InstallException 類別

定義

安裝的認可、復原或解除安裝階段發生錯誤時所擲回的例外狀況。The exception that is thrown when an error occurs during the commit, rollback, or uninstall phase of an installation.

public ref class InstallException : SystemException
[System.Serializable]
public class InstallException : SystemException
type InstallException = class
    inherit SystemException
Public Class InstallException
Inherits SystemException
繼承
InstallException
屬性

範例

下列範例加上函式中的範例InstallException , 並組成一個範例, 其中顯示元件有自己的安裝程式。The following example, plus the examples in the InstallException constructors, together make up an example showing an assembly having its own installer. 安裝程式名為MyInstaller, 其具有屬性RunInstallerAttribute, 表示 installutil.exe 會叫用此安裝程式(安裝程式工具)The installer is named MyInstaller, which has an attribute RunInstallerAttribute, indicating that this installer will be invoked by Installutil.exe (Installer Tool). Installutil.exe (安裝程式工具)Commit呼叫、 Rollback InstallUninstall方法。Installutil.exe (Installer Tool) calls the methods Commit, Rollback, Install and Uninstall. Commit的程式碼會假設名為FileDoesNotExist.txt的檔案在可以認可元件安裝之前就已存在。The code in Commit presumes that a file named FileDoesNotExist.txt exists before the installation of the assembly can be committed. 如果檔案不存在, Commit FileDoesNotExist.txt會引發。 InstallExceptionIf the file FileDoesNotExist.txt does not exist, Commit raises an InstallException. Uninstall中, 只有當名為FileDoesNotExist.txt的檔案存在時, 才會發生卸載的情況。The same is the case with Uninstall in which an uninstallation will only happen if a file named FileDoesNotExist.txt exists. 否則會引發InstallExceptionOtherwise it raises an InstallException. Rollback中, 會執行程式碼片段, 這可能會引發例外狀況。In Rollback, a code fragment is executed, which might raise an exception. 如果引發例外狀況, 則會攔截到此例外InstallException狀況, 並引發, 並將該例外狀況傳遞給它。If the exception is raised, it is caught and an InstallException is raised with that exception being passed to it.

注意

在 Installutil.exe 的協助下執行此範例。Run this example with the help of Installutil.exe. 在命令提示字元中輸入:Type this in the command prompt:

Installutil InstallException.exe

-或--or-

Installutil /u InstallException.exe

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Configuration.Install.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Configuration::Install;
using namespace System::IO;

[RunInstaller(true)]
ref class MyInstaller: public Installer
{
public:
   virtual void Install( IDictionary^ savedState ) override
   {
      Installer::Install( savedState );
      Console::WriteLine( "Install ..." );
      
      // Commit is called when install goes through successfully.
      // Rollback is called if there is any error during Install.
      // Uncommenting the code below will lead to 'RollBack' being called,
      // currently 'Commit' shall be called.
      // throw new IOException();
   }


   virtual void Commit( IDictionary^ savedState ) override
   {
      Installer::Commit( savedState );
      Console::WriteLine( "Commit ..." );
      
      // Throw an error if a particular file doesn't exist.
      if (  !File::Exists( "FileDoesNotExist.txt" ) )
            throw gcnew InstallException;

      
      // Perform the final installation if the file exists.
   }


   virtual void Rollback( IDictionary^ savedState ) override
   {
      Installer::Rollback( savedState );
      Console::WriteLine( "RollBack ..." );
      try
      {
         
         // Performing some activity during rollback that raises an 'IOException*'.
         throw gcnew IOException;
      }
      catch ( Exception^ e ) 
      {
         throw gcnew InstallException( "IOException* raised",e );
      }

      
      // Perform the remaining rollback activites if no exception raised.
   }


   virtual void Uninstall( IDictionary^ savedState ) override
   {
      Installer::Uninstall( savedState );
      Console::WriteLine( "UnInstall ..." );
      
      // Throw an error if a particular file doesn't exist.
      if (  !File::Exists( "FileDoesNotExist.txt" ) )
            throw gcnew InstallException( "The file 'FileDoesNotExist'  does not exist" );

      
      // Perform the uninstall activites if the file exists.
   }

};

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This assembly is just an example for the Installer" );
}

using System;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Collections;
using System.Configuration.Install;
using System.IO;

[RunInstaller(true)]
public class MyInstaller : Installer
{
   public override void Install(IDictionary savedState)
   {
      base.Install(savedState);
      Console.WriteLine("Install ...");

      // Commit is called when install goes through successfully.
      // Rollback is called if there is any error during Install.

      // Uncommenting the code below will lead to 'RollBack' being called,
      // currently 'Commit' shall be called.

      // throw new IOException();
   }

   public override void Commit(IDictionary savedState)
   {
      base.Commit(savedState);
      Console.WriteLine("Commit ...");
      // Throw an error if a particular file doesn't exist.
      if(!File.Exists("FileDoesNotExist.txt"))
         throw new InstallException();
      // Perform the final installation if the file exists.
   }

   public override void Rollback(IDictionary savedState)
   {
      base.Rollback(savedState);
      Console.WriteLine("RollBack ...");
      try
      {
         // Performing some activity during rollback that raises an 'IOException'.
         throw new IOException();
      }
      catch(Exception e)
      {
         throw new InstallException("IOException raised", e);
      }
      // Perform the remaining rollback activites if no exception raised.
   }

   public override void Uninstall(IDictionary savedState)
   {
      base.Uninstall(savedState);
      Console.WriteLine("UnInstall ...");
      // Throw an error if a particular file doesn't exist.
      if(!File.Exists("FileDoesNotExist.txt"))
         throw new InstallException("The file 'FileDoesNotExist'" +
            " does not exist");
      // Perform the uninstall activites if the file exists.
   }
}

// An Assembly that has its own installer.
public class MyAssembly1
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Console.WriteLine("This assembly is just an example for the Installer");
   }
}
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Configuration.Install
Imports System.IO

<RunInstaller(True)> Public Class MyInstaller
   Inherits Installer

   Public Overrides Sub Install(savedState As IDictionary)
      MyBase.Install(savedState)
      Console.WriteLine("Install ...")

     ' Commit is called when install goes through successfully.
     ' Rollback is called if there is any error during Install.
     ' Uncommenting the code below will lead to 'RollBack' being called,
     ' currently 'Commit' shall be called.
     ' throw new IOException();

   End Sub

   Public Overrides Sub Commit(savedState As IDictionary)
      MyBase.Commit(savedState)
      Console.WriteLine("Commit ...")
      ' Throw an error if a particular file doesn't exist.
      If Not File.Exists("FileDoesNotExist.txt") Then
         Throw New InstallException()
      End If
      ' Perform the final installation if the file exists.
   End Sub

   Public Overrides Sub Rollback(savedState As IDictionary)
      MyBase.Rollback(savedState)
      Console.WriteLine("RollBack ...")
      Try
         ' Performing some activity during rollback that raises an 'IOException'.
         Throw New IOException()
      Catch e As Exception
         Throw New InstallException("IOException raised", e)
      End Try
   End Sub
    ' Perform the remaining rollback activites if no exception raised.

   Public Overrides Sub Uninstall(savedState As IDictionary)
      MyBase.Uninstall(savedState)
      Console.WriteLine("UnInstall ...")
      ' Throw an error if a particular file doesn't exist.
      If Not File.Exists("FileDoesNotExist.txt") Then
         Throw New InstallException("The file 'FileDoesNotExist'" + " does not exist")
      End If
      ' Perform the uninstall activites if the file exists.
   End Sub

End Class

' An Assembly that has its own installer.
Public Class MyAssembly1
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Console.WriteLine("This assembly is just an example for the Installer")
   End Sub
End Class

建構函式

InstallException()

初始化 InstallException 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the InstallException class.

InstallException(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

使用序列化資料,初始化 InstallException 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the InstallException class with serialized data.

InstallException(String)

初始化 InstallException 類別的新執行個體,並且指定對使用者顯示的訊息。Initializes a new instance of the InstallException class, and specifies the message to display to the user.

InstallException(String, Exception)

初始化 InstallException 類別的新執行個體,指定對使用者顯示的訊息以及造成這個例外狀況的內部例外狀況參考。Initializes a new instance of the InstallException class, and specifies the message to display to the user, and a reference to the inner exception that is the cause of this exception.

屬性

Data

取得提供例外狀況之其他使用者定義相關資訊的索引鍵/值組集合。Gets a collection of key/value pairs that provide additional user-defined information about the exception.

(繼承來源 Exception)
HelpLink

取得或設定與這個例外狀況相關聯的說明檔連結。Gets or sets a link to the help file associated with this exception.

(繼承來源 Exception)
HResult

取得或設定 HRESULT,它是指派給特定例外狀況的編碼數值。Gets or sets HRESULT, a coded numerical value that is assigned to a specific exception.

(繼承來源 Exception)
InnerException

取得造成目前例外狀況的 Exception 執行個體。Gets the Exception instance that caused the current exception.

(繼承來源 Exception)
Message

取得描述目前例外狀況的訊息。Gets a message that describes the current exception.

(繼承來源 Exception)
Source

取得或設定造成錯誤的應用程式或物件的名稱。Gets or sets the name of the application or the object that causes the error.

(繼承來源 Exception)
StackTrace

取得呼叫堆疊上即時運算框架的字串表示。Gets a string representation of the immediate frames on the call stack.

(繼承來源 Exception)
TargetSite

取得擲回目前例外狀況的方法。Gets the method that throws the current exception.

(繼承來源 Exception)

方法

Equals(Object)

判斷指定的物件是否等於目前的物件。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetBaseException()

在衍生類別中覆寫時,傳回一或多個後續的例外狀況的根本原因 ExceptionWhen overridden in a derived class, returns the Exception that is the root cause of one or more subsequent exceptions.

(繼承來源 Exception)
GetHashCode()

做為預設雜湊函式。Serves as the default hash function.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetObjectData(SerializationInfo, StreamingContext)

在衍生類別中覆寫時,使用例外狀況的資訊設定 SerializationInfoWhen overridden in a derived class, sets the SerializationInfo with information about the exception.

(繼承來源 Exception)
GetType()

取得目前執行個體的執行階段類型。Gets the runtime type of the current instance.

(繼承來源 Exception)
MemberwiseClone()

建立目前 Object 的淺層複製。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(繼承來源 Object)
ToString()

建立並傳回目前例外狀況的字串表示。Creates and returns a string representation of the current exception.

(繼承來源 Exception)

事件

SerializeObjectState

當例外狀況序列化,以建立包含例外狀況相關序列化資料的例外狀況狀態物件時,就會發生此事件。Occurs when an exception is serialized to create an exception state object that contains serialized data about the exception.

(繼承來源 Exception)

適用於

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