ArrayList.InsertRange(Int32, ICollection) 方法

定義

將集合的項目插入位於指定索引的 ArrayList 中。Inserts the elements of a collection into the ArrayList at the specified index.

public:
 virtual void InsertRange(int index, System::Collections::ICollection ^ c);
public virtual void InsertRange (int index, System.Collections.ICollection c);
abstract member InsertRange : int * System.Collections.ICollection -> unit
override this.InsertRange : int * System.Collections.ICollection -> unit
Public Overridable Sub InsertRange (index As Integer, c As ICollection)

參數

index
Int32

應該插入新項目之以零起始的索引。The zero-based index at which the new elements should be inserted.

c
ICollection

ICollection,其項目應插入 ArrayListThe ICollection whose elements should be inserted into the ArrayList. 集合本身不能是 null,但它可以包含為 null 的項目。The collection itself cannot be null, but it can contain elements that are null.

例外狀況

cnullc is null.

index 小於零。index is less than zero.

-或--or- index 大於 Countindex is greater than Count.

ArrayList 是唯讀的。The ArrayList is read-only.

-或--or- ArrayList 具有固定的大小。The ArrayList has a fixed size.

範例

下列程式碼範例示範如何將元素插入 ArrayListThe following code example shows how to insert elements into the ArrayList.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList using Insert instead of Add.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Insert( 0, "The" );
   myAL->Insert( 1, "fox" );
   myAL->Insert( 2, "jumps" );
   myAL->Insert( 3, "over" );
   myAL->Insert( 4, "the" );
   myAL->Insert( 5, "dog" );
   
   // Creates and initializes a new Queue.
   Queue^ myQueue = gcnew Queue;
   myQueue->Enqueue( "quick" );
   myQueue->Enqueue( "brown" );
   
   // Displays the ArrayList and the Queue.
   Console::WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   Console::WriteLine( "The Queue initially contains the following:" );
   PrintValues( myQueue );
   
   // Copies the Queue elements to the ArrayList at index 1.
   myAL->InsertRange( 1, myQueue );
   
   // Displays the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After adding the Queue, the ArrayList now contains:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Search for "dog" and add "lazy" before it.
   myAL->Insert( myAL->IndexOf( "dog" ), "lazy" );
   
   // Displays the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After adding \"lazy\", the ArrayList now contains:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Add "!!!" at the end.
   myAL->Insert( myAL->Count, "!!!" );
   
   // Displays the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After adding \"!!!\", the ArrayList now contains:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Inserting an element beyond Count throws an exception.
   try
   {
      myAL->Insert( myAL->Count + 1, "anystring" );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ myException ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Exception: {0}", myException );
   }

}

void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::Write( "   {0}", obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The ArrayList initially contains the following:
    The   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
 The Queue initially contains the following:
    quick   brown
 After adding the Queue, the ArrayList now contains:
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
 After adding "lazy", the ArrayList now contains:
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
 After adding "!!!", the ArrayList now contains:
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog   !!!
 Exception: System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException: Insertion index was out of range.  Must be non-negative and less than or equal to size.
 Parameter name: index
    at System.Collections.ArrayList.Insert(Int32 index, Object value)
    at SamplesArrayList.Main()
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesArrayList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList using Insert instead of Add.
      ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
      myAL.Insert( 0, "The" );
      myAL.Insert( 1, "fox" );
      myAL.Insert( 2, "jumps" );
      myAL.Insert( 3, "over" );
      myAL.Insert( 4, "the" );
      myAL.Insert( 5, "dog" );

      // Creates and initializes a new Queue.
      Queue myQueue = new Queue();
      myQueue.Enqueue( "quick" );
      myQueue.Enqueue( "brown" );

      // Displays the ArrayList and the Queue.
      Console.WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );
      Console.WriteLine( "The Queue initially contains the following:" );
      PrintValues( myQueue );

      // Copies the Queue elements to the ArrayList at index 1.
      myAL.InsertRange( 1, myQueue );

      // Displays the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After adding the Queue, the ArrayList now contains:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Search for "dog" and add "lazy" before it.
      myAL.Insert( myAL.IndexOf( "dog" ), "lazy" );

      // Displays the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After adding \"lazy\", the ArrayList now contains:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Add "!!!" at the end.
      myAL.Insert( myAL.Count, "!!!" );

      // Displays the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After adding \"!!!\", the ArrayList now contains:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Inserting an element beyond Count throws an exception.
      try  {
         myAL.Insert( myAL.Count+1, "anystring" );
      } catch ( Exception myException )  {
         Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + myException.ToString());
      }
   }

   public static void PrintValues( IEnumerable myList )  {
      foreach ( Object obj in myList )
         Console.Write( "   {0}", obj );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}
/* 
This code produces the following output.

The ArrayList initially contains the following:
   The   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
The Queue initially contains the following:
   quick   brown
After adding the Queue, the ArrayList now contains:
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
After adding "lazy", the ArrayList now contains:
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
After adding "!!!", the ArrayList now contains:
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog   !!!
Exception: System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException: Insertion index was out of range.  Must be non-negative and less than or equal to size.
Parameter name: index
   at System.Collections.ArrayList.Insert(Int32 index, Object value)
   at SamplesArrayList.Main()
*/

Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList using Insert instead of Add.
        Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
        myAL.Insert(0, "The")
        myAL.Insert(1, "fox")
        myAL.Insert(2, "jumps")
        myAL.Insert(3, "over")
        myAL.Insert(4, "the")
        myAL.Insert(5, "dog")
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new Queue.
        Dim myQueue As New Queue()
        myQueue.Enqueue("quick")
        myQueue.Enqueue("brown")
        
        ' Displays the ArrayList and the Queue.
        Console.WriteLine("The ArrayList initially contains the following:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        Console.WriteLine("The Queue initially contains the following:")
        PrintValues(myQueue)
        
        ' Copies the Queue elements to the ArrayList at index 1.
        myAL.InsertRange(1, myQueue)
        
        ' Displays the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After adding the Queue, the ArrayList now contains:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Search for "dog" and add "lazy" before it.
        myAL.Insert(myAL.IndexOf("dog"), "lazy")
        
        ' Displays the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After adding ""lazy"", the ArrayList now contains:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Add "!!!" at the end.
        myAL.Insert(myAL.Count, "!!!")
        
        ' Displays the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After adding ""!!!"", the ArrayList now contains:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Inserting an element beyond Count throws an exception.
        Try
            myAL.Insert(myAL.Count + 1, "anystring")
        Catch myException As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + myException.ToString())
        End Try
    End Sub    
    
    Public Shared Sub PrintValues(myList As IEnumerable)
        Dim obj As [Object]
        For Each obj In  myList
            Console.Write("   {0}", obj)
        Next obj
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class

' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The ArrayList initially contains the following:
'     The    fox    jumps    over    the    dog
' The Queue initially contains the following:
'     quick    brown
' After adding the Queue, the ArrayList now contains:
'     The    quick    brown    fox    jumps    over    the    dog
' After adding "lazy", the ArrayList now contains:
'     The    quick    brown    fox    jumps    over    the    lazy    dog
' After adding "!!!", the ArrayList now contains:
'     The    quick    brown    fox    jumps    over    the    lazy    dog    !!!
' Exception: System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException: Insertion index was out of range.  Must be non-negative and less than or equal to size.
' Parameter name: index
'    at System.Collections.ArrayList.Insert(Int32 index, Object value)
'    at SamplesArrayList.Main()

備註

ArrayList 接受 null 有效的值,並允許重複的元素。ArrayList accepts null as a valid value and allows duplicate elements.

如果新的 Count (目前的 Count 加上集合的大小)將大於 Capacity,則會藉由自動重新配置內部陣列以容納新的專案來增加 ArrayList 的容量,並將現有的專案複製到新的陣列中,然後再新增新的元素。If the new Count (the current Count plus the size of the collection) will be greater than Capacity, the capacity of the ArrayList is increased by automatically reallocating the internal array to accommodate the new elements, and the existing elements are copied to the new array before the new elements are added.

如果 index 等於 Count,則會將元素加入至 ArrayList的結尾。If index is equal to Count, the elements are added to the end of ArrayList.

ICollection 中的元素順序會保留在 ArrayList中。The order of the elements in the ICollection is preserved in the ArrayList.

在連續項目的集合 (例如清單) 中,後面接著插入點的項目會向下移動以容納新項目。In collections of contiguous elements, such as lists, the elements that follow the insertion point move down to accommodate the new element. 如果集合具有索引,則移動之項目的索引也會更新。If the collection is indexed, the indexes of the elements that are moved are also updated. 集合的項目若在概念上群組成 Bucket (例如雜湊資料表),則不適用這項行為。This behavior does not apply to collections where elements are conceptually grouped into buckets, such as a hash table.

這個方法是 O(n + m) 作業,其中 n 是要加入的元素數目,並 CountmThis method is an O(n + m) operation, where n is the number of elements to be added and m is Count.

適用於

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