Array.Resize(T[], Int32) Array.Resize(T[], Int32) Array.Resize(T[], Int32) Array.Resize(T[], Int32) Method

定義

將一維陣列中的項目數目變更為指定的新大小。Changes the number of elements of a one-dimensional array to the specified new size.

public:
generic <typename T>
 static void Resize(cli::array <T> ^ % array, int newSize);
public static void Resize<T> (ref T[] array, int newSize);
static member Resize :  * int -> unit
Public Shared Sub Resize(Of T) (ByRef array As T(), newSize As Integer)

類型參數

T

陣列項目的類型。The type of the elements of the array.

參數

array
T[]

要調整大小之以零為起始的一維陣列,或是 null,表示要以指定之大小建立新陣列。The one-dimensional, zero-based array to resize, or null to create a new array with the specified size.

newSize
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

新陣列的大小。The size of the new array.

例外狀況

範例

下列範例顯示調整大小如何影響陣列。The following example shows how resizing affects the array.

using namespace System;
static void PrintIndexAndValues(array<String^>^myArr)
{
    for(int i = 0; i < myArr->Length; i++)
    {
       Console::WriteLine(L"   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr[i]);
    }
    Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
    // Create and initialize a new string array.
    array<String^>^myArr = {L"The", L"quick", L"brown", L"fox",
        L"jumps", L"over", L"the", L"lazy", L"dog"};
   
    // Display the values of the array.
    Console::WriteLine( 
        L"The string array initially contains the following values:");
    PrintIndexAndValues(myArr);
   
    // Resize the array to a bigger size (five elements larger).
    Array::Resize(myArr, myArr->Length + 5);
   
    // Display the values of the array.
    Console::WriteLine(L"After resizing to a larger size, ");
    Console::WriteLine(L"the string array contains the following values:");
    PrintIndexAndValues(myArr);
   
    // Resize the array to a smaller size (four elements).
    Array::Resize(myArr, 4);
   
    // Display the values of the array.
    Console::WriteLine(L"After resizing to a smaller size, ");
    Console::WriteLine(L"the string array contains the following values:");
    PrintIndexAndValues(myArr);
    return 1;
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.

The string array initially contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

After resizing to a larger size, 
the string array contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog
   [9] :
   [10] :
   [11] :
   [12] :
   [13] :

After resizing to a smaller size, 
the string array contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox

*/
using System;

public class SamplesArray  
{
    public static void Main()  {
 
        // Create and initialize a new string array.
        String[] myArr = {"The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps", 
            "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"};
 
        // Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "The string array initially contains the following values:");
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr);

        // Resize the array to a bigger size (five elements larger).
        Array.Resize(ref myArr, myArr.Length + 5);

        // Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("After resizing to a larger size, ");
        Console.WriteLine("the string array contains the following values:");
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr);

        // Resize the array to a smaller size (four elements).
        Array.Resize(ref myArr, 4);

        // Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("After resizing to a smaller size, ");
        Console.WriteLine("the string array contains the following values:");
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr);
    }

    public static void PrintIndexAndValues(String[] myArr)  {
        for(int i = 0; i < myArr.Length; i++)  
        {
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr[i]);
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.

The string array initially contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

After resizing to a larger size, 
the string array contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog
   [9] :
   [10] :
   [11] :
   [12] :
   [13] :

After resizing to a smaller size, 
the string array contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox

*/
Imports System

Public Class SamplesArray

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create and initialize a new string array.
        Dim myArr As String() =  {"The", "quick", "brown", "fox", _
            "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"}

        ' Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "The string array initially contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

        ' Resize the array to a bigger size (five elements larger).
        Array.Resize(myArr, myArr.Length + 5)

        ' Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("After resizing to a larger size, ")
        Console.WriteLine("the string array contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

        ' Resize the array to a smaller size (four elements).
        Array.Resize(myArr, 4)

        ' Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("After resizing to a smaller size, ")
        Console.WriteLine("the string array contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

    End Sub 'Main

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myArr() As String)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myArr.Length - 1
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub 'PrintIndexAndValues

End Class 'SamplesArray

'This code produces the following output.
'
'The string array initially contains the following values:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'
'After resizing to a larger size, 
'the string array contains the following values:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'   [9] :
'   [10] :
'   [11] :
'   [12] :
'   [13] :
'
'After resizing to a smaller size, 
'the string array contains the following values:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox

備註

這個方法會配置具有指定大小的新陣列、將專案從舊陣列複製到新陣列, 然後以新的陣列取代舊的陣列。This method allocates a new array with the specified size, copies elements from the old array to the new one, and then replaces the old array with the new one. array必須是一維陣列。array must be a one-dimensional array.

如果arraynull, 則這個方法會建立具有指定大小的新陣列。If array is null, this method creates a new array with the specified size.

如果newSize 大於Length舊陣列的, 則會配置新的陣列, 並將所有元素從舊陣列複製到新的陣列。If newSize is greater than the Length of the old array, a new array is allocated and all the elements are copied from the old array to the new one. 如果newSize 小於Length舊陣列的, 則會配置新的陣列, 並將專案從舊陣列複製到新的陣列, 直到新的陣列填滿為止; 舊陣列中的其餘元素會被忽略。If newSize is less than the Length of the old array, a new array is allocated and elements are copied from the old array to the new one until the new one is filled; the rest of the elements in the old array are ignored. 如果newSize 等於Length舊陣列的, 則這個方法不會執行任何操作。If newSize is equal to the Length of the old array, this method does nothing.

這個方法是 O (n) 運算, 其中nnewSizeThis method is an O(n) operation, where n is newSize.

Resize方法只會調整一維陣列的大小。The Resize method resizes a one-dimensional array only. Array類別不包含重設多維陣列大小的方法。The Array class does not include a method for resizing multi-dimensional arrays. 若要這樣做, 您必須提供您自己的程式碼, 或在協力廠商程式庫中呼叫特殊用途的方法。To do this, you must either provide your own code or call a special-purpose method in a third-party library. 下列程式碼說明一種可能的方法, 它會調整n個維度的陣列大小。The following code illustrates one possible implementation for a method that resizes an array of n dimensions.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      int[,] arr = new int[10,2];
      for (int n1 = 0; n1 <= arr.GetUpperBound(0); n1++) {
         arr[n1, 0] = n1;
         arr[n1, 1] = n1 * 2;
      } 

      // Make a 2-D array larger in the first dimension.
      arr = (int[,]) ResizeArray(arr, new int[] { 12, 2} );
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= arr.GetUpperBound(0); ctr++) 
         Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}, {2}", ctr, arr[ctr, 0], arr[ctr, 1]);
      Console.WriteLine();


      // Make a 2-D array smaller in the first dimension.
      arr = (int[,]) ResizeArray(arr, new int[] { 2, 2} );
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= arr.GetUpperBound(0); ctr++) 
         Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}, {2}", ctr, arr[ctr, 0], arr[ctr, 1]);
   }

   private static Array ResizeArray(Array arr, int[] newSizes)
   {
      if (newSizes.Length != arr.Rank)
         throw new ArgumentException("arr must have the same number of dimensions " +
                                     "as there are elements in newSizes", "newSizes"); 

      var temp = Array.CreateInstance(arr.GetType().GetElementType(), newSizes);
      int length = arr.Length <= temp.Length ? arr.Length : temp.Length;
      Array.ConstrainedCopy(arr, 0, temp, 0, length);
      return temp;
   }   
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       0: 0, 0
//       1: 1, 2
//       2: 2, 4
//       3: 3, 6
//       4: 4, 8
//       5: 5, 10
//       6: 6, 12
//       7: 7, 14
//       8: 8, 16
//       9: 9, 18
//       10: 0, 0
//       11: 0, 0
//       
//       0: 0, 0
//       1: 1, 2
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim arr(9, 1) As Integer
      For n1 As Integer = 0 To arr.GetUpperBound(0)
         arr(n1, 0) = n1
         arr(n1, 1) = n1 * 2
      Next 

      ' Make a 2-D array larger in the first dimension.
      arr = CType(ResizeArray(arr, { 12, 2} ), Integer(,))
      For ctr = 0 To arr.GetUpperBound(0)
         Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}, {2}", ctr, arr(ctr, 0), arr(ctr, 1))
      Next
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      ' Make a 2-D array smaller in the first dimension.
      arr = CType(ResizeArray(arr, { 2, 2} ), Integer(,))
      For ctr = 0 To arr.GetUpperBound(0)
         Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}, {2}", ctr, arr(ctr, 0), arr(ctr, 1))
      Next
   End Sub

   Private Function ResizeArray(arr As Array, newSizes() As Integer) As Array
      If newSizes.Length <> arr.Rank Then
         Throw New ArgumentException("arr must have the same number of dimensions " +
                                     "as there are elements in newSizes", "newSizes") 
      End If 

      Dim temp As Array = Array.CreateInstance(arr.GetType().GetElementType(), newSizes)
      Dim length As Integer = If(arr.Length <= temp.Length, arr.Length, temp.Length )
      Array.ConstrainedCopy(arr, 0, temp, 0, length)
      Return temp
   End Function
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       0: 0, 0
'       1: 1, 2
'       2: 2, 4
'       3: 3, 6
'       4: 4, 8
'       5: 5, 10
'       6: 6, 12
'       7: 7, 14
'       8: 8, 16
'       9: 9, 18
'       10: 0, 0
'       11: 0, 0
'       
'       0: 0, 0
'       1: 1, 2

適用於