一般用途的虛擬機器大小General purpose virtual machine sizes

一般用途的虛擬機器大小可讓 CPU 與記憶體比例達到平均。General purpose VM sizes provide balanced CPU-to-memory ratio. 適用於測試和開發、小型至中型資料庫,以及低至中流量 Web 伺服器。Ideal for testing and development, small to medium databases, and low to medium traffic web servers. 本文提供一般目的計算的供應項目相關資訊。This article provides information about the offerings for general purpose computing.

  • Av2 系列 VM 可以部署在各種不同的硬體類型和處理器上。The Av2-series VMs can be deployed on a variety of hardware types and processors. A 系列 VM 的 CPU 效能及記憶體設定最適合初階的工作負載,例如開發及測試,A-series VMs have CPU performance and memory configurations best suited for entry level workloads like development and test. 根據硬體節流大小,為執行中的執行個體提供一致的處理器效能,不論硬體部署的位置。The size is throttled, based upon the hardware, to offer consistent processor performance for the running instance, regardless of the hardware it is deployed on. 若要判斷此大小部署所在的實體硬體,請從虛擬機器內查詢虛擬硬體。To determine the physical hardware on which this size is deployed, query the virtual hardware from within the Virtual Machine. 使用案例範例包括開發與測試伺服器、低流量網頁伺服器、中小型資料庫、概念證明以及程式碼存放庫。Example use cases include development and test servers, low traffic web servers, small to medium databases, proof-of-concepts, and code repositories.

    注意

    A8、A9、A10 A11 Vm 預計在3/2021 淘汰。The A8, A9, A10 A11 VMs are planned for retirement on 3/2021. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 HPC 移轉指南For more information, see HPC Migration Guide. 這些 VM 大小是原始的「A_v1」系列,而不是 "v2"。These VM sizes are in the original "A_v1" series, NOT "v2".

  • B 系列可高載的 VM 非常適合不需要持續性完整 CPU 效能的工作負載,例如 Web 伺服器、小型資料庫和開發與測試環境。B-series burstable VMs are ideal for workloads that do not need the full performance of the CPU continuously, like web servers, small databases and development and test environments. 這些工作負載通常具有高載的效能需求。These workloads typically have burstable performance requirements. B 系列讓這些客戶所購買到的 VM 大小具有價格公道的基準效能,可在 VM 利用低於其基底效能時,讓 VM 執行個體累積點數。The B-Series provides these customers the ability to purchase a VM size with a price conscious baseline performance that allows the VM instance to build up credits when the VM is utilizing less than its base performance. 當 VM 累積點數時,VM 可以在您的應用程式需要較高的 CPU 效能時,使用最多 100% 的 CPU 來高載高於 VM 基準。When the VM has accumulated credit, the VM can burst above the VM’s baseline using up to 100% of the CPU when your application requires the higher CPU performance.

  • Dav4 和 Dasv4 系列是新的尺寸,採用 AMD 的 2.35Ghz EPYCTM 7452 處理器,其中包含多執行緒設定,高達 256 MB 的 L3 快取,每 8 個核心分配 8 MB 的 L3 快取,增加客戶執行其一般用途工作負載的選項。Dav4 and Dasv4-series are new sizes utilizing AMD’s 2.35Ghz EPYCTM 7452 processor in a multi-threaded configuration with up to 256 MB L3 cache dedicating 8 MB of that L3 cache to every 8 cores increasing customer options for running their general purpose workloads. Dav4 系列和 Dasv4 系列具有與 D 和 Dsv3 系列相同的記憶體和磁碟設定。The Dav4-series and Dasv4-series have the same memory and disk configurations as the D & Dsv3-series.

  • Dv4 和 Dsv4 系列 Dv4 和 Dsv4 系列是在 Intel®) ®白金級 8272CL (串聯 Lake 處理器上的超執行緒設定中執行,為大部分的一般用途工作負載提供更好的價值主張。Dv4 and Dsv4-series The Dv4 and Dsv4-series runs on the Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8272CL (Cascade Lake) processors in a hyper-threaded configuration, providing a better value proposition for most general-purpose workloads. 它具備 3.4 GHz 的所有核心 Turbo 頻率速度。It features an all core Turbo clock speed of 3.4 GHz.

  • Ddv4 和 Ddsv4 系列 Ddv4 和 Ddsv4 系列是在 Intel 8272CL ® ® 白金級 (串聯 Lake) 處理器上的超執行緒設定中執行,為大部分的一般用途工作負載提供更好的價值主張。Ddv4 and Ddsv4-series The Ddv4 and Ddsv4-series runs on the Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8272CL (Cascade Lake) processors in a hyper-threaded configuration, providing a better value proposition for most general-purpose workloads. 它具備 3.4 GHz、 intel ® Turbo 加速技術 2.0Intel ® Hyper-Threading 技術intel ® Advanced Vector Extensions 512 (Intel ® AVX-512) 的所有核心 Turbo 頻率速度。It features an all core Turbo clock speed of 3.4 GHz, Intel® Turbo Boost Technology 2.0, Intel® Hyper-Threading Technology and Intel® Advanced Vector Extensions 512 (Intel® AVX-512). 它們也支援 Intel ® 深度學習提升They also support Intel® Deep Learning Boost. 相較於 Dv3/Dsv3 大小搭配使用第 2 代 VM,這些新 VM 大小的本機儲存體加大 50%,而且讀取和寫入時的本機磁碟 IOPS 更佳。These new VM sizes will have 50% larger local storage, as well as better local disk IOPS for both read and write compared to the Dv3/Dsv3 sizes with Gen2 VMs.

  • Dv3 和 Dsv3 系列 Vm 會在第2代的 Intel®) ®白金級 8272CL (串聯 Lake、Intel®® 8171M 2.1 GHz (Skylake) 、Intel®® E5-2673 v4 2.3 GHz (Broadwell) ,或 Intel®® E5-2673 v3 2.4 GHz (Haswell) 處理器在超執行緒設定中,為大部分的一般用途工作負載提供更佳的價值主張。Dv3 and Dsv3-series VMs run on 2nd Generation Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8272CL (Cascade Lake), Intel® Xeon® 8171M 2.1GHz (Skylake), Intel® Xeon® E5-2673 v4 2.3 GHz (Broadwell), or the Intel® Xeon® E5-2673 v3 2.4 GHz (Haswell) processors in a hyper-threaded configuration, providing a better value proposition for most general purpose workloads. 除了記憶體已擴充 (從 ~3.5 GiB/vCPU 到 4 GiB/vCPU),磁碟和網路限制也已就個別核心進行調整,以符合移轉至超執行緒的需求。Memory has been expanded (from ~3.5 GiB/vCPU to 4 GiB/vCPU) while disk and network limits have been adjusted on a per core basis to align with the move to hyperthreading. Dv3 系列不再擁有 D/Dv2 系列的高記憶體 VM,這些都已移至記憶體最佳化的 Ev3 和 Esv3 系列The Dv3-series no longer has the high memory VM sizes of the D/Dv2-series, those have been moved to the memory optimized Ev3 and Esv3-series.

  • Dv2 和 Dsv2 系列是原始 D 系列的升級版,搭載更強大的 CPU 及最佳的 CPU 記憶體設定,更適合大多數生產工作負載。Dv2 and Dsv2-series VMs, a follow-on to the original D-series, features a more powerful CPU and optimal CPU-to-memory configuration making them suitable for most production workloads. Dv2 系列比 D 系列快約 35%。The Dv2-series is about 35% faster than the D-series. Dv2 系列是在第2代 Intel®) ®白金級 8272CL (串聯 Lake、Intel®® 8171M 2.1 GHz (Skylake) 、Intel®® E5-2673 v4 2.3 GHz (Broadwell) ,或 Intel®® E5-2673 v3 2.4 GHz (Haswell) 處理器搭配 Intel Turbo 加速技術2.0。Dv2-series run on 2nd Generation Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8272CL (Cascade Lake), Intel® Xeon® 8171M 2.1GHz (Skylake), Intel® Xeon® E5-2673 v4 2.3 GHz (Broadwell), or the Intel® Xeon® E5-2673 v3 2.4 GHz (Haswell) processors with the Intel Turbo Boost Technology 2.0. Dv2 系列的記憶體和磁碟組態和 D 系列一樣。The Dv2-series has the same memory and disk configurations as the D-series.

  • DCv2 系列可協助您在您的資料與程式碼在公用雲端處理時的機密性與完整性。The DCv2-series can help protect the confidentiality and integrity of your data and code while it’s processed in the public cloud. 這些機器由最新一代的 Intel XEON E-2288G 處理器 (具 SGX 技術) 支援。These machines are backed by the latest generation of Intel XEON E-2288G Processor with SGX technology. 在 Intel Turbo Boost 技術加持下,這些機器最高可達到 5.0 GHz 的時脈。With the Intel Turbo Boost Technology these machines can go up to 5.0GHz. DCv2 系列執行個體可讓客戶建置安全的飛地型應用程式,以在其程式碼與資料使用期間保護其安全。DCv2 series instances enable customers to build secure enclave-based applications to protect their code and data while it’s in use.

其他大小Other sizes

後續步驟Next steps

深入了解 Azure 計算單位 (ACU) 如何協助您比較各個 Azure SKU 的計算效能。Learn more about how Azure compute units (ACU) can help you compare compute performance across Azure SKUs.

如需 Azure 如何命名其 Vm 的詳細資訊,請參閱 azure 虛擬機器大小的命名慣例For more information on how Azure names its VMs, see Azure virtual machine sizes naming conventions.