如何在電腦分析中註冊裝置How to enroll devices in Desktop Analytics

當您連線 Configuration Manager 至電腦分析時,您可以進行設定以將裝置註冊至電腦分析。When you connect Configuration Manager to Desktop Analytics, you configure settings to enroll devices to Desktop Analytics. 您可隨時變更這些設定。You can change these settings at any time. 此外,請確保裝置是最新的。Also make sure the devices are up to date.

更新裝置Update devices

您需套用兩種類型的更新,以獲得電腦分析的最佳體驗:There are two types of updates that you need to apply for the best experience with Desktop Analytics:

相容性更新Compatibility updates

相容性元件 (評鑑程式) 會在 Windows 裝置上執行診斷,以評定該裝置與最新版本 Windows 10 的相容性狀態。The compatibility component (Appraiser) runs diagnostics on the Windows device to evaluate its compatibility status with the latest versions of the Windows 10.

Microsoft 會定期增加對此元件的更新,但相關聯的知識庫編號不會變更。Microsoft regularly increments the updates for this component, but the associated KB number doesn't change. 請確保您一律擁有最新版本的更新。Make sure that you always have the latest version of the update.

在第一次安裝相容性更新之後,請將裝置重新開機。Restart devices after you install the compatibility updates for the first time.

提示

使用 Configuration Manager 來安裝這些更新的最新版本。Use Configuration Manager to automatically install the latest version of these updates. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Deploy software updates (部署軟體更新)。For more information, see Deploy software updates.

注意

這裡有一個相關的選擇性更新,KB 3150513There's a related optional update, KB 3150513. 此更新可為較舊相容性更新提供更新的設定與定義。This update provides updated configuration and definitions for older compatibility updates. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Windows 的最新相容性定義更新For more information, see Latest compatibility definition update for Windows.

Windows 10Windows 10

Windows 10 包含相容性元件。Windows 10 includes the compatibility component. 若要取得最新的相容性更新,請安裝最新的 Windows 10 累積更新。To get the latest compatibility update, install the latest Windows 10 cumulative update.

Windows 8.1Windows 8.1

下載更新:KB 2976978Download the update: KB 2976978

在參與了 Windows 客戶經驗改進計畫的 Windows 8.1 系統上執行診斷。Runs diagnostics on the Windows 8.1 systems that participate in the Windows Customer Experience Improvement Program. 這些診斷有助於判斷當您升級至 Windows 10 時,是否可能發生相容性問題。These diagnostics help determine whether you might have compatibility issues when upgrading to Windows 10.

如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Compatibility update for keeping Windows up-to-date in Windows 8.1 (更新相容性以使 Windows 在 Windows 8.1 中保持最新狀態)。For more information, see Compatibility update for keeping Windows up-to-date in Windows 8.1.

Windows 7 Service Pack 1Windows 7 with Service Pack 1

下載更新:KB 2952664Download the update: KB 2952664

在參與了 Windows 客戶經驗改進計畫的 Windows 7 Service Pack 1 (SP1) 系統上執行診斷。Runs diagnostics on the Windows 7 with Service Pack 1 (SP1) systems that participate in the Windows Customer Experience Improvement Program. 這些診斷有助於判斷當升級至 Windows 10 時,是否會有相容性問題。These diagnostics help determine whether you might have compatibility issues when upgrading to Windows 10.

如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Compatibility update for keeping Windows up-to-date in Windows 7 (更新相容性以使 Windows 在 Windows 7 中保持最新狀態)。For more information, see Compatibility update for keeping Windows up-to-date in Windows 7.

已連線的使用者體驗與遙測服務Connected User Experiences and Telemetry service

當啟用 Windows 診斷資料後,已連線使用者體驗與遙測服務(DiagTrack) 會收集系統、應用程式和驅動程式資料。With Windows diagnostic data enabled, the Connected User Experience and Telemetry service (DiagTrack) collects system, application, and driver data. 接著 Microsoft 會分析此資料,並透過電腦分析與您共用。Microsoft analyzes this data, and shares it back to you via Desktop Analytics.

請根據作業系統版本安裝下列更新以獲得最佳體驗。For the best experience, install the following updates depending upon the OS version.

注意

當安裝這些更新時,預期會有下列行為:When you install these updates, expect the following behaviors:

  • 註冊至電腦分析的裝置會在一小時內顯示於服務中Devices that you enroll to Desktop Analytics show up in the service in less than an hour
  • 裝置可以快速回報 Windows 功能與品質更新的狀態Devices quickly report the status on Windows feature and quality updates

如果沒有這些更新,裝置可能需要超過 48 小時才能完成這些流程並回報至電腦分析。Without these updates, these processes can take over 48 hours for a device to report to Desktop Analytics.

Windows 10Windows 10

安裝最新的 Windows 10 累積更新。Install the latest Windows 10 cumulative update.

Windows 8.1Windows 8.1

安裝 2018 年 10 月的每月彙總套件,KB4462926Install the October 2018 monthly rollup, KB4462926

Windows 7Windows 7

安裝 2018 年 10 月的每月彙總套件,KB4462923Install the October 2018 monthly rollup, KB4462923

裝置註冊Device enrollment

電腦分析服務沒有可安裝的代理程式。The Desktop Analytics service has no agents to install. 您需要在要監視的裝置上進行設定,以註冊裝置。Device enrollment requires configuring settings on the devices you want it to monitor. 這些設定可以控制裝置應將其資料傳送至哪一個電腦分析執行個體,以及其他設定選項。These settings control to which Desktop Analytics instance the device should send its data, and other configuration options.

注意

如果已經在使用 Windows Analytics,請將相同的工作區用於電腦分析。If you're already using Windows Analytics, use that same workspace for Desktop Analytics. 如果先前已經將裝置註冊至 Windows Analytics,則亦須將該裝置重新註冊至電腦分析。You need to reenroll devices to Desktop Analytics that you previously enrolled in Windows Analytics.

每個 Azure AD 租用者只擁能有一個電腦分析工作區。You can only have one Desktop Analytics workspace per Azure AD tenant. 裝置只能將診斷資料傳送至一個工作區。Devices can only send diagnostic data to one workspace.

Configuration Manager 提供整合式體驗,可讓您管理這些設定並將其部署至用戶端。Configuration Manager provides an integrated experience for managing and deploying these settings to clients. 請使用 Configuration Manager 以獲得最佳體驗。For the best experience, use Configuration Manager.

當連線 Configuration Manager 至電腦分析時,您可以進行設定以註冊裝置。When you connect Configuration Manager to Desktop Analytics, you configure the settings to enroll devices. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱如何將 Configuration Manager 連線至電腦分析For more information, see How to connect Configuration Manager with Desktop Analytics.

若要變更這些設定,請使用下列程序:To change these settings, use the following procedure:

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 主控台中,移至 [系統管理] 工作區,展開 [雲端服務] ,然後選取 [Azure 服務] 節點。In the Configuration Manager console, go to the Administration workspace, expand Cloud Services, and select the Azure Services node. 選取與電腦分析的連線,然後選擇功能區中的 [屬性] 。Select the connection to Desktop Analytics, and choose Properties in the ribbon.

  2. 在 [診斷資料] 頁面上,視需要對下列設定進行變更:On the Diagnostic Data page, make changes as needed to the following settings:

    • 商業識別碼:此值應該會自動填入組織識別碼。Commercial ID: this value should automatically populate with your organization's ID. 如果沒有,請先確定 Proxy 伺服器已設定為允許所有必要的端點並繼續。If it doesn't, make sure your proxy server is configured to allow all required endpoints before continuing. 或者,從電腦分析入口網站手動取得商業識別碼。Alternatively, retrieve your Commercial ID manually from the Desktop Analytics portal.

    • Windows 10 診斷資料層級:如需詳細資訊,請參閱診斷資料層級Windows 10 diagnostic data level: For more information, see Diagnostic data levels.

    • 允許診斷資料中的裝置名稱:如需詳細資訊,請參閱裝置名稱Allow Device Name in diagnostic data: For more information, see Device name.

    當對此頁面進行變更時,[可用的功能] 頁面會顯示電腦分析功能的預覽,以及選取的診斷資料設定。When you make changes to this page, the Available functionality page shows a preview of the Desktop Analytics functionality with the selected diagnostic data settings.

  3. 在 [電腦分析連線] 頁面上,視需要對下列設定進行變更:On the Desktop Analytics Connection page, make changes as needed to the following settings:

    • 顯示名稱:電腦分析入口網站會使用此名稱來顯示此 Configuration Manager 連線。Display name: The Desktop Analytics portal displays this Configuration Manager connection using this name.

    • 目標集合:此集合包含 Configuration Manager 使用商業識別碼與診斷資料設定來進行設定的所有裝置。Target collection: This collection includes all devices that Configuration Manager configures with your commercial ID and diagnostic data settings. 這是一組由 Configuration Manager 連線至電腦分析服務的完整裝置。It's the full set of devices that Configuration Manager connects to the Desktop Analytics service.

    • 目標集合中的裝置使用使用者已驗證 Proxy 進行輸出通訊:根據預設,此值為 [否] 。Devices in the target collection use a user-authenticated proxy for outbound communication: By default, this value is No. 視環境需要,請將其設定為 YesIf needed in your environment, set to Yes. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Proxy 伺服器驗證For more information, see Proxy server authentication.

    • 選取特定集合並與電腦分析同步處理:選取 [新增] 以包含目標集合階層中的其他集合。Select specific collections to synchronize with Desktop Analytics: Select Add to include additional collections from your Target collection hierarchy. 這些集合可以在電腦分析入口網站中使用,並與部署計劃組成群組。These collections are available in the Desktop Analytics portal for grouping with deployment plans. 請確保此新增包含試驗與試驗排除集合。Make sure to include pilot and pilot exclusion collections.

      重要

      這些集合會隨著成員資格的變更,持續同步。These collections continue to sync as their membership changes. 例如,部署計劃使用含有 Windows 7 成員資格規則的集合。For example, your deployment plan uses a collection with a Windows 7 membership rule. 當這些裝置升級至 Windows 10 時,Configuration Manager 會評定集合成員資格,而這些裝置將會從集合與部署計劃中移出。As those devices upgrade to Windows 10, and Configuration Manager evaluates the collection membership, those devices drop out of the collection and deployment plan.

Windows 設定Windows settings

Configuration Manager 會在下列其中一或兩個登錄機碼中設定 Windows 原則:Configuration Manager sets Windows policies in one or both of the following registry keys:

  • GPOHKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\DataCollectionGPO: HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\DataCollection

  • 本機原則喜好設定:HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\DataCollectionLocal Policy preference: HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\DataCollection

原則Policy 路徑Path Value
CommercialIdCommercialId 本機原則Local Policy 適用於 Windows 7、Windows 8.1 及 Windows 10:若要讓裝置顯示在電腦分析中,請使用組織商業識別碼來進行設定。Applies to Windows 7, Windows 8.1, and Windows 10: In order for a device to show up in Desktop Analytics, configure it with your organization’s Commercial ID.
AllowTelemetryAllowTelemetry GPOGPO 適用於 Windows 10:針對 [基本] 」設定為 1、[增強] 設定為 2,或設定為 3 以取得完整診斷資料。Applies to Windows 10: Set 1 for Basic, 2 for Enhanced, or 3 for Full diagnostic data. 電腦分析至少需要基本診斷資料。Desktop Analytics requires at least basic diagnostic data. Microsoft 建議針對電腦分析使用「增強 (限制)」層級。Microsoft recommends that you use the Enhanced (Limited) level with Desktop Analytics. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱在組織中設定 Windows 診斷資料For more information, see Configure Windows diagnostic data in your organization.
LimitEnhancedDiagnosticDataWindowsAnalyticsLimitEnhancedDiagnosticDataWindowsAnalytics GPOGPO 適用於 Windows 10 1803 版及更新版本:只有在 AllowTelemetry 設定為 2 時,才會套用此設定。Applies to Windows 10, version 1803 and later: This setting only applies when the AllowTelemetry setting is 2. 其會將要傳送給 Microsoft 的「增強」診斷資料事件限制為只有電腦分析所需的事件。It limits the Enhanced diagnostic data events sent to Microsoft to just those events needed by Desktop Analytics. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱透過限制增強診斷資料原則所收集的 Windows 10 診斷資料事件與欄位For more information, see Windows 10 diagnostic data events and fields collected through the limit enhanced diagnostic data policy.
AllowDeviceNameInTelemetryAllowDeviceNameInTelemetry GPOGPO 適用於 Windows 10 1803 版及更新版本:您需要另外加入,才能讓裝置繼續傳送裝置名稱。Applies to Windows 10, version 1803 and later: A separate opt-in is required to enable devices to continue to send the device name.

附註:根據預設,裝置名稱不會傳送至 Microsoft。Note: The device name isn't sent to Microsoft by default. 如未傳送裝置名稱,則其會在電腦分析中顯示為「不明」。If you don't send the device name, it appears in Desktop Analytics as "Unknown". 這種行為可能會讓您難以識別及評定裝置。This behavior can make it difficult to identify and assess devices. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱裝置名稱For more information, see Device name.
CommercialDataOptInCommercialDataOptIn 本機原則Local Policy 適用於 Windows 7 及 Windows 8.1:電腦分析需要 1 值。Applies to Windows 7 and Windows 8.1: A value of 1 is required for Desktop Analytics. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Commercial Data Opt-in in Windows 7 (Windows 7 中的商業資料加入)。For more information, see Commercial Data Opt-in in Windows 7.
RequestAllAppraiserVersionsRequestAllAppraiserVersions 兩者Both 適用於 Windows 7 及 Windows 8.1:電腦分析需要 1 值,資料收集才能正常運作。Applies to Windows 7 and Windows 8.1: A value of 1 is required for Desktop Analytics for data collection to work correctly.
DisableEnterpriseAuthProxyDisableEnterpriseAuthProxy GPOGPO 適用於所有 Windows 版本:電腦分析需要 0 值,資料收集才能正常運作。Applies to all Windows versions: A value of 0 is required for Desktop Analytics for data collection to work correctly.

重要

在大多數情況下,只會使用 Configuration Manager 來進行這些設定。In most circumstances, only use Configuration Manager to configure these settings. 請不要將這些設定也套用到網域群組原則物件。Don't also apply these settings in domain group policy objects. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱衝突解決For more information, see Conflict resolution.

裝置名稱Device name

從 Windows 10 1803 版開始,已不再根據預設收集裝置名稱。Starting in Windows 10, version 1803, the device name is no longer collected by default. 您需要另外加入,以使用診斷資料來收集裝置名稱。Collecting the device name with the diagnostic data requires a separate opt-in. 如果沒有裝置名稱,則在評定升級為新版的 Windows 時,您會更難以識別需要注意的裝置。Without the device name, it's more difficult for you to identify what devices require attention while evaluating an upgrade to a new version of Windows.

如未傳送裝置名稱,則其會在電腦分析中顯示為「不明」。If you don't send the device name, it appears in Desktop Analytics as "Unknown".

顯示「不明」名稱的電腦分析裝置清單

在 Configuration Manager 設定中,有一個選項可供電腦分析設定此選項:[允許診斷資料中的裝置名稱] 。There's an option in the Configuration Manager settings for Desktop Analytics to configure this option: Allow Device Name in diagnostic data. 這項 Configuration Manager 設定能夠控制 Windows 原則設定,AllowDeviceNameInTelemetry。This Configuration Manager setting controls the Windows policy setting, AllowDeviceNameInTelemetry.

衝突解決Conflict resolution

一般而言,請使用 Configuration Manager 集合來針對處理電腦分析設定與註冊。In general, use Configuration Manager collections to target Desktop Analytics settings and enrollment. 使用直接成員資格或查詢,以包含或排除集合中的裝置。Use direct membership or queries to include or exclude devices from the collection. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱如何建立集合For more information, see How to create collections.

Configuration Manager 只有在值不存在時,才會進行 Windows 設定。Configuration Manager only configures the Windows settings if a value doesn't already exist. 如果需要為唯一的一組裝置進行不同設定,則可使用群組原則If you need to configure different settings for a unique group of devices, you can use group policy.

在群組原則編輯器的下列路徑中,查看這些設定:[電腦設定] > [系統管理範本] > [Windows 元件] > [資料收集與預覽組建] 。View these settings in the group policy editor at the following path: Computer Configuration > Administrative Templates > Windows Components > Data Collection and Preview Builds. 群組原則所針對的設定會優先於 Configuration Manager 設定。Settings targeted by group policy take precedence over Configuration Manager settings.

如果目 Configuration Manager 用戶端同時擁有 Windows Analytics 和電腦分析設定,則電腦分析的設定擁有優先權。If you target Configuration Manager clients with both Windows Analytics and Desktop Analytics settings, the settings for Desktop Analytics take precedence.

當設定診斷資料層級時,您可以設定裝置的界限。When you configure the diagnostic data level, you set the upper boundary for the device. 根據預設,在 Windows 10 1803 版和更新版本中,使用者可以選擇設定較低的層級。By default in Windows 10, version 1803 and later, users can choose to set a lower level. 您可以使用 [Configure telemetry opt-in setting user interface] (設定遙測加入設定使用者介面)此群組原則設定來控制此行為 。You can control this behavior using the group policy setting, Configure telemetry opt-in setting user interface. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱在組織中設定 Windows 診斷資料For more information, see Configure Windows diagnostic data in your organization.

後續步驟Next steps

前往下一篇文章,以在電腦分析中建立部署計劃。Advance to the next article to create deployment plans in Desktop Analytics.