HashSet<T>.UnionWith(IEnumerable<T>) 方法

定義

修改目前的 HashSet<T> 物件,以包含該物件和 (或) 指定之集合中出現的所有項目。Modifies the current HashSet<T> object to contain all elements that are present in itself, the specified collection, or both.

public:
 virtual void UnionWith(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<T> ^ other);
public:
 void UnionWith(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<T> ^ other);
public void UnionWith (System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T> other);
abstract member UnionWith : seq<'T> -> unit
override this.UnionWith : seq<'T> -> unit
member this.UnionWith : seq<'T> -> unit
Public Sub UnionWith (other As IEnumerable(Of T))

參數

other
IEnumerable<T>

要與目前 HashSet<T> 物件比較的集合。The collection to compare to the current HashSet<T> object.

實作

例外狀況

othernullother is null.

範例

下列範例示範如何合併兩個不同的集合。The following example demonstrates how to merge two disparate sets. 這個範例會建立兩個 HashSet<T> 物件,並將偶數和奇數分別填入。This example creates two HashSet<T> objects, and populates them with even and odd numbers, respectively. 第三個 HashSet<T> 物件是從包含偶數的集合中建立的。A third HashSet<T> object is created from the set that contains the even numbers. 然後,此範例會呼叫 UnionWith 方法,此方法會將奇數設定為第三個集合。The example then calls the UnionWith method, which adds the odd number set to the third set.

HashSet<int> evenNumbers = new HashSet<int>();
HashSet<int> oddNumbers = new HashSet<int>();

for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++)
{
    // Populate numbers with just even numbers.
    evenNumbers.Add(i * 2);

    // Populate oddNumbers with just odd numbers.
    oddNumbers.Add((i * 2) + 1);
}

Console.Write("evenNumbers contains {0} elements: ", evenNumbers.Count);
DisplaySet(evenNumbers);

Console.Write("oddNumbers contains {0} elements: ", oddNumbers.Count);
DisplaySet(oddNumbers);

// Create a new HashSet populated with even numbers.
HashSet<int> numbers = new HashSet<int>(evenNumbers);
Console.WriteLine("numbers UnionWith oddNumbers...");
numbers.UnionWith(oddNumbers);

Console.Write("numbers contains {0} elements: ", numbers.Count);
DisplaySet(numbers);

void DisplaySet(HashSet<int> collection)
{
    Console.Write("{");
    foreach (int i in collection)
    {
        Console.Write(" {0}", i);
    }
    Console.WriteLine(" }");
}

/* This example produces output similar to the following:
* evenNumbers contains 5 elements: { 0 2 4 6 8 }
* oddNumbers contains 5 elements: { 1 3 5 7 9 }
* numbers UnionWith oddNumbers...
* numbers contains 10 elements: { 0 2 4 6 8 1 3 5 7 9 }
*/
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Class Program

    Shared Sub Main()

        Dim evenNumbers As HashSet(Of Integer) = New HashSet(Of Integer)()
        Dim oddNumbers As HashSet(Of Integer) = New HashSet(Of Integer)()

        For i As Integer = 0 To 4

            ' Populate evenNumbers with only even numbers.
            evenNumbers.Add(i * 2)

            ' Populate oddNumbers with only odd numbers.
            oddNumbers.Add((i * 2) + 1)
        Next i

        Console.Write("evenNumbers contains {0} elements: ", evenNumbers.Count)
        DisplaySet(evenNumbers)

        Console.Write("oddNumbers contains {0} elements: ", oddNumbers.Count)
        DisplaySet(oddNumbers)

        ' Create a new HashSet populated with even numbers.
        Dim numbers As HashSet(Of Integer) = New HashSet(Of Integer)(evenNumbers)
        Console.WriteLine("numbers UnionWith oddNumbers...")
        numbers.UnionWith(oddNumbers)

        Console.Write("numbers contains {0} elements: ", numbers.Count)
        DisplaySet(numbers)
    End Sub


    Private Shared Sub DisplaySet(ByVal collection As HashSet(Of Integer))
        Console.Write("{")
        For Each i As Integer In collection
            Console.Write(" {0}", i)
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine(" }")
    End Sub

End Class
' This example produces output similar to the following:
' evenNumbers contains 5 elements: { 0 2 4 6 8 }
' oddNumbers contains 5 elements: { 1 3 5 7 9 }
' numbers UnionWith oddNumbers...
' numbers contains 10 elements: { 0 2 4 6 8 1 3 5 7 9 }

備註

這個方法是 (的 n) 作業,其中 n 是參數中的元素數目 otherThis method is an O(n) operation, where n is the number of elements in the other parameter.

適用於