了解成本管理資料Understand Cost Management data

本文將協助您深入了解 Azure 成本管理所包含的資料。This article helps you better understand what data is included in Azure Cost Management. 此外也說明處理、收集、顯示和關閉資料的頻率。And it explains how frequently data is processed, collected, shown, and closed. 您須按月支付使用 Azure 的費用。You're billed for Azure usage monthly. 不過,您的 Azure 訂用帳戶類型會決定您的計費月份於何時結束。However, your Azure subscription type determines when your billing month ends. 「成本管理」接收使用量資料的頻率會隨著不同的因素而改變。How often Cost Management receives usage data varies based on different factors. 這類因素包括處理資料所需的時間,以及 Azure 服務向計費系統發出使用量資料的頻率。Such factors include how long it takes to process the data and how frequently Azure services emit usage to the billing system.

成本的管理會包含所有的使用方式與購買項目,包括保留項目和 Enterprise 合約 (EA) 帳戶的第三方供應項目。Cost Management includes all usage and purchases, including reservations and third-party offerings for Enterprise Agreement (EA) accounts. Microsoft 客戶協議 (MCA) 帳戶和隨用隨付訂用帳戶只會包含從 Azure 與 Marketplace 服務的使用方式。Microsoft Customer Agreement (MCA) accounts and pay-as-you-go subscriptions only include usage from Azure and Marketplace services. 支援和其他成本不包含在內。Support and other costs are not included. 成本估計,直到產生發票並不會納入信用額度。Costs are estimated until an invoice is generated and do not factor in credits.

支援的 Microsoft 供應項目Supported Microsoft offers

下列資訊顯示 Azure 成本管理中目前支援的 Microsoft Azure 供應項目The following information shows the currently supported Microsoft Azure offers in Azure Cost Management. Azure 供應項目是您 Azure 訂用帳戶的類型。An Azure offer is the type of the Azure subscription that you have.

CategoryCategory 供應項目名稱Offer name Quota IDQuota ID 供應項目號碼Offer number
Azure GermanyAzure Germany Azure 德國預付型方案Azure Germany Pay-As-You-Go PayAsYouGo_2014-09-01PayAsYouGo_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-DE-0003PMS-AZR-DE-0003P
Azure GovernmentAzure Government Azure Government EnterpriseAzure Government Enterprise EnterpriseAgreement_2014-09-01EnterpriseAgreement_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-USGOV-0017PMS-AZR-USGOV-0017P
Enterprise 合約 (EA)Enterprise Agreement (EA) Enterprise 開發/測試Enterprise Dev/Test MSDNDevTest_2014-09-01MSDNDevTest_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0148PMS-AZR-0148P
Enterprise 合約 (EA)Enterprise Agreement (EA) Microsoft Azure EnterpriseMicrosoft Azure Enterprise EnterpriseAgreement_2014-09-01EnterpriseAgreement_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0017PMS-AZR-0017P
Microsoft 客戶合約Microsoft Customer Agreement Microsoft Azure PlanMicrosoft Azure Plan EnterpriseAgreement_2014-09-01EnterpriseAgreement_2014-09-01 N/AN/A
Microsoft 客戶合約Microsoft Customer Agreement Microsoft Azure 開發/測試的計劃Microsoft Azure Plan for Dev/Test MSDNDevTest_2014-09-01MSDNDevTest_2014-09-01 N/AN/A
Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN)Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) MSDN 平台MSDN Platforms MSDN_2014-09-01MSDN_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0062PMS-AZR-0062P
隨用隨付Pay-As-You-Go 隨用隨付Pay-As-You-Go PayAsYouGo_2014-09-01PayAsYouGo_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0003PMS-AZR-0003P
隨用隨付Pay-As-You-Go 隨用隨付開發/測試Pay-As-You-Go Dev/Test MSDNDevTest_2014-09-01MSDNDevTest_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0023PMS-AZR-0023P
隨用隨付Pay-As-You-Go Microsoft 合作夥伴網路Microsoft Partner Network MPN_2014-09-01MPN_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0025PMS-AZR-0025P
隨用隨付Pay-As-You-Go 免費試用版Free Trial FreeTrial_2014-09-01FreeTrial_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0044PMS-AZR-0044P
隨用隨付Pay-As-You-Go Azure in OpenAzure in Open AzureInOpen_2014-09-01AzureInOpen_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0111PMS-AZR-0111P
隨用隨付Pay-As-You-Go Azure 學生版Azure for Students AzureForStudents_2018-01-01AzureForStudents_2018-01-01 MS-AZR-0170PMS-AZR-0170P
隨用隨付Pay-As-You-Go Azure PassAzure Pass AzurePass_2014-09-01AzurePass_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0120P、MS-AZR-0122P - MS-AZR-0125P、MS-AZR-0128P - MS-AZR-0130PMS-AZR-0120P, MS-AZR-0122P - MS-AZR-0125P, MS-AZR-0128P - MS-AZR-0130P
Visual StudioVisual Studio Visual Studio Enterprise – MPNVisual Studio Enterprise – MPN MPN_2014-09-01MPN_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0029PMS-AZR-0029P
Visual StudioVisual Studio Visual Studio ProfessionalVisual Studio Professional MSDN_2014-09-01MSDN_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0059PMS-AZR-0059P
Visual StudioVisual Studio Visual Studio Test ProfessionalVisual Studio Test Professional MSDNDevTest_2014-09-01MSDNDevTest_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0060PMS-AZR-0060P
Visual StudioVisual Studio Visual Studio 企業版Visual Studio Enterprise MSDN_2014-09-01MSDN_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0063PMS-AZR-0063P
Visual StudioVisual Studio Visual Studio Enterprise:BizSparkVisual Studio Enterprise: BizSpark MSDN_2014-09-01MSDN_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0064PMS-AZR-0064P

下表顯示不支援的供應項目。The following table shows unsupported offers.

CategoryCategory 供應項目名稱Offer name Quota IDQuota ID 供應項目號碼Offer number
雲端解決方案提供者 (CSP)Cloud Solution Provider (CSP) Microsoft AzureMicrosoft Azure CSP_2015-05-01CSP_2015-05-01 MS-AZR-0145PMS-AZR-0145P
雲端解決方案提供者 (CSP)Cloud Solution Provider (CSP) Azure Government CSPAzure Government CSP CSP_2015-05-01CSP_2015-05-01 MS-AZR-USGOV-0145PMS-AZR-USGOV-0145P
雲端解決方案提供者 (CSP)Cloud Solution Provider (CSP) CSP 中適用於 Microsoft Cloud Germany 的 Azure GermanyAzure Germany in CSP for Microsoft Cloud Germany CSP_2015-05-01CSP_2015-05-01 MS-AZR-DE-0145PMS-AZR-DE-0145P
隨用隨付Pay-As-You-Go Azure for Students StarterAzure for Students Starter DreamSpark_2015-02-01DreamSpark_2015-02-01 MS-AZR-0144PMS-AZR-0144P
隨用隨付Pay-As-You-Go Microsoft Azure 贊助Microsoft Azure Sponsorship Sponsored_2016-01-01Sponsored_2016-01-01 MS-AZR-0036PMS-AZR-0036P
支援方案Support Plans 標準支援Standard support Default_2014-09-01Default_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0041PMS-AZR-0041P
支援方案Support Plans 專業指導支援Professional Direct support Default_2014-09-01Default_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0042PMS-AZR-0042P
支援方案Support Plans 開發人員支援Developer support Default_2014-09-01Default_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-0043PMS-AZR-0043P
支援方案Support Plans 德國支援方案Germany support plan Default_2014-09-01Default_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-DE-0043PMS-AZR-DE-0043P
支援方案Support Plans Azure Government 標準支援Azure Government Standard Support Default_2014-09-01Default_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-USGOV-0041PMS-AZR-USGOV-0041P
支援方案Support Plans Azure Government 專業指導支援Azure Government Pro-Direct Support Default_2014-09-01Default_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-USGOV-0042PMS-AZR-USGOV-0042P
支援方案Support Plans Azure Government 開發人員支援Azure Government Developer Support Default_2014-09-01Default_2014-09-01 MS-AZR-USGOV-0043PMS-AZR-USGOV-0043P

使用隨用隨付、MSDN 和 Visual Studio 供應項目類別的客戶,自 2018/10/02 起可在「成本管理」中取得資料。For customers with Pay-As-You-Go, MSDN, and Visual Studio offer categories, data is available in Cost Management starting from 10/02/2018. 若要存取您的訂用帳戶在 2018 年 10 月 02 日之前的資料,您可以使用Azure 帳戶中心若要下載您的使用量詳細資料的 CSV 檔案中,或者您可以使用使用情況詳細資料 APITo access data for your subscription before 10/02/2018, you can use the Azure Account Center to download your usage details in a CSV file or you can use the Usage Details API.

判斷您的供應項目類型Determine your offer type

如果您未看到訂用帳戶的資料,而您想要確認訂用帳戶是否屬於支援的供應項目,您可以驗證您的訂用帳戶是否受支援。If you don't see data for a subscription and you want to determine if your subscription falls under the supported offers, you can validate that your subscription is supported. 若要驗證 Azure 訂用帳戶是否受支援,請登入 Azure 入口網站To validate that an Azure subscription is supported, sign-in to the Azure portal. 然後,在左側功能表窗格中選取 [所有服務] 。Then select All Services in the left menu pane. 在服務清單中,選取 [訂用帳戶] 。In the list of services, select Subscriptions. 在訂用帳戶清單功能表中,按一下您要確認的的訂用帳戶。In the subscription list menu, click on the subscription that you want to verify. 您的訂用帳戶會顯示在 [概觀] 索引標籤上,您會看到 [供應項目] 和 [供應項目識別碼] 。Your subscription is shown on the Overview tab and you can see the Offer and Offer ID. 下圖說明一個範例。The following image shows an example.

顯示供應項目和供應項目識別碼的訂用帳戶概觀範例

包含在成本管理中的成本Costs included in Cost Management

下表顯示「成本管理」中包含或未包含的資料。The following tables show data that's included or isn't in Cost Management. 所有成本被都估計,直到產生發票。All costs are estimated until an invoice is generated. 顯示的成本不包含免費及預付點數。Costs shown do not include free and prepaid credits.

成本和使用量資料Cost and usage data

包含Included 未包含Not included
Azure 服務使用量1Azure service usage1 保留購買 – 如需詳細資訊,請參閱適用於 Azure 保留自動化的 APIReservation purchases – For more information, see APIs for Azure reservation automation.
Marketplace 供應項目使用方式2Marketplace offering usage2 Marketplace 購買 – 如需詳細資訊,請參閱第三方服務費用Marketplace purchases – For more information, see Third-party service charges.
支援費用 - 如需詳細資訊,請參閱發票條款說明Support charges - For more information, see Invoice terms explained.
稅金 - 如需詳細資訊,請參閱發票條款說明Taxes - For more information, see Invoice terms explained.
點數 - 如需詳細資訊,請參閱發票條款說明Credits - For more information, see Invoice terms explained.

1 Azure 服務使用量以保留和議定價格為基礎。1 Azure service usage is based on reservation and negotiated prices.

2 marketplace 供應項目使用方式不適用於隨用隨付、 MSDN、 與 Visual Studio 提供這一次。2 Marketplace offering usage is not available for Pay-As-You-Go, MSDN, and Visual Studio offers at this time.

MetadataMetadata

包含Included 未包含Not included
資源標記3Resource tags3 資源群組標記Resource group tags

3資源標記使用方式,就會發出每個服務會套用,而且無法追溯至歷程記錄的使用方式。3 Resource tags are applied as usage is emitted from each service and aren't available retroactively to historical usage.

評比使用量資料重新整理排程Rated usage data refresh schedule

成本與使用量資料可從 Azure 入口網站和支援 API 的 [成本管理 + 計費] 中取得。Cost and usage data is available in Cost Management + Billing in the Azure portal and supporting APIs. 檢閱成本時,請記住以下幾點:Keep the following points in mind as you review costs:

  • 目前計費期間的預估費用每天會更新 6 次。Estimated charges for the current billing period are updated six times per day.
  • 目前計費期間的預估費用可能隨著您產生更多使用量而變更。Estimated charges for the current billing period can change as you incur more usage.
  • 每次更新將持續累積,包含前次更新的所有明細項目和資訊。Each update is cumulative and includes all the line items and information from the previous update.
  • Azure 會在計費期間結束後的 72 小時 (三個日曆天) 內終止或_關閉_目前計費期間。Azure finalizes or closes the current billing period up to 72 hours (three calendar days) after the billing period ends.

下列範例說明計費期間的結束方式。The following examples illustrate how billing periods could end.

Enterprise 合約 (EA) 訂用帳戶 – 如果計費月份在 3 月 31 日結束,預估費用將會在 72 個小時內更新。Enterprise Agreement (EA) subscriptions – If the billing month ends on March 31, estimated charges are updated up to 72 hours later. 在此範例中,即 4 月 4 日午夜 (UTC)。In this example, by midnight (UTC) April 4.

隨用隨付訂用帳戶 – 如果計費月份在 5 月 15 日結束,預估費用將可在 72 個小時內更新。Pay-as-you-go subscriptions – If the billing month ends on May 15, then the estimated charges might get updated up to 72 hours later. 在此範例中,即 5 月 19 日午夜 (UTC)。In this example, by midnight (UTC) May 19.

重新評估的資料Rerated data

您是否使用成本管理 Api,Power BI 或 Azure 入口網站來擷取資料,預期取得重新分級,並因此變更,直到關閉的發票目前計費週期的費用。Whether you use the Cost Management APIs, Power BI, or the Azure portal to retrieve data, expect the current billing period's charges to get re-rated, and consequently change, until the invoice is closed.

使用量資料更新頻率不相同Usage data update frequency varies

您產生的使用量資料在成本管理中的可用性取決於某些因素,包括:The availability of your incurred usage data in Cost Management depends on a couple of factors, including:

  • Azure 服務 (例如儲存體、計算、CDN 和 SQL) 發出使用量資料的頻率。How frequently Azure services (such as Storage, Compute, CDN, and SQL) emit usage.
  • 透過評比引擎和成本管理管線處理使用量資料所花費的時間。The time taken to process the usage data through the rating engine and cost management pipelines.

某些服務會比其他服務更頻繁地發出使用量資料。Some services emit usage more frequently than others. 因此,您在「成本管理」中可能會看到某些服務的資料比其他發出資料頻率較低的服務更快出現。So, you might see data in Cost Management for some services sooner than other services that emit data less frequently. 服務的使用量通常需要 8-24 小時才會出現在「成本管理」中。Typically, usage for services takes 8-24 hours to appear in Cost Management. 請記住,在尚未結算的月份中,該資料會隨著您產生更多使用量而重新整理,因為更新會持續累積。Keep in mind that data for an open month gets refreshed as you incur more usage because updates are cumulative.

歷程記錄資料可能不符合發票Historical data might not match invoice

歷程記錄資料點數為基礎和預先付費供應項目可能不符合您的發票。Historical data for credit-based and pay-in-advance offers might not match your invoice. Azure 信用額度與套用到發票的進階的付款,可以有一些 Azure 隨用隨付、 MSDN 及 Visual Studio 供應項目。Some Azure Pay-As-You-Go, MSDN, and Visual Studio offers can have Azure credits and advanced payments applied to the invoice. 不過,在成本管理中所顯示的歷程記錄資料根據您的預估的耗用量費用只。However, the historical data shown in Cost Management is based on your estimated consumption charges only. 成本的管理歷程記錄資料不包含付款與信用額度。Cost Management historical data doesn't include payments and credits. 如此一來,使用下列供應項目所顯示的歷程記錄資料可能不符合完全與您的發票。As a result, the historical data shown for the following offers may not match exactly with your invoice.

  • MS-AZR-0029PMS-AZR-0029P
  • MS-AZR-0064PMS-AZR-0064P
  • MS-AZR-0170PMS-AZR-0170P
  • MS-AZR-0062PMS-AZR-0062P
  • MS-AZR-0123PMS-AZR-0123P
  • MS-AZR-0129PMS-AZR-0129P
  • MS-AZR-0044PMS-AZR-0044P
  • MS-AZR-0128PMS-AZR-0128P
  • MS-AZR-0120PMS-AZR-0120P
  • MS-AZR-0125PMS-AZR-0125P
  • MS-AZR-0059PMS-AZR-0059P
  • MS-AZR-0063PMS-AZR-0063P
  • MS-AZR-0060PMS-AZR-0060P
  • MS-AZR-0111PMS-AZR-0111P

請參閱See also

  • 如果您尚未完成成本管理的第一個快速入門,請在開始分析成本閱讀它。If you haven't already completed the first quickstart for Cost Management, read it at Start analyzing costs.