List<T>.AddRange(IEnumerable<T>) List<T>.AddRange(IEnumerable<T>) List<T>.AddRange(IEnumerable<T>) List<T>.AddRange(IEnumerable<T>) Method

定義

將特定集合的項目加入至 List<T> 的結尾。Adds the elements of the specified collection to the end of the List<T>.

public:
 void AddRange(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<T> ^ collection);
public void AddRange (System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T> collection);
member this.AddRange : seq<'T> -> unit
Public Sub AddRange (collection As IEnumerable(Of T))

參數

collection
IEnumerable<T> IEnumerable<T> IEnumerable<T> IEnumerable<T>

集合,其項目應加入至 List<T> 的結尾。The collection whose elements should be added to the end of the List<T>. 集合本身不可為 null,但如果類型 T 是參考類型,則其可以包含為 null 的項目。The collection itself cannot be null, but it can contain elements that are null, if type T is a reference type.

例外狀況

範例

下列範例示範AddRange以及各種其他方法的List<T>處理範圍的類別。The following example demonstrates the AddRange method and various other methods of the List<T> class that act on ranges. 字串陣列建立並傳遞至建構函式,填入陣列的項目清單。An array of strings is created and passed to the constructor, populating the list with the elements of the array. AddRange呼叫方法時,作為其引數清單。The AddRange method is called, with the list as its argument. 結果是,清單的目前項目會新增至清單中,複製所有項目結尾。The result is that the current elements of the list are added to the end of the list, duplicating all the elements.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

void main()
{
    array<String^>^ input = { "Brachiosaurus", 
                              "Amargasaurus", 
                              "Mamenchisaurus" };

    List<String^>^ dinosaurs = 
        gcnew List<String^>((IEnumerable<String^>^) input);

    Console::WriteLine("\nCapacity: {0}", dinosaurs->Capacity);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\nAddRange(dinosaurs)");
    dinosaurs->AddRange(dinosaurs);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\nRemoveRange(2, 2)");
    dinosaurs->RemoveRange(2, 2);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    input = gcnew array<String^> { "Tyrannosaurus", 
                                   "Deinonychus", 
                                   "Velociraptor"};

    Console::WriteLine("\nInsertRange(3, (IEnumerable<String^>^) input)");
    dinosaurs->InsertRange(3, (IEnumerable<String^>^) input);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\noutput = dinosaurs->GetRange(2, 3)->ToArray()");
    array<String^>^ output = dinosaurs->GetRange(2, 3)->ToArray();
        
    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in output )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Capacity: 3

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

AddRange(dinosaurs)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

RemoveRange(2, 2)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

InsertRange(3, (IEnumerable<String^>^) input)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
Velociraptor
Mamenchisaurus

output = dinosaurs->GetRange(2, 3)->ToArray()

Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
 */
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string[] input = { "Brachiosaurus", 
                           "Amargasaurus", 
                           "Mamenchisaurus" };

        List<string> dinosaurs = new List<string>(input);

        Console.WriteLine("\nCapacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nAddRange(dinosaurs)");
        dinosaurs.AddRange(dinosaurs);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nRemoveRange(2, 2)");
        dinosaurs.RemoveRange(2, 2);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        input = new string[] { "Tyrannosaurus", 
                               "Deinonychus", 
                               "Velociraptor"};

        Console.WriteLine("\nInsertRange(3, input)");
        dinosaurs.InsertRange(3, input);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\noutput = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray()");
        string[] output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray();
        
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in output )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Capacity: 3

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

AddRange(dinosaurs)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

RemoveRange(2, 2)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

InsertRange(3, input)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
Velociraptor
Mamenchisaurus

output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray()

Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
 */
Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim input() As String = { "Brachiosaurus", _
                                  "Amargasaurus", _
                                  "Mamenchisaurus" }

        Dim dinosaurs As New List(Of String)(input)

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "AddRange(dinosaurs)")
        dinosaurs.AddRange(dinosaurs)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "RemoveRange(2, 2)")
        dinosaurs.RemoveRange(2, 2)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        input = New String() { "Tyrannosaurus", _
                               "Deinonychus", _
                               "Velociraptor" }

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "InsertRange(3, input)")
        dinosaurs.InsertRange(3, input)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray")
        Dim output() As String = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray()
        
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In output
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Capacity: 3
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'AddRange(dinosaurs)
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'RemoveRange(2, 2)
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'InsertRange(3, input)
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Deinonychus
'Velociraptor
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray
'
'Amargasaurus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Deinonychus

備註

集合中項目的順序會保留在List<T>The order of the elements in the collection is preserved in the List<T>.

如果新Count(目前Count再加上集合的大小) 將會大於Capacity,則容量的List<T>自動重新配置內部的陣列,以容納新的項目,會增加,加入新項目之前,現有的項目會複製到新陣列。If the new Count (the current Count plus the size of the collection) will be greater than Capacity, the capacity of the List<T> is increased by automatically reallocating the internal array to accommodate the new elements, and the existing elements are copied to the new array before the new elements are added.

如果List<T>可以容納新的項目,而不會增加Capacity,這個方法是 O (n) 運算,其中n是要加入的項目數。If the List<T> can accommodate the new elements without increasing the Capacity, this method is an O(n) operation, where n is the number of elements to be added. 如果容量需要增加,以容納新的項目,這個方法會變成 O (n + m) 作業,其中n是項目數目要加入及mCountIf the capacity needs to be increased to accommodate the new elements, this method becomes an O(n + m) operation, where n is the number of elements to be added and m is Count.

適用於

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