Hashtable.Contains(Object) 方法

定義

判斷 Hashtable 是否包含特定索引鍵。Determines whether the Hashtable contains a specific key.

public:
 virtual bool Contains(System::Object ^ key);
public virtual bool Contains (object key);
abstract member Contains : obj -> bool
override this.Contains : obj -> bool
Public Overridable Function Contains (key As Object) As Boolean

參數

key
Object

要在 Hashtable 中尋找的索引鍵。The key to locate in the Hashtable.

傳回

Boolean

如果 true 包含具有指定索引鍵的項目,則為 Hashtable,否則為 falsetrue if the Hashtable contains an element with the specified key; otherwise, false.

實作

例外狀況

keynullkey is null.

範例

下列範例會示範如何判斷是否 Hashtable 包含特定的元素。The following example shows how to determine whether the Hashtable contains a specific element.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( Hashtable^ myHT );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
   Hashtable^ myHT = gcnew Hashtable;
   myHT->Add( (int^)0, "zero" );
   myHT->Add( 1, "one" );
   myHT->Add( 2, "two" );
   myHT->Add( 3, "three" );
   myHT->Add( 4, "four" );
   
   // Displays the values of the Hashtable.
   Console::WriteLine( "The Hashtable contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( myHT );
   
   // Searches for a specific key.
   int myKey = 2;
   Console::WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT->ContainsKey( myKey ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
   myKey = 6;
   Console::WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT->ContainsKey( myKey ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
   
   // Searches for a specific value.
   String^ myValue = "three";
   Console::WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT->ContainsValue( myValue ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
   myValue = "nine";
   Console::WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT->ContainsValue( myValue ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
}

void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( Hashtable^ myHT )
{
   int i = 0;
   Console::WriteLine( "\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myHT->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      DictionaryEntry de =  *safe_cast<DictionaryEntry ^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i++, de.Key, de.Value );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The Hashtable contains the following values:
         -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
         [0]:    4       four
         [1]:    3       three
         [2]:    2       two
         [3]:    1       one
         [4]:    0       zero

 The key "2" is in the Hashtable.
 The key "6" is NOT in the Hashtable.
 The value "three" is in the Hashtable.
 The value "nine" is NOT in the Hashtable.

 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesHashtable
{

   public static void Main()
   {
      // Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
      var myHT = new Hashtable();
      myHT.Add(0, "zero");
      myHT.Add(1, "one");
      myHT.Add(2, "two");
      myHT.Add(3, "three");
      myHT.Add(4, "four");

      // Displays the values of the Hashtable.
      Console.WriteLine("The Hashtable contains the following values:");
      PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myHT);

      // Searches for a specific key.
      int myKey = 2;
      Console.WriteLine("The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT.ContainsKey(myKey) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable");
      myKey = 6;
      Console.WriteLine("The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT.ContainsKey(myKey) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable");

      // Searches for a specific value.
      var myValue = "three";
      Console.WriteLine("The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable");
      myValue = "nine";
      Console.WriteLine("The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable");
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(Hashtable myHT)
   {
      int i = 0;
      Console.WriteLine("\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-");
      foreach (DictionaryEntry de in myHT)
         Console.WriteLine($"\t[{i++}]:\t{de.Key}\t{de.Value}");
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.

The Hashtable contains the following values:
        -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
        [0]:    4       four
        [1]:    3       three
        [2]:    2       two
        [3]:    1       one
        [4]:    0       zero

The key "2" is in the Hashtable.
The key "6" is NOT in the Hashtable.
The value "three" is in the Hashtable.
The value "nine" is NOT in the Hashtable.

*/
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesHashtable

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
        Dim myHT As New Hashtable()
        myHT.Add(0, "zero")
        myHT.Add(1, "one")
        myHT.Add(2, "two")
        myHT.Add(3, "three")
        myHT.Add(4, "four")

        ' Displays the values of the Hashtable.
        Console.WriteLine("The Hashtable contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myHT)

        ' Searches for a specific key.
        Dim myKey As Integer = 2
        Console.Write($"The key ""{myKey}"" is ")
        If (myHT.ContainsKey(myKey))
           Console.WriteLine("in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine("NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

        myKey = 6
        Console.Write($"The key ""{myKey}"" is ")
        If (myHT.ContainsKey(myKey))
           Console.WriteLine(" in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine(" NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

        ' Searches for a specific value.
        Dim myValue As String = "three"
        Console.Write("The value ""{0}"" is ", myValue)
        If (myHT.ContainsValue(myValue))
           Console.WriteLine(" in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine(" NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

        myValue = "nine"
        Console.Write($"The value ""{myValue}"" is ")
        If (myHT.ContainsValue(myValue))
           Console.WriteLine(" in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine(" NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myHT As Hashtable)
        Dim i As Integer = 0
        Console.WriteLine(vbTab + "-INDEX-" + vbTab + "-KEY-" + vbTab + "-VALUE-")
        For Each de As DictionaryEntry In myHT
            Console.WriteLine(vbTab + "[{0}]:" + vbTab + "{1}" + vbTab + "{2}", i, de.Key, de.Value)
            i += 1
        Next
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The Hashtable contains the following values:
'         -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
'         [0]:    4       four
'         [1]:    3       three
'         [2]:    2       two
'         [3]:    1       one
'         [4]:    0       zero
'
' The key "2" is in the Hashtable.
' The key "6" is  NOT in the Hashtable.
' The value "three" is  in the Hashtable.
' The value "nine" is  NOT in the Hashtable.

備註

Contains 會實作 IDictionary.ContainsContains implements IDictionary.Contains. 其行為完全相同 ContainsKeyIt behaves exactly as ContainsKey.

這個方法是一項作業 O(1)This method is an O(1) operation.

從 .NET Framework 2.0 開始,此方法會使用集合的物件 Equals 和方法, CompareTo item 來判斷專案是否存在。Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, this method uses the collection's objects' Equals and CompareTo methods on item to determine whether item exists. 在舊版的 .NET Framework 中,會在 Equals CompareTo item 集合中的物件上使用參數的和方法來進行這項判斷。In the earlier versions of the .NET Framework, this determination was made by using the Equals and CompareTo methods of the item parameter on the objects in the collection.

適用於

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