IEnumerable<T> Interface

Definition

公開列舉值,該值支援對指定類型的集合執行簡單的反覆查看。Exposes the enumerator, which supports a simple iteration over a collection of a specified type.

generic <typename T>
public interface class IEnumerable : System::Collections::IEnumerable
public interface IEnumerable<out T> : System.Collections.IEnumerable
public interface IEnumerable<T> : System.Collections.IEnumerable
type seq<'T> = interface
    interface IEnumerable
Public Interface IEnumerable(Of Out T)
Implements IEnumerable
Public Interface IEnumerable(Of T)
Implements IEnumerable

Type Parameters

T

要列舉之物件的類型。The type of objects to enumerate.

This type parameter is covariant. That is, you can use either the type you specified or any type that is more derived. For more information about covariance and contravariance, see Covariance and Contravariance in Generics.
Derived
Implements

Examples

下列範例示範如何執行 IEnumerable<T> 介面,以及如何使用該執行來建立 LINQ 查詢。The following example demonstrates how to implement the IEnumerable<T> interface and how to use that implementation to create a LINQ query. 當您執行 IEnumerable<T>時,您也必須執行 IEnumerator<T>,或C#僅針對,您可以使用yield關鍵字。When you implement IEnumerable<T>, you must also implement IEnumerator<T> or, for C# only, you can use the yield keyword. 執行 IEnumerator<T> 也需要實 IDisposable,您會在此範例中看到這種情況。Implementing IEnumerator<T> also requires IDisposable to be implemented, which you will see in this example.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;

public class App
{
    // Excercise the Iterator and show that it's more
    // performant.
    public static void Main()
    {
        TestStreamReaderEnumerable();
        Console.WriteLine("---");
        TestReadingFile();
    }

    public static void TestStreamReaderEnumerable()
    {
        // Check the memory before the iterator is used.
        long memoryBefore = GC.GetTotalMemory(true);
      IEnumerable<String> stringsFound;
        // Open a file with the StreamReaderEnumerable and check for a string.
      try {
         stringsFound =
               from line in new StreamReaderEnumerable(@"c:\temp\tempFile.txt")
               where line.Contains("string to search for")
               select line;
         Console.WriteLine("Found: " + stringsFound.Count());
      }
      catch (FileNotFoundException) {
         Console.WriteLine(@"This example requires a file named C:\temp\tempFile.txt.");
         return;
      }

        // Check the memory after the iterator and output it to the console.
        long memoryAfter = GC.GetTotalMemory(false);
        Console.WriteLine("Memory Used With Iterator = \t"
            + string.Format(((memoryAfter - memoryBefore) / 1000).ToString(), "n") + "kb");
    }

    public static void TestReadingFile()
    {
        long memoryBefore = GC.GetTotalMemory(true);
      StreamReader sr;
      try {
         sr = File.OpenText("c:\\temp\\tempFile.txt");
      }
      catch (FileNotFoundException) {
         Console.WriteLine(@"This example requires a file named C:\temp\tempFile.txt.");
         return;
      }

        // Add the file contents to a generic list of strings.
        List<string> fileContents = new List<string>();
        while (!sr.EndOfStream) {
            fileContents.Add(sr.ReadLine());
        }

        // Check for the string.
        var stringsFound =
            from line in fileContents
            where line.Contains("string to search for")
            select line;

        sr.Close();
        Console.WriteLine("Found: " + stringsFound.Count());

        // Check the memory after when the iterator is not used, and output it to the console.
        long memoryAfter = GC.GetTotalMemory(false);
        Console.WriteLine("Memory Used Without Iterator = \t" +
            string.Format(((memoryAfter - memoryBefore) / 1000).ToString(), "n") + "kb");
    }
}

// A custom class that implements IEnumerable(T). When you implement IEnumerable(T),
// you must also implement IEnumerable and IEnumerator(T).
public class StreamReaderEnumerable : IEnumerable<string>
{
    private string _filePath;
    public StreamReaderEnumerable(string filePath)
    {
        _filePath = filePath;
    }

    // Must implement GetEnumerator, which returns a new StreamReaderEnumerator.
    public IEnumerator<string> GetEnumerator()
    {
        return new StreamReaderEnumerator(_filePath);
    }

    // Must also implement IEnumerable.GetEnumerator, but implement as a private method.
    private IEnumerator GetEnumerator1()
    {
        return this.GetEnumerator();
    }
    IEnumerator IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()
    {
        return GetEnumerator1();
    }
}

// When you implement IEnumerable(T), you must also implement IEnumerator(T),
// which will walk through the contents of the file one line at a time.
// Implementing IEnumerator(T) requires that you implement IEnumerator and IDisposable.
public class StreamReaderEnumerator : IEnumerator<string>
{
    private StreamReader _sr;
    public StreamReaderEnumerator(string filePath)
    {
        _sr = new StreamReader(filePath);
    }

    private string _current;
    // Implement the IEnumerator(T).Current publicly, but implement
    // IEnumerator.Current, which is also required, privately.
    public string Current
    {

        get
        {
            if (_sr == null || _current == null)
            {
                throw new InvalidOperationException();
            }

            return _current;
        }
    }

    private object Current1
    {

        get { return this.Current; }
    }

    object IEnumerator.Current
    {
        get { return Current1; }
    }

    // Implement MoveNext and Reset, which are required by IEnumerator.
    public bool MoveNext()
    {
        _current = _sr.ReadLine();
        if (_current == null)
            return false;
        return true;
    }

    public void Reset()
    {
        _sr.DiscardBufferedData();
        _sr.BaseStream.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin);
        _current = null;
    }

    // Implement IDisposable, which is also implemented by IEnumerator(T).
    private bool disposedValue = false;
    public void Dispose()
    {
        Dispose(true);
        GC.SuppressFinalize(this);
    }

    protected virtual void Dispose(bool disposing)
    {
        if (!this.disposedValue)
        {
            if (disposing)
            {
                // Dispose of managed resources.
            }
            _current = null;
            if (_sr != null) {
               _sr.Close();
               _sr.Dispose();
            }
        }

        this.disposedValue = true;
    }

     ~StreamReaderEnumerator()
    {
        Dispose(false);
    }
}
// This example displays output similar to the following:
//       Found: 2
//       Memory Used With Iterator =     33kb
//       ---
//       Found: 2
//       Memory Used Without Iterator =  206kb
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Linq

Public Module App
   ' Excercise the Iterator and show that it's more performant.
   Public Sub Main()
      TestStreamReaderEnumerable()
      Console.WriteLine("---")
      TestReadingFile()
   End Sub

   Public Sub TestStreamReaderEnumerable()
        ' Check the memory before the iterator is used.
        Dim memoryBefore As Long = GC.GetTotalMemory(true)
      Dim stringsFound As IEnumerable(Of String)
        ' Open a file with the StreamReaderEnumerable and check for a string.
      Try
         stringsFound =
               from line in new StreamReaderEnumerable("c:\temp\tempFile.txt")
               where line.Contains("string to search for")
               select line
         Console.WriteLine("Found: {0}", stringsFound.Count())
      Catch e As FileNotFoundException
         Console.WriteLine("This example requires a file named C:\temp\tempFile.txt.")
         Return
      End Try

        ' Check the memory after the iterator and output it to the console.
        Dim memoryAfter As Long = GC.GetTotalMemory(false)
        Console.WriteLine("Memory Used with Iterator = {1}{0} kb",
                        (memoryAfter - memoryBefore)\1000, vbTab)
   End Sub

   Public Sub TestReadingFile()
        Dim memoryBefore As Long = GC.GetTotalMemory(true)
      Dim sr As StreamReader
      Try
         sr = File.OpenText("c:\temp\tempFile.txt")
      Catch e As FileNotFoundException
         Console.WriteLine("This example requires a file named C:\temp\tempFile.txt.")
         Return
      End Try

        ' Add the file contents to a generic list of strings.
        Dim fileContents As New List(Of String)()
        Do While Not sr.EndOfStream
            fileContents.Add(sr.ReadLine())
      Loop

        ' Check for the string.
        Dim stringsFound =
            from line in fileContents
            where line.Contains("string to search for")
            select line

      sr.Close()
      Console.WriteLine("Found: {0}", stringsFound.Count())

        ' Check the memory after when the iterator is not used, and output it to the console.
        Dim memoryAfter As Long = GC.GetTotalMemory(False)
        Console.WriteLine("Memory Used without Iterator = {1}{0} kb",
                        (memoryAfter - memoryBefore)\1000, vbTab)
   End Sub
End Module

' A custom class that implements IEnumerable(T). When you implement IEnumerable(T), 
' you must also implement IEnumerable and IEnumerator(T).
Public Class StreamReaderEnumerable : Implements IEnumerable(Of String)
    Private _filePath As String
    
    Public Sub New(filePath As String)
        _filePath = filePath
    End Sub

    ' Must implement GetEnumerator, which returns a new StreamReaderEnumerator.
    Public Function GetEnumerator() As IEnumerator(Of String) _
          Implements IEnumerable(Of String).GetEnumerator
        Return New StreamReaderEnumerator(_filePath)
    End Function

    ' Must also implement IEnumerable.GetEnumerator, but implement as a private method.
    Private Function GetEnumerator1() As IEnumerator _
          Implements IEnumerable.GetEnumerator
        Return Me.GetEnumerator()
    End Function
End Class

' When you implement IEnumerable(T), you must also implement IEnumerator(T), 
' which will walk through the contents of the file one line at a time.
' Implementing IEnumerator(T) requires that you implement IEnumerator and IDisposable.
Public Class StreamReaderEnumerator : Implements IEnumerator(Of String)
    Private _sr As StreamReader
    
    Public Sub New(filePath As String)
        _sr = New StreamReader(filePath)
    End Sub

    Private _current As String

    ' Implement the IEnumerator(T).Current Publicly, but implement 
    ' IEnumerator.Current, which is also required, privately.
    Public ReadOnly Property Current As String _
          Implements IEnumerator(Of String).Current
        Get
            If _sr Is Nothing OrElse _current Is Nothing
                Throw New InvalidOperationException()
            End If

            Return _current
        End Get
    End Property

    Private ReadOnly Property Current1 As Object _
          Implements IEnumerator.Current
        Get
           Return Me.Current
        End Get
    End Property

    ' Implement MoveNext and Reset, which are required by IEnumerator.
    Public Function MoveNext() As Boolean _
          Implements IEnumerator.MoveNext
        _current = _sr.ReadLine()
        if _current Is Nothing Then Return False

        Return True
    End Function

    Public Sub Reset() _
          Implements IEnumerator.Reset
        _sr.DiscardBufferedData()
        _sr.BaseStream.Seek(0, SeekOrigin.Begin)
        _current = Nothing
    End Sub

    ' Implement IDisposable, which is also implemented by IEnumerator(T).
    Private disposedValue As Boolean = False
    Public Sub Dispose() _
          Implements IDisposable.Dispose
        Dispose(True)
        GC.SuppressFinalize(Me)
    End Sub

    Protected Overridable Sub Dispose(disposing As Boolean)
        If Not Me.disposedValue Then
            If disposing Then
                ' Dispose of managed resources.
            End If

            _current = Nothing
            If _sr IsNot Nothing Then
               _sr.Close()
               _sr.Dispose()
            End If
        End If

        Me.disposedValue = True
    End Sub

    Protected Overrides Sub Finalize()
        Dispose(False)
    End Sub
End Class
' This example displays output similar to the following:
'       Found: 2
'       Memory Used With Iterator =     33kb
'       ---
'       Found: 2
'       Memory Used Without Iterator =  206kb

如需C#示範如何執行 IEnumerable<T> 介面的另一個範例,請參閱泛型範例For another C# example that demonstrates how to implement the IEnumerable<T> interface, see the Generics Sample. 這個範例會使用 yield 關鍵字,而不是執行 IEnumerator<T>This sample uses the yield keyword instead of implementing IEnumerator<T>.

Remarks

IEnumerable<T>System.Collections.Generic 命名空間中集合的基底介面,例如 List<T>Dictionary<TKey,TValue>,以及 Stack<T> 和其他泛型集合(例如 ObservableCollection<T>ConcurrentStack<T>)。IEnumerable<T> is the base interface for collections in the System.Collections.Generic namespace such as List<T>, Dictionary<TKey,TValue>, and Stack<T> and other generic collections such as ObservableCollection<T> and ConcurrentStack<T>. 可以使用 foreach 語句來列舉執行 IEnumerable<T> 的集合。Collections that implement IEnumerable<T> can be enumerated by using the foreach statement.

如需此介面的非泛型版本,請參閱 System.Collections.IEnumerableFor the non-generic version of this interface, see System.Collections.IEnumerable.

IEnumerable<T> 包含您在執行此介面時必須執行的單一方法;GetEnumerator,它會傳回 IEnumerator<T> 物件。IEnumerable<T> contains a single method that you must implement when implementing this interface; GetEnumerator, which returns an IEnumerator<T> object. 傳回的 IEnumerator<T> 提供藉由公開 Current 屬性來逐一查看集合的功能。The returned IEnumerator<T> provides the ability to iterate through the collection by exposing a Current property.

Notes to Implementers

為了與反覆運算非泛型集合的方法保持相容,IEnumerable<T> 會執行 IEnumerableTo remain compatible with methods that iterate non-generic collections, IEnumerable<T> implements IEnumerable. 這可讓泛型集合傳遞至預期 IEnumerable 物件的方法。This allows a generic collection to be passed to a method that expects an IEnumerable object.

Methods

GetEnumerator()

傳回逐一查看集合的列舉值。Returns an enumerator that iterates through the collection.

Extension Methods

ToImmutableArray<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

從指定的集合建立不可變的陣列。Creates an immutable array from the specified collection.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

從現有的項目集合建構不可變的字典,將轉換函式套用至來源索引鍵。Constructs an immutable dictionary from an existing collection of elements, applying a transformation function to the source keys.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據序列的某些轉換來建構不可變的字典。Constructs an immutable dictionary based on some transformation of a sequence.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>)

列舉及轉換序列,並產生其內容的不可變字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

列舉及轉換序列,並使用指定的索引鍵比較子產生其內容的不可變字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

列舉及轉換序列,並使用指定的索引鍵與值比較子產生其內容的不可變字典。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

列舉序列,並產生其內容之不可變雜湊集。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable hash set of its contents.

ToImmutableHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

列舉序列、產生其內容之不可變雜湊集,且針對集合類型使用指定的相等比較子。Enumerates a sequence, produces an immutable hash set of its contents, and uses the specified equality comparer for the set type.

ToImmutableList<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

列舉序列,並產生其內容的不可變清單。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable list of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>)

列舉及轉換序列,並產生不可變的排序字典作為內容。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IComparer<TKey>)

列舉及轉換序列,並使用指定的索引鍵比較子產生不可變的排序字典作為內容。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents by using the specified key comparer.

ToImmutableSortedDictionary<TSource,TKey,TValue>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TValue>, IComparer<TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TValue>)

列舉及轉換序列,並使用指定的索引鍵與值比較子產生不可變的排序字典作為內容。Enumerates and transforms a sequence, and produces an immutable sorted dictionary of its contents by using the specified key and value comparers.

ToImmutableSortedSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

列舉序列,並產生其內容的不可變排序資料集。Enumerates a sequence and produces an immutable sorted set of its contents.

ToImmutableSortedSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IComparer<TSource>)

列舉序列、產生其內容的不可變排序資料集,並使用指定的比較子。Enumerates a sequence, produces an immutable sorted set of its contents, and uses the specified comparer.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

根據輸入 DataTable 物件 (其中泛型參數 TDataRow) 傳回包含 IEnumerable<T> 物件複本的 DataRowReturns a DataTable that contains copies of the DataRow objects, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption)

根據輸入 DataRow 物件 (其中泛型參數 TDataTable),將 IEnumerable<T> 物件複製到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

CopyToDataTable<T>(IEnumerable<T>, DataTable, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler)

根據輸入 DataRow 物件 (其中泛型參數 TDataTable),將 IEnumerable<T> 物件複製到指定的 DataRowCopies DataRow objects to the specified DataTable, given an input IEnumerable<T> object where the generic parameter T is DataRow.

Aggregate<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TSource,TSource>)

將累加函式套用到序列上。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence.

Aggregate<TSource,TAccumulate>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate,TSource,TAccumulate>)

將累加函式套用到序列上。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. 使用指定的初始值做為初始累加值。The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value.

Aggregate<TSource,TAccumulate,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TAccumulate, Func<TAccumulate,TSource,TAccumulate>, Func<TAccumulate,TResult>)

將累加函式套用到序列上。Applies an accumulator function over a sequence. 使用指定的值做為初始累加值,並使用指定的函式來選取結果值。The specified seed value is used as the initial accumulator value, and the specified function is used to select the result value.

All<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

判斷序列的所有項目是否全都符合條件。Determines whether all elements of a sequence satisfy a condition.

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

判斷序列是否包含任何項目。Determines whether a sequence contains any elements.

Any<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

判斷序列的任何項目是否符合條件。Determines whether any element of a sequence satisfies a condition.

Append<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

將值附加在序列結尾。Appends a value to the end of the sequence.

AsEnumerable<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回 IEnumerable<T> 類型的輸入。Returns the input typed as IEnumerable<T>.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Decimal 值序列的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Double 值序列的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Int32 值序列的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Int64 值序列的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Decimal 值的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Double 值的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Int32 值的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Int64 值的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Single 值的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Average<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Single 值序列的平均值。Computes the average of a sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 的項目轉換成指定的型別。Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

Concat<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

串連兩個序列。Concatenates two sequences.

Contains<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

使用預設的相等比較子 (Comparer) 來判斷序列是否包含指定的項目。Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using the default equality comparer.

Contains<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 來判斷序列是否包含指定的項目。Determines whether a sequence contains a specified element by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列中的項目數。Returns the number of elements in a sequence.

Count<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回數字,代表指定之序列中符合條件的項目數目。Returns a number that represents how many elements in the specified sequence satisfy a condition.

DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回指定之序列的項目;如果序列是空的,則傳回單一集合中型別參數的預設值。Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the type parameter's default value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.

DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

傳回指定之序列的項目;如果序列是空的,則傳回單一集合中型別參數的預設值。Returns the elements of the specified sequence or the specified value in a singleton collection if the sequence is empty.

Distinct<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

使用預設的相等比較子來比較值,以便從序列傳回獨特的項目。Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Distinct<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 來比較值,以便從序列傳回獨特的項目。Returns distinct elements from a sequence by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

ElementAt<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

傳回位於序列中指定索引處的項目。Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence.

ElementAtOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

傳回位於序列中指定索引處的元素;如果索引超出範圍,則傳回預設值。Returns the element at a specified index in a sequence or a default value if the index is out of range.

Except<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

使用預設相等比較子來比較值,以便產生兩個序列的差異。Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Except<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 來比較值,以便產生兩個序列的差異。Produces the set difference of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

First<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的第一個項目。Returns the first element of a sequence.

First<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合指定條件的第一個元素。Returns the first element in a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.

FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的第一個元素;如果序列中沒有包含任何元素,則傳回預設值。Returns the first element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

FirstOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合條件的第一個元素;如果找不到這類元素,則傳回預設值。Returns the first element of the sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

依據指定的索引鍵選擇器函式來群組序列的項目。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並使用指定的比較子來比較索引鍵。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and compares the keys by using a specified comparer.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並使用指定的函式來投影每個群組的項目。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and projects the elements for each group by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

依據索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列中的項目。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a key selector function. 索引鍵是使用比較子來進行比較,而每個群組的項目都是利用指定的函式進行投影。The keys are compared by using a comparer and each group's elements are projected by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TSource>,TResult>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並從每個群組及其索引鍵建立結果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TSource>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並從每個群組及其索引鍵建立結果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 索引鍵是使用指定的比較子來進行比較。The keys are compared by using a specified comparer.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並從每個群組及其索引鍵建立結果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 每個群組的項目都是利用指定的函式進行投影。The elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.

GroupBy<TSource,TKey,TElement,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, Func<TKey,IEnumerable<TElement>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

依據指定的索引鍵選取器函式來群組序列的項目,並從每個群組及其索引鍵建立結果值。Groups the elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function and creates a result value from each group and its key. 索引鍵值是使用指定的比較子來進行比較,而每個群組的項目則都是利用指定的函式進行投影。Key values are compared by using a specified comparer, and the elements of each group are projected by using a specified function.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>)

根據索引鍵相等與否,將兩個序列的項目相互關聯,並群組產生的結果。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on equality of keys and groups the results. 預設的相等比較子是用於比較索引鍵。The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據索引鍵相等與否,將兩個序列的項目相互關聯,並群組產生的結果。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on key equality and groups the results. 指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 是用於比較索引鍵。A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

Intersect<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

使用預設相等比較子來比較值,以便產生兩個序列的交集。Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the default equality comparer to compare values.

Intersect<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 來比較值,以便產生兩個序列的交集。Produces the set intersection of two sequences by using the specified IEqualityComparer<T> to compare values.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>)

根據相符索引鍵,將兩個序列的項目相互關聯。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. 預設的相等比較子是用於比較索引鍵。The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

Join<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,TInner,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據相符索引鍵,將兩個序列的項目相互關聯。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on matching keys. 指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 是用於比較索引鍵。A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

Last<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的最後一個項目。Returns the last element of a sequence.

Last<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合指定之條件的最後一個元素。Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition.

LastOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的最後一個元素;如果序列中沒有包含任何元素,則傳回預設值。Returns the last element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

LastOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合條件的最後一個元素;如果找不到這類元素,則傳回預設值。Returns the last element of a sequence that satisfies a condition or a default value if no such element is found.

LongCount<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回代表序列中項目總數的 Int64Returns an Int64 that represents the total number of elements in a sequence.

LongCount<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回 Int64,其代表序列中符合條件的項目數目。Returns an Int64 that represents how many elements in a sequence satisfy a condition.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回泛型序列中的最大值。Returns the maximum value in a generic sequence.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Decimal value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Double value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int32 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Int64 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的可為 Null 之 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Decimal value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的可為 Null 之 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Double value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的可為 Null 之 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int32 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的可為 Null 之 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Int64 value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的可為 Null 之 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum nullable Single value.

Max<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the maximum Single value.

Max<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

在泛型序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最大的結果值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the maximum resulting value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回泛型序列中的最小值。Returns the minimum value in a generic sequence.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Decimal value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Double value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int32 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Int64 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的可為 Null 之 Decimal 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Decimal value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的可為 Null 之 Double 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Double value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的可為 Null 之 Int32 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int32 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的可為 Null 之 Int64 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Int64 value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的可為 Null 之 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum nullable Single value.

Min<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

在序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的 Single 值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a sequence and returns the minimum Single value.

Min<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

在泛型序列的每個項目上叫用轉換函式,並傳回最小的結果值。Invokes a transform function on each element of a generic sequence and returns the minimum resulting value.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

根據指定的型別來篩選 IEnumerable 的項目。Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

依據索引鍵,按遞增順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order according to a key.

OrderBy<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

使用指定的比較子,依遞增順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in ascending order by using a specified comparer.

OrderByDescending<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

依據索引鍵,按遞減順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order according to a key.

OrderByDescending<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IComparer<TKey>)

使用指定的比較子,依遞減順序排序序列中的項目。Sorts the elements of a sequence in descending order by using a specified comparer.

Prepend<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource)

將值新增至序列的開頭。Adds a value to the beginning of the sequence.

Reverse<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

反轉序列中項目的排序方向。Inverts the order of the elements in a sequence.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TResult>)

將序列的每個元素規劃成一個新的表單。Projects each element of a sequence into a new form.

Select<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,TResult>)

透過加入項目的索引,將序列的每個項目投影成新的表單。Projects each element of a sequence into a new form by incorporating the element's index.

SelectMany<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,IEnumerable<TResult>>)

將序列的每個項目都投影成 IEnumerable<T>,並將產生的序列簡化成單一序列。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T> and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence.

SelectMany<TSource,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,IEnumerable<TResult>>)

將序列的每個項目都投影成 IEnumerable<T>,並將產生的序列簡化成單一序列。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, and flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence. 各來源項目的索引是在該項目的投影表單中使用。The index of each source element is used in the projected form of that element.

SelectMany<TSource,TCollection,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TSource,TCollection,TResult>)

將序列的每個項目投影為 IEnumerable<T>、將產生的序列簡化成單一序列,並對其中的每個項目叫用結果選取器函式。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein.

SelectMany<TSource,TCollection,TResult>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,IEnumerable<TCollection>>, Func<TSource,TCollection,TResult>)

將序列的每個項目投影為 IEnumerable<T>、將產生的序列簡化成單一序列,並對其中的每個項目叫用結果選取器函式。Projects each element of a sequence to an IEnumerable<T>, flattens the resulting sequences into one sequence, and invokes a result selector function on each element therein. 各來源項目的索引是在該項目的中繼投影表單中使用。The index of each source element is used in the intermediate projected form of that element.

SequenceEqual<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

使用項目之型別的預設相等比較子來比較項目,以判斷兩個序列是否相等。Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing the elements by using the default equality comparer for their type.

SequenceEqual<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 來比較項目,以判斷兩個序列是否相等。Determines whether two sequences are equal by comparing their elements by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Single<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的唯一一個元素,如果序列中不是正好一個元素,則擲回例外狀況。Returns the only element of a sequence, and throws an exception if there is not exactly one element in the sequence.

Single<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合指定之條件的唯一一個元素,如果有一個以上這類元素,則擲回例外狀況。Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition, and throws an exception if more than one such element exists.

SingleOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

傳回序列的唯一一個項目,如果序列是空白,則為預設值,如果序列中有一個以上的項目,這個方法就會擲回例外狀況。Returns the only element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence is empty; this method throws an exception if there is more than one element in the sequence.

SingleOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

傳回序列中符合指定之條件的唯一一個元素,如果沒有這類元素,則為預設值,如果有一個以上的元素符合條件,這個方法就會擲回例外狀況。Returns the only element of a sequence that satisfies a specified condition or a default value if no such element exists; this method throws an exception if more than one element satisfies the condition.

Skip<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

略過序列中指定的項目數目,然後傳回其餘項目。Bypasses a specified number of elements in a sequence and then returns the remaining elements.

SkipLast<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

傳回新的可列舉集合,其包含已省略來源集合最後 count 元素的所有 source 元素。Returns a new enumerable collection that contains the elements from source with the last count elements of the source collection omitted.

SkipWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

只要指定的條件為 true,便略過序列中的項目,然後傳回其餘項目。Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements.

SkipWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

只要指定的條件為 true,便略過序列中的項目,然後傳回其餘項目。Bypasses elements in a sequence as long as a specified condition is true and then returns the remaining elements. 項目的索引是用於述詞功能的邏輯中。The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Decimal>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Decimal 值序列的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Double>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Double 值序列的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Int32 值序列的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int64>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Int64 值序列的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Decimal>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Decimal 值的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Decimal values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Double>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Double 值的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Double values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int32>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Int32 值的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int32 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Int64>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Int64 值的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Int64 values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Nullable<Single>>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得可為 Null 之 Single 值的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of nullable Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Sum<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Single>)

計算在輸入序列中各項目上叫用轉換函式後所取得之 Single 值序列的總和。Computes the sum of the sequence of Single values that are obtained by invoking a transform function on each element of the input sequence.

Take<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

從序列開頭傳回指定的連續項目數目。Returns a specified number of contiguous elements from the start of a sequence.

TakeLast<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Int32)

傳回新的可列舉集合,其包含 source 的最後 count 元素。Returns a new enumerable collection that contains the last count elements from source.

TakeWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

只要指定的條件為 true,就會傳回序列中的項目。Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true.

TakeWhile<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

只要指定的條件為 true,就會傳回序列中的項目。Returns elements from a sequence as long as a specified condition is true. 項目的索引是用於述詞功能的邏輯中。The element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

ToArray<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 建立陣列。Creates an array from a IEnumerable<T>.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選擇器函式,從 Dictionary<TKey,TValue> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器函式和索引鍵比較子,從 Dictionary<TKey,TValue> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器和項目選取器函式,從 Dictionary<TKey,TValue> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

ToDictionary<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器函式、比較子和項目選取器函式,從 Dictionary<TKey,TValue> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Dictionary<TKey,TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer, and an element selector function.

ToHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 建立 HashSet<T>Creates a HashSet<T> from an IEnumerable<T>.

ToHashSet<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用比較金鑰的 comparerIEnumerable<T> 建立 HashSet<T>Creates a HashSet<T> from an IEnumerable<T> using the comparer to compare keys.

ToList<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

IEnumerable<T> 建立 List<T>Creates a List<T> from an IEnumerable<T>.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選擇器函式,從 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器函式和索引鍵比較子,從 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器和項目選取器函式,從 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to specified key selector and element selector functions.

ToLookup<TSource,TKey,TElement>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,TKey>, Func<TSource,TElement>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

根據指定的索引鍵選取器函式、比較子和項目選取器函式,從 Lookup<TKey,TElement> 建立 IEnumerable<T>Creates a Lookup<TKey,TElement> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function, a comparer and an element selector function.

Union<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>)

使用預設相等比較值來比較值,以便產生兩個序列的集合等位。Produces the set union of two sequences by using the default equality comparer.

Union<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, IEnumerable<TSource>, IEqualityComparer<TSource>)

使用指定的 IEqualityComparer<T> 產生兩個序列的集合等位。Produces the set union of two sequences by using a specified IEqualityComparer<T>.

Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Boolean>)

根據述詞來篩選值序列。Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate.

Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource,Int32,Boolean>)

根據述詞來篩選值序列。Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate. 述詞函式的邏輯中使用各項目的索引。Each element's index is used in the logic of the predicate function.

Zip<TFirst,TSecond>(IEnumerable<TFirst>, IEnumerable<TSecond>)

從兩個指定序列中的元素產生一系列元組。Produces a sequence of tuples with elements from the two specified sequences.

Zip<TFirst,TSecond,TResult>(IEnumerable<TFirst>, IEnumerable<TSecond>, Func<TFirst,TSecond,TResult>)

將指定的函式套用至兩個序列的對應項目,產生結果的序列。Applies a specified function to the corresponding elements of two sequences, producing a sequence of the results.

AsParallel(IEnumerable)

啟用查詢的平行化作業。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsParallel<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>)

啟用查詢的平行化作業。Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable 轉換成 IQueryableConverts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

AsQueryable<TElement>(IEnumerable<TElement>)

將泛型 IEnumerable<T> 轉換成泛型 IQueryable<T>Converts a generic IEnumerable<T> to a generic IQueryable<T>.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回包含來源集合中每個節點祖系的項目集合。Returns a collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection.

Ancestors<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

傳回包含來源集合中每個節點祖系的已篩選項目集合。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the ancestors of every node in the source collection. 集合中只會包含具有相符之 XName 的項目。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

DescendantNodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回來源集合中每個文件和項目之子代節點的集合。Returns a collection of the descendant nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回包含來源集合中每個項目和文件之子代項目的項目集合。Returns a collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Descendants<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

傳回已篩選的項目集合,其中包含來源集合中每個項目和文件的子代項目。Returns a filtered collection of elements that contains the descendant elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中只會包含具有相符之 XName 的項目。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回來源集合中每個項目和文件的子項目集合。Returns a collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection.

Elements<T>(IEnumerable<T>, XName)

傳回來源集合中每個項目和文件的已篩選子項目集合。Returns a filtered collection of the child elements of every element and document in the source collection. 集合中只會包含具有相符之 XName 的項目。Only elements that have a matching XName are included in the collection.

InDocumentOrder<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回包含來源集合中所有節點的節點集合,依據文件順序來排序。Returns a collection of nodes that contains all nodes in the source collection, sorted in document order.

Nodes<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

傳回來源集合中每個文件和項目的子節點集合。Returns a collection of the child nodes of every document and element in the source collection.

Remove<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

在來源集合中,從每一個節點的父節點移除這些節點。Removes every node in the source collection from its parent node.

Applies to

See also