Microsoft 365 Apps 的授權與啟動概觀Overview of licensing and activation in Microsoft 365 Apps

重要

Office 365 專業增強版即將重新命名為 Microsoft 365 Apps 企業版,從版本 2004 開始。Office 365 ProPlus is being renamed to Microsoft 365 Apps for enterprise, starting with Version 2004. 如需深入了解,請閱讀本文To learn more, read this article. 在我們的文件中,我們通常會稱之為 Microsoft 365 Apps。In our documentation, we'll usually just refer to it as Microsoft 365 Apps.

本文說明如何將 Microsoft 365 App 授權指派給使用者,以及如何啟用 Microsoft 365 應用程式的安裝。This article shows how to assign Microsoft 365 Apps licenses to users and how to activate installations of Microsoft 365 Apps.

注意

本文中的資訊也適用于 Project Online 桌面用戶端及 Visio Online 方案2(先前命名的 Visio Pro for Office 365),這些專案是與 Microsoft 365 App 分開授權的。The information in this article also applies to Project Online Desktop Client and Visio Online Plan 2 (previously named Visio Pro for Office 365), which are licensed separately from Microsoft 365 Apps.

將 Microsoft 365 應用程式部署到貴組織中的使用者之前,您必須先指派授權給這些使用者。Before deploying Microsoft 365 Apps to users in your organization, you must first assign licenses to those users. 每個授權都能讓使用者在最多五個桌面、五個平板電腦和五個行動裝置上安裝 Microsoft 365 應用程式。Each license allows a user to install Microsoft 365 Apps on up to five desktops, five tablets, and five mobile devices. 每個安裝都會啟動並由與 Office 365 相關的雲端服務(或 Microsoft 365)自動保持啟用狀態。Each installation is activated and kept activated automatically by cloud-based services associated with Office 365 (or Microsoft 365). 這個自動啟用代表您不需要追蹤產品金鑰,也不需要瞭解如何使用其他啟用方法,例如金鑰管理服務(KMS)或多個啟用金鑰(MAK)。This automatic activation means you don’t have to keep track of product keys and you don’t have to figure out how to use other activation methods such as Key Management Service (KMS) or Multiple Activation Key (MAK). 您只需購買足夠的授權,讓您的 Office 365 (或 Microsoft 365)訂閱保持在最新狀態,並確保您的使用者至少每30天都能透過網際網路連線到 Office 授權服務。All you have to do is purchase enough licenses, keep your Office 365 (or Microsoft 365) subscription current, and make sure your users can connect to the Office Licensing Service via the internet at least once every 30 days. 啟用單一登入時,Microsoft 365 App 會偵測到使用者的認證,並自動啟用。When single sign-on is enabled, Microsoft 365 Apps detects the user’s credentials and is activated automatically.

如果您移除使用者的授權(例如,如果使用者離開您的組織),任何 Microsoft 365 App 的安裝都會進入精簡功能模式If you remove a user's license (for example, if the user leaves your organization), any installations of Microsoft 365 Apps that the user had go into reduced functionality mode. Office 授權服務(Microsoft 365 的一部分)會持續追蹤已授權的使用者,以及他們已安裝 Office 的電腦數。The Office Licensing Service, a part of Microsoft 365, keeps track of which users are licensed and how many computers they've installed Office on.

指派及管理授權Assign and manage licenses

若要使用 Microsoft 365 應用程式,您的使用者將需要適當的授權。To use Microsoft 365 Apps, your users will need the appropriate license. 若要指派授權,請執行下列其中一項操作:To assign licenses, do one of the following:

  • 在 Office 365 入口網站中,選取使用者帳戶的 [授權] 頁面上的核取方塊,即可直接指派授權給使用者。Assign a license to a user directly in the Office 365 portal by selecting a check box on the licenses page for the user’s account.

  • 使用 Office 365 PowerShell。Use Office 365 PowerShell. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱使用 Office 365 PowerShell 指派授權給使用者帳戶For more information, see Assign licenses to user accounts with Office 365 PowerShell.

  • 如果您有 Azure AD Premium P1 及更新版本的訂閱,或是 Office 365 企業版 E3 或 office 365 A3 或 Office 365 GCC (在舊版),您可以使用以群組為基礎的授權與 Azure AD。If you have a subscription for Azure AD Premium P1 and above, or an edition of Office 365 Enterprise E3 or Office 365 A3 or Office 365 GCC G3 and above, you can use group-based licensing with Azure AD. 您可以將一或多個產品授權指派給群組,而 Azure AD 則可確保已將授權指派給群組的所有成員。You can assign one or more product licenses to a group, and Azure AD ensures that the licenses are assigned to all members of the group. 任何加入群組的新成員都會獲指派適當的授權。Any new members who join the group are assigned the appropriate licenses. 當他們離開群組時,就會移除這些授權。When they leave the group, those licenses are removed. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱Azure Active Directory 中的群組式授權For more information, see Group-based licensing in Azure Active Directory.

在指派授權給使用者之後,您可以將 Office 部署至您的使用者,或者您的使用者可以直接從 Office 365 入口網站安裝 Office。After a user is assigned a license, you can deploy Office to your users or your users can install Office directly from the Office 365 portal. 如果使用者未獲授權,該使用者便無法從 Office 365 入口網站安裝 Office。If the user hasn't been assigned a license, the user can't install Office from the Office 365 portal. 建議您在部署前的24小時指派授權,以確保已提供授權。We recommend assigning the license 24 hours prior to the deployment so you can ensure that the license is provisioned.

啟用 Microsoft 365 應用程式Activating Microsoft 365 Apps

在安裝程式中,Microsoft 365 App 會與 Office 授權服務通訊,以及啟用與驗證服務,以取得並啟動產品金鑰。As part of the installation process, Microsoft 365 Apps communicates with the Office Licensing Service and the Activation and Validation Service to obtain and activate a product key. 每天或每次使用者登入電腦時,電腦都會連線至啟用和驗證服務來驗證授權狀態並延長產品金鑰時間。Each day, or each time the user logs on to their computer, the computer connects to the Activation and Validation Service to verify the license status and extend the product key. 只要電腦每30天至少能連線至網際網路,Microsoft 365 App 就會保持完整運作。As long as the computer can connect to the internet at least once every 30 days, Microsoft 365 Apps remains fully functional. 如果電腦在30天內處於離線狀態,Microsoft 365 App 就會進入精簡功能模式,直到下次連線為止。If the computer goes offline for more than 30 days, Microsoft 365 Apps enters reduced functionality mode until the next time a connection can be made. 若要讓 Microsoft 365 應用程式再次完全正常運作,使用者可以連線至網際網路,並讓啟用和驗證服務重新開機安裝,但在某些情況下,使用者可能必須先重新登入。To get Microsoft 365 Apps fully functional again, the user can connect to the internet and let the Activation and Validation Service reactivate the installation, though in some cases the user may have to sign back in first.

重要

由於它的線上啟用功能,Microsoft 365 App 無法在完全從網際網路上切斷的電腦上運作。Because of its online activation features, Microsoft 365 Apps won't work on computers that are completely cut off from the internet. 對於這些電腦,建議您安裝 Office 專業增強版 2019 並使用金鑰管理服務 (KMS) 或 Active Directory 網域服務之類的傳統啟用方法For those computers, we recommend installing Office Professional Plus 2019 and using a traditional activation method such as Key Management Service (KMS) or Active Directory Domain Services.

管理已啟用的安裝Managing activated installations

每個 Microsoft 365 應用程式授權都能讓使用者在最多五個桌面、五個平板電腦和五個行動裝置上安裝 Microsoft 365 應用程式。Each Microsoft 365 Apps license allows a user to install Microsoft 365 Apps on up to five desktops, five tablets, and five mobile devices. 使用者在 Office 365 入口網站中管理安裝。The user manages installations in the Office 365 portal.

如果使用者在超過10個裝置上安裝 Microsoft 365 應用程式,則尚未使用的裝置會自動停用。If a user installs Microsoft 365 Apps on more than 10 devices, then the device that hasn't been used for the longest amount of time is automatically deactivated. Microsoft 365 App 進入停用裝置上的 [精簡功能模式]。Microsoft 365 Apps goes into reduced functionality mode on the deactivated device. 請注意,這次自動停用目前僅支援 Windows 裝置。Note that this automatic deactivation is only supported for Windows devices at this time.

什麼是精簡功能模式?What is reduced functionality mode?

在精簡功能模式中,Microsoft 365 應用程式仍會保留在裝置上安裝,但使用者只能查看並列印其檔。In reduced functionality mode, Microsoft 365 Apps remains installed on the device, but users can only view and print their documents. 編輯或建立新文件等的所有功能都會遭到停用,而且使用者會看到與下列類似的訊息:All features for editing or creating new documents are disabled, and the user sees a message like the following:

產品已經停用

然後,使用者可以選擇其中一個可用的選項,在該電腦上重新啟用 Microsoft 365 應用程式。The user can then choose one of the available options to reactivate Microsoft 365 Apps on that computer.

如果使用者尚未獲指派授權,而且他們嘗試在安裝了的電腦上使用 Microsoft 365 應用程式,它會處於 [精簡功能模式]。If the user hasn't been assigned a license, and they try to use Microsoft 365 Apps on a computer where it's installed, it will be in reduced functionality mode. 此外,使用者每次開啟一個應用程式(例如 Word 或 Excel)時,都會收到登入和啟動的提示。Also, the user will be prompted to sign in and activate every time they open an app, such as Word or Excel.

授權與啟用的改良功能Improvements in licensing and activation

在 Microsoft 365 App 版本1910及更新版本中,我們進行了下列改進:In Microsoft 365 Apps version 1910 and later, we made the following improvements:

  • 使用者可以在新的裝置上安裝 Microsoft 365 應用程式,而不會提示您在其他裝置上停用它。Users can install Microsoft 365 Apps on a new device without being prompted to deactivate it on another device. 如果使用者已啟用 Microsoft 365 App 的裝置超過10個,則系統會自動停用不在最長時間內使用的裝置。If a user has more than 10 devices with Microsoft 365 Apps activated, then the device that hasn't been used for the longest amount of time is automatically deactivated.

  • 當裝置上的 Microsoft 365 應用程式已停用時(無論是從入口網站或授權已移除),該裝置上的新使用者都可以啟動 Microsoft 365 應用程式,而不會發生錯誤。When Microsoft 365 Apps on a device has been deactivated, either from the portal or because a license has been removed, a new user on that device can activate Microsoft 365 Apps without an error.

  • 當使用者在裝置上啟用 Microsoft 365 應用程式,而第二個使用者登入該裝置時,這兩個啟用現在都會顯示在 Microsoft 365 系統管理中心的 [啟用] 報告中。When a user activates Microsoft 365 Apps on a device and a second user signs on to that device, both activations are now displayed in the activation report in the Microsoft 365 admin center.

透過 Microsoft 365 App 傳送給 Office 365 的授權與啟用資料Licensing and activation data sent to Office 365 by Microsoft 365 Apps

關於企業中的 Microsoft 365 應用程式About Microsoft 365 Apps in the enterprise

選擇部署 Microsoft 365 應用程式的方式Choose how to deploy Microsoft 365 Apps