SqlCommand.Cancel 方法

定義

嘗試取消 SqlCommand 的執行。

public:
 override void Cancel();
public:
 virtual void Cancel();
public override void Cancel ();
public void Cancel ();
override this.Cancel : unit -> unit
abstract member Cancel : unit -> unit
override this.Cancel : unit -> unit
Public Overrides Sub Cancel ()
Public Sub Cancel ()

實作

範例

下列範例示範 Cancel 方法的用法。

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Threading;

class Program
{
    private static SqlCommand m_rCommand;

    public static SqlCommand Command
    {
        get { return m_rCommand; }
        set { m_rCommand = value; }
    }

    public static void Thread_Cancel()
    {
        Command.Cancel();
    }

    static void Main()
    {
        string connectionString = GetConnectionString();
        try
        {
            using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
            {
                connection.Open();

                Command = connection.CreateCommand();
                Command.CommandText = "DROP TABLE TestCancel";
                try
                {
                    Command.ExecuteNonQuery();
                }
                catch { }

                Command.CommandText = "CREATE TABLE TestCancel(co1 int, co2 char(10))";
                Command.ExecuteNonQuery();
                Command.CommandText = "INSERT INTO TestCancel VALUES (1, '1')";
                Command.ExecuteNonQuery();

                Command.CommandText = "SELECT * FROM TestCancel";
                SqlDataReader reader = Command.ExecuteReader();

                Thread rThread2 = new Thread(new ThreadStart(Thread_Cancel));
                rThread2.Start();
                rThread2.Join();

                reader.Read();
                System.Console.WriteLine(reader.FieldCount);
                reader.Close();
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
        }
    }
    static private string GetConnectionString()
    {
        // To avoid storing the connection string in your code,
        // you can retrieve it from a configuration file.
        return "Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;"
            + "Integrated Security=SSPI";
    }
}
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports System.Threading

Module Module1
    Private m_rCommand As SqlCommand

    Public Property Command() As SqlCommand
        Get
            Return m_rCommand
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As SqlCommand)
            m_rCommand = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Public Sub Thread_Cancel()
        Command.Cancel()
    End Sub

    Sub Main()
        Dim connectionString As String = GetConnectionString()

        Try
            Using connection As New SqlConnection(connectionString)

                connection.Open()

                Command = connection.CreateCommand()
                Command.CommandText = "DROP TABLE TestCancel"
                Try
                    Command.ExecuteNonQuery()
                Catch
                End Try

                Command.CommandText = "CREATE TABLE TestCancel(co1 int, co2 char(10))"
                Command.ExecuteNonQuery()
                Command.CommandText = "INSERT INTO TestCancel VALUES (1, '1')"
                Command.ExecuteNonQuery()

                Command.CommandText = "SELECT * FROM TestCancel"
                Dim reader As SqlDataReader = Command.ExecuteReader()

                Dim rThread2 As New Thread( _
                    New ThreadStart(AddressOf Thread_Cancel))

                rThread2.Start()
                rThread2.Join()

                reader.Read()
                Console.WriteLine(reader.FieldCount)
                reader.Close()
            End Using

        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub

    Private Function GetConnectionString() As String
        ' To avoid storing the connection string in your code,  
        ' you can retrieve it from a configuration file.
        Return "Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;" _
           & "Integrated Security=SSPI;"
    End Function
End Module

備註

如果沒有要取消的作業,則不會發生任何狀況。 不過,如果正在進行命令,而取消作業的嘗試失敗,則不會產生任何例外狀況 (Exception)。

在某些情況下,如果您呼叫 ,則在呼叫 ExecuteReader Cancel 之前先隱含或明確呼叫 Close () ,然後呼叫 Cancel ,則取消命令將不會傳送至SQL Server,而且結果集可以在呼叫 Close 之後繼續串流。 若要避免這種情況,請確定您在關閉讀取器或連線之前呼叫 Cancel

適用於

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