SqlBulkCopy.WriteToServer 方法

定義

將所有資料列從資料來源複製到 DestinationTableName 物件之 SqlBulkCopy 屬性所指定的目的資料表。Copies all rows from a data source to a destination table specified by the DestinationTableName property of the SqlBulkCopy object.

多載

WriteToServer(DataTable, DataRowState)

只會將提供的 DataTable 中符合提供的資料列狀態之資料列複製到 SqlBulkCopy 物件之 DestinationTableName 屬性所指定的目的資料表。Copies only rows that match the supplied row state in the supplied DataTable to a destination table specified by the DestinationTableName property of the SqlBulkCopy object.

WriteToServer(IDataReader)

將所提供 IDataReader 中的所有資料列複製到 SqlBulkCopy 物件 DestinationTableName 屬性所指定目的地資料表。Copies all rows in the supplied IDataReader to a destination table specified by the DestinationTableName property of the SqlBulkCopy object.

WriteToServer(DataTable)

將所提供 DataTable 中的所有資料列複製到 SqlBulkCopy 物件 DestinationTableName 屬性所指定目的地資料表。Copies all rows in the supplied DataTable to a destination table specified by the DestinationTableName property of the SqlBulkCopy object.

WriteToServer(DbDataReader)

將提供之 DbDataReader 陣列中的所有資料列複製到 SqlBulkCopy 物件之 DestinationTableName 屬性所指定的目的資料表。Copies all rows from the supplied DbDataReader array to a destination table specified by the DestinationTableName property of the SqlBulkCopy object.

WriteToServer(DataRow[])

將提供之 DataRow 陣列中的所有資料列複製到 SqlBulkCopy 物件之 DestinationTableName 屬性所指定的目的資料表。Copies all rows from the supplied DataRow array to a destination table specified by the DestinationTableName property of the SqlBulkCopy object.

備註

如果有多個使用中結果集 (MARS) 已停用, WriteToServer 就會使連接忙碌。If multiple active result sets (MARS) is disabled, WriteToServer makes the connection busy. 如果已啟用 MARS,您可以 WriteToServer 使用相同連接中的其他命令來交錯呼叫。If MARS is enabled, you can interleave calls to WriteToServer with other commands in the same connection.

WriteToServer(DataTable, DataRowState)

只會將提供的 DataTable 中符合提供的資料列狀態之資料列複製到 SqlBulkCopy 物件之 DestinationTableName 屬性所指定的目的資料表。Copies only rows that match the supplied row state in the supplied DataTable to a destination table specified by the DestinationTableName property of the SqlBulkCopy object.

public:
 void WriteToServer(System::Data::DataTable ^ table, System::Data::DataRowState rowState);
public void WriteToServer (System.Data.DataTable table, System.Data.DataRowState rowState);
member this.WriteToServer : System.Data.DataTable * System.Data.DataRowState -> unit
Public Sub WriteToServer (table As DataTable, rowState As DataRowState)

參數

table
DataTable

DataTable,其資料列會複製到目的資料表。A DataTable whose rows will be copied to the destination table.

rowState
DataRowState

DataRowState 列舉中的值。A value from the DataRowState enumeration. 只將符合資料列狀態的資料列複製到目的端。Only rows matching the row state are copied to the destination.

範例

下列主控台應用程式示範如何大量載入中 DataTable 符合指定狀態的資料列。The following Console application demonstrates how to bulk load only the rows in a DataTable that match a specified state. 在此情況下,只會新增未變更的資料列。In this case, only unchanged rows are added. 目的地資料表是 AdventureWorks 資料庫中的資料表。The destination table is a table in the AdventureWorks database.

在此範例中, DataTable 會在執行時間建立,並在其中加入三個數據列。In this example, a DataTable is created at run time and three rows are added to it. WriteToServer 執行方法之前,會編輯其中一個資料列。Before the WriteToServer method is executed, one of the rows is edited. WriteToServer方法會使用 DataRowState.Unchanged rowState 引數來呼叫,因此只會將兩個未變更的資料列大量複製到目的地。The WriteToServer method is called with a DataRowState.Unchanged rowState argument, so only the two unchanged rows are bulk copied to the destination.

重要

除非您已依照 大量複製範例設定所述建立工作資料表,否則此範例不會執行。This sample will not run unless you have created the work tables as described in Bulk Copy Example Setup. 這個程式碼僅是為了示範使用 SqlBulkCopy 的語法而提供。This code is provided to demonstrate the syntax for using SqlBulkCopy only. 如果來源和目的地資料表位於相同的 SQL Server 實例,則使用 Transact-sql INSERT ... SELECT 語句來複製資料會更容易且更快速。If the source and destination tables are in the same SQL Server instance, it is easier and faster to use a Transact-SQL INSERT ... SELECT statement to copy the data.

using System.Data.SqlClient;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        string connectionString = GetConnectionString();
        // Open a connection to the AdventureWorks database.
        using (SqlConnection connection =
                   new SqlConnection(connectionString))
        {
            connection.Open();

            // Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            SqlCommand commandRowCount = new SqlCommand(
                "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM " +
                "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns;",
                connection);
            long countStart = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart);

            // Create a table with some rows.
            DataTable newProducts = MakeTable();

            // Make a change to one of the rows in the DataTable.
            DataRow row = newProducts.Rows[0];
            row.BeginEdit();
            row["Name"] = "AAA";
            row.EndEdit();

            // Create the SqlBulkCopy object.
            // Note that the column positions in the source DataTable
            // match the column positions in the destination table so
            // there is no need to map columns.
            using (SqlBulkCopy bulkCopy = new SqlBulkCopy(connection))
            {
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName =
                    "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns";

                try
                {
                    // Write unchanged rows from the source to the destination.
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(newProducts, DataRowState.Unchanged);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
                }
            }

            // Perform a final count on the destination
            // table to see how many rows were added.
            long countEnd = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd);
            Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart);
            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }

    private static DataTable MakeTable()
        // Create a new DataTable named NewProducts.
    {
        DataTable newProducts = new DataTable("NewProducts");

        // Add three column objects to the table.
        DataColumn productID = new DataColumn();
        productID.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.Int32");
        productID.ColumnName = "ProductID";
        productID.AutoIncrement = true;
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productID);

        DataColumn productName = new DataColumn();
        productName.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String");
        productName.ColumnName = "Name";
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productName);

        DataColumn productNumber = new DataColumn();
        productNumber.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String");
        productNumber.ColumnName = "ProductNumber";
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productNumber);

        // Create an array for DataColumn objects.
        DataColumn[] keys = new DataColumn[1];
        keys[0] = productID;
        newProducts.PrimaryKey = keys;

        // Add some new rows to the collection.
        DataRow row = newProducts.NewRow();
        row["Name"] = "CC-101-WH";
        row["ProductNumber"] = "Cyclocomputer - White";

        newProducts.Rows.Add(row);
        row = newProducts.NewRow();
        row["Name"] = "CC-101-BK";
        row["ProductNumber"] = "Cyclocomputer - Black";

        newProducts.Rows.Add(row);
        row = newProducts.NewRow();
        row["Name"] = "CC-101-ST";
        row["ProductNumber"] = "Cyclocomputer - Stainless";
        newProducts.Rows.Add(row);
        newProducts.AcceptChanges();

        // Return the new DataTable.
        return newProducts;
    }
    private static string GetConnectionString()
        // To avoid storing the connection string in your code,
        // you can retrieve it from a configuration file.
    {
        return "Data Source=(local); " +
            " Integrated Security=true;" +
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;";
    }
}
Imports System.Data.SqlClient

Module Module1
    Sub Main()
        Dim connectionString As String = GetConnectionString()

        ' Open a connection to the AdventureWorks database.
        Using connection As SqlConnection = _
           New SqlConnection(connectionString)
            connection.Open()

            ' Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            Dim commandRowCount As New SqlCommand( _
            "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns;", _
                connection)
            Dim countStart As Long = _
               System.Convert.ToInt32(commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart)

            ' Create a table with some rows.
            Dim newProducts As DataTable = MakeTable()

            ' Make a change to one of the rows in the DataTable.
            Dim row As DataRow = newProducts.Rows(0)
            row.BeginEdit()
            row("Name") = "AAA"
            row.EndEdit()

            ' Set up the bulk copy object. 
            ' Note that the column positions in the source DataTable 
            ' match the column positions in the destination table, 
            ' so there is no need to map columns.
            Using bulkCopy As SqlBulkCopy = _
              New SqlBulkCopy(connection)
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName = "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns"

                Try
                    ' Write unchanged rows from the source to the destination.
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(newProducts, DataRowState.Unchanged)

                Catch ex As Exception
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)
                End Try
            End Using

            ' Perform a final count on the destination table
            ' to see how many rows were added.
            Dim countEnd As Long = _
                System.Convert.ToInt32(commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd)
            Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart)

            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.")
            Console.ReadLine()
        End Using
    End Sub

    Private Function MakeTable() As DataTable
        ' Create a new DataTable named NewProducts.
        Dim newProducts As DataTable = _
         New DataTable("NewProducts")

        ' Add three column objects to the table.
        Dim productID As DataColumn = New DataColumn()
        productID.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.Int32")
        productID.ColumnName = "ProductID"
        productID.AutoIncrement = True
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productID)

        Dim productName As DataColumn = New DataColumn()
        productName.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String")
        productName.ColumnName = "Name"
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productName)

        Dim productNumber As DataColumn = New DataColumn()
        productNumber.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String")
        productNumber.ColumnName = "ProductNumber"
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productNumber)

        ' Create an array for DataColumn objects.
        Dim keys(0) As DataColumn
        keys(0) = productID
        newProducts.PrimaryKey = keys

        ' Add some new rows to the collection.
        Dim row As DataRow
        row = newProducts.NewRow()
        row("Name") = "CC-101-WH"
        row("ProductNumber") = "Cyclocomputer - White"
        newProducts.Rows.Add(row)

        row = newProducts.NewRow()
        row("Name") = "CC-101-BK"
        row("ProductNumber") = "Cyclocomputer - Black"
        newProducts.Rows.Add(row)

        row = newProducts.NewRow()
        row("Name") = "CC-101-ST"
        row("ProductNumber") = "Cyclocomputer - Stainless"
        newProducts.Rows.Add(row)
        newProducts.AcceptChanges()

        ' Return the new DataTable.
        Return newProducts
    End Function

    Private Function GetConnectionString() As String
        ' To avoid storing the connection string in your code, 
        ' you can retrieve it from a configuration file. 
        Return "Data Source=(local);" & _
            "Integrated Security=true;" & _
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;"
    End Function
End Module

備註

只有中的資料列在 DataTable 引數中指出的狀態中, rowState 而且尚未刪除時,才會複製到目的地資料表。Only rows in the DataTable that are in the states indicated in the rowState argument and have not been deleted are copied to the destination table.

注意

如果 Deleted 指定了,則任何 UnchangedAdded 和資料 Modified 列也會複製到伺服器。If Deleted is specified, any Unchanged, Added, and Modified rows will also be copied to the server. 不會引發任何例外狀況。No exception will be raised.

當大量複製作業正在進行時,相關聯的目的地 SqlConnection 會忙於提供服務,而且無法在連接上執行其他作業。While the bulk copy operation is in progress, the associated destination SqlConnection is busy serving it, and no other operations can be performed on the connection.

ColumnMappings集合會從 DataTable 資料行對應到目的地資料庫資料表。The ColumnMappings collection maps from the DataTable columns to the destination database table.

另請參閱

適用於

WriteToServer(IDataReader)

將所提供 IDataReader 中的所有資料列複製到 SqlBulkCopy 物件 DestinationTableName 屬性所指定目的地資料表。Copies all rows in the supplied IDataReader to a destination table specified by the DestinationTableName property of the SqlBulkCopy object.

public:
 void WriteToServer(System::Data::IDataReader ^ reader);
public void WriteToServer (System.Data.IDataReader reader);
member this.WriteToServer : System.Data.IDataReader -> unit
Public Sub WriteToServer (reader As IDataReader)

參數

reader
IDataReader

IDataReader,其資料列會複製到目的資料表。A IDataReader whose rows will be copied to the destination table.

範例

下列主控台應用程式示範如何從大量載入資料 SqlDataReaderThe following console application demonstrates how to bulk load data from a SqlDataReader. 目的地資料表是 AdventureWorks 資料庫中的資料表。The destination table is a table in the AdventureWorks database.

重要

除非您已依照 大量複製範例設定所述建立工作資料表,否則此範例不會執行。This sample will not run unless you have created the work tables as described in Bulk Copy Example Setup. 這個程式碼僅是為了示範使用 SqlBulkCopy 的語法而提供。This code is provided to demonstrate the syntax for using SqlBulkCopy only. 如果來源和目的地資料表位於相同的 SQL Server 實例,則使用 Transact-sql INSERT ... SELECT 語句來複製資料會更容易且更快速。If the source and destination tables are in the same SQL Server instance, it is easier and faster to use a Transact-SQL INSERT ... SELECT statement to copy the data.

using System.Data.SqlClient;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        string connectionString = GetConnectionString();
        // Open a sourceConnection to the AdventureWorks database.
        using (SqlConnection sourceConnection =
                   new SqlConnection(connectionString))
        {
            sourceConnection.Open();

            // Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            SqlCommand commandRowCount = new SqlCommand(
                "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM " +
                "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns;",
                sourceConnection);
            long countStart = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart);

            // Get data from the source table as a SqlDataReader.
            SqlCommand commandSourceData = new SqlCommand(
                "SELECT ProductID, Name, " +
                "ProductNumber " +
                "FROM Production.Product;", sourceConnection);
            SqlDataReader reader =
                commandSourceData.ExecuteReader();

            // Set up the bulk copy object using a connection string.
            // In the real world you would not use SqlBulkCopy to move
            // data from one table to the other in the same database.
            using (SqlBulkCopy bulkCopy =
                       new SqlBulkCopy(connectionString))
            {
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName =
                    "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns";

                try
                {
                    // Write from the source to the destination.
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(reader);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
                }
                finally
                {
                    // Close the SqlDataReader. The SqlBulkCopy
                    // object is automatically closed at the end
                    // of the using block.
                    reader.Close();
                }
            }

            // Perform a final count on the destination
            // table to see how many rows were added.
            long countEnd = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd);
            Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart);
            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }

    private static string GetConnectionString()
        // To avoid storing the sourceConnection string in your code,
        // you can retrieve it from a configuration file.
    {
        return "Data Source=(local); " +
            " Integrated Security=true;" +
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;";
    }
}
Imports System.Data.SqlClient

Module Module1
    Sub Main()
        Dim connectionString As String = GetConnectionString()

        ' Open a connection to the AdventureWorks database.
        Using sourceConnection As SqlConnection = _
           New SqlConnection(connectionString)
            sourceConnection.Open()

            ' Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            Dim commandRowCount As New SqlCommand( _
            "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns;", _
                sourceConnection)
            Dim countStart As Long = _
               System.Convert.ToInt32(commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart)

            ' Get data from the source table as a SqlDataReader.
            Dim commandSourceData As SqlCommand = New SqlCommand( _
               "SELECT ProductID, Name, ProductNumber " & _
               "FROM Production.Product;", sourceConnection)
            Dim reader As SqlDataReader = commandSourceData.ExecuteReader

            ' Set up the bulk copy object using a connection string. 
            ' In the real world you would not use SqlBulkCopy to move
            ' data from one table to the other in the same database.
            Using bulkCopy As SqlBulkCopy = New SqlBulkCopy(connectionString)
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName = _
                "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns"

                Try
                    ' Write from the source to the destination.
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(reader)

                Catch ex As Exception
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)

                Finally
                    ' Close the SqlDataReader. The SqlBulkCopy
                    ' object is automatically closed at the end
                    ' of the Using block.
                    reader.Close()
                End Try
            End Using

            ' Perform a final count on the destination table
            ' to see how many rows were added.
            Dim countEnd As Long = _
                System.Convert.ToInt32(commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd)
            Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart)

            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.")
            Console.ReadLine()
        End Using
    End Sub

    Private Function GetConnectionString() As String
        ' To avoid storing the sourceConnection string in your code, 
        ' you can retrieve it from a configuration file. 
        Return "Data Source=(local);" & _
            "Integrated Security=true;" & _
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;"
    End Function
End Module

備註

複製作業會從讀取器中下一個可用的資料列開始。The copy operation starts at the next available row in the reader. 大部分的情況下,讀取器是由 ExecuteReader 或類似的呼叫所傳回,因此下一個可用的資料列是第一個資料列。Most of the time, the reader was just returned by ExecuteReader or a similar call, so the next available row is the first row. 若要處理多個結果,請 NextResult 在資料讀取器上呼叫,然後 WriteToServer 再呼叫一次。To process multiple results, call NextResult on the data reader and call WriteToServer again.

請注意,使用會 WriteToServer 修改讀取器的狀態。Note that using WriteToServer modifies the state of the reader. 方法會呼叫 Read ,直到它傳回 false、作業已中止,或發生錯誤。The method will call Read until it returns false, the operation is aborted, or an error occurs. 這表示當作業完成時,資料讀取器會處於不同的狀態,可能會在結果集的結尾 WriteToServerThis means that the data reader will be in a different state, probably at the end of the result set, when the WriteToServer operation is complete.

當大量複製作業正在進行時,相關聯的目的地 SqlConnection 會忙於提供服務,而且無法在連接上執行其他作業。While the bulk copy operation is in progress, the associated destination SqlConnection is busy serving it, and no other operations can be performed on the connection.

ColumnMappings集合會從資料讀取器資料行對應到目的地資料庫資料表。The ColumnMappings collection maps from the data reader columns to the destination database table.

適用於

WriteToServer(DataTable)

將所提供 DataTable 中的所有資料列複製到 SqlBulkCopy 物件 DestinationTableName 屬性所指定目的地資料表。Copies all rows in the supplied DataTable to a destination table specified by the DestinationTableName property of the SqlBulkCopy object.

public:
 void WriteToServer(System::Data::DataTable ^ table);
public void WriteToServer (System.Data.DataTable table);
member this.WriteToServer : System.Data.DataTable -> unit
Public Sub WriteToServer (table As DataTable)

參數

table
DataTable

DataTable,其資料列會複製到目的資料表。A DataTable whose rows will be copied to the destination table.

範例

下列主控台應用程式示範如何從大量載入資料 DataTableThe following Console application demonstrates how to bulk load data from a DataTable. 目的地資料表是 AdventureWorks 資料庫中的資料表。The destination table is a table in the AdventureWorks database.

在此範例中, DataTable 會在執行時間建立,而是作業的來源 SqlBulkCopyIn this example, a DataTable is created at run time and is the source of the SqlBulkCopy operation.

重要

除非您已依照 大量複製範例設定所述建立工作資料表,否則此範例不會執行。This sample will not run unless you have created the work tables as described in Bulk Copy Example Setup. 這個程式碼僅是為了示範使用 SqlBulkCopy 的語法而提供。This code is provided to demonstrate the syntax for using SqlBulkCopy only. 如果來源和目的地資料表位於相同的 SQL Server 實例,則使用 Transact-sql INSERT ... SELECT 語句來複製資料會更容易且更快速。If the source and destination tables are in the same SQL Server instance, it is easier and faster to use a Transact-SQL INSERT ... SELECT statement to copy the data.

using System.Data.SqlClient;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        string connectionString = GetConnectionString();
        // Open a connection to the AdventureWorks database.
        using (SqlConnection connection =
                   new SqlConnection(connectionString))
        {
            connection.Open();

            // Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            SqlCommand commandRowCount = new SqlCommand(
                "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM " +
                "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns;",
                connection);
            long countStart = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart);

            // Create a table with some rows.
            DataTable newProducts = MakeTable();

            // Create the SqlBulkCopy object.
            // Note that the column positions in the source DataTable
            // match the column positions in the destination table so
            // there is no need to map columns.
            using (SqlBulkCopy bulkCopy = new SqlBulkCopy(connection))
            {
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName =
                    "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns";

                try
                {
                    // Write from the source to the destination.
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(newProducts);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
                }
            }

            // Perform a final count on the destination
            // table to see how many rows were added.
            long countEnd = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd);
            Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart);
            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }

    private static DataTable MakeTable()
        // Create a new DataTable named NewProducts.
    {
        DataTable newProducts = new DataTable("NewProducts");

        // Add three column objects to the table.
        DataColumn productID = new DataColumn();
        productID.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.Int32");
        productID.ColumnName = "ProductID";
        productID.AutoIncrement = true;
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productID);

        DataColumn productName = new DataColumn();
        productName.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String");
        productName.ColumnName = "Name";
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productName);

        DataColumn productNumber = new DataColumn();
        productNumber.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String");
        productNumber.ColumnName = "ProductNumber";
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productNumber);

        // Create an array for DataColumn objects.
        DataColumn[] keys = new DataColumn[1];
        keys[0] = productID;
        newProducts.PrimaryKey = keys;

        // Add some new rows to the collection.
        DataRow row = newProducts.NewRow();
        row["Name"] = "CC-101-WH";
        row["ProductNumber"] = "Cyclocomputer - White";

        newProducts.Rows.Add(row);
        row = newProducts.NewRow();
        row["Name"] = "CC-101-BK";
        row["ProductNumber"] = "Cyclocomputer - Black";

        newProducts.Rows.Add(row);
        row = newProducts.NewRow();
        row["Name"] = "CC-101-ST";
        row["ProductNumber"] = "Cyclocomputer - Stainless";
        newProducts.Rows.Add(row);
        newProducts.AcceptChanges();

        // Return the new DataTable.
        return newProducts;
    }
    private static string GetConnectionString()
        // To avoid storing the connection string in your code,
        // you can retrieve it from a configuration file.
    {
        return "Data Source=(local); " +
            " Integrated Security=true;" +
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;";
    }
}
Imports System.Data.SqlClient

Module Module1
    Sub Main()
        Dim connectionString As String = GetConnectionString()

        ' Open a connection to the AdventureWorks database.
        Using connection As SqlConnection = _
           New SqlConnection(connectionString)
            connection.Open()

            ' Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            Dim commandRowCount As New SqlCommand( _
            "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns;", _
                connection)
            Dim countStart As Long = _
               System.Convert.ToInt32(commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart)

            ' Create a table with some rows.
            Dim newProducts As DataTable = MakeTable()

            ' Note that the column positions in the source DataTable 
            ' match the column positions in the destination table, 
            ' so there is no need to map columns.
            Using bulkCopy As SqlBulkCopy = _
              New SqlBulkCopy(connection)
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName = "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns"

                Try
                    ' Write from the source to the destination.
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(newProducts)

                Catch ex As Exception
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)
                End Try
            End Using

            ' Perform a final count on the destination table
            ' to see how many rows were added.
            Dim countEnd As Long = _
                System.Convert.ToInt32(commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd)
            Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart)

            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.")
            Console.ReadLine()
        End Using
    End Sub

    Private Function MakeTable() As DataTable
        ' Create a new DataTable named NewProducts.
        Dim newProducts As DataTable = _
         New DataTable("NewProducts")

        ' Add three column objects to the table.
        Dim productID As DataColumn = New DataColumn()
        productID.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.Int32")
        productID.ColumnName = "ProductID"
        productID.AutoIncrement = True
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productID)

        Dim productName As DataColumn = New DataColumn()
        productName.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String")
        productName.ColumnName = "Name"
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productName)

        Dim productNumber As DataColumn = New DataColumn()
        productNumber.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String")
        productNumber.ColumnName = "ProductNumber"
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productNumber)

        ' Create an array for DataColumn objects.
        Dim keys(0) As DataColumn
        keys(0) = productID
        newProducts.PrimaryKey = keys

        ' Add some new rows to the collection.
        Dim row As DataRow
        row = newProducts.NewRow()
        row("Name") = "CC-101-WH"
        row("ProductNumber") = "Cyclocomputer - White"
        newProducts.Rows.Add(row)

        row = newProducts.NewRow()
        row("Name") = "CC-101-BK"
        row("ProductNumber") = "Cyclocomputer - Black"
        newProducts.Rows.Add(row)

        row = newProducts.NewRow()
        row("Name") = "CC-101-ST"
        row("ProductNumber") = "Cyclocomputer - Stainless"
        newProducts.Rows.Add(row)
        newProducts.AcceptChanges()

        ' Return the new DataTable.
        Return newProducts
    End Function

    Private Function GetConnectionString() As String
        ' To avoid storing the connection string in your code, 
        ' you can retrieve it from a configuration file. 
        Return "Data Source=(local);" & _
            "Integrated Security=true;" & _
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;"
    End Function
End Module

備註

中的所有資料列 DataTable 都會複製到目的地資料表,但已刪除的資料列除外。All rows in the DataTable are copied to the destination table except those that have been deleted.

當大量複製作業正在進行時,相關聯的目的地 SqlConnection 會忙於提供服務,而且無法在連接上執行其他作業。While the bulk copy operation is in progress, the associated destination SqlConnection is busy serving it, and no other operations can be performed on the connection.

ColumnMappings集合會從 DataTable 資料行對應到目的地資料庫資料表。The ColumnMappings collection maps from the DataTable columns to the destination database table.

適用於

WriteToServer(DbDataReader)

將提供之 DbDataReader 陣列中的所有資料列複製到 SqlBulkCopy 物件之 DestinationTableName 屬性所指定的目的資料表。Copies all rows from the supplied DbDataReader array to a destination table specified by the DestinationTableName property of the SqlBulkCopy object.

public:
 void WriteToServer(System::Data::Common::DbDataReader ^ reader);
public void WriteToServer (System.Data.Common.DbDataReader reader);
member this.WriteToServer : System.Data.Common.DbDataReader -> unit
Public Sub WriteToServer (reader As DbDataReader)

參數

reader
DbDataReader

DbDataReader,其資料列會複製到目的資料表。A DbDataReader whose rows will be copied to the destination table.

適用於

WriteToServer(DataRow[])

將提供之 DataRow 陣列中的所有資料列複製到 SqlBulkCopy 物件之 DestinationTableName 屬性所指定的目的資料表。Copies all rows from the supplied DataRow array to a destination table specified by the DestinationTableName property of the SqlBulkCopy object.

public:
 void WriteToServer(cli::array <System::Data::DataRow ^> ^ rows);
public void WriteToServer (System.Data.DataRow[] rows);
member this.WriteToServer : System.Data.DataRow[] -> unit
Public Sub WriteToServer (rows As DataRow())

參數

rows
DataRow[]

要複製至目的資料表之 DataRow 物件的陣列。An array of DataRow objects that will be copied to the destination table.

範例

下列主控台應用程式示範如何從陣列大量載入資料 DataRowThe following console application demonstrates how to bulk load data from a DataRow array. 目的地資料表是 AdventureWorks 資料庫中的資料表。The destination table is a table in the AdventureWorks database.

在此範例中, DataTable 會在執行時間建立。In this example, a DataTable is created at run time. 從選取 DataTable 要複製到目的地資料表的單一資料列。A single row is selected from the DataTable to copy to the destination table.

重要

除非您已依照 大量複製範例設定所述建立工作資料表,否則此範例不會執行。This sample will not run unless you have created the work tables as described in Bulk Copy Example Setup. 這個程式碼僅是為了示範使用 SqlBulkCopy 的語法而提供。This code is provided to demonstrate the syntax for using SqlBulkCopy only. 如果來源和目的地資料表位於相同的 SQL Server 實例,則使用 Transact-sql INSERT ... SELECT 語句來複製資料會更容易且更快速。If the source and destination tables are in the same SQL Server instance, it is easier and faster to use a Transact-SQL INSERT ... SELECT statement to copy the data.

using System.Data.SqlClient;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        string connectionString = GetConnectionString();
        // Open a connection to the AdventureWorks database.
        using (SqlConnection connection =
                   new SqlConnection(connectionString))
        {
            connection.Open();

            // Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            SqlCommand commandRowCount = new SqlCommand(
                "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM " +
                "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns;",
                connection);
            long countStart = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart);

            // Create a table with some rows.
            DataTable newProducts = MakeTable();

            // Get a reference to a single row in the table.
            DataRow[] rowArray = newProducts.Select(
                "Name='CC-101-BK'");

            // Create the SqlBulkCopy object.
            // Note that the column positions in the source DataTable
            // match the column positions in the destination table so
            // there is no need to map columns.
            using (SqlBulkCopy bulkCopy = new SqlBulkCopy(connection))
            {
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName =
                    "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns";

                try
                {
                    // Write the array of rows to the destination.
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(rowArray);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
                }
            }

            // Perform a final count on the destination
            // table to see how many rows were added.
            long countEnd = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd);
            Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart);
            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }

    private static DataTable MakeTable()
        // Create a new DataTable named NewProducts.
    {
        DataTable newProducts = new DataTable("NewProducts");

        // Add three column objects to the table.
        DataColumn productID = new DataColumn();
        productID.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.Int32");
        productID.ColumnName = "ProductID";
        productID.AutoIncrement = true;
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productID);

        DataColumn productName = new DataColumn();
        productName.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String");
        productName.ColumnName = "Name";
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productName);

        DataColumn productNumber = new DataColumn();
        productNumber.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String");
        productNumber.ColumnName = "ProductNumber";
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productNumber);

        // Create an array for DataColumn objects.
        DataColumn[] keys = new DataColumn[1];
        keys[0] = productID;
        newProducts.PrimaryKey = keys;

        // Add some new rows to the collection.
        DataRow row = newProducts.NewRow();
        row["Name"] = "CC-101-WH";
        row["ProductNumber"] = "Cyclocomputer - White";

        newProducts.Rows.Add(row);
        row = newProducts.NewRow();
        row["Name"] = "CC-101-BK";
        row["ProductNumber"] = "Cyclocomputer - Black";

        newProducts.Rows.Add(row);
        row = newProducts.NewRow();
        row["Name"] = "CC-101-ST";
        row["ProductNumber"] = "Cyclocomputer - Stainless";
        newProducts.Rows.Add(row);
        newProducts.AcceptChanges();

        // Return the new DataTable.
        return newProducts;
    }
    private static string GetConnectionString()
        // To avoid storing the connection string in your code,
        // you can retrieve it from a configuration file.
    {
        return "Data Source=(local); " +
            " Integrated Security=true;" +
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;";
    }
}
Imports System.Data.SqlClient

Module Module1
    Sub Main()
        Dim connectionString As String = GetConnectionString()

        ' Open a connection to the AdventureWorks database.
        Using connection As SqlConnection = _
           New SqlConnection(connectionString)
            connection.Open()

            ' Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            Dim commandRowCount As New SqlCommand( _
            "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns;", _
                connection)
            Dim countStart As Long = _
               System.Convert.ToInt32(commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart)

            ' Create a table with some rows.
            Dim newProducts As DataTable = MakeTable()

            ' Get a reference to a single row in the table.
            Dim rowArray() As DataRow = newProducts.Select( _
             "Name='CC-101-BK'")

            ' Note that the column positions in the source DataTable 
            ' match the column positions in the destination table, 
            ' so there is no need to map columns.
            Using bulkCopy As SqlBulkCopy = _
              New SqlBulkCopy(connection)
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName = "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns"

                Try
                    ' Write the array of rows to the destination.
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(rowArray)

                Catch ex As Exception
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)
                End Try
            End Using

            ' Perform a final count on the destination table
            ' to see how many rows were added.
            Dim countEnd As Long = _
                System.Convert.ToInt32(commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd)
            Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart)

            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.")
            Console.ReadLine()
        End Using
    End Sub

    Private Function MakeTable() As DataTable
        ' Create a new DataTable named NewProducts.
        Dim newProducts As DataTable = _
         New DataTable("NewProducts")

        ' Add three column objects to the table.
        Dim productID As DataColumn = New DataColumn()
        productID.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.Int32")
        productID.ColumnName = "ProductID"
        productID.AutoIncrement = True
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productID)

        Dim productName As DataColumn = New DataColumn()
        productName.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String")
        productName.ColumnName = "Name"
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productName)

        Dim productNumber As DataColumn = New DataColumn()
        productNumber.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.String")
        productNumber.ColumnName = "ProductNumber"
        newProducts.Columns.Add(productNumber)

        ' Create an array for DataColumn objects.
        Dim keys(0) As DataColumn
        keys(0) = productID
        newProducts.PrimaryKey = keys

        ' Add some new rows to the collection.
        Dim row As DataRow
        row = newProducts.NewRow()
        row("Name") = "CC-101-WH"
        row("ProductNumber") = "Cyclocomputer - White"
        newProducts.Rows.Add(row)

        row = newProducts.NewRow()
        row("Name") = "CC-101-BK"
        row("ProductNumber") = "Cyclocomputer - Black"
        newProducts.Rows.Add(row)

        row = newProducts.NewRow()
        row("Name") = "CC-101-ST"
        row("ProductNumber") = "Cyclocomputer - Stainless"
        newProducts.Rows.Add(row)
        newProducts.AcceptChanges()

        ' Return the new DataTable.
        Return newProducts
    End Function

    Private Function GetConnectionString() As String
        ' To avoid storing the connection string in your code, 
        ' you can retrieve it from a configuration file. 
        Return "Data Source=(local);" & _
            "Integrated Security=true;" & _
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;"
    End Function
End Module

備註

當大量複製作業正在進行時,相關聯的目的地 SqlConnection 會忙於提供服務,而且無法在連接上執行其他作業。While the bulk copy operation is in progress, the associated destination SqlConnection is busy serving it, and no other operations can be performed on the connection.

ColumnMappings集合會從 DataRow 資料行對應到目的地資料庫資料表。The ColumnMappings collection maps from the DataRow columns to the destination database table.

適用於