List<T>.InsertRange(Int32, IEnumerable<T>) 方法

定義

將集合的項目插入位於指定索引的 List<T> 中。Inserts the elements of a collection into the List<T> at the specified index.

public:
 void InsertRange(int index, System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<T> ^ collection);
public void InsertRange (int index, System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T> collection);
member this.InsertRange : int * seq<'T> -> unit
Public Sub InsertRange (index As Integer, collection As IEnumerable(Of T))

參數

index
Int32

應插入新項目處的以零為起始的索引。The zero-based index at which the new elements should be inserted.

collection
IEnumerable<T>

集合,其項目應插入至 List<T>The collection whose elements should be inserted into the List<T>. 集合本身不可為 null,但如果類型 T 是參考類型,則其可以包含為 null 的項目。The collection itself cannot be null, but it can contain elements that are null, if type T is a reference type.

例外狀況

collectionnullcollection is null.

index 小於 0。index is less than 0.

-或--or- index 大於 Countindex is greater than Count.

範例

下列範例示範 List<T> 類別的 InsertRange 方法和各種其他方法,其作用於範圍。The following example demonstrates InsertRange method and various other methods of the List<T> class that act on ranges. 建立清單並以數個甯謐植物 dinosaurs 的名稱填入後,會使用 InsertRange 方法,將三個 ferocious 的肉類 dinosaurs 陣列插入清單中,從索引位置3開始。After the list has been created and populated with the names of several peaceful plant-eating dinosaurs, the InsertRange method is used to insert an array of three ferocious meat-eating dinosaurs into the list, beginning at index location 3.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

void main()
{
    array<String^>^ input = { "Brachiosaurus", 
                              "Amargasaurus", 
                              "Mamenchisaurus" };

    List<String^>^ dinosaurs = 
        gcnew List<String^>((IEnumerable<String^>^) input);

    Console::WriteLine("\nCapacity: {0}", dinosaurs->Capacity);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\nAddRange(dinosaurs)");
    dinosaurs->AddRange(dinosaurs);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\nRemoveRange(2, 2)");
    dinosaurs->RemoveRange(2, 2);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    input = gcnew array<String^> { "Tyrannosaurus", 
                                   "Deinonychus", 
                                   "Velociraptor"};

    Console::WriteLine("\nInsertRange(3, (IEnumerable<String^>^) input)");
    dinosaurs->InsertRange(3, (IEnumerable<String^>^) input);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\noutput = dinosaurs->GetRange(2, 3)->ToArray()");
    array<String^>^ output = dinosaurs->GetRange(2, 3)->ToArray();
        
    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in output )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Capacity: 3

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

AddRange(dinosaurs)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

RemoveRange(2, 2)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

InsertRange(3, (IEnumerable<String^>^) input)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
Velociraptor
Mamenchisaurus

output = dinosaurs->GetRange(2, 3)->ToArray()

Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
 */
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string[] input = { "Brachiosaurus", 
                           "Amargasaurus", 
                           "Mamenchisaurus" };

        List<string> dinosaurs = new List<string>(input);

        Console.WriteLine("\nCapacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nAddRange(dinosaurs)");
        dinosaurs.AddRange(dinosaurs);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nRemoveRange(2, 2)");
        dinosaurs.RemoveRange(2, 2);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        input = new string[] { "Tyrannosaurus", 
                               "Deinonychus", 
                               "Velociraptor"};

        Console.WriteLine("\nInsertRange(3, input)");
        dinosaurs.InsertRange(3, input);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\noutput = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray()");
        string[] output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray();
        
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in output )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Capacity: 3

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

AddRange(dinosaurs)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

RemoveRange(2, 2)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

InsertRange(3, input)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
Velociraptor
Mamenchisaurus

output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray()

Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
 */
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim input() As String = { "Brachiosaurus", _
                                  "Amargasaurus", _
                                  "Mamenchisaurus" }

        Dim dinosaurs As New List(Of String)(input)

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "AddRange(dinosaurs)")
        dinosaurs.AddRange(dinosaurs)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "RemoveRange(2, 2)")
        dinosaurs.RemoveRange(2, 2)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        input = New String() { "Tyrannosaurus", _
                               "Deinonychus", _
                               "Velociraptor" }

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "InsertRange(3, input)")
        dinosaurs.InsertRange(3, input)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray")
        Dim output() As String = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray()
        
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In output
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Capacity: 3
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'AddRange(dinosaurs)
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'RemoveRange(2, 2)
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'InsertRange(3, input)
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Deinonychus
'Velociraptor
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray
'
'Amargasaurus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Deinonychus

備註

List<T> 接受 null 作為參考型別的有效值,並允許重複的元素。List<T> accepts null as a valid value for reference types and allows duplicate elements.

如果新的 Count (目前的 Count 加上集合的大小)將大於 Capacity,則會自動重新配置內部陣列以容納新的元素,而現有的元素為,以增加 List<T> 的容量在新增新元素之前,複製到新陣列。If the new Count (the current Count plus the size of the collection) will be greater than Capacity, the capacity of the List<T> is increased by automatically reallocating the internal array to accommodate the new elements, and the existing elements are copied to the new array before the new elements are added.

如果 index 等於 Count,則會將元素加入至 List<T>的結尾。If index is equal to Count, the elements are added to the end of List<T>.

集合中的元素順序會保留在 List<T>中。The order of the elements in the collection is preserved in the List<T>.

這個方法是 O (n * m)運算,其中n是要加入的元素數目,而mCountThis method is an O(n * m) operation, where n is the number of elements to be added and m is Count.

適用於

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