1. 將待處理專案指派給短期衝刺1. Assign backlog items to a sprint

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規劃短期衝刺的第一個步驟是將工作從待處理專案指派給短期衝刺。The first step in planning your sprint is to assign work from your backlog to a sprint. 您的小組會在短期衝刺規劃會議期間建立短期衝刺待處理專案,通常會保留在短期衝刺的第一天。Your team builds the sprint backlog during the sprint planning meeting, typically held on the first day of the sprint. 每個短期衝刺都對應到時間內建的間隔,以支援您的小組使用 Agile 程式和工具的能力。Each sprint corresponds to a time-boxed interval which supports your team's ability to work using Agile processes and tools. 在規劃會議期間,您的產品擁有者會與您的小組合作,以識別要在短期衝刺中完成的這些故事或待處理專案。During the planning meeting, your product owner works with your team to identify those stories or backlog items to complete in the sprint.

注意

您的專案隨附數個預先定義的短期衝刺。Your project comes with several predefined sprints. 您可以視需要快速地在待處理專案中新增更多衝刺。You can quickly add more sprints from your backlog as needed. 或者,變更預先定義之短期衝刺的日期。Or, change the dates of the predefined sprints. 若要深入瞭解短期衝刺(也稱為反覆運算),請參閱 關於區域和反覆運算To learn more about sprints, also referred to as iterations, see About areas and iterations.

以下是包含待處理專案的短期衝刺計畫範例,以及完成每個專案所需的工作。Here's an example of a sprint plan that consists of backlog items and the tasks required to complete each item. 藉由設定小組產能和預估工作,小組可以看到小組或小組成員處於或超過容量的時間。By setting team capacity and estimating tasks, the team can see when the team or a team member is at, under, or over capacity.

短期衝刺計畫,垂直導覽Sprint planning, vertical nav

短期衝刺計畫,水準導覽

在本文中,您將了解如何:In this article you'll learn how to:

  • 開啟您的產品待處理專案Open your product backlog
  • 將待處理專案指派給短期衝刺Assign backlog items to a sprint
  • 使用多重選取以大量更新工作專案Use multi-select to bulk update work items

規劃會議通常是由兩個部分所組成。Planning meetings typically consist of two parts. 在第一個部分中,小組和產品擁有者會根據先前衝刺的經驗,找出小組認為可在短期衝刺中完成的待處理專案(backlog)。In the first part, the team and product owner identify the backlog items that the team feels it can commit to completing in the sprint, based on experience with previous sprints. 這些專案會新增至短期衝刺待辦專案。These items get added to the sprint backlog. 在第二個部分中,您的小組會決定開發和測試每個專案的方式。In the second part, your team determines how it will develop and test each item. 然後,他們會定義和評估完成每個專案所需的工作。They then define and estimate the tasks required to complete each item. 最後,您的小組會根據這些估計值承諾執行部分或所有專案。Finally, your team commits to implementing some or all of the items based on these estimates.

注意

短期衝刺計畫不需要有挑戰性。Sprint planning doesn't need to be challenging. 整個 Scrum 團隊都可以輕鬆地建立友愛,方法是一起合作來回答「我們可以認可哪些專案?」的問題。It can be fun and a time for the entire Scrum team to build camaraderie by working together to answer the question of "What can we commit to?" 如需將短期衝刺計畫保持在焦點和有效的範例和策略,請參閱 什麼是 Scrum?For examples and strategies to keep your sprint planning focused and effective, check out the What is Scrum?.

當您完成短期衝刺計畫時,您的短期衝刺待處理專案應該包含小組在分配的時間內成功完成工作所需的所有資訊,而不需要結束。When you've completed your sprint plan, your sprint backlog should contain all the information your team needs to successfully complete work within the time allotted without having to rush at the end.

必要條件Prerequisites

當您建立專案或加入小組時,會自動建立待處理專案(backlog)。Backlogs are automatically created when you create a project or add a team. 每個小組都可以存取自己的產品、組合和短期衝刺待處理專案,如「 關於小組和敏捷式工具」中所述。Each team has access to their own product, portfolio, and sprint backlogs as described in About teams and Agile tools.

  • 您必須連接到專案。You must connect to a project. 如果您還沒有專案,請 建立一個專案。If you don't have a project yet, create one.
  • 您必須將專案加入至專案,做為 參與者project Administrators 安全性群組的成員。You must be added to a project as a member of the Contributors or Project Administrators security group. 若要加入,請 將使用者加入至專案或小組To get added, Add users to a project or team.
  • 若要加入或修改工作專案,您必須被授與專案關係 存取權或更高的許可權。To add or modify work items, you must be granted Stakeholder access or higher. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 關於存取層級For details, see About access levels.
  • 若要查看或修改工作專案,您必須 在此節點中使用 view 工作專案 ,並將 此節點許可權中的 [工作專案 ] 設定為 [ 允許]。To view or modify work items, you must have your View work items in this node and Edit work items in this node permissions set to Allow. 依預設, Contributors 群組具有此許可權集合。By default, the Contributors group has this permission set. 若要深入瞭解,請參閱 設定工作追蹤的許可權和存取權To learn more, see Set permissions and access for work tracking.

注意

具有公用專案之專案關係 存取權的使用者,就像是具有 基本 存取權的使用者,具有待辦專案和麵板功能的完整存取權。Users with Stakeholder access for a public project have full access to backlog and board features just like users with Basic access. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 關於存取層級For details, see About access levels.

  • 您必須連接到專案。You must connect to a project. 如果您還沒有專案,請 建立一個專案。If you don't have a project yet, create one.
  • 您必須將專案加入至專案,做為 參與者project Administrators 安全性群組的成員。You must be added to a project as a member of the Contributors or Project Administrators security group. 若要加入,請 將使用者加入至專案或小組To get added, Add users to a project or team.
  • 若要加入或修改工作專案,您必須被授與專案關係 存取權或更高的許可權。To add or modify work items, you must be granted Stakeholder access or higher. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 關於存取層級For details, see About access levels.
  • 若要查看或修改工作專案,您必須 在此節點中使用 view 工作專案 ,並將 此節點許可權中的 [工作專案 ] 設定為 [ 允許]。To view or modify work items, you must have your View work items in this node and Edit work items in this node permissions set to Allow. 依預設, Contributors 群組具有此許可權集合。By default, the Contributors group has this permission set. 若要深入瞭解,請參閱 設定工作追蹤的許可權和存取權To learn more, see Set permissions and access for work tracking.

開啟您小組的產品待處理專案Open your team's product backlog

注意

您的短期衝刺待處理專案是可供您使用的三種待處理專案類別之一。Your sprint backlogs are one of three classes of backlogs available to you. 如需每個待處理專案的支援功能以及兩種類型的面板的總覽,請參閱待處理專案 、面板和方案For an overview of the features supported on each backlog and the two types of boards, see Backlogs, boards, and plans.

如需規劃和追蹤工作的初學者指南,請參閱 開始使用 Agile 工具For a beginner's guide to planning and tracking work, see Get started with Agile tools.

從您的網頁瀏覽器開啟您的產品待處理專案(backlog)。From your web browser, open your product backlog.

  1. (1) 請確認您已選取正確的專案, (2) 選擇 [面板] > 待處理專案],然後 (3) 從 [team 選取器] 功能表中選取正確的小組。(1) Check that you have selected the right project, (2) choose Boards>Backlogs, and then (3) select the correct team from the team selector menu.

    開啟小組的工作、待處理專案(Backlog)Open Work, Backlogs, for a team

    若要選取其他待處理專案,請開啟選取器,然後選擇不同的小組,或選取 [ View 待 處理專案目錄] 選項。To select another backlog, open the selector and then choose a different team or select the View Backlog directory option. 或者,在 [搜尋] 方塊中輸入關鍵字,以篩選項目的小組待處理專案清單。Or, enter a keyword in the search box to filter the list of team backlogs for the project.

    選擇另一個小組Choose another team

    提示

    選擇 星號圖示,即可將小組待處理專案加入最愛。 加入最愛構件 ( 加入最愛圖示) 出現在 [team 選取器] 清單上方。

  2. 請確認您已選取 Agile) 的 案例 (、基本) 的 問題 (、Scrum (的 待處理專案) ,或 CMMI (做為待辦專案層級的 需求) 。Check that you have selected Stories (for Agile), Issues (for Basic), Backlog items (for Scrum), or Requirements (for CMMI) as the backlog level.

    選擇產品待處理專案層級、待處理專案、案例或需求Choose product backlog level, Backlog items, Stories, or Requirements

  3. (選擇性) 選擇應顯示的資料行和順序,請選擇 [ 動作] 圖示,然後選取 [資料 行選項]。 若要深入瞭解,請參閱 變更資料行選項To learn more, see Change column options.

    開啟資料行選項Open Column Options

  1. 從您的網頁瀏覽器開啟您的產品待處理專案(backlog)。From your web browser, open your product backlog. (1) 請確認您已選取正確的專案, (2) 選擇 [面板] > 待處理專案],然後 (3) 從 [team 選取器] 功能表中選取正確的小組。(1) Check that you have selected the right project, (2) choose Boards>Backlogs, and then (3) select the correct team from the team selector menu.

    開啟小組的工作、待處理專案(Backlog)

    若要選擇另一個小組,請開啟選取器並選取不同的小組,或選擇 [ 流覽所有小組待處理專案] 選項。 或者,您可以在 [搜尋] 方塊中輸入關鍵字,以篩選項目的小組待處理專案清單。Or, you can enter a keyword in the search box to filter the list of team backlogs for the project.

    選擇另一個小組Choose another team

    提示

    選擇 星號圖示,即可將小組待處理專案加入最愛。 加入最愛構件 ( 加入最愛圖示) 出現在 [team 選取器] 清單上方。

  2. 檢查您是否已針對 Scrum) 選取 (的 待處理專案 、敏捷式) 的 案例 (,或 CMMI (做為待辦專案層級的 需求) 。Check that you have selected Backlog items (for Scrum), Stories (for Agile), or Requirements (for CMMI) as the backlog level.

    選擇產品待處理專案層級、待處理專案、案例或需求Choose product backlog level, Backlog items, Stories, or Requirements

  3. (選擇性) 選擇應顯示的資料行和順序,請選擇 [ 動作] 圖示,然後選取 [資料 行選項]。 您可能會想要將反復專案路徑新增至出現在待處理專案上的資料行集合。You may want to add the Iteration Path to the set of columns that appear on your backlog. 若要深入瞭解,請參閱 變更資料行選項To learn more, see Change column options.

    開啟資料行選項Open Column Options

  1. 在您的網頁瀏覽器中,開啟您小組的產品待處理專案(backlog)。From your web browser, open your team's product backlog. (1) 從 [專案]/[小組] 選取器中選取小組、選擇 [ (2]) [工作]、[ (3) 待 處理專案],然後 (4) [產品待 處理 專案] ((Scrum) 的 待處理專案 (、AGILE) 的 案例 (或 CMMI) 的 需求(1) Select the team from the project/team selector, choose (2) Work, (3) Backlogs, and then (4) the product backlog, which is Backlog items (for Scrum), Stories (for Agile), or Requirements (for CMMI).

    開啟 [面板>待處理專案] 頁面Open the Boards>Backlogs page

    若要選擇另一個小組,請開啟專案/小組選取器,並選取不同的小組,或選擇 [ 流覽] 選項。To choose another team, open the project/team selector and select a different team or choose the Browse option.

    選擇另一個小組Choose another team

    為您的小組選取的短期衝刺集會顯示在左窗格中。The set of sprints selected for your team appears in the left pane. 如果您沒有看到任何列出的短期衝刺,則可以加入短期衝刺或選取現有的短期衝刺以供小組使用。If you don't see any sprints listed, you can add sprints or select existing sprints for your team's use. 若要深入瞭解,請參閱 定義短期衝刺To learn how, see Define sprints.

  2. (選擇性的) 選擇應顯示的資料行和順序,請選擇 [資料 行選項]。(Optional) To choose which columns should display and in what order, choose Column options. 您可能會想要將反復專案路徑新增至出現在待處理專案上的資料行集合。You may want to add the Iteration Path to the set of columns that appear on your backlog. 若要深入瞭解,請參閱 變更資料行選項To learn more, see Change column options.

將待處理專案指派給短期衝刺Assign work from your backlog to a sprint

在您開始規劃短期衝刺之前,您會想要先 建立、排定優先順序,並預估您的待辦專案。Before you start planning your sprint, you'll want to have created, prioritized, and estimated your backlog.

此外,您也會想要 設定短期衝刺的開始和結束日期Also, you'll want to have set the start and end dates for your sprint.

您可以透過從產品待處理專案到短期衝刺的拖放作業,快速地將工作專案指派給短期衝刺。You can quickly assign work items to a sprint through drag-and-drop from the product backlog to the sprint.

  1. 下一步是開啟 [規劃] 窗格。The next step is to open the Planning pane. 選擇 [ 視圖選項] 圖示,然後選取 [ 規劃]。 當您在進行時,請確定 家長預測 都已關閉。While you're at it, make sure Parents and Forecasting are Off. 您可以選擇將 進度專案 設定為 [開啟] 或 [關閉]。You can choose to set In Progress items to On or Off.

    面板>待處理專案>開啟視圖選項並選擇規劃Boards>Backlogs>Open view options and choose Planning

    為您的小組選取的一組短期衝刺隨即出現。The set of sprints selected for your team appears. 如果您沒有看到任何列出的短期衝刺,則可以加入短期衝刺或選取現有的短期衝刺以供小組使用。If you don't see any sprints listed, you can add sprints or select existing sprints for your team's use. 若要深入瞭解,請參閱 定義短期衝刺To learn how, see Define sprints.

  2. 您可以將專案從 處理專案拖放至短期衝刺。You can drag and drop items from the Backlog onto a sprint.

    注意

    [規劃] 窗格只會顯示目前的短期衝刺和清單中的未來10個衝刺(sprint),即使已經為小組選取了更多衝刺也是如此。The Planning pane will only show the current sprint and the next 10 future sprints in the list, even if more have been selected for the team.

    >待處理專案(Backlog)>將專案拖放到短期衝刺Boards>Backlogs>Drag-drop items onto sprint

  3. 從待處理專案中選取一個或多個專案,並將其拖曳至您所規劃的短期衝刺。Select one or more items from the backlog and drag them to the sprint you are planning. 此動作會將待處理專案的反復專案路徑及其任何子工作更新為您所選取的短期衝刺。This action will update the Iteration Path of the backlog items and any of its child tasks to the sprint you selected.

  4. 檢查短期衝刺視窗中所顯示的工作層級。Check the level of effort displayed in the sprint window. 當您將待處理專案指派給短期衝刺時,短期衝刺(sprint)視窗會以待處理專案(backlog)和工作數目的執行中計數,以及 計畫的投入 時間進行更新。As you assign backlog items to a sprint, the sprint window updates with a running tally of the number of backlog items and tasks, as well as the Planned Effort.

    產品待處理專案頁面,將工作專案拖曳到衝刺(sprint),或透過內容功能表指派給短期衝刺Product backlog page, drag work items to sprint or assign to sprint through the context menu

    規劃的工作 會針對指派給短期衝刺的待處理專案,提供所定義之所有 故事點數投入 時間的總和。Planned Effort provides a sum of all Story Points or Effort defined for backlog items assigned to the sprint. 這代表您的初步猜測是您的小組在短期衝刺中將能完成的工作。This represents your initial guess at what your team will be able to complete in the sprint. 接下來,您將定義工作、評估該工作,並使用小組的容量來確定它符合短期衝刺。Next, you'll define tasks, estimate that work, and use your team's capacity to make sure it fits in the sprint.

選取一或多個專案,並將其拖曳至其中一個列出的短期衝刺。Select one or more items and drag them to one of the listed sprints.

產品待處理專案頁面,將工作專案拖曳到衝刺(sprint),或透過內容功能表指派給短期衝刺Product backlog page, drag work items to sprint or assign to sprint through the context menu

使用多重選取以大量修改專案Use multi-select to bulk modify items

產品和短期衝刺待處理專案上的多重選取工作專案的運作方式,與在查詢結果中多重選取工作的方式相同。Multi-select of work items on the product and sprint backlogs works in the same way as multi-select works within query results.

有了多重選取,您可以一次對多個工作專案執行數個動作,例如:With multi-select, you can perform several actions on several work items at once, such as:

多選待處理專案工作專案需要 TFS 2015.1 或更新版本。Multi-select of backlog work items requires TFS 2015.1 or later version.

若要選取序列中的數個專案,請按住 shift 鍵。To select several items in a sequence, hold down the shift key. 若要選取數個非連續的專案,請使用 Ctrl 鍵。To select several non-sequential items, use the Ctrl key. 然後,您可以將選取的專案拖曳至待處理專案(backlog)中的新位置、不同的短期衝刺,或從內容 (內容圖示中選取一個選項,  ) 或 ( 其中一個專案的 [動作] ) 功能表。

若要深入瞭解,請參閱 大量修改工作專案To learn more, see Bulk modify work items.

接下來嘗試這個Try this next

既然您已定義衝刺計畫,您的小組就可以開始處理短期衝刺工作。Now that you've defined your sprint plan, your team's ready to begin work on the sprint tasks.

如果您需要加入或重新命名小組使用的短期衝刺,請參閱 定義反復專案 (短期衝刺) 路徑和設定小組反復專案If you need to add or rename the sprints your team uses, see Define iteration (sprint) paths and configure team iterations.

如果您的待處理專案未顯示您預期的工作專案,請參閱 設定您的待處理專案 & 面板。If your backlog doesn't show the work items you expect, see Setup your Backlogs & Boards.