ArrayList.Remove(Object) 方法

定義

ArrayList 中移除特定物件第一次出現的項目。Removes the first occurrence of a specific object from the ArrayList.

public:
 virtual void Remove(System::Object ^ obj);
public virtual void Remove (object obj);
abstract member Remove : obj -> unit
override this.Remove : obj -> unit
Public Overridable Sub Remove (obj As Object)

參數

obj
Object

要從 Object 移除的 ArrayListThe Object to remove from the ArrayList. 這個值可以是 nullThe value can be null.

實作

例外狀況

ArrayList 是唯讀的。The ArrayList is read-only.

-或--or- ArrayList 具有固定的大小。The ArrayList has a fixed size.

範例

下列程式碼範例示範如何從 ArrayList中移除元素。The following code example shows how to remove elements from the ArrayList.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "The" );
   myAL->Add( "quick" );
   myAL->Add( "brown" );
   myAL->Add( "fox" );
   myAL->Add( "jumps" );
   myAL->Add( "over" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "lazy" );
   myAL->Add( "dog" );
   
   // Displays the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Removes the element containing "lazy".
   myAL->Remove( "lazy" );
   
   // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing \"lazy\":" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Removes the element at index 5.
   myAL->RemoveAt( 5 );
   
   // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing the element at index 5:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Removes three elements starting at index 4.
   myAL->RemoveRange( 4, 3 );
   
   // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing three elements starting at index 4:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
}

void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::Write( "   {0}", obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The ArrayList initially contains the following:
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
 After removing "lazy":
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
 After removing the element at index 5:
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   the   dog
 After removing three elements starting at index 4:
    The   quick   brown   fox
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesArrayList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
      ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
      myAL.Add( "The" );
      myAL.Add( "quick" );
      myAL.Add( "brown" );
      myAL.Add( "fox" );
      myAL.Add( "jumps" );
      myAL.Add( "over" );
      myAL.Add( "the" );
      myAL.Add( "lazy" );
      myAL.Add( "dog" );

      // Displays the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Removes the element containing "lazy".
      myAL.Remove( "lazy" );

      // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After removing \"lazy\":" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Removes the element at index 5.
      myAL.RemoveAt( 5 );

      // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After removing the element at index 5:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Removes three elements starting at index 4.
      myAL.RemoveRange( 4, 3 );

      // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After removing three elements starting at index 4:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );
   }

   public static void PrintValues( IEnumerable myList )  {
      foreach ( Object obj in myList )
         Console.Write( "   {0}", obj );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}
/* 
This code produces the following output.

The ArrayList initially contains the following:
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
After removing "lazy":
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
After removing the element at index 5:
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   the   dog
After removing three elements starting at index 4:
   The   quick   brown   fox
*/ 
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
        Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
        myAL.Add("The")
        myAL.Add("quick")
        myAL.Add("brown")
        myAL.Add("fox")
        myAL.Add("jumps")
        myAL.Add("over")
        myAL.Add("the")
        myAL.Add("lazy")
        myAL.Add("dog")
        
        ' Displays the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("The ArrayList initially contains the following:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Removes the element containing "lazy".
        myAL.Remove("lazy")
        
        ' Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After removing ""lazy"":")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Removes the element at index 5.
        myAL.RemoveAt(5)
        
        ' Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After removing the element at index 5:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Removes three elements starting at index 4.
        myAL.RemoveRange(4, 3)
        
        ' Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After removing three elements starting at index 4:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
    End Sub
    
    Public Shared Sub PrintValues(myList As IEnumerable)
        Dim obj As [Object]
        For Each obj In  myList
            Console.Write("   {0}", obj)
        Next obj
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The ArrayList initially contains the following:
'    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
' After removing "lazy":
'    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
' After removing the element at index 5:
'    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   the   dog
' After removing three elements starting at index 4:
'    The   quick   brown   fox

備註

如果 ArrayList 不包含指定的物件,則 ArrayList 會保持不變。If the ArrayList does not contain the specified object, the ArrayList remains unchanged. 不會有例外狀況擲回。No exception is thrown.

這個方法會執行線性搜尋;因此,這個方法是 O(n) 作業,n CountThis method performs a linear search; therefore, this method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

這個方法會藉由呼叫 Object.Equals來判斷是否相等。This method determines equality by calling Object.Equals.

在相鄰元素的集合中,例如清單,接在移除的元素之後的元素會向上移動以佔用空出的位置。In collections of contiguous elements, such as lists, the elements that follow the removed element move up to occupy the vacated spot. 如果集合具有索引,則移動之項目的索引也會更新。If the collection is indexed, the indexes of the elements that are moved are also updated. 集合的項目若在概念上群組成 Bucket (例如雜湊資料表),則不適用這項行為。This behavior does not apply to collections where elements are conceptually grouped into buckets, such as a hash table.

適用於

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