Process.StandardInput 屬性

定義

取得用來寫入應用程式輸入的資料流。

public:
 property System::IO::StreamWriter ^ StandardInput { System::IO::StreamWriter ^ get(); };
public System.IO.StreamWriter StandardInput { get; }
[System.ComponentModel.Browsable(false)]
public System.IO.StreamWriter StandardInput { get; }
member this.StandardInput : System.IO.StreamWriter
[<System.ComponentModel.Browsable(false)>]
member this.StandardInput : System.IO.StreamWriter
Public ReadOnly Property StandardInput As StreamWriter

屬性值

StreamWriter

StreamWriter,可用來寫入應用程式的標準輸入資料流。

屬性

例外狀況

尚未定義 StandardInput 資料流,因為 RedirectStandardInput 已設定為 false

範例

下列範例說明如何重新導向 StandardInput 進程的資料流程。 此範例會 sort 以重新導向的輸入啟動命令。 然後,它會提示使用者輸入文字,並透過重新導向 StandardInput 的資料流程將該 sort 文字傳遞給進程。 結果 sort 會顯示給主控台上的使用者。

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Diagnostics;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine(  "Ready to sort one or more text lines..." );
   
   // Start the Sort.exe process with redirected input.
   // Use the sort command to sort the input text.
   Process^ myProcess = gcnew Process;
   if ( myProcess )
   {
      myProcess->StartInfo->FileName =  "Sort.exe";
      myProcess->StartInfo->UseShellExecute = false;
      myProcess->StartInfo->RedirectStandardInput = true;
      myProcess->Start();
      StreamWriter^ myStreamWriter = myProcess->StandardInput;
      if ( myStreamWriter )
      {
         
         // Prompt the user for input text lines to sort. 
         // Write each line to the StandardInput stream of
         // the sort command.
         String^ inputText;
         int numLines = 0;
         do
         {
            Console::WriteLine(  "Enter a line of text (or press the Enter key to stop):" );
            inputText = Console::ReadLine();
            if ( inputText && inputText->Length > 0 )
            {
               numLines++;
               myStreamWriter->WriteLine( inputText );
            }
         }
         while ( inputText && inputText->Length != 0 );
         
         // Write a report header to the console.
         if ( numLines > 0 )
         {
            Console::WriteLine(  " {0} sorted text line(s) ", numLines.ToString() );
            Console::WriteLine(  "------------------------" );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine(  " No input was sorted" );
         }
         
         // End the input stream to the sort command.
         // When the stream closes, the sort command
         // writes the sorted text lines to the 
         // console.
         myStreamWriter->Close();
      }
      
      // Wait for the sort process to write the sorted text lines.
      myProcess->WaitForExit();
      myProcess->Close();
   }
}

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace ProcessStandardInputSample
{
    class StandardInputTest
    {
        static void Main()
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Ready to sort one or more text lines...");

            // Start the Sort.exe process with redirected input.
            // Use the sort command to sort the input text.
            using (Process myProcess = new Process())
            {
                myProcess.StartInfo.FileName = "Sort.exe";
                myProcess.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = false;
                myProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardInput = true;

                myProcess.Start();

                StreamWriter myStreamWriter = myProcess.StandardInput;

                // Prompt the user for input text lines to sort.
                // Write each line to the StandardInput stream of
                // the sort command.
                String inputText;
                int numLines = 0;
                do
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Enter a line of text (or press the Enter key to stop):");

                    inputText = Console.ReadLine();
                    if (inputText.Length > 0)
                    {
                        numLines++;
                        myStreamWriter.WriteLine(inputText);
                    }
                } while (inputText.Length > 0);

                // Write a report header to the console.
                if (numLines > 0)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine($" {numLines} sorted text line(s) ");
                    Console.WriteLine("------------------------");
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(" No input was sorted");
                }

                // End the input stream to the sort command.
                // When the stream closes, the sort command
                // writes the sorted text lines to the
                // console.
                myStreamWriter.Close();

                // Wait for the sort process to write the sorted text lines.
                myProcess.WaitForExit();
            }
        }
    }
}

Imports System.IO
Imports System.Diagnostics
Imports System.ComponentModel

Namespace Process_StandardInput_Sample

    Class StandardInputTest

        Shared Sub Main()

            Console.WriteLine("Ready to sort one or more text lines...")

            ' Start the Sort.exe process with redirected input.
            ' Use the sort command to sort the input text.
            Using myProcess As New Process()

                myProcess.StartInfo.FileName = "Sort.exe"
                myProcess.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = False
                myProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardInput = True

                myProcess.Start()

                Dim myStreamWriter As StreamWriter = myProcess.StandardInput

                ' Prompt the user for input text lines to sort. 
                ' Write each line to the StandardInput stream of
                ' the sort command.
                Dim inputText As String
                Dim numLines As Integer = 0
                Do
                    Console.WriteLine("Enter a line of text (or press the Enter key to stop):")

                    inputText = Console.ReadLine()
                    If inputText.Length > 0 Then
                        numLines += 1
                        myStreamWriter.WriteLine(inputText)
                    End If
                Loop While inputText.Length <> 0


                ' Write a report header to the console.
                If numLines > 0 Then
                    Console.WriteLine($" {numLines} sorted text line(s) ")
                    Console.WriteLine("------------------------")
                Else
                    Console.WriteLine(" No input was sorted")
                End If

                ' End the input stream to the sort command.
                ' When the stream closes, the sort command
                ' writes the sorted text lines to the 
                ' console.
                myStreamWriter.Close()


                ' Wait for the sort process to write the sorted text lines.
                myProcess.WaitForExit()
            End Using

        End Sub
    End Class  'StandardInputTest
End Namespace 'Process_StandardInput_Sample

備註

Process可以從其標準輸入資料流程讀取輸入文字,通常是鍵盤。 藉由重新導向 StandardInput 資料流程,您可以透過程式設計方式指定輸入。 例如,您可以提供指定檔案內容的文字,或從另一個應用程式輸出文字,而不是使用鍵盤輸入。

注意

若要使用 StandardInput ,您必須將 設定 ProcessStartInfo.UseShellExecutefalse ,而且必須設定 ProcessStartInfo.RedirectStandardInputtrue 。 否則,寫入 StandardInput 資料流程會擲回例外狀況。

適用於

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