定義反復專案路徑和設定小組反復專案Define iteration paths and configure team iterations

Azure Boards |Azure DevOps Server 2020 |Azure DevOps Server 2019 |TFS 2018-TFS 2013Azure Boards | Azure DevOps Server 2020 | Azure DevOps Server 2019 | TFS 2018 - TFS 2013

反復專案路徑支援執行 Scrum 的小組,或使用短期衝刺規劃來分組工作專案(根據時間間隔或短期衝刺)。Iteration paths support teams who implement Scrum or use sprint planning to group work items, based on a time-box interval or sprint. 您可以在專案層級定義反復專案路徑,然後每個小組都會選取要在小組設定內使用的路徑。You define iteration paths at the project level, and then each team selects the paths that they want to be active within the team configuration. 您可以建立一個平面反復專案路徑結構或路徑階層,以支援發行、subreleases 和短期衝刺。You can create a flat iteration path structure or a hierarchy of paths to support releases, subreleases, and sprints.

注意

區域路徑和反復專案路徑也稱為 分類節點Area paths and iteration paths are also referred to as Classification Nodes. 您可以透過 (REST API) 或 Azure DevOps CLI 命令 az 面板反復專案的分類節點,以程式設計方式管理它們。You can manage them programmatically via the Classification Nodes (REST API) or the Azure DevOps CLI command az boards iteration.

每個小組都可以存取許多敏捷式工具,如「 關於小組和敏捷式工具」中所述。Each team has access to many Agile tools, as described in About teams and Agile tools. 每個工具都會參考小組的預設區域路徑 (s) 。Each tool references the team's default area path(s). 有數個工具參考小組的預設和選取的反復專案路徑或短期衝刺。Several tools reference the team's default and selected iteration paths or sprints. 大部分的團隊都會選擇一個區域路徑和數個反復專案路徑,以支援其工作追蹤活動。Most teams choose one area path and several iteration paths to support their work tracking activities. 不過,若要支援其他案例,小組可能會選擇要出現在其待處理專案和麵板上的數個區域路徑。However, to support other scenarios, it's possible for teams to choose several area paths to appear on their backlogs and boards.

新建立的專案包含對應至專案名稱的單一根區域路徑。Newly created projects contain a single, root area path that corresponds to the project name. 您可以在此根下新增區域路徑。You add area paths under this root. 此外,每個專案通常會指定一組預先定義的反復專案路徑,以協助您開始追蹤您的工作。Also, each project typically specifies a predefined set of iteration paths to help you get started tracking your work. 您只需要指定日期。You only need to specify the dates.

重要

從 Azure DevOps 內容版本選取器中選取版本。

若要查看您的平臺可用的內容,請確定您是從位於目錄上方的版本選取器中選取正確的文章版本。To view the content available for your platform, make sure that you select the correct version of this article from the version selector which is located above the table of contents. 功能支援會因您是從 Azure DevOps Services 或 Azure DevOps Server 的內部部署版本(從 Team Foundation Server (TFS) 重新命名而定)而有所不同。Feature support differs depending on whether you are working from Azure DevOps Services or an on-premises version of Azure DevOps Server, renamed from Team Foundation Server (TFS).
若要瞭解您使用的內部部署版本,請參閱 我所使用的平臺/版本為何?To learn which on-premises version you are using, see What platform/version am I using?

必要條件Prerequisites

  • 若要加入專案的反復專案路徑,您必須是 [ Project Administrators ] 群組的成員。To add an iteration path to a project, you must be a member of the Project Administrators group. 如果您還沒有專案,請 立即建立一個專案。If you don't have a project yet, create one now.
  • 若要在根節點下加入反復專案路徑,或編輯或刪除任何子節點,您必須是 [ Project Administrators ] 群組的成員。To add an iteration path under the root node or to edit or delete any child node, you must be a member of the Project Administrators group. 如需取得這些許可權的詳細資訊,請參閱 在專案或集合層級設定許可權For more information about acquiring these permissions, see Set permissions at the project- or collection-level.
  • 若要加入、編輯和管理節點下的反復專案路徑,您必須將下列一或多個許可權設定為 [ 允許 ] 作為您要管理的節點: 建立子節點刪除此節點編輯此節點,以及 查看此節點的許可權To add, edit, and manage iteration paths under a node, you must have one or more of the following permissions set to Allow for the node that you want to manage: Create child nodes, Delete this node, Edit this node, and View permissions for this node. 依預設,建立專案的使用者會設定這些許可權。By default, the user who created the project has these permissions set. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 設定工作追蹤的許可權和存取權For more information, see Set permissions and access for work tracking.
  • 若要設定小組反復專案路徑,您必須 加入成為小組系統管理員Project Administrators 群組的成員。To set team iteration paths, you must be added as the team administrator or be a member of the Project Administrators group.

如需反復專案路徑命名限制的詳細資訊,請參閱 關於區域和反復專案的命名限制For more information about naming restrictions on iteration paths, see About areas and iterations, naming restrictions.

開始使用Get started

如果您不熟悉如何管理專案和小組,請完成下列步驟。If you're new to managing projects and teams, complete the following steps.

  1. 依照定義區域路徑中提供的指導方針來定義區域路徑和小組 ,並指派給小組Define the area paths and teams following the guidance provided in Define area paths and assign to a team.

  2. 判斷您想要支援的反復專案長度。Determine the length of the iteration you want to support. 建議的作法是讓所有小組都使用相同的短期衝刺步調。Recommended practice is to have all teams use the same sprint cadence. 如需指引,請參閱區域和反復專案的 相關資訊For guidance, review About areas and iterations.

  3. 判斷您是否想要平面化或階層的短期衝刺和發行。Determine if you want a flat structure or hierarchy of sprints and releases.

  4. 開啟 專案設定 > 專案 設定,並定義反復專案路徑以支援專案層級的步驟2和3。Open Project settings > Project configuration and define the iteration paths to support steps 2 and 3 at the project level. 遵循本文稍後提供的步驟:開啟 [ [專案設定]、專案設定 ] 和 [ [加入反復專案] 和 設定反復專案日期]。Follow the steps provided later in this article: Open Project Settings, Project configuration and Add iterations and set iteration dates.

  5. 開啟小組設定,並將預設和其他區域路徑 (s) 指派給每個小組。Open the team configuration and assign the default and additional area path(s) to each team. 遵循本文稍後提供的步驟:開啟 [ 小組設定 ],並 將 [小組預設反復專案路徑 (s]) Follow the steps provided later in this article: Open team settings and Set team default iteration path(s).

  6. 每個小組都應該將他們選取的預設反復專案路徑指派給他們的工作專案。Each team should assign the default iteration path they selected to their work items. 若要在其產品待處理專案和麵板上顯示這些工作專案,請這麼做。Do so for those work items to show up on their product backlogs and boards. 使用 大量修改 一次修改多個工作專案。Use bulk modify to modify several work items at once. 另請參閱 將待處理專案指派給短期衝刺See also Assign backlog items to a sprint. 您可以視需要在任何時間執行下列工作:As needed, you can do the following tasks at any time:

    • 新增其他子反復專案節點Add additional child iteration nodes
    • 重新命名反復專案路徑 (除了根路徑) Rename an iteration path (except the root path)
    • 移動另一個節點下的子反復專案路徑Move a child iteration path under another node
    • 刪除子反復專案路徑Delete a child iteration path
    • 變更指派給小組的預設和選取的反復專案路徑Change the default and selected iteration paths assigned to a team

待處理專案反復專案與預設反復專案Backlog iteration versus default iteration

小組可以設定與待處理專案反復專案不同的預設反復專案。Teams can set a default iteration different from the backlog iteration. 待處理專案反復專案會決定要在小組的待處理專案和麵板上顯示哪些專案。The backlog iteration determines which items appear on the team's backlogs and boards. 而且,預設反復專案會決定指派給從小組內容建立之工作專案的值。And, the default iteration determines what value is assigned to work items created from the team context.

您從小組內容建立的所有工作專案都會自動指派給小組的預設區域路徑和預設反復專案路徑。All work items that you create from your team context are automatically assigned both the team's default area path and default iteration path.

若是 TFS 2015 和更早版本,預設的反復專案會與待處理專案反復專案相同。For TFS 2015 and earlier versions, the default iteration is the same as the backlog iteration. 選取的值會篩選出現在小組待處理專案(backlog)和麵板上的專案,並將其指派給從小組內容建立的工作專案。The selected value filters items that appear on the team's backlogs and boards, and it's assigned to work items created from the team context.

開啟專案設定、列出專案反覆運算Open Project Settings, list project iterations

您可以從 專案設定 > 面板 > 專案設定 來定義專案的區域和反復專案。You define both areas and iterations for a project from the Project Settings > Boards > Project configuration.

您可以從 專案設定 內容的 工作 頁面定義區域和反覆運算。You define both areas and iterations from the Work pages of the Project Settings context. 您可以從使用者內容中選擇 [ 設定] 來開啟系統管理員內容

從入口網站開啟 [ 專案設定]。From the web portal, open Project Settings.

專案設定 面板專案設定為專案定義區域和反覆運算 > > ****。Define both areas and iterations for a project from the Project settings > Boards > Project configuration.

  1. 選擇 (1] ) 專案設定,視 需要展開 [ 面板],然後選擇 [ (2]) 專案 設定] 和 [ (3]) 反覆運算Choose (1) Project Settings, expand Boards if needed, and then choose (2) Project configuration and (3) Iterations.

    專案設定的螢幕擷取畫面,>Azure DevOps Server 2020 和開啟的>專案設定工作。Screenshot of Project Settings>Work>Project Configuration for Azure DevOps Server 2020 and on.

從入口網站開啟 [ 專案設定]。From the web portal, open Project Settings.

針對專案設定中的專案定義區域和反復專案 > 反覆運算Define both areas and iterations for a project from the Project configuration > Iterations.

  1. 從入口網站中,依序選擇 [專案設定] (1) 、[專案 設定 (2]) ,然後 (3) 。From the web portal, choose Project settings(1), select Project configuration(2), and then Iterations(3).

    專案設定的螢幕擷取畫面,>Azure DevOps Server 2019 的>專案設定工作。Screenshot of Project Settings>Work>Project Configuration for Azure DevOps Server 2019.

從入口網站中,選擇 [ 專案設定] 以開啟 [專案管理] 頁面。 然後 選擇 [ 反復專案]。Then, choose Iterations.

開啟 TFS 2018 及更早版本之專案管理頁面的螢幕擷取畫面。

新增反復專案和設定反復專案日期Add iterations and set iteration dates

您可以用加入區域的相同方式來加入反覆運算。You can add iterations in the same way that you add areas. 如需在短期衝刺步調內工作的詳細資訊,請參閱 Scrum 和短期衝刺規劃工具For more information about working within a sprint cadence, see Scrum and sprint planning tools.

  1. 專案設定 > 專案 設定 > 反覆運算 新增和修改區域路徑。Add and modify area paths from Project settings > Project configuration > Iterations.

    針對 Scrum 型專案,您會看到下列一組短期衝刺。For Scrum-based projects, you see the following set of sprints.

    專案設定內容、專案設定、反覆運算頁面的螢幕擷取畫面。

  2. 若要為您的小組所使用的每個短期衝刺排程開始和結束日期,請反白顯示短期衝刺,然後選擇 [ 設定日期]。To schedule the start and end dates for each sprint that your teams use, highlight the sprint and choose Set dates. 或者,您可以選取 [反復專案路徑] 的 動作 ,然後選擇 [ 編輯]。

    設定日期、預覽頁面。

  3. 選擇行事曆圖示來選取新的日期。Choose the calendar icon to select new dates.

    工作、反復專案頁面和行事曆圖示的螢幕擷取畫面,用於選取 Azure DevOps 2020 和開啟的新日期。

  4. 當您完成時,您會有一組排程的短期衝刺-類似下圖:When you're finished, you have a set of sprints scheduled - similar to the following image:

    Azure DevOps 2020 和 on 的工作、反復專案頁面、排程的短期衝刺集的螢幕擷取畫面。

    下一步是 選擇每個小組所使用的短期衝刺Your next step is to choose the sprints each team uses.

反復專案中,您 可以加入小組可以選取以供其使用的反復專案。From Iterations, you can add iterations that teams can then select for their use.

  1. 從 > 專案系統管理員或設定內容,加入和修改 [工作反復專案] 頁面中的區域路徑。Add and modify area paths from the Work > Iterations page from the project admin or settings context.

    針對 Scrum 型專案,您會看到下列一組短期衝刺。For Scrum-based projects, you see the following set of sprints.

    專案設定內容,工作,反覆運算頁面

  2. 若要為小組所使用的每個短期衝刺排程開始和結束日期,請反白顯示短期衝刺,然後選擇 [ 設定日期]。To schedule the start and end dates for each sprint your teams use, Highlight the sprint and choose Set dates. 或者,您可以選取 反復專案路徑的動作內容功能表,然後選擇 [編輯]。

    選擇行事曆圖示來選擇新日期。Choose the calendar icon to choose new dates.

    [工作]、[反復專案] 頁面和 [行事曆] 圖示的螢幕擷取畫面,可針對 Azure DevOps Server 2019 的新日期選擇。

  3. 當您完成時,您會有一組排程的短期衝刺,如下所示:When you're finished, you have a set of sprints scheduled - like this:

    Azure DevOps Server 2019 的工作、反復專案頁面、排程的短期衝刺集的螢幕擷取畫面。

    下一步是 選擇每個小組所使用的短期衝刺Your next step is to choose the sprints each team uses.

從 > 專案系統管理員或設定內容,加入和修改 [工作反復專案] 頁面中的區域路徑。Add and modify area paths from the Work > Iterations page from the project admin or settings context.

針對 Scrum 型專案,您會看到下列一組短期衝刺。For Scrum-based projects, you see the following set of sprints.

專案設定內容,工作,反覆運算頁面Project Settings Context, Work, Iterations page

  1. 若要為小組所使用的每個短期衝刺排程開始和結束日期,請反白顯示短期衝刺,然後選擇 [ 設定日期]。To schedule the start and end dates for each sprint your teams use, Highlight the sprint and choose Set dates. 或者,您可以選取 [反復專案路徑] 的 動作 ,然後選擇 [ 編輯]。

    選擇行事曆圖示來選擇新日期。Choose the calendar icon to choose new dates.

    [工作]、[反復專案] 頁面和 [行事曆] 圖示的螢幕擷取畫面,可在 TFS 2017 至2018中設定新日期Screenshot of Work, Iterations page, and calendar icon for setting new dates in TFS 2017 through 2018.

  2. 當您完成時,您會有一組排程的短期衝刺,如下所示:When you're finished, you have a set of sprints scheduled - like this:

    TFS 2017 到2018的工作、反復專案頁面、排程的短期衝刺集的螢幕擷取畫面。

    下一步是 選擇每個小組所使用的短期衝刺Your next step is to choose the sprints each team uses.

  1. 開啟專案內容的 [反復 專案] 索引 標籤。Open the Iterations tab for the project context.

    針對 Scrum 型專案,您會看到下列一組短期衝刺。For Scrum-based projects, you'll see the following set of sprints.

    小組反覆項目範例

    您可以變更樹狀結構階層內的名稱和位置,或設定任何短期衝刺的日期。You can change the name and location within the tree hierarchy, or set dates for any sprint. 開啟它 (按兩下或按 Enter 鍵) ,然後指定您要的資訊。Open it (double-click or press Enter key) and specify the information that you want.

  2. 排程您打算使用之短期衝刺的開始和結束日期。Schedule the start and end dates for those sprints you plan to use.

    定義衝刺 (Sprint) 的開始和結束日期

    在您設定一個反復專案的開始和結束日期之後,行事曆工具會自動嘗試設定下一組日期。After you set the start and end dates for one iteration, the calendar tool automatically attempts to set the next set of dates. 行事曆會以您為第一個指定的反復專案長度來建立下一組日期的基底。The calendar bases the next set of dates on the same iteration length you specified for the first. 例如,如果您將短期衝刺1設定為三周的時間,則當您選取短期衝刺2的開始日期時,行事曆工具會根據接下來的三周自動判斷開始日期和結束日期。For example, if you set Sprint 1 as three-weeks long, then when you select the start date for Sprint 2, the calendar tool automatically determines the start and end dates, based on the next three weeks. 您可以接受或變更這些日期。You can accept or change these dates.

  3. 若要加入另一個短期衝刺,請選取 [ 新增子 系] 並將其命名。To add another sprint, select New child and name it. 在這裡,我們稱之為「衝刺 7」。Here, we call it Sprint 7.

    反覆項目,為 Agile 定義的預設值

    下一步是 選取每個小組使用的短期衝刺Your next step is to select the sprints each team uses.

開啟小組設定,列出小組反覆運算Open team settings, list team iterations

您可以從 [小組設定] 設定小組預設值。You can set team defaults from team settings. 如果您不是小組系統管理員,請 加入成為一個系統管理員。If you're not a team administrator, get added as one. 只有小組或專案系統管理員可以變更小組設定。Only team or project administrators can change team settings.

您可以從專案設定中定義區域和反復 專案,> 面板 > Team configurationYou define both areas and iterations from Project settings > Boards > Team configuration. 您可以從小組工作追蹤待辦專案、面板或儀表板快速流覽至該專案。You can quickly navigate to it from a team work tracking backlog, board, or dashboard.

  1. 開啟小組的待處理專案或面板,然後選擇 [ team profile > team Settings]。

    我們將在此開啟 Web 小組的面板,並從該處開啟小組設定檔。Here we open the Board for the Web team and from there the team profile.

    工作待處理專案或面板,選擇小組設定檔圖示Work Backlog or Board, choose team profile icon

  2. 選擇 [反復專案] 和 [區域]。Choose Iterations and areas.

    小組設定檔,選擇反復專案和區域Team Profile, choose Iterations and area

  3. 如果您需要切換小組內容,請使用階層連結中的小組選取器。If you need to switch the team context, use the team selector within the breadcrumbs.

    小組設定,小組階層連結Team Configuration, Team breadcrumb

您可以從上方導覽列開啟 [小組設定]。You open team settings from the upper navigation bar. 選取您要的小組,然後選擇 [ 小組設定] 如需切換小組焦點的詳細資訊,請參閱 切換專案、存放庫、小組For more information about switching your team focus, see Switch project, repository, team

開啟小組設定Open team settings

選取小組短期衝刺並設定預設反復專案路徑Select team sprints and set the default iteration path

您可以 定義專案 的短期衝刺,然後針對每個小組選取 [啟用]。You define sprints for the project and then select them to be active for each team. 您可以在建立新的工作專案時,指派要使用的預設反復專案。You assign the default iteration to use when creating new work items.

  1. 開啟小組 > Team Configuration > 反復專案 > 面板中的 [專案設定]。Open Project settings > Boards > Team Configuration > Iterations for a team.

    在這裡,我們會流覽至 Fabrikam 光纖小組。Here, we navigate to the Fabrikam Fiber Team.

    專案設定>工作>Team Configuration>反復專案頁面Project settings>Work>Team Configuration>Iterations page

  2. 處理專案反復專案。Backlog iteration. 小組的待處理專案(backlog)和麵板中只會顯示指派給反復專案的工作專案(等於或低於此待處理專案)。Only work items assigned to an iteration equal to or under this backlog iteration appear in the team's backlogs and boards.

    工作、小組的反復專案頁面、為待處理專案和麵板設定小組待處理專案反復專案

    此外,透過小組的待處理專案(backlog)或面板加入的所有工作專案都會被指派待處理專案反復專案。Also, all work items added through a team's backlog or board are assigned the backlog iteration.

  3. 預設反復 專案。Default iteration. 預設反復專案會定義當您從 [小組儀表板] 和 [查詢] 頁面建立工作專案時所使用的反復專案。The default iteration defines the iteration that's used when you create a work item from the team dashboard and queries page. 您可以使用明確的值,或使用 @CurrentIteration 將新的工作專案指派給小組目前的反復專案。You can use an explicit value or use @CurrentIteration to assign new work items to the team's current iteration. 使用查詢中用 來列出指派給指派給小組之目前作用中反復專案的工作專案 的相同宏。The same macro used in queries to list work items assigned to the currently active iteration assigned to the team is used.

    例如,您可能會想要將所有新的工作專案加入至未來的反復專案路徑,以定期間隔進行分類並指派給特定的短期衝刺。For example, you might want all new work items added to a future iteration path, which you use to triage and assign to specific sprints at periodic intervals.

    小組的 [工作]、[反復專案] 頁面的螢幕擷取畫面、為 Azure DevOps Server 2019 和開啟的新工作專案設定小組預設值。

  4. 有效 的短期衝刺。Active sprints. 針對您想要在小組中使用的每個短期衝刺待處理專案,新增反復專案。Add an iteration for each sprint backlog you want active for the team. 從功能表中選取每個短期衝刺,逐一新增。Add each sprint, one by one, by selecting it from the menu.

    [工作]、[反復專案] 頁面的 [小組]、[Azure DevOps Server 2019 和 on 的短期衝刺] 的螢幕擷取畫面Screenshot of Work, Iterations page for team, select sprints for Azure DevOps Server 2019 and on.

    當您完成時,您應該會看到一份短期衝刺清單,如下所示。When you're done, you should see a list of sprints, similar to the following.

    小組的 [工作]、[反復專案] 頁面的螢幕擷取畫面,會啟用 Azure DevOps Server 2019 和 on 的衝刺清單。Screenshot of Work, Iterations page for team, activates sprint list for Azure DevOps Server 2019 and on.

    如果您沒有看到所需的短期衝刺或日期,您可以加入或編輯專案的反復專案(前提是您有必要的許可權)。If you don't see the sprints or dates that you need, you can add or edit iterations for the project, provided you have the required permissions. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 定義反復專案 (短期衝刺) 路徑For more information, see Define iteration (sprint) paths.

  5. 若要查看新啟用的短期衝刺待處理專案,請重新整理小組的 產品待處理專案頁面。To see the newly activated sprint backlogs, refresh your team's product backlog page.

  1. 開啟小組的 工作 反復 > 專案。Open Work > Iterations for a team.

    在這裡,我們會流覽至 Fabrikam 光纖小組。Here, we navigate to the Fabrikam Fiber Team.

    小組的 [工作]、[反復專案] 頁面

  2. 處理專案反復專案。Backlog iteration. 小組的待處理專案(backlog)和麵板中只會顯示指派給反復專案的工作專案(等於或低於此待處理專案)。Only work items assigned to an iteration equal to or under this backlog iteration appear in the team's backlogs and boards.

    工作、小組的反復專案頁面、為待處理專案和麵板設定小組待處理專案反復專案

    此外,透過小組的待處理專案(backlog)或面板加入的所有工作專案都會被指派待處理專案反復專案。Also, all work items added through a team's backlog or board are assigned the backlog iteration.

  3. 預設反復 專案。Default iteration. 預設反復專案會定義當您從 [小組儀表板] 和 [查詢] 頁面建立工作專案時所使用的反復專案。The default iteration defines the iteration that's used when you create a work item from the team dashboard and queries page. 您可以使用明確的值,或使用 @CurrentIteration 將新的工作專案指派給小組目前的反復專案。You can use an explicit value or use @CurrentIteration to assign new work items to the team's current iteration. 使用查詢中用 來列出指派給指派給小組之目前作用中反復專案的工作專案 的相同宏。The same macro used in queries to list work items assigned to the currently active iteration assigned to the team is used.

    例如,您可能會想要將所有新的工作專案加入至未來的反復專案路徑,以定期間隔進行分類並指派給特定的短期衝刺。For example, you might want all new work items added to a future iteration path, which you use to triage and assign to specific sprints at periodic intervals.

    小組的 [工作]、[反復專案] 頁面的螢幕擷取畫面,設定 TFS 2017 至2018之新工作專案的小組預設值。

  4. 有效 的短期衝刺。Active sprints. 針對您想要在小組中使用的每個短期衝刺待處理專案,新增反復專案。Add an iteration for each sprint backlog you want active for the team. 從功能表中選取每個短期衝刺,逐一新增。Add each sprint, one by one, by selecting it from the menu.

    小組的 [工作]、[反復專案] 頁面的螢幕擷取畫面,選取要為 TFS 2017 至2018啟用的短期衝刺。

    當您完成時,您應該會看到一份短期衝刺清單,如下所示。When you're done, you should see a list of sprints, similar to the following.

    [工作]、[反復專案] 頁面的螢幕擷取畫面,會啟用 TFS 2017 到2018的短期衝刺清單。

    如果您沒有看到所需的短期衝刺或日期,請 返回專案管理內容,並在其中定義。If you don't see the sprints or dates that you need, then return to the project administration context and define them there.

  5. 若要查看新啟用的短期衝刺待處理專案,請重新整理小組的 產品待處理專案頁面。To see the newly activated sprint backlogs, refresh your team's product backlog page.

  1. 開啟小組內容的 [反復專案] 頁面。Open the Iterations page for the team context.

    我們在此開啟 Web 小組的 [反復專案] 頁面。Here we open the Iterations page for the Web team.

    開啟 [小組管理反復專案] 頁面。

    如果您的小組未列在導覽列中,請開啟 [總覽] 索引標籤、選取您的小組,然後返回 [反復專案] 索引標籤。If your team isn't listed in the navigation row, open the Overview tab, select your team, and then return to the Iterations tab.

  2. 預設反復 專案。Default iteration. 只有指派給反覆運算的工作專案等於或在預設反復專案下,才會出現在小組的待處理專案(backlog)和麵板中。Only work items assigned to an iteration equal to or under the default iteration appear in the team's backlogs and boards. 預設反復專案也會定義當您從 [小組儀表板] 和 [查詢] 頁面建立工作專案時所使用的反復專案。The default iteration also defines the iteration that's used when you create a work item from the team dashboard and queries page.

    開啟您想要的反復專案路徑的內容功能表。Open the context menu for the iteration path you want.

    我們在此設定 P1 1 路徑。Here we set the P1 1 path. 只有待處理專案(backlog)反復專案的子反覆運算可以針對小組使用。Only child iterations of the backlog iteration can be active for a team.

    設定小組預設反復專案路徑

    這個路徑會決定哪些工作專案會出現在您的小組待處理專案和麵板中。This path determines which work items appear in your team backlogs and boards. 此路徑也會決定從小組內容下的任何區域建立的 預設指派給 工作專案。The path also determines the default assigned-to work items that get created from any area under your team's context.

  3. 有效 的短期衝刺。Active sprints. 核取您想要在小組中使用的預設反復專案下的每個方塊。Check each box under the default iteration that you want active for the team.

    在這裡,Fabrikam 光纖 Web 團隊會啟用衝刺1到7。Here, the Fabrikam Fiber Web team activates Sprints 1 through 7.

    選取小組活動短期衝刺

    只有在預設反復專案路徑下定義的短期衝刺才會顯示覆選框。Check boxes only appear for sprints defined under the default iteration path.

  4. 若要查看新啟用的短期衝刺待處理專案,請重新整理小組的 產品待處理專案頁面。To see the newly activated sprint backlogs, refresh your team's product backlog page.

重新命名、移動或刪除反復專案Rename, move, or delete an iteration

當您重新命名反復專案或移動樹狀結構階層中的節點時,系統會自動更新參考現有路徑的工作專案和查詢) (s。When you rename an iteration, or move the node within the tree hierarchy, the system automatically updates the work items and queries that reference the existing path(s).

  1. 若要重新命名反復專案路徑,請選擇節點的 [ 動作] ,然後選取 [ 編輯]。

    瀏覽器中開啟工作>專案設定的螢幕擷取畫面。Screenshot of Open Work>Project Configuration in browser.

  2. 在開啟的對話方塊中,輸入新的名稱。In the dialog that opens, enter the new name.

    瀏覽器中 [開啟工作>專案設定] 對話方塊的螢幕擷取畫面。Screenshot of Open Work>Project Configuration dialog in browser.

  3. 若要移動階層內的節點,請變更 [位置] 欄位。To move the node within the hierarchy, change the Location field.

  4. 若要刪除節點,請從 [動作] 功能表中選擇 [ 刪除 ] 選項。To delete a node, choose the Delete option from the actions menu.

    注意

    當您刪除反復專案節點時,系統會自動使用您在刪除提示中輸入的節點來更新現有的工作專案。When you delete an iteration node, the system automatically updates the existing work items with the node that you enter at the deletion prompt.

封存反復專案路徑Archive iteration paths

經過一段時間之後,您可能會想要封存多年來的短期衝刺所使用的反復專案路徑。After a while, you may want to archive iteration paths that were used for sprints that are a year or more out of date. 您可以藉由將反復專案路徑移至標示為「封存」的節點下,來完成此動作。You can do that by moving the iteration path under a node that you label "Archive". 所有工作專案都會以移動的反復專案路徑進行更新。All work items are updated with the moved iteration path. 此外,小組也可以取消選取過去的短期衝刺。Also, teams can de-select those sprints that have past. 所有資料都會保留在資料存放區中,並具有新的反復專案路徑指派。All data is maintained in the data store with the new iteration path assignments.

封存反覆運算之前,請考慮是否已捕捉到您可能想要的所有報表。Before you archive the iterations, consider if you've captured all the reports that you may want.

依反復專案的圖表進度Chart progress by iteration

您可以快速產生 查詢 來查看這些區域的進度。You can quickly generate queries to view the progress for those areas. 例如,您可以 視覺化指派給衝刺(sprint)的工作專案進度,如下列堆疊橫條圖所示。For example, you can visualize progress of work items that are assigned to sprints, as shown in the following stacked bar chart.

依區域的堆疊橫條圖

問答集Q & A

問:我是否必須為小組指派反復專案路徑?Q: Do I have to assign iteration paths to a team?

答: 如果您的小組未使用短期衝刺來規劃和追蹤工作,則為否。A: If your team doesn't use sprints to plan and track work, then no. 您可以保留指派給小組的預設值。You can leave the defaults assigned to the team as they are. 然後,您可以使用產品和組合待處理專案和麵板,但無法充分利用短期衝刺規劃工具。You can then use the product and portfolio backlogs and boards, however you can't gain much use of sprint planning tools.

如您所見,反覆運算在支援 Agile 工具和管理工作專案方面扮演著重要的角色。As you can see, iterations play a major role in supporting Agile tools and managing work items. 您可以從下列文章中深入瞭解如何使用這些欄位:You can learn more about working with these fields from these articles:

程式設計資源Programmatic resources