters, click Show and then select the type of instances to display.

若要檢視一段時間的特定執行個體計量:To view a specific instance's metrics over time:

  • 移至「執行個體計量瀏覽器」報告,然後按一下 + 檢視詳細資料。Go to the Instance Metrics Explorer report and click + to view details.

RDS 大小調整建議報告RDS Sizing Recommendations report

「RDS 大小調整建議」報告提供 RDS 大小調整建議,藉以達到最佳的雲端使用量。The RDS Sizing Recommendations report provides RDS sizing recommendations to optimize your cloud usage. 這提供可縮減而減少使用量的執行個體清單。It provides a list of underutilized instances that are candidates to downsize. Cloudyn 建議是以過去 30 天的使用情況和效能資料為基礎。Cloudyn recommendations are based on the usage and performance data of the last 30 days. 您可以依帳戶名稱、區域、執行個體行別和狀態篩選建議。You can filter recommendations by Account Name, Region, Instance Type, and Status.

大小調整閾值管理員報告Sizing Threshold Manager report

Cloudyn 內建的大小調整建議是使用複雜的演算法計算而得,可提供精確的大小調整建議。Cloudyn's built-in sizing recommendations are calculated using a complex algorithm to provide accurate sizing suggestions. 您可以調整縮減建議的閾值。You can adjust the thresholds for downsizing recommendations.

若要手動調整閾值大小調整建議:To manually adjust threshold sizing recommendations:

  1. 在 [大小調整鄰界值管理員] 中,調整下列的閾值:In Sizing Threshold Manager, adjust the following thresholds as you like:
    • 平均 CPU 百分比Average CPU %
    • 最大 CPU 百分比Maximum CPU %
    • 平均記憶體百分比Average Memory %
    • 最大記憶體百分比Maximum Memory %
  2. 按一下 [套用] 以儲存變更。Click Apply to save changes.
  3. 變更將立即套用到所有建議。Changes apply immediately to all your recommendations.

若要還原預設閾值:To restore default thresholds:

  • 在 [大小調整閾值管理員] 中,按一下 [還原預設值] 。In Sizing Threshold Manager, click Restore Defaults.

計算執行個體類型報告Compute Instance Types report

「執行個體類型」報告可用來:Use the Instance Types report to:

  • 檢視依服務、家族、API 名稱和名稱列出的執行個體類型。View instance types by Service, Family, API Name, and Name.
  • 檢視 CPU、ECU、RAM 和網路之類的詳細資料。View details such as CPU, ECU, RAM, and Network.

您可以使用 [搜尋] 尋找特定的明細項目。You can use Search to find specific line items.

後續步驟Next steps