CodeDomProvider 類別

定義

提供基底類別 (Base Class) 給 CodeDomProvider 實作。Provides a base class for CodeDomProvider implementations. 這個類別是抽象的。This class is abstract.

public ref class CodeDomProvider abstract : System::ComponentModel::Component
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public abstract class CodeDomProvider : System.ComponentModel.Component
type CodeDomProvider = class
    inherit Component
Public MustInherit Class CodeDomProvider
Inherits Component
繼承
衍生
屬性

範例

下列範例程式可以根據使用Console類別列印 "Hello World" 的程式 CodeDOM 模型,產生和編譯原始程式碼。The following example program can generate and compile source code based on a CodeDOM model of a program that prints "Hello World" using the Console class. 提供 Windows Forms 的使用者介面。A Windows Forms user interface is provided. 使用者可以從數個選項中選取目的程式設計語言:C#、Visual Basic 和 JScript。The user can select the target programming language from several selections: C#, Visual Basic, and JScript.

#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <Microsoft.JScript.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::CodeDom;
using namespace System::CodeDom::Compiler;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
using namespace System::Diagnostics;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace Microsoft::CSharp;
using namespace Microsoft::VisualBasic;
using namespace Microsoft::JScript;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;

// This example demonstrates building a Hello World program graph 
// using System.CodeDom elements. It calls code generator and
// code compiler methods to build the program using CSharp, VB, or
// JScript.  A Windows Forms interface is included. Note: Code
// must be compiled and linked with the Microsoft.JScript assembly. 
namespace CodeDOMExample
{
    [PermissionSet(SecurityAction::Demand, Name="FullTrust")]
    public ref class CodeDomExample
    {
    public:
        // Build a Hello World program graph using 
        // System::CodeDom types.
        static CodeCompileUnit^ BuildHelloWorldGraph()
        {
            // Create a new CodeCompileUnit to contain 
            // the program graph.
            CodeCompileUnit^ compileUnit = gcnew CodeCompileUnit;

            // Declare a new namespace called Samples.
            CodeNamespace^ samples = gcnew CodeNamespace( "Samples" );

            // Add the new namespace to the compile unit.
            compileUnit->Namespaces->Add( samples );

            // Add the new namespace import for the System namespace.
            samples->Imports->Add( gcnew CodeNamespaceImport( "System" ) );

            // Declare a new type called Class1.
            CodeTypeDeclaration^ class1 = gcnew CodeTypeDeclaration( "Class1" );

            // Add the new type to the namespace's type collection.
            samples->Types->Add( class1 );

            // Declare a new code entry point method.
            CodeEntryPointMethod^ start = gcnew CodeEntryPointMethod;

            // Create a type reference for the System::Console class.
            CodeTypeReferenceExpression^ csSystemConsoleType = gcnew CodeTypeReferenceExpression( "System.Console" );

            // Build a Console::WriteLine statement.
            CodeMethodInvokeExpression^ cs1 = gcnew CodeMethodInvokeExpression( csSystemConsoleType,"WriteLine", gcnew CodePrimitiveExpression("Hello World!") );

            // Add the WriteLine call to the statement collection.
            start->Statements->Add( cs1 );

            // Build another Console::WriteLine statement.
            CodeMethodInvokeExpression^ cs2 = gcnew CodeMethodInvokeExpression( csSystemConsoleType,"WriteLine", gcnew CodePrimitiveExpression( "Press the Enter key to continue." ) );

            // Add the WriteLine call to the statement collection.
            start->Statements->Add( cs2 );

            // Build a call to System::Console::ReadLine.
            CodeMethodReferenceExpression^ csReadLine = gcnew CodeMethodReferenceExpression( csSystemConsoleType, "ReadLine" );
            CodeMethodInvokeExpression^ cs3 = gcnew CodeMethodInvokeExpression( csReadLine, gcnew array<CodeExpression^>(0) );

            // Add the ReadLine statement.
            start->Statements->Add( cs3 );

            // Add the code entry point method to
            // the Members collection of the type.
            class1->Members->Add( start );
            return compileUnit;
        }

        static void GenerateCode( CodeDomProvider^ provider, CodeCompileUnit^ compileunit )
        {
            // Build the source file name with the appropriate
            // language extension.
            String^ sourceFile;
            if ( provider->FileExtension->StartsWith( "." ) )
            {
                sourceFile = String::Concat( "TestGraph", provider->FileExtension );
            }
            else
            {
                sourceFile = String::Concat( "TestGraph.", provider->FileExtension );
            }

            // Create an IndentedTextWriter, constructed with
            // a StreamWriter to the source file.
            IndentedTextWriter^ tw = gcnew IndentedTextWriter( gcnew StreamWriter( sourceFile,false ),"    " );

            // Generate source code using the code generator.
            provider->GenerateCodeFromCompileUnit( compileunit, tw, gcnew CodeGeneratorOptions );

            // Close the output file.
            tw->Close();
        }

        static CompilerResults^ CompileCode( CodeDomProvider^ provider, String^ sourceFile, String^ exeFile )
        {
            // Configure a CompilerParameters that links System.dll
            // and produces the specified executable file.
            array<String^>^referenceAssemblies = {"System.dll"};
            CompilerParameters^ cp = gcnew CompilerParameters( referenceAssemblies,exeFile,false );

            // Generate an executable rather than a DLL file.
            cp->GenerateExecutable = true;

            // Invoke compilation.
            CompilerResults^ cr = provider->CompileAssemblyFromFile( cp, sourceFile );

            // Return the results of compilation.
            return cr;
        }
    };

    public ref class CodeDomExampleForm: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
    {
    private:
        static System::Windows::Forms::Button^ run_button = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Button;
        static System::Windows::Forms::Button^ compile_button = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Button;
        static System::Windows::Forms::Button^ generate_button = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Button;
        static System::Windows::Forms::TextBox^ textBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::TextBox;
        static System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox^ comboBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox;
        static System::Windows::Forms::Label^ label1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Label;
        void generate_button_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
        {
            CodeDomProvider^ provider = GetCurrentProvider();
            CodeDomExample::GenerateCode( provider, CodeDomExample::BuildHelloWorldGraph() );

            // Build the source file name with the appropriate
            // language extension.
            String^ sourceFile;
            if ( provider->FileExtension->StartsWith( "." ) )
            {
                sourceFile = String::Concat( "TestGraph", provider->FileExtension );
            }
            else
            {
                sourceFile = String::Concat( "TestGraph.", provider->FileExtension );
            }


            // Read in the generated source file and
            // display the source text.
            StreamReader^ sr = gcnew StreamReader( sourceFile );
            textBox1->Text = sr->ReadToEnd();
            sr->Close();
        }

        CodeDomProvider^ GetCurrentProvider()
        {
            CodeDomProvider^ provider;
            if ( String::Compare( dynamic_cast<String^>(this->comboBox1->SelectedItem), "CSharp" ) == 0 )
                provider = CodeDomProvider::CreateProvider("CSharp");
            else
                if ( String::Compare( dynamic_cast<String^>(this->comboBox1->SelectedItem), "Visual Basic" ) == 0 )
                    provider = CodeDomProvider::CreateProvider("VisualBasic");
                else
                    if ( String::Compare( dynamic_cast<String^>(this->comboBox1->SelectedItem), "JScript" ) == 0 )
                        provider = CodeDomProvider::CreateProvider("JScript");
                    else
                        provider = CodeDomProvider::CreateProvider("CSharp");

            return provider;
        }

        void compile_button_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
        {
            CodeDomProvider^ provider = GetCurrentProvider();

            // Build the source file name with the appropriate
            // language extension.
            String^ sourceFile = String::Concat( "TestGraph.", provider->FileExtension );

            // Compile the source file into an executable output file.
            CompilerResults^ cr = CodeDomExample::CompileCode( provider, sourceFile, "TestGraph.exe" );
            if ( cr->Errors->Count > 0 )
            {
                // Display compilation errors.
                textBox1->Text = String::Concat( "Errors encountered while building ", sourceFile, " into ", cr->PathToAssembly, ": \r\n\n" );
                System::CodeDom::Compiler::CompilerError^ ce;
                for ( int i = 0; i < cr->Errors->Count; i++ )
                {
                    ce = cr->Errors[i];
                    textBox1->AppendText( String::Concat( ce->ToString(), "\r\n" ) );

                }
                run_button->Enabled = false;
            }
            else
            {
                textBox1->Text = String::Concat( "Source ", sourceFile, " built into ", cr->PathToAssembly, " with no errors." );
                run_button->Enabled = true;
            }
        }

        void run_button_Click( Object^ /*sender*/, System::EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
        {
            Process::Start( "TestGraph.exe" );
        }

    public:
        CodeDomExampleForm()
        {
            this->SuspendLayout();

            // Set properties for label1.
            this->label1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 395, 20 );
            this->label1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 180, 22 );
            this->label1->Text = "Select a programming language:";

            // Set properties for comboBox1.
            this->comboBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 560, 16 );
            this->comboBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 190, 23 );
            this->comboBox1->Name = "comboBox1";
            array<String^>^temp1 = {"CSharp","Visual Basic","JScript"};
            this->comboBox1->Items->AddRange( temp1 );
            this->comboBox1->Anchor = (System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles)(System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Left | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Right | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Top);
            this->comboBox1->SelectedIndex = 0;

            // Set properties for generate_button.
            this->generate_button->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 8, 16 );
            this->generate_button->Name = "generate_button";
            this->generate_button->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 23 );
            this->generate_button->Text = "Generate Code";
            this->generate_button->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &CodeDomExampleForm::generate_button_Click );

            // Set properties for compile_button.
            this->compile_button->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 136, 16 );
            this->compile_button->Name = "compile_button";
            this->compile_button->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 23 );
            this->compile_button->Text = "Compile";
            this->compile_button->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &CodeDomExampleForm::compile_button_Click );

            // Set properties for run_button.
            this->run_button->Enabled = false;
            this->run_button->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 264, 16 );
            this->run_button->Name = "run_button";
            this->run_button->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 23 );
            this->run_button->Text = "Run";
            this->run_button->Click += gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &CodeDomExampleForm::run_button_Click );

            // Set properties for textBox1.
            this->textBox1->Anchor = (System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles)(System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Top | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Bottom | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Left | System::Windows::Forms::AnchorStyles::Right);
            this->textBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 8, 48 );
            this->textBox1->Multiline = true;
            this->textBox1->ScrollBars = System::Windows::Forms::ScrollBars::Vertical;
            this->textBox1->Name = "textBox1";
            this->textBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 744, 280 );
            this->textBox1->Text = "";

            // Set properties for the CodeDomExampleForm.
            this->AutoScaleBaseSize = System::Drawing::Size( 5, 13 );
            this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 768, 340 );
            this->MinimumSize = System::Drawing::Size( 750, 340 );
            array<System::Windows::Forms::Control^>^myControl = {this->textBox1,this->run_button,this->compile_button,this->generate_button,this->comboBox1,this->label1};
            this->Controls->AddRange( myControl );
            this->Name = "CodeDomExampleForm";
            this->Text = "CodeDom Hello World Example";
            this->ResumeLayout( false );
        }

    public:
        ~CodeDomExampleForm()
        {
        }
    };

}

[STAThread]
int main()
{
    Application::Run( gcnew CodeDOMExample::CodeDomExampleForm );
}
using System;
using System.CodeDom;
using System.CodeDom.Compiler;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Drawing;
using System.IO;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using Microsoft.CSharp;
using Microsoft.VisualBasic;
using Microsoft.JScript;

// This example demonstrates building a Hello World program graph 
// using System.CodeDom elements. It calls code generator and
// code compiler methods to build the program using CSharp, VB, or
// JScript.  A Windows Forms interface is included. Note: Code
// must be compiled and linked with the Microsoft.JScript assembly. 
namespace CodeDOMExample
{
    class CodeDomExample
    {
        // Build a Hello World program graph using 
        // System.CodeDom types.
        public static CodeCompileUnit BuildHelloWorldGraph()
        {
            // Create a new CodeCompileUnit to contain 
            // the program graph.
            CodeCompileUnit compileUnit = new CodeCompileUnit();

            // Declare a new namespace called Samples.
            CodeNamespace samples = new CodeNamespace("Samples");
            // Add the new namespace to the compile unit.
            compileUnit.Namespaces.Add(samples);

            // Add the new namespace import for the System namespace.
            samples.Imports.Add(new CodeNamespaceImport("System"));

            // Declare a new type called Class1.
            CodeTypeDeclaration class1 = new CodeTypeDeclaration("Class1");
            // Add the new type to the namespace type collection.
            samples.Types.Add(class1);

            // Declare a new code entry point method.
            CodeEntryPointMethod start = new CodeEntryPointMethod();

            // Create a type reference for the System.Console class.
            CodeTypeReferenceExpression csSystemConsoleType = new CodeTypeReferenceExpression("System.Console");

            // Build a Console.WriteLine statement.
            CodeMethodInvokeExpression cs1 = new CodeMethodInvokeExpression(
                csSystemConsoleType, "WriteLine",
                new CodePrimitiveExpression("Hello World!"));

            // Add the WriteLine call to the statement collection.
            start.Statements.Add(cs1);

            // Build another Console.WriteLine statement.
            CodeMethodInvokeExpression cs2 = new CodeMethodInvokeExpression(
                csSystemConsoleType, "WriteLine",
                new CodePrimitiveExpression("Press the Enter key to continue."));

            // Add the WriteLine call to the statement collection.
            start.Statements.Add(cs2);

            // Build a call to System.Console.ReadLine.
            CodeMethodInvokeExpression csReadLine = new CodeMethodInvokeExpression(
                csSystemConsoleType, "ReadLine");

            // Add the ReadLine statement.
            start.Statements.Add(csReadLine);

            // Add the code entry point method to
            // the Members collection of the type.
            class1.Members.Add(start);

            return compileUnit;
        }

        public static void GenerateCode(CodeDomProvider provider,
            CodeCompileUnit compileunit)
        {
            // Build the source file name with the appropriate
            // language extension.
            String sourceFile;
            if (provider.FileExtension[0] == '.')
            {
                sourceFile = "TestGraph" + provider.FileExtension;
            }
            else
            {
                sourceFile = "TestGraph." + provider.FileExtension;
            }

            // Create an IndentedTextWriter, constructed with
            // a StreamWriter to the source file.
            IndentedTextWriter tw = new IndentedTextWriter(new StreamWriter(sourceFile, false), "    ");
            // Generate source code using the code generator.
            provider.GenerateCodeFromCompileUnit(compileunit, tw, new CodeGeneratorOptions());
            // Close the output file.
            tw.Close();
        }

        public static CompilerResults CompileCode(CodeDomProvider provider,
                                                  String sourceFile,
                                                  String exeFile)
        {
            // Configure a CompilerParameters that links System.dll
            // and produces the specified executable file.
            String[] referenceAssemblies = { "System.dll" };
            CompilerParameters cp = new CompilerParameters(referenceAssemblies,
                                                           exeFile, false);
            // Generate an executable rather than a DLL file.
            cp.GenerateExecutable = true;

            // Invoke compilation.
            CompilerResults cr = provider.CompileAssemblyFromFile(cp, sourceFile);
            // Return the results of compilation.
            return cr;
        }
    }

    public class CodeDomExampleForm : System.Windows.Forms.Form
    {
        private System.Windows.Forms.Button run_button = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        private System.Windows.Forms.Button compile_button = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        private System.Windows.Forms.Button generate_button = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        private System.Windows.Forms.TextBox textBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
        private System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox comboBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
        private System.Windows.Forms.Label label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();

        private void generate_button_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            CodeDomProvider provider = GetCurrentProvider();
            CodeDomExample.GenerateCode(provider, CodeDomExample.BuildHelloWorldGraph());

            // Build the source file name with the appropriate
            // language extension.
            String sourceFile;
            if (provider.FileExtension[0] == '.')
            {
                sourceFile = "TestGraph" + provider.FileExtension;
            }
            else
            {
                sourceFile = "TestGraph." + provider.FileExtension;
            }

            // Read in the generated source file and
            // display the source text.
            StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(sourceFile);
            textBox1.Text = sr.ReadToEnd();
            sr.Close();
        }

        private void compile_button_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
        {
            CodeDomProvider provider = GetCurrentProvider();

            // Build the source file name with the appropriate
            // language extension.
            String sourceFile;
            if (provider.FileExtension[0] == '.')
            {
                sourceFile = "TestGraph" + provider.FileExtension;
            }
            else
            {
                sourceFile = "TestGraph." + provider.FileExtension;
            }

            // Compile the source file into an executable output file.
            CompilerResults cr = CodeDomExample.CompileCode(provider,
                                                            sourceFile,
                                                            "TestGraph.exe");

            if (cr.Errors.Count > 0)
            {
                // Display compilation errors.
                textBox1.Text = "Errors encountered while building " +
                                sourceFile + " into " + cr.PathToAssembly + ": \r\n\n";
                foreach (CompilerError ce in cr.Errors)
                    textBox1.AppendText(ce.ToString() + "\r\n");
                run_button.Enabled = false;
            }
            else
            {
                textBox1.Text = "Source " + sourceFile + " built into " +
                                cr.PathToAssembly + " with no errors.";
                run_button.Enabled = true;
            }
        }

        private void run_button_Click(object sender,
            System.EventArgs e)
        {
            Process.Start("TestGraph.exe");
        }

        private CodeDomProvider GetCurrentProvider()
        {
            CodeDomProvider provider;
            switch ((string)this.comboBox1.SelectedItem)
            {
                case "CSharp":
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("CSharp");
                    break;
                case "Visual Basic":
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("VisualBasic");
                    break;
                case "JScript":
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("JScript");
                    break;
                default:
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("CSharp");
                    break;
            }
            return provider;
        }

        public CodeDomExampleForm()
        {
            this.SuspendLayout();
            // Set properties for label1
            this.label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(395, 20);
            this.label1.Size = new Size(180, 22);
            this.label1.Text = "Select a programming language:";
            // Set properties for comboBox1
            this.comboBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(560, 16);
            this.comboBox1.Size = new Size(190, 23);
            this.comboBox1.Name = "comboBox1";
            this.comboBox1.Items.AddRange(new string[] { "CSharp", "Visual Basic", "JScript" });
            this.comboBox1.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left
                                    | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right
                                    | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top;
            this.comboBox1.SelectedIndex = 0;
            // Set properties for generate_button. 
            this.generate_button.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 16);
            this.generate_button.Name = "generate_button";
            this.generate_button.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 23);
            this.generate_button.Text = "Generate Code";
            this.generate_button.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.generate_button_Click);
            // Set properties for compile_button.
            this.compile_button.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(136, 16);
            this.compile_button.Name = "compile_button";
            this.compile_button.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 23);
            this.compile_button.Text = "Compile";
            this.compile_button.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.compile_button_Click);
            // Set properties for run_button.
            this.run_button.Enabled = false;
            this.run_button.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(264, 16);
            this.run_button.Name = "run_button";
            this.run_button.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 23);
            this.run_button.Text = "Run";
            this.run_button.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.run_button_Click);
            // Set properties for textBox1.        
            this.textBox1.Anchor = (System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top
                                     | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom
                                     | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left
                                     | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right);
            this.textBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 48);
            this.textBox1.Multiline = true;
            this.textBox1.ScrollBars = System.Windows.Forms.ScrollBars.Vertical;
            this.textBox1.Name = "textBox1";
            this.textBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(744, 280);
            this.textBox1.Text = "";
            // Set properties for the CodeDomExampleForm.
            this.AutoScaleBaseSize = new System.Drawing.Size(5, 13);
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(768, 340);
            this.MinimumSize = new System.Drawing.Size(750, 340);
            this.Controls.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.Control[] {this.textBox1, 
                this.run_button, this.compile_button, this.generate_button,
                this.comboBox1, this.label1 });
            this.Name = "CodeDomExampleForm";
            this.Text = "CodeDom Hello World Example";
            this.ResumeLayout(false);
        }

        protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
        {
            base.Dispose(disposing);
        }

        [STAThread]
        static void Main()
        {
            Application.Run(new CodeDomExampleForm());
        }
    }
}
Imports System.CodeDom
Imports System.CodeDom.Compiler
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Diagnostics
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports Microsoft.CSharp
Imports Microsoft.JScript

' This example demonstrates building a Hello World program graph 
' using System.CodeDom elements. It calls code generator and
' code compiler methods to build the program using CSharp, VB, or
' JScript.  A Windows Forms interface is included. Note: Code
' must be compiled and linked with the Microsoft.JScript assembly. 
Namespace CodeDOMExample

    Class CodeDomExample
        ' Build a Hello World program graph using 
        ' System.CodeDom types.
        Public Shared Function BuildHelloWorldGraph() As CodeCompileUnit

            ' Create a new CodeCompileUnit to contain 
            ' the program graph.
            Dim compileUnit As New CodeCompileUnit()

            ' Declare a new namespace called Samples.
            Dim samples As New CodeNamespace("Samples")

            ' Add the new namespace to the compile unit.
            compileUnit.Namespaces.Add(samples)

            ' Add the new namespace import for the System namespace.
            samples.Imports.Add(New CodeNamespaceImport("System"))

            ' Declare a new type called Class1.
            Dim class1 As New CodeTypeDeclaration("Class1")

            ' Add the new type to the namespace type collection.
            samples.Types.Add(class1)

            ' Declare a new code entry point method.
            Dim start As New CodeEntryPointMethod()

            ' Create a type reference for the System.Console class.
            Dim csSystemConsoleType As New CodeTypeReferenceExpression( _
                "System.Console")

            ' Build a Console.WriteLine statement.
            Dim cs1 As New CodeMethodInvokeExpression( _
                csSystemConsoleType, "WriteLine", _
                New CodePrimitiveExpression("Hello World!"))

            ' Add the WriteLine call to the statement collection.
            start.Statements.Add(cs1)

            ' Build another Console.WriteLine statement.
            Dim cs2 As New CodeMethodInvokeExpression( _
                csSystemConsoleType, "WriteLine", _
                New CodePrimitiveExpression("Press the Enter key to continue."))

            ' Add the WriteLine call to the statement collection.
            start.Statements.Add(cs2)

            ' Build a call to System.Console.ReadLine.
            Dim csReadLine As New CodeMethodInvokeExpression( _
                csSystemConsoleType, "ReadLine")

            ' Add the ReadLine statement.
            start.Statements.Add(csReadLine)

            ' Add the code entry point method to
            ' the Members collection of the type.
            class1.Members.Add(start)

            Return compileUnit
        End Function

        Public Shared Sub GenerateCode(ByVal provider As CodeDomProvider, ByVal compileunit As CodeCompileUnit)

            ' Build the source file name with the appropriate
            ' language extension.
            Dim sourceFile As String
            If provider.FileExtension.StartsWith(".") Then
                sourceFile = "TestGraph" + provider.FileExtension
            Else
                sourceFile = "TestGraph." + provider.FileExtension
            End If

            ' Create an IndentedTextWriter, constructed with
            ' a StreamWriter to the source file.
            Dim tw As New IndentedTextWriter(New StreamWriter(sourceFile, False), "    ")
            ' Generate source code using the code generator.
            provider.GenerateCodeFromCompileUnit(compileunit, tw, New CodeGeneratorOptions())
            ' Close the output file.
            tw.Close()
        End Sub

        Public Shared Function CompileCode(ByVal provider As CodeDomProvider, _
                                           ByVal sourceFile As String, _
                                           ByVal exeFile As String) As CompilerResults

            ' Configure a CompilerParameters that links System.dll
            ' and produces the specified executable file.
            Dim referenceAssemblies As String() = {"System.dll"}
            Dim cp As New CompilerParameters(referenceAssemblies, exeFile, False)

            ' Generate an executable rather than a DLL file.
            cp.GenerateExecutable = True

            ' Invoke compilation.
            Dim cr As CompilerResults = provider.CompileAssemblyFromFile(cp, _
                sourceFile)
            ' Return the results of compilation.
            Return cr
        End Function
    End Class

    Public Class CodeDomExampleForm
        Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form
        Private run_button As New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
        Private compile_button As New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
        Private generate_button As New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
        Private textBox1 As New System.Windows.Forms.TextBox()
        Private comboBox1 As New System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox()
        Private label1 As New System.Windows.Forms.Label()

        Private Sub generate_button_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
            Dim provider As CodeDomProvider = GetCurrentProvider()
            CodeDomExample.GenerateCode(provider, CodeDomExample.BuildHelloWorldGraph())

            ' Build the source file name with the appropriate
            ' language extension.
            Dim sourceFile As String
            If provider.FileExtension.StartsWith(".") Then
                sourceFile = "TestGraph" + provider.FileExtension
            Else
                sourceFile = "TestGraph." + provider.FileExtension
            End If

            ' Read in the generated source file and
            ' display the source text.
            Dim sr As New StreamReader(sourceFile)
            textBox1.Text = sr.ReadToEnd()
            sr.Close()
        End Sub

        Private Sub compile_button_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
            Dim provider As CodeDomProvider = GetCurrentProvider()

            ' Build the source file name with the appropriate
            ' language extension.
            Dim sourceFile As String
            If provider.FileExtension.StartsWith(".") Then
                sourceFile = "TestGraph" + provider.FileExtension
            Else
                sourceFile = "TestGraph." + provider.FileExtension
            End If

            Dim cr As CompilerResults = CodeDomExample.CompileCode(provider, _
                                                                   sourceFile, _
                                                                   "TestGraph.EXE")

            If cr.Errors.Count > 0 Then
                ' Display compilation errors.
                textBox1.Text = "Errors encountered while building " + _
                                sourceFile + " into " + _
                                cr.PathToAssembly + ": " + ControlChars.CrLf

                Dim ce As System.CodeDom.Compiler.CompilerError
                For Each ce In cr.Errors
                    textBox1.AppendText(ce.ToString() + ControlChars.CrLf)
                Next ce
                run_button.Enabled = False
            Else
                textBox1.Text = "Source " + sourceFile + " built into " + _
                                cr.PathToAssembly + " with no errors."
                run_button.Enabled = True
            End If
        End Sub

        Private Sub run_button_Click(ByVal sender As Object, _
            ByVal e As System.EventArgs)

            Process.Start("TestGraph.EXE")
        End Sub

        Private Function GetCurrentProvider() As CodeDomProvider

            Dim provider As CodeDomProvider
            Select Case CStr(Me.comboBox1.SelectedItem)
                Case "CSharp"
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("CSharp")
                Case "Visual Basic"
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("VisualBasic")
                Case "JScript"
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("JScript")
                Case Else
                    provider = CodeDomProvider.CreateProvider("CSharp")
            End Select
            Return provider
        End Function

        Public Sub New()
            Me.SuspendLayout()
            ' Set properties for label1.
            Me.label1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(395, 20)
            Me.label1.Size = New Size(180, 22)
            Me.label1.Text = "Select a programming language:"
            ' Set properties for comboBox1.
            Me.comboBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(560, 16)
            Me.comboBox1.Size = New Size(190, 23)
            Me.comboBox1.Name = "comboBox1"
            Me.comboBox1.Items.AddRange(New String() {"CSharp", "Visual Basic", "JScript"})
            Me.comboBox1.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top
            Me.comboBox1.SelectedIndex = 0
            ' Set properties for generate_button.
            Me.generate_button.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(8, 16)
            Me.generate_button.Name = "generate_button"
            Me.generate_button.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 23)
            Me.generate_button.Text = "Generate Code"
            AddHandler generate_button.Click, AddressOf Me.generate_button_Click
            ' Set properties for compile_button.
            Me.compile_button.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(136, 16)
            Me.compile_button.Name = "compile_button"
            Me.compile_button.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 23)
            Me.compile_button.Text = "Compile"
            AddHandler compile_button.Click, AddressOf Me.compile_button_Click
            ' Set properties for run_button.
            Me.run_button.Enabled = False
            Me.run_button.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(264, 16)
            Me.run_button.Name = "run_button"
            Me.run_button.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 23)
            Me.run_button.Text = "Run"
            AddHandler run_button.Click, AddressOf Me.run_button_Click
            ' Set properties for textBox1.
            Me.textBox1.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right
            Me.textBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(8, 48)
            Me.textBox1.Multiline = True
            Me.textBox1.ScrollBars = System.Windows.Forms.ScrollBars.Vertical
            Me.textBox1.Name = "textBox1"
            Me.textBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(744, 280)
            Me.textBox1.Text = ""
            ' Set properties for the CodeDomExampleForm.
            Me.AutoScaleBaseSize = New System.Drawing.Size(5, 13)
            Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(768, 340)
            Me.MinimumSize = New System.Drawing.Size(750, 340)
            Me.Controls.AddRange(New System.Windows.Forms.Control() {Me.textBox1, _
                Me.run_button, Me.compile_button, Me.generate_button, _
                Me.comboBox1, Me.label1})
            Me.Name = "CodeDomExampleForm"
            Me.Text = "CodeDom Hello World Example"
            Me.ResumeLayout(False)
        End Sub

        Protected Overloads Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
            MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
        End Sub

        <STAThread()> _
        Shared Sub Main()
            Application.Run(New CodeDomExampleForm())
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

備註

CodeDomProvider可以用來建立和取出程式碼產生器和程式碼編譯器的實例。A CodeDomProvider can be used to create and retrieve instances of code generators and code compilers. 程式碼產生器可以用來產生特定語言的程式碼,且程式碼編譯器可將程式碼編譯為組件。Code generators can be used to generate code in a particular language, and code compilers can be used to compile code into assemblies.

注意

在中.NET Framework 2.0.NET Framework 2.0,程式碼產生器和程式碼編譯器中提供的方法可直接從程式碼提供者取得。In the .NET Framework 2.0.NET Framework 2.0, the methods made available in the code generator and code compiler are available directly from the code provider. 您不需要呼叫CreateGeneratorCreateCompiler來存取方法,而且這些方法會標示為已淘汰。You do not need to call CreateGenerator or CreateCompiler to access the methods, and those methods are marked as obsolete. 這適用于預先存在的和新的程式碼提供者。This applies to preexisting as well as new code provider implementations.

CodeDomProvider執行通常會提供程式碼產生和/或程式碼編譯介面,以產生程式碼及管理單一程式設計語言的編譯。A CodeDomProvider implementation typically provides code generation and/or code compilation interfaces for generating code and managing compilation for a single programming language. Windows SDK 隨附的實作為CodeDomProvider支援數種語言。Several languages are supported by CodeDomProvider implementations that ship with the Windows SDK. 這些語言包括C#、Visual Basic、 C++和 JScript。These languages include C#, Visual Basic, C++, and JScript. 開發人員或編譯器廠商可以執行ICodeGeneratorICodeCompiler介面,並提供CodeDomProvider將 CodeDOM 支援擴充至其他程式設計語言的。Developers or compiler vendors can implement the ICodeGenerator and ICodeCompiler interfaces and provide a CodeDomProvider that extends CodeDOM support to other programming languages.

電腦設定檔(machine.config)中的 < > system.object專案提供了一種機制,讓開發人員和編譯器廠商能夠新增額外CodeDomProvider執行的設定。The <system.codedom> Element in the machine configuration file (Machine.config) provides a mechanism for developers and compiler vendors to add configuration settings for additional CodeDomProvider implementations.

類別提供靜態方法來探索和列舉電腦上CodeDomProvider的執行。 CodeDomProviderThe CodeDomProvider class provides static methods to discover and enumerate the CodeDomProvider implementations on a computer. 方法會傳回電腦上所有CodeDomProvider執行的設定。 GetAllCompilerInfoThe GetAllCompilerInfo method returns the settings for all CodeDomProvider implementations on a computer. 方法會根據程式設計語言名稱, CodeDomProvider傳回特定執行的設定。 GetCompilerInfoThe GetCompilerInfo method returns the settings for a specific CodeDomProvider implementation, based on the programming language name. 方法會傳回特定語言的CodeDomProvider實作為實例。 CreateProviderThe CreateProvider method returns an instance of a CodeDomProvider implementation for a specific language.

如需有關設定檔中語言提供者設定的詳細資訊, 請參閱編譯器和語言提供者設定架構For more details on language provider settings in the configuration file, see Compiler and Language Provider Settings Schema.

注意

這個類別會在類別層級建立連結要求和繼承要求。This class makes a link demand and an inheritance demand at the class level. 如果立即呼叫端或衍生類別沒有完全信任許可權,則會擲回。SecurityExceptionA SecurityException is thrown if either the immediate caller or the derived class does not have full trust permission. 如需安全性需求的詳細資訊, 請參閱連結要求繼承要求For details about security demands, see Link Demands and Inheritance Demands.

給繼承者的注意事項

在 .NET Framework 版本1.0 和1.1 中,程式碼提供者是由CodeDomProviderICodeGeneratorICodeParserICodeCompiler的執行所組成。In the .NET Framework versions 1.0 and 1.1, code providers consist of implementations of CodeDomProvider, ICodeGenerator, ICodeParser, and ICodeCompiler. .NET Framework 2.0.NET Framework 2.0在中CreateCompiler()ICodeGenerator ICodeCompiler 、和方法CodeDomProvider已過時,而且和的方法可以直接在類別中使用。 CreateParser() CreateGenerator()In the .NET Framework 2.0.NET Framework 2.0, the CreateGenerator(), CreateParser(), and CreateCompiler() methods are obsolete, and the methods of ICodeGenerator and ICodeCompiler are directly available in the CodeDomProvider class. 您應該在程式碼提供者的執行中覆寫這些方法,而不是呼叫基底方法。You should override those methods in your code provider implementation and not call the base methods.

建構函式

CodeDomProvider()

初始化 CodeDomProvider 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the CodeDomProvider class.

屬性

CanRaiseEvents

取得值,指出元件是否能引發事件。Gets a value indicating whether the component can raise an event.

(繼承來源 Component)
Container

取得包含 IContainerComponentGets the IContainer that contains the Component.

(繼承來源 Component)
DesignMode

取得值,指出 Component 目前是否處於設計模式。Gets a value that indicates whether the Component is currently in design mode.

(繼承來源 Component)
Events

取得附加在這個 Component 上的事件處理常式清單。Gets the list of event handlers that are attached to this Component.

(繼承來源 Component)
FileExtension

取得目前語言的原始程式碼檔案所使用的預設副檔名。Gets the default file name extension to use for source code files in the current language.

LanguageOptions

取得語言功能識別項。Gets a language features identifier.

Site

取得或設定 ComponentISiteGets or sets the ISite of the Component.

(繼承來源 Component)

方法

CompileAssemblyFromDom(CompilerParameters, CodeCompileUnit[])

使用指定的編譯器設定,根據 System.CodeDom 物件之指定陣列所包含的 CodeCompileUnit 樹狀結構,編譯一個組件。Compiles an assembly based on the System.CodeDom trees contained in the specified array of CodeCompileUnit objects, using the specified compiler settings.

CompileAssemblyFromFile(CompilerParameters, String[])

使用指定的編譯器設定,在指定檔案所包含的原始程式碼中,編譯組件。Compiles an assembly from the source code contained in the specified files, using the specified compiler settings.

CompileAssemblyFromSource(CompilerParameters, String[])

使用指定的編譯器設定,在含有原始程式碼的指定陣列中,編譯一個組件。Compiles an assembly from the specified array of strings containing source code, using the specified compiler settings.

CreateCompiler()

在衍生類別中覆寫時,請建立新的程式碼編譯器。When overridden in a derived class, creates a new code compiler.

CreateEscapedIdentifier(String)

為指定值建立逸出識別項。Creates an escaped identifier for the specified value.

CreateGenerator()

在衍生類別中覆寫時,請建立新的程式碼產生器。When overridden in a derived class, creates a new code generator.

CreateGenerator(String)

在衍生類別中覆寫時,請使用指定的輸出檔名建立新的程式碼產生器。When overridden in a derived class, creates a new code generator using the specified file name for output.

CreateGenerator(TextWriter)

在衍生類別中覆寫時,請使用指定的輸出 TextWriter 建立新的程式碼產生器。When overridden in a derived class, creates a new code generator using the specified TextWriter for output.

CreateObjRef(Type)

建立包含所有相關資訊的物件,這些資訊是產生用來與遠端物件通訊的所需 Proxy。Creates an object that contains all the relevant information required to generate a proxy used to communicate with a remote object.

(繼承來源 MarshalByRefObject)
CreateParser()

在衍生類別中覆寫時,請建立新的程式碼剖析器。When overridden in a derived class, creates a new code parser.

CreateProvider(String)

取得指定語言的 CodeDomProvider 執行個體。Gets a CodeDomProvider instance for the specified language.

CreateProvider(String, IDictionary<String,String>)

取得指定之語言和提供者選項的 CodeDomProvider 執行個體。Gets a CodeDomProvider instance for the specified language and provider options.

CreateValidIdentifier(String)

為指定值建立有效的識別項。Creates a valid identifier for the specified value.

Dispose()

釋放 Component 所使用的所有資源。Releases all resources used by the Component.

(繼承來源 Component)
Dispose(Boolean)

釋放 Component 所使用的 Unmanaged 資源,並選擇性地釋放 Managed 資源。Releases the unmanaged resources used by the Component and optionally releases the managed resources.

(繼承來源 Component)
Equals(Object)

判斷指定的物件是否等於目前的物件。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)
GenerateCodeFromCompileUnit(CodeCompileUnit, TextWriter, CodeGeneratorOptions)

產生指定程式碼文件物件模型 (CodeDOM) 編譯單位 (Compilation Unit) 的程式碼,並使用指定的選項將其傳送至指定的文字寫入器。Generates code for the specified Code Document Object Model (CodeDOM) compilation unit and sends it to the specified text writer, using the specified options.

GenerateCodeFromExpression(CodeExpression, TextWriter, CodeGeneratorOptions)

產生指定程式碼文件物件模型 (CodeDOM) 運算式的程式碼,並使用指定的選項將其傳送至指定的文字寫入器。Generates code for the specified Code Document Object Model (CodeDOM) expression and sends it to the specified text writer, using the specified options.

GenerateCodeFromMember(CodeTypeMember, TextWriter, CodeGeneratorOptions)

產生指定程式碼文件物件模型 (CodeDOM) 成員宣告的程式碼,並使用指定的選項將其傳送至指定的文字寫入器。Generates code for the specified Code Document Object Model (CodeDOM) member declaration and sends it to the specified text writer, using the specified options.

GenerateCodeFromNamespace(CodeNamespace, TextWriter, CodeGeneratorOptions)

產生指定程式碼文件物件模型 (CodeDOM) 命名空間的程式碼,並使用指定選項將其傳送至指定的文字寫入器。Generates code for the specified Code Document Object Model (CodeDOM) namespace and sends it to the specified text writer, using the specified options.

GenerateCodeFromStatement(CodeStatement, TextWriter, CodeGeneratorOptions)

產生指定程式碼文件物件模型 (CodeDOM) 陳述式的程式碼,並使用指定選項將其傳送至指定的文字寫入器。Generates code for the specified Code Document Object Model (CodeDOM) statement and sends it to the specified text writer, using the specified options.

GenerateCodeFromType(CodeTypeDeclaration, TextWriter, CodeGeneratorOptions)

產生指定程式碼文件物件模型 (CodeDOM) 型別宣告的程式碼,並使用指定選項將其傳送至指定的文字寫入器。Generates code for the specified Code Document Object Model (CodeDOM) type declaration and sends it to the specified text writer, using the specified options.

GetAllCompilerInfo()

傳回這部電腦的語言提供者和編譯器組態設定。Returns the language provider and compiler configuration settings for this computer.

GetCompilerInfo(String)

傳回指定語言的語言提供者和編譯器組態設定。Returns the language provider and compiler configuration settings for the specified language.

GetConverter(Type)

取得指定資料型別的 TypeConverterGets a TypeConverter for the specified data type.

GetHashCode()

做為預設雜湊函式。Serves as the default hash function.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetLanguageFromExtension(String)

傳回與指定副檔名關聯的語言名稱,如 CodeDomProvider 編譯器組態區段的設定。Returns a language name associated with the specified file name extension, as configured in the CodeDomProvider compiler configuration section.

GetLifetimeService()

擷取控制這個執行個體存留期 (Lifetime) 原則的目前存留期服務物件。Retrieves the current lifetime service object that controls the lifetime policy for this instance.

(繼承來源 MarshalByRefObject)
GetService(Type)

傳回表示 Component 或其 Container 所提供之服務的物件。Returns an object that represents a service provided by the Component or by its Container.

(繼承來源 Component)
GetType()

取得目前執行個體的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetTypeOutput(CodeTypeReference)

取得由指定的 CodeTypeReference 所指示的型別。Gets the type indicated by the specified CodeTypeReference.

InitializeLifetimeService()

取得存留期服務物件,以控制這個執行個體的存留期原則。Obtains a lifetime service object to control the lifetime policy for this instance.

(繼承來源 MarshalByRefObject)
IsDefinedExtension(String)

測試副檔名在電腦上是否已設定關聯的 CodeDomProvider 實作。Tests whether a file name extension has an associated CodeDomProvider implementation configured on the computer.

IsDefinedLanguage(String)

測試語言在電腦上是否已設定 CodeDomProvider 實作。Tests whether a language has a CodeDomProvider implementation configured on the computer.

IsValidIdentifier(String)

傳回值,指出指定的值是否為目前語言的有效識別項。Returns a value that indicates whether the specified value is a valid identifier for the current language.

MemberwiseClone()

建立目前 Object 的淺層複本 (Shallow Copy)。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(繼承來源 Object)
MemberwiseClone(Boolean)

建立目前 MarshalByRefObject 物件的淺層複本。Creates a shallow copy of the current MarshalByRefObject object.

(繼承來源 MarshalByRefObject)
Parse(TextReader)

將指定文字資料流中所讀取的程式碼編譯成 CodeCompileUnitCompiles the code read from the specified text stream into a CodeCompileUnit.

Supports(GeneratorSupport)

傳回值,指出是否提供指定程式碼產生支援。Returns a value indicating whether the specified code generation support is provided.

ToString()

傳回任何包含 Component 名稱的 StringReturns a String containing the name of the Component, if any. 不應覆寫此方法。This method should not be overridden.

(繼承來源 Component)

事件

Disposed

當此元件由 Dispose() 方法的呼叫處置時發生。Occurs when the component is disposed by a call to the Dispose() method.

(繼承來源 Component)

安全性

LinkDemand
針對立即呼叫者的完全信任的。for full trust for the immediate caller. 此成員無法由部分信任程式碼使用。This class cannot be used by partially trusted code.

InheritanceDemand
適用於繼承者的完全信任的。for full trust for inheritors. 此類別無法由部分信任程式碼繼承。This class cannot be inherited by partially trusted code.

適用於

另請參閱