Double.ToString 方法

定義

將這個執行個體的數值轉換為它的相等字串表示。Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation.

多載

ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

使用指定的格式和特定文化特性格式資訊,將這個執行個體的數值轉換成它的相等字串表示。Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation using the specified format and culture-specific format information.

ToString(String)

使用指定格式,將這個執行個體的數值轉換成它的相等字串表示。Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation, using the specified format.

ToString(IFormatProvider)

使用指定的特定文化特性格式資訊,將這個執行個體的數值轉換成它的相等字串表示。Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation using the specified culture-specific format information.

ToString()

將這個執行個體的數值轉換為它的相等字串表示。Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation.

ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

使用指定的格式和特定文化特性格式資訊,將這個執行個體的數值轉換成它的相等字串表示。Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation using the specified format and culture-specific format information.

public:
 virtual System::String ^ ToString(System::String ^ format, IFormatProvider ^ provider);
public string ToString (string format, IFormatProvider provider);
override this.ToString : string * IFormatProvider -> string
Public Function ToString (format As String, provider As IFormatProvider) As String

參數

format
String

數值格式字串。A numeric format string.

provider
IFormatProvider

物件,提供特定文化特性格式資訊。An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information.

傳回

這個執行個體值的字串表示,如同 formatprovider 所指定。The string representation of the value of this instance as specified by format and provider.

實作

範例

下列範例會針對數個不同的文化特性,使用每個支援的標準數值格式規範來顯示 Double 值。The following example displays a Double value using each of the supported standard numeric format specifiers for several different cultures.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;

int main(array<System::String ^> ^args)
{
   double value = 16325.62901;
   String^ specifier;
   CultureInfo^ culture;

   // Use standard numeric format specifiers.
   specifier = "G";
   culture = CultureInfo::CreateSpecificCulture("eu-ES");
   Console::WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
   // Displays:    16325,62901
   Console::WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, CultureInfo::InvariantCulture));
   // Displays:    16325.62901

   specifier = "C";
   culture = CultureInfo::CreateSpecificCulture("en-US");
   Console::WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
   // Displays:    $16,325.63
   culture = CultureInfo::CreateSpecificCulture("en-GB");
   Console::WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
   // Displays:    £16,325.63

   specifier = "E04";
   culture = CultureInfo::CreateSpecificCulture("sv-SE");
   Console::WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
   // Displays: 1,6326E+004   
   culture = CultureInfo::CreateSpecificCulture("en-NZ");
   Console::WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
   // Displays:    1.6326E+004   

   specifier = "F";
   culture = CultureInfo::CreateSpecificCulture("fr-FR");
   Console::WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
   // Displays:    16325,63
   culture = CultureInfo::CreateSpecificCulture("en-CA");
   Console::WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
   // Displays:    16325.63

   specifier = "N";
   culture = CultureInfo::CreateSpecificCulture("es-ES");
   Console::WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
   // Displays:    16.325,63
   culture = CultureInfo::CreateSpecificCulture("fr-CA");
   Console::WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
   // Displays:    16 325,63

   specifier = "P";
   culture = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture;
   Console::WriteLine((value/10000).ToString(specifier, culture));
   // Displays:    163.26 %
   culture = CultureInfo::CreateSpecificCulture("ar-EG");
   Console::WriteLine((value/10000).ToString(specifier, culture));
   // Displays:    163.256 %

   return 0;
}
double value = 16325.62901;
string specifier;
CultureInfo culture;

// Use standard numeric format specifiers.
specifier = "G";
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("eu-ES");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    16325,62901
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, CultureInfo.InvariantCulture));
// Displays:    16325.62901

specifier = "C";
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-US");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    $16,325.63
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-GB");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    £16,325.63

specifier = "E04";
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("sv-SE");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays: 1,6326E+004   
 culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-NZ");
 Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    1.6326E+004   

specifier = "F";
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("fr-FR");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    16325,63
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-CA");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    16325.63

specifier = "N";
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("es-ES");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    16.325,63
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("fr-CA");
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    16 325,63

specifier = "P";
culture = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
Console.WriteLine((value/10000).ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    163.26 %
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("ar-EG");
Console.WriteLine((value/10000).ToString(specifier, culture));
// Displays:    163.256 %
Dim value As Double = 16325.62901
Dim specifier As String
Dim culture As CultureInfo

' Use standard numeric format specifiers.
specifier = "G"
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("eu-ES")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    16325,62901
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, CultureInfo.InvariantCulture))
' Displays:    16325.62901

specifier = "C"
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-US")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    $16,325.63
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-GB")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    £16,325.63

specifier = "E04"
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("sv-SE")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays: 1,6326E+004   
 culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-NZ")
 Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    1.6326E+004   

specifier = "F"
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("fr-FR")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    16325,63
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-CA")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    16325.63

specifier = "N"
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("es-ES")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    16.325,63
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("fr-CA")
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    16 325,63

specifier = "P"
culture = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture
Console.WriteLine((value/10000).ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    163.26 %
culture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("ar-EG")
Console.WriteLine((value/10000).ToString(specifier, culture))
' Displays:    163.256 %

下列範例說明如何使用 ToString,並採用 StringIFormatProvider 作為參數。The following example illustrates the use of ToString, taking a String and an IFormatProvider as parameters.

public ref class Temperature: public IFormattable
{
   // IFormattable.ToString implementation.
public:
   virtual String^ ToString( String^ format, IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      if ( format != nullptr )
      {
         if ( format->Equals( "F" ) )
         {
            return String::Format( "{0}'F", this->Value.ToString() );
         }

         if ( format->Equals( "C" ) )
         {
            return String::Format( "{0}'C", this->Celsius.ToString() );
         }
      }

      return m_value.ToString( format, provider );
   }

protected:
   // The value holder
   double m_value;

public:
   property double Value 
   {
      double get()
      {
         return m_value;
      }
      void set( double value )
      {
         m_value = value;
      }
   }

   property double Celsius 
   {
      double get()
      {
         return (m_value - 32.0) / 1.8;
      }
      void set( double value )
      {
         m_value = 1.8 * value + 32.0;
      }
   }
};
public class Temperature : IFormattable {
    // IFormattable.ToString implementation.
    public string ToString(string format, IFormatProvider provider) {
        if( format != null ) {
            if( format.Equals("F") ) {
                return String.Format("{0}'F", this.Value.ToString());
            }
            if( format.Equals("C") ) {
                return String.Format("{0}'C", this.Celsius.ToString());
            }
        }

        return m_value.ToString(format, provider);
    }

    // The value holder
    protected double m_value;

    public double Value {
        get {
            return m_value;
        }
        set {
            m_value = value;
        }
    }

    public double Celsius {
        get {
            return (m_value-32.0)/1.8;
        }
        set {
            m_value = 1.8*value+32.0;
        }
    }
}
Public Class Temperature
    Implements IFormattable

    Public Overloads Function ToString(ByVal format As String, ByVal provider As IFormatProvider) As String _
        Implements IFormattable.ToString

        If Not (format Is Nothing) Then
            If format.Equals("F") Then
                Return [String].Format("{0}'F", Me.Value.ToString())
            End If
            If format.Equals("C") Then
                Return [String].Format("{0}'C", Me.Celsius.ToString())
            End If
        End If

        Return m_value.ToString(format, provider)
    End Function

    ' The value holder
    Protected m_value As Double

    Public Property Value() As Double
        Get
            Return m_value
        End Get
        Set(ByVal Value As Double)
            m_value = Value
        End Set
    End Property

    Public Property Celsius() As Double
        Get
            Return (m_value - 32) / 1.8
        End Get
        Set(ByVal Value As Double)
            m_value = Value * 1.8 + 32
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

備註

@No__t-0 方法會以指定之文化特性的指定格式來格式化 Double 值。The ToString(String, IFormatProvider) method formats a Double value in a specified format of a specified culture. 如果您想要指定不同的格式或文化特性,請使用 ToString 方法的其他多載,如下所示:If you want to specify a different format or culture, use the other overloads of the ToString method, as follows:

若要使用格式To use format 針對文化特性For culture 使用多載Use the overload
預設值("G")格式Default ("G") format 預設(目前)文化特性Default (current) culture ToString()
預設值("G")格式Default ("G") format 特定文化特性A specific culture ToString(IFormatProvider)
特定的格式或有效位數A specific format or precision 預設(目前)文化特性Default (current) culture ToString(String)

傳回值可以是 PositiveInfinitySymbolNegativeInfinitySymbolNaNSymbol 或數位的字串表示,如 format 所指定。The return value can be PositiveInfinitySymbol, NegativeInfinitySymbol, NaNSymbol, or the string representation of a number, as specified by format.

@No__t-0 參數可以是任何有效的標準數值格式規範,但 D 和 X 除外,以及任何自訂數值格式指定名稱的組合。The format parameter can be any valid standard numeric format specifier except for D and X, as well as any combination of custom numeric format specifiers. 如果 formatnull 或空字串,則會使用一般數值格式規範("G")來格式化這個實例的傳回值。If format is null or an empty string, the return value for this instance is formatted with the general numeric format specifier ("G").

.NET Framework 提供廣泛的格式設定支援,在下列格式設定主題中有更詳細的說明:The .NET Framework provides extensive formatting support, which is described in greater detail in the following formatting topics:

@No__t-0 參數是 @no__t 1 的實作為,其 @no__t 2 方法會傳回 NumberFormatInfo 物件。The provider parameter is an IFormatProvider implementation whose GetFormat method returns a NumberFormatInfo object. 一般來說,providerCultureInfo 物件或 @no__t 2 物件。Typically, provider is a CultureInfo object or a NumberFormatInfo object. @No__t-0 參數提供格式化時使用的文化特性(culture)特定資訊。The provider parameter supplies culture-specific information used in formatting. 如果 providernull,則會使用目前文化特性的 @no__t 2 物件來格式化傳回值。If provider is null, the return value is formatted using the NumberFormatInfo object for the current culture.

根據預設,傳回值只會包含15位數的精確度,雖然在內部維護最多17位數。By default, the return value only contains 15 digits of precision although a maximum of 17 digits is maintained internally. 如果這個實例的值大於15位數,ToString 會傳回 PositiveInfinitySymbolNegativeInfinitySymbol,而不是預期的數目。If the value of this instance has greater than 15 digits, ToString returns PositiveInfinitySymbol or NegativeInfinitySymbol instead of the expected number. 如果您需要更精確的精確度,請使用 "G17" 格式規格指定 format,這一律會傳回17個有效位數,或 "R",如果數位可以用該精確度表示,則會傳回15位數,如果數位只能表示,則傳回17位數具有最大有效位數。If you require more precision, specify format with the "G17" format specification, which always returns 17 digits of precision, or "R", which returns 15 digits if the number can be represented with that precision or 17 digits if the number can only be represented with maximum precision.

給呼叫者的注意事項

在某些情況下,使用 "R" 標準數值格式字串格式化的 Double 值,如果使用 /platform:x64/platform:anycpu 參數編譯並在 64 位元系統上執行,則不會成功地反覆存取。In some cases, Double values formatted with the "R" standard numeric format string do not successfully round-trip if compiled using the /platform:x64 or /platform:anycpu switches and run on 64-bit systems. 若要解決這個問題,您可以使用 "G17" 標準數值格式字串來格式化 Double 值。To work around this problem, you can format Double values by using the "G17" standard numeric format string. 下列範例使用 "R" 格式字串,搭配不會成功反覆存取的 Double 值,並且也會使用 "G17" 格式字串來成功反覆存取原始值。The following example uses the "R" format string with a Double value that does not round-trip successfully, and also uses the "G17" format string to successfully round-trip the original value.

[!code-csharpSystem.Double.ToString#5] [!code-vbSystem.Double.ToString#5][!code-csharpSystem.Double.ToString#5] [!code-vbSystem.Double.ToString#5]

另請參閱

ToString(String)

使用指定格式,將這個執行個體的數值轉換成它的相等字串表示。Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation, using the specified format.

public:
 System::String ^ ToString(System::String ^ format);
public string ToString (string format);
override this.ToString : string -> string
Public Function ToString (format As String) As String

參數

format
String

數值格式字串。A numeric format string.

傳回

這個執行個體值的字串表示,如同 format 所指定。The string representation of the value of this instance as specified by format.

例外狀況

format 無效。format is invalid.

範例

下列範例會定義一個數值,並使用 "C" 標準數值格式字串,並將其格式化為貨幣值,方法是使用 "N" 標準數值格式字串,並將值設為三位數的數值。The following example defines a numeric value and formats it as a currency value by using the "C" standard numeric format string and as a numeric value to three decimal places by using the "N" standard numeric format string. 結果字串會使用 en-us 文化特性的慣例來格式化。The result strings are formatted by using the conventions of the en-US culture. 如需數值格式字串的詳細資訊,請參閱標準數值格式字串自訂數值格式字串For more information on numeric format strings, see Standard Numeric Format Strings and Custom Numeric Format Strings.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      float number = 1764.3789m;
      
      // Format as a currency value.
      Console.WriteLine(number.ToString("C"));
      
      // Format as a numeric value with 3 decimal places.
      Console.WriteLine(number.ToString("N3"));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       $1,764.38
//       1,764.379
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim number As Double = 1764.3789
      
      ' Format as a currency value.
      Console.WriteLine(number.ToString("C"))
      
      ' Format as a numeric value with 3 decimal places.
      Console.WriteLine(number.ToString("N3"))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       $1,764.38
'       1,764.379

下列範例會使用支援的標準數值格式規範,以及三個自訂數值格式字串,顯示數個 Double 的值。The following example displays several Double values using the supported standard numeric format specifiers together with three custom numeric format strings. 其中一個自訂格式字串說明如何以前置零填補 @no__t 0 值。One of those custom format strings illustrates how to pad a Single value with leading zeros. 此外,此範例會使用精確度規範搭配每個標準格式規範("R" 除外)。In addition, the example uses precision specifiers with each standard format specifier except for "R". 精確度規範的值範圍從0到3。The values of the precision specifiers range from 0 to 3. 為了將數值轉換成字串,此範例會使用 en-us 文化特性的格式設定慣例。To convert the numeric values to strings, the example uses the formatting conventions of the en-US culture.

using namespace System;

void main()
{
   array<Double>^ numbers= {1054.32179, -195489100.8377, 1.0437E21, 
                            -1.0573e-05};
   array<String^>^ specifiers = { "C", "E", "e", "F", "G", "N", "P", 
                                  "R", "#,000.000", "0.###E-000",
                                  "000,000,000,000.00###" };
   for each (Double number in numbers)
   {  
      Console::WriteLine("Formatting of {0}:", number);
      for each (String^ specifier in specifiers) {
         Console::WriteLine("   {0,-22} {1}", 
                            specifier + ":", number.ToString(specifier));
         // Add precision specifiers from 0 to 3.
         if (specifier->Length == 1 & ! specifier->Equals("R")) {
            for (int precision = 0; precision <= 3; precision++) {
               String^ pSpecifier = String::Format("{0}{1}", specifier, precision);
               Console::WriteLine("   {0,-22} {1}", 
                                  pSpecifier + ":", number.ToString(pSpecifier));
            }    
            Console::WriteLine();
         }   
      }
      Console::WriteLine();
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Formatting of 1054.32179:
//          C:                     $1,054.32
//          C0:                    $1,054
//          C1:                    $1,054.3
//          C2:                    $1,054.32
//          C3:                    $1,054.322
//       
//          E:                     1.054322E+003
//          E0:                    1E+003
//          E1:                    1.1E+003
//          E2:                    1.05E+003
//          E3:                    1.054E+003
//       
//          e:                     1.054322e+003
//          e0:                    1e+003
//          e1:                    1.1e+003
//          e2:                    1.05e+003
//          e3:                    1.054e+003
//       
//          F:                     1054.32
//          F0:                    1054
//          F1:                    1054.3
//          F2:                    1054.32
//          F3:                    1054.322
//       
//          G:                     1054.32179
//          G0:                    1054.32179
//          G1:                    1E+03
//          G2:                    1.1E+03
//          G3:                    1.05E+03
//       
//          N:                     1,054.32
//          N0:                    1,054
//          N1:                    1,054.3
//          N2:                    1,054.32
//          N3:                    1,054.322
//       
//          P:                     105,432.18 %
//          P0:                    105,432 %
//          P1:                    105,432.2 %
//          P2:                    105,432.18 %
//          P3:                    105,432.179 %
//       
//          R:                     1054.32179
//          #,000.000:             1,054.322
//          0.###E-000:            1.054E003
//          000,000,000,000.00###: 000,000,001,054.32179
//       
//       Formatting of -195489100.8377:
//          C:                     ($195,489,100.84)
//          C0:                    ($195,489,101)
//          C1:                    ($195,489,100.8)
//          C2:                    ($195,489,100.84)
//          C3:                    ($195,489,100.838)
//       
//          E:                     -1.954891E+008
//          E0:                    -2E+008
//          E1:                    -2.0E+008
//          E2:                    -1.95E+008
//          E3:                    -1.955E+008
//       
//          e:                     -1.954891e+008
//          e0:                    -2e+008
//          e1:                    -2.0e+008
//          e2:                    -1.95e+008
//          e3:                    -1.955e+008
//       
//          F:                     -195489100.84
//          F0:                    -195489101
//          F1:                    -195489100.8
//          F2:                    -195489100.84
//          F3:                    -195489100.838
//       
//          G:                     -195489100.8377
//          G0:                    -195489100.8377
//          G1:                    -2E+08
//          G2:                    -2E+08
//          G3:                    -1.95E+08
//
//          N:                     -195,489,100.84
//          N0:                    -195,489,101
//          N1:                    -195,489,100.8
//          N2:                    -195,489,100.84
//          N3:                    -195,489,100.838
//
//          P:                     -19,548,910,083.77 %
//          P0:                    -19,548,910,084 %
//          P1:                    -19,548,910,083.8 %
//          P2:                    -19,548,910,083.77 %
//          P3:                    -19,548,910,083.770 %
//
//          R:                     -195489100.8377
//          #,000.000:             -195,489,100.838
//          0.###E-000:            -1.955E008
//          000,000,000,000.00###: -000,195,489,100.8377
//
//       Formatting of 1.0437E+21:
//          C:                     $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//          C0:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000
//          C1:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.0
//          C2:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//          C3:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.000
//
//          E:                     1.043700E+021
//          E0:                    1E+021
//          E1:                    1.0E+021
//          E2:                    1.04E+021
//          E3:                    1.044E+021
//
//          e:                     1.043700e+021
//          e0:                    1e+021
//          e1:                    1.0e+021
//          e2:                    1.04e+021
//          e3:                    1.044e+021
//
//          F:                     1043700000000000000000.00
//          F0:                    1043700000000000000000
//          F1:                    1043700000000000000000.0
//          F2:                    1043700000000000000000.00
//          F3:                    1043700000000000000000.000
//
//          G:                     1.0437E+21
//          G0:                    1.0437E+21
//          G1:                    1E+21
//          G2:                    1E+21
//          G3:                    1.04E+21
//
//          N:                     1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//          N0:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000
//          N1:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.0
//          N2:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//          N3:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.000
//
//          P:                     104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.00 %
//          P0:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000 %
//          P1:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.0 %
//          P2:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.00 %
//          P3:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.000 %
//
//          R:                     1.0437E+21
//          #,000.000:             1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.000
//          0.###E-000:            1.044E021
//          000,000,000,000.00###: 1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//
//       Formatting of -1.0573E-05:
//          C:                     $0.00
//          C0:                    $0
//          C1:                    $0.0
//          C2:                    $0.00
//          C3:                    $0.000
//
//          E:                     -1.057300E-005
//          E0:                    -1E-005
//          E1:                    -1.1E-005
//          E2:                    -1.06E-005
//          E3:                    -1.057E-005
//
//          e:                     -1.057300e-005
//          e0:                    -1e-005
//          e1:                    -1.1e-005
//          e2:                    -1.06e-005
//          e3:                    -1.057e-005
//
//          F:                     0.00
//          F0:                    0
//          F1:                    0.0
//          F2:                    0.00
//          F3:                    0.000
//
//          G:                     -1.0573E-05
//          G0:                    -1.0573E-05
//          G1:                    -1E-05
//          G2:                    -1.1E-05
//          G3:                    -1.06E-05
//
//          N:                     0.00
//          N0:                    0
//          N1:                    0.0
//          N2:                    0.00
//          N3:                    0.000
//
//          P:                     0.00 %
//          P0:                    0 %
//          P1:                    0.0 %
//          P2:                    0.00 %
//          P3:                    -0.001 %
//
//          R:                     -1.0573E-05
//          #,000.000:             000.000
//          0.###E-000:            -1.057E-005
//          000,000,000,000.00###: -000,000,000,000.00001
double[] numbers= {1054.32179, -195489100.8377, 1.0437E21, 
                   -1.0573e-05};
string[] specifiers = { "C", "E", "e", "F", "G", "N", "P", 
                        "R", "#,000.000", "0.###E-000",
                        "000,000,000,000.00###" };
foreach (double number in numbers)
{
   Console.WriteLine("Formatting of {0}:", number);
   foreach (string specifier in specifiers) {
      Console.WriteLine("   {0,-22} {1}", 
                        specifier + ":", number.ToString(specifier));
      // Add precision specifiers from 0 to 3.
      if (specifier.Length == 1 & ! specifier.Equals("R")) {
         for (int precision = 0; precision <= 3; precision++) {
            string pSpecifier = String.Format("{0}{1}", specifier, precision);
            Console.WriteLine("   {0,-22} {1}", 
                              pSpecifier + ":", number.ToString(pSpecifier));
         }    
         Console.WriteLine();
      }   
   }
   Console.WriteLine();
}
// The example displays the following output to the console:
//       Formatting of 1054.32179:
//          C:                     $1,054.32
//          C0:                    $1,054
//          C1:                    $1,054.3
//          C2:                    $1,054.32
//          C3:                    $1,054.322
//       
//          E:                     1.054322E+003
//          E0:                    1E+003
//          E1:                    1.1E+003
//          E2:                    1.05E+003
//          E3:                    1.054E+003
//       
//          e:                     1.054322e+003
//          e0:                    1e+003
//          e1:                    1.1e+003
//          e2:                    1.05e+003
//          e3:                    1.054e+003
//       
//          F:                     1054.32
//          F0:                    1054
//          F1:                    1054.3
//          F2:                    1054.32
//          F3:                    1054.322
//       
//          G:                     1054.32179
//          G0:                    1054.32179
//          G1:                    1E+03
//          G2:                    1.1E+03
//          G3:                    1.05E+03
//       
//          N:                     1,054.32
//          N0:                    1,054
//          N1:                    1,054.3
//          N2:                    1,054.32
//          N3:                    1,054.322
//       
//          P:                     105,432.18 %
//          P0:                    105,432 %
//          P1:                    105,432.2 %
//          P2:                    105,432.18 %
//          P3:                    105,432.179 %
//       
//          R:                     1054.32179
//          #,000.000:             1,054.322
//          0.###E-000:            1.054E003
//          000,000,000,000.00###: 000,000,001,054.32179
//       
//       Formatting of -195489100.8377:
//          C:                     ($195,489,100.84)
//          C0:                    ($195,489,101)
//          C1:                    ($195,489,100.8)
//          C2:                    ($195,489,100.84)
//          C3:                    ($195,489,100.838)
//       
//          E:                     -1.954891E+008
//          E0:                    -2E+008
//          E1:                    -2.0E+008
//          E2:                    -1.95E+008
//          E3:                    -1.955E+008
//       
//          e:                     -1.954891e+008
//          e0:                    -2e+008
//          e1:                    -2.0e+008
//          e2:                    -1.95e+008
//          e3:                    -1.955e+008
//       
//          F:                     -195489100.84
//          F0:                    -195489101
//          F1:                    -195489100.8
//          F2:                    -195489100.84
//          F3:                    -195489100.838
//       
//          G:                     -195489100.8377
//          G0:                    -195489100.8377
//          G1:                    -2E+08
//          G2:                    -2E+08
//          G3:                    -1.95E+08
//       
//          N:                     -195,489,100.84
//          N0:                    -195,489,101
//          N1:                    -195,489,100.8
//          N2:                    -195,489,100.84
//          N3:                    -195,489,100.838
//       
//          P:                     -19,548,910,083.77 %
//          P0:                    -19,548,910,084 %
//          P1:                    -19,548,910,083.8 %
//          P2:                    -19,548,910,083.77 %
//          P3:                    -19,548,910,083.770 %
//       
//          R:                     -195489100.8377
//          #,000.000:             -195,489,100.838
//          0.###E-000:            -1.955E008
//          000,000,000,000.00###: -000,195,489,100.8377
//       
//       Formatting of 1.0437E+21:
//          C:                     $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//          C0:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000
//          C1:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.0
//          C2:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//          C3:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.000
//       
//          E:                     1.043700E+021
//          E0:                    1E+021
//          E1:                    1.0E+021
//          E2:                    1.04E+021
//          E3:                    1.044E+021
//       
//          e:                     1.043700e+021
//          e0:                    1e+021
//          e1:                    1.0e+021
//          e2:                    1.04e+021
//          e3:                    1.044e+021
//       
//          F:                     1043700000000000000000.00
//          F0:                    1043700000000000000000
//          F1:                    1043700000000000000000.0
//          F2:                    1043700000000000000000.00
//          F3:                    1043700000000000000000.000
//       
//          G:                     1.0437E+21
//          G0:                    1.0437E+21
//          G1:                    1E+21
//          G2:                    1E+21
//          G3:                    1.04E+21
//       
//          N:                     1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//          N0:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000
//          N1:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.0
//          N2:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//          N3:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.000
//       
//          P:                     104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.00 %
//          P0:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000 %
//          P1:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.0 %
//          P2:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.00 %
//          P3:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.000 %
//       
//          R:                     1.0437E+21
//          #,000.000:             1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.000
//          0.###E-000:            1.044E021
//          000,000,000,000.00###: 1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
//       
//       Formatting of -1.0573E-05:
//          C:                     $0.00
//          C0:                    $0
//          C1:                    $0.0
//          C2:                    $0.00
//          C3:                    $0.000
//       
//          E:                     -1.057300E-005
//          E0:                    -1E-005
//          E1:                    -1.1E-005
//          E2:                    -1.06E-005
//          E3:                    -1.057E-005
//       
//          e:                     -1.057300e-005
//          e0:                    -1e-005
//          e1:                    -1.1e-005
//          e2:                    -1.06e-005
//          e3:                    -1.057e-005
//       
//          F:                     0.00
//          F0:                    0
//          F1:                    0.0
//          F2:                    0.00
//          F3:                    0.000
//       
//          G:                     -1.0573E-05
//          G0:                    -1.0573E-05
//          G1:                    -1E-05
//          G2:                    -1.1E-05
//          G3:                    -1.06E-05
//       
//          N:                     0.00
//          N0:                    0
//          N1:                    0.0
//          N2:                    0.00
//          N3:                    0.000
//       
//          P:                     0.00 %
//          P0:                    0 %
//          P1:                    0.0 %
//          P2:                    0.00 %
//          P3:                    -0.001 %
//       
//          R:                     -1.0573E-05
//          #,000.000:             000.000
//          0.###E-000:            -1.057E-005
//          000,000,000,000.00###: -000,000,000,000.00001 
Dim numbers() As Double = {1054.32179, -195489100.8377, 1.0437E21, _
                         -1.0573e-05}
Dim specifiers() As String = { "C", "E", "e", "F", "G", "N", "P", _
                               "R", "#,000.000", "0.###E-000", _
                               "000,000,000,000.00###" }
For Each number As Double In numbers
   Console.WriteLine("Formatting of {0}:", number)
   For Each specifier As String In specifiers
      Console.WriteLine("   {0,-22} {1}", 
                        specifier + ":", number.ToString(specifier))
      ' Add precision specifiers from 0 to 3.
      If specifier.Length = 1 And Not specifier.Equals("R") Then
         For precision As Integer = 0 To 3
            Dim pSpecifier As String = String.Format("{0}{1}", specifier, precision)
            Console.WriteLine("   {0,-22} {1}", 
                              pSpecifier + ":", number.ToString(pSpecifier))
         Next
         Console.WriteLine()      
      End If
   Next
   Console.WriteLine()
Next
' The example displays the following output:
'       Formatting of 1054.32179:
'          C:                     $1,054.32
'          C0:                    $1,054
'          C1:                    $1,054.3
'          C2:                    $1,054.32
'          C3:                    $1,054.322
'       
'          E:                     1.054322E+003
'          E0:                    1E+003
'          E1:                    1.1E+003
'          E2:                    1.05E+003
'          E3:                    1.054E+003
'       
'          e:                     1.054322e+003
'          e0:                    1e+003
'          e1:                    1.1e+003
'          e2:                    1.05e+003
'          e3:                    1.054e+003
'       
'          F:                     1054.32
'          F0:                    1054
'          F1:                    1054.3
'          F2:                    1054.32
'          F3:                    1054.322
'       
'          G:                     1054.32179
'          G0:                    1054.32179
'          G1:                    1E+03
'          G2:                    1.1E+03
'          G3:                    1.05E+03
'       
'          N:                     1,054.32
'          N0:                    1,054
'          N1:                    1,054.3
'          N2:                    1,054.32
'          N3:                    1,054.322
'       
'          P:                     105,432.18 %
'          P0:                    105,432 %
'          P1:                    105,432.2 %
'          P2:                    105,432.18 %
'          P3:                    105,432.179 %
'       
'          R:                     1054.32179
'          #,000.000:             1,054.322
'          0.###E-000:            1.054E003
'          000,000,000,000.00###: 000,000,001,054.32179
'       
'       Formatting of -195489100.8377:
'          C:                     ($195,489,100.84)
'          C0:                    ($195,489,101)
'          C1:                    ($195,489,100.8)
'          C2:                    ($195,489,100.84)
'          C3:                    ($195,489,100.838)
'       
'          E:                     -1.954891E+008
'          E0:                    -2E+008
'          E1:                    -2.0E+008
'          E2:                    -1.95E+008
'          E3:                    -1.955E+008
'       
'          e:                     -1.954891e+008
'          e0:                    -2e+008
'          e1:                    -2.0e+008
'          e2:                    -1.95e+008
'          e3:                    -1.955e+008
'       
'          F:                     -195489100.84
'          F0:                    -195489101
'          F1:                    -195489100.8
'          F2:                    -195489100.84
'          F3:                    -195489100.838
'       
'          G:                     -195489100.8377
'          G0:                    -195489100.8377
'          G1:                    -2E+08
'          G2:                    -2E+08
'          G3:                    -1.95E+08
'       
'          N:                     -195,489,100.84
'          N0:                    -195,489,101
'          N1:                    -195,489,100.8
'          N2:                    -195,489,100.84
'          N3:                    -195,489,100.838
'       
'          P:                     -19,548,910,083.77 %
'          P0:                    -19,548,910,084 %
'          P1:                    -19,548,910,083.8 %
'          P2:                    -19,548,910,083.77 %
'          P3:                    -19,548,910,083.770 %
'       
'          R:                     -195489100.8377
'          #,000.000:             -195,489,100.838
'          0.###E-000:            -1.955E008
'          000,000,000,000.00###: -000,195,489,100.8377
'       
'       Formatting of 1.0437E+21:
'          C:                     $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
'          C0:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000
'          C1:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.0
'          C2:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
'          C3:                    $1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.000
'       
'          E:                     1.043700E+021
'          E0:                    1E+021
'          E1:                    1.0E+021
'          E2:                    1.04E+021
'          E3:                    1.044E+021
'       
'          e:                     1.043700e+021
'          e0:                    1e+021
'          e1:                    1.0e+021
'          e2:                    1.04e+021
'          e3:                    1.044e+021
'       
'          F:                     1043700000000000000000.00
'          F0:                    1043700000000000000000
'          F1:                    1043700000000000000000.0
'          F2:                    1043700000000000000000.00
'          F3:                    1043700000000000000000.000
'       
'          G:                     1.0437E+21
'          G0:                    1.0437E+21
'          G1:                    1E+21
'          G2:                    1E+21
'          G3:                    1.04E+21
'       
'          N:                     1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
'          N0:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000
'          N1:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.0
'          N2:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
'          N3:                    1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.000
'       
'          P:                     104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.00 %
'          P0:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000 %
'          P1:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.0 %
'          P2:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.00 %
'          P3:                    104,370,000,000,000,000,000,000.000 %
'       
'          R:                     1.0437E+21
'          #,000.000:             1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.000
'          0.###E-000:            1.044E021
'          000,000,000,000.00###: 1,043,700,000,000,000,000,000.00
'       
'       Formatting of -1.0573E-05:
'          C:                     $0.00
'          C0:                    $0
'          C1:                    $0.0
'          C2:                    $0.00
'          C3:                    $0.000
'       
'          E:                     -1.057300E-005
'          E0:                    -1E-005
'          E1:                    -1.1E-005
'          E2:                    -1.06E-005
'          E3:                    -1.057E-005
'       
'          e:                     -1.057300e-005
'          e0:                    -1e-005
'          e1:                    -1.1e-005
'          e2:                    -1.06e-005
'          e3:                    -1.057e-005
'       
'          F:                     0.00
'          F0:                    0
'          F1:                    0.0
'          F2:                    0.00
'          F3:                    0.000
'       
'          G:                     -1.0573E-05
'          G0:                    -1.0573E-05
'          G1:                    -1E-05
'          G2:                    -1.1E-05
'          G3:                    -1.06E-05
'       
'          N:                     0.00
'          N0:                    0
'          N1:                    0.0
'          N2:                    0.00
'          N3:                    0.000
'       
'          P:                     0.00 %
'          P0:                    0 %
'          P1:                    0.0 %
'          P2:                    0.00 %
'          P3:                    -0.001 %
'       
'          R:                     -1.0573E-05
'          #,000.000:             000.000
'          0.###E-000:            -1.057E-005
'          000,000,000,000.00###: -000,000,000,000.00001

備註

@No__t-0 方法會使用目前文化特性的慣例,以指定的格式來格式化 Double 值。The ToString(String) method formats a Double value in a specified format by using the conventions of the current culture. 如果您想要指定不同的格式或文化特性,請使用 ToString 方法的其他多載,如下所示:If you want to specify a different format or culture, use the other overloads of the ToString method, as follows:

若要使用格式To use format 針對文化特性For culture 使用多載Use the overload
預設值("G")格式Default ("G") format 預設(目前)文化特性Default (current) culture ToString()
預設值("G")格式Default ("G") format 特定文化特性A specific culture ToString(IFormatProvider)
特定的格式或有效位數A specific format or precision 特定文化特性A specific culture ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

傳回值可以是 PositiveInfinitySymbolNegativeInfinitySymbolNaNSymbol 或數位的字串表示,如 format 所指定。The return value can be PositiveInfinitySymbol, NegativeInfinitySymbol, NaNSymbol, or the string representation of a number, as specified by format.

@No__t-0 參數可以是任何有效的標準數值格式規範,但 D 和 X 除外,以及任何自訂數值格式指定名稱的組合。The format parameter can be any valid standard numeric format specifier except for D and X, as well as any combination of custom numeric format specifiers. 如果 formatnull 或空字串,則傳回值會使用一般數值格式規範("G")進行格式化。If format is null or an empty string, the return value is formatted with the general numeric format specifier ("G").

.NET Framework 提供廣泛的格式設定支援,在下列格式設定主題中有更詳細的說明:The .NET Framework provides extensive formatting support, which is described in greater detail in the following formatting topics:

根據預設,傳回值只會包含15位數的精確度,雖然在內部維護最多17位數。By default, the return value only contains 15 digits of precision although a maximum of 17 digits is maintained internally. 如果這個實例的值大於15位數,ToString 會傳回 PositiveInfinitySymbolNegativeInfinitySymbol,而不是預期的數目。If the value of this instance has greater than 15 digits, ToString returns PositiveInfinitySymbol or NegativeInfinitySymbol instead of the expected number. 如果您需要更精確的精確度,請使用 "G17" 格式規格指定 format,這一律會傳回17個有效位數,或 "R",如果數位可以用該精確度表示,則會傳回15位數,如果數位只能表示,則傳回17位數具有最大有效位數。If you require more precision, specify format with the "G17" format specification, which always returns 17 digits of precision, or "R", which returns 15 digits if the number can be represented with that precision or 17 digits if the number can only be represented with maximum precision.

給呼叫者的注意事項

在某些情況下,使用 "R" 標準數值格式字串格式化的 Double 值,如果使用 /platform:x64/platform:anycpu 參數編譯並在 64 位元系統上執行,則不會成功地反覆存取。In some cases, Double values formatted with the "R" standard numeric format string do not successfully round-trip if compiled using the /platform:x64 or /platform:anycpu switches and run on 64-bit systems. 若要解決這個問題,您可以使用 "G17" 標準數值格式字串來格式化 Double 值。To work around this problem, you can format Double values by using the "G17" standard numeric format string. 下列範例使用 "R" 格式字串,搭配不會成功反覆存取的 Double 值,並且也會使用 "G17" 格式字串來成功反覆存取原始值。The following example uses the "R" format string with a Double value that does not round-trip successfully, and also uses the "G17" format string to successfully round-trip the original value.

[!code-csharpSystem.Double.ToString#6] [!code-vbSystem.Double.ToString#6][!code-csharpSystem.Double.ToString#6] [!code-vbSystem.Double.ToString#6]

另請參閱

ToString(IFormatProvider)

使用指定的特定文化特性格式資訊,將這個執行個體的數值轉換成它的相等字串表示。Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation using the specified culture-specific format information.

public:
 System::String ^ ToString(IFormatProvider ^ provider);
public string ToString (IFormatProvider provider);
override this.ToString : IFormatProvider -> string
Public Function ToString (provider As IFormatProvider) As String

參數

provider
IFormatProvider

物件,提供特定文化特性格式資訊。An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information.

傳回

這個執行個體值的字串表示,如同 provider 所指定。The string representation of the value of this instance as specified by provider.

實作

範例

下列範例會使用代表數個不同文化特性的 CultureInfo 物件,顯示兩個 @no__t 0 值的字串表示。The following example displays the string representation of two Double values using CultureInfo objects that represent several different cultures.

double value;

value = -16325.62015;
// Display value using the invariant culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture));
// Display value using the en-GB culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-GB")));
// Display value using the de-DE culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("de-DE")));

value = 16034.125E21;
// Display value using the invariant culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture));
// Display value using the en-GB culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-GB")));
// Display value using the de-DE culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("de-DE")));
// This example displays the following output to the console:
//       -16325.62015
//       -16325.62015
//       -16325,62015
//       1.6034125E+25
//       1.6034125E+25
//       1,6034125E+25
Dim value As Double 

value = -16325.62015
' Display value using the invariant culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture))
' Display value using the en-GB culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-GB")))
' Display value using the de-DE culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("de-DE")))

value = 16034.125E21
' Display value using the invariant culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture))
' Display value using the en-GB culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("en-GB")))
' Display value using the de-DE culture.
Console.WriteLine(value.ToString(CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture("de-DE")))
' This example displays the following output to the console:
'       -16325.62015
'       -16325.62015
'       -16325,62015
'       1.6034125E+25
'       1.6034125E+25
'       1,6034125E+25

下列範例說明如何使用 ToString,並採用 StringIFormatProvider 作為參數。The following example illustrates the use of ToString, taking a String and an IFormatProvider as parameters.

public ref class Temperature: public IFormattable
{
   // IFormattable.ToString implementation.
public:
   virtual String^ ToString( String^ format, IFormatProvider^ provider )
   {
      if ( format != nullptr )
      {
         if ( format->Equals( "F" ) )
         {
            return String::Format( "{0}'F", this->Value.ToString() );
         }

         if ( format->Equals( "C" ) )
         {
            return String::Format( "{0}'C", this->Celsius.ToString() );
         }
      }

      return m_value.ToString( format, provider );
   }

protected:
   // The value holder
   double m_value;

public:
   property double Value 
   {
      double get()
      {
         return m_value;
      }
      void set( double value )
      {
         m_value = value;
      }
   }

   property double Celsius 
   {
      double get()
      {
         return (m_value - 32.0) / 1.8;
      }
      void set( double value )
      {
         m_value = 1.8 * value + 32.0;
      }
   }
};
public class Temperature : IFormattable {
    // IFormattable.ToString implementation.
    public string ToString(string format, IFormatProvider provider) {
        if( format != null ) {
            if( format.Equals("F") ) {
                return String.Format("{0}'F", this.Value.ToString());
            }
            if( format.Equals("C") ) {
                return String.Format("{0}'C", this.Celsius.ToString());
            }
        }

        return m_value.ToString(format, provider);
    }

    // The value holder
    protected double m_value;

    public double Value {
        get {
            return m_value;
        }
        set {
            m_value = value;
        }
    }

    public double Celsius {
        get {
            return (m_value-32.0)/1.8;
        }
        set {
            m_value = 1.8*value+32.0;
        }
    }
}
Public Class Temperature
    Implements IFormattable

    Public Overloads Function ToString(ByVal format As String, ByVal provider As IFormatProvider) As String _
        Implements IFormattable.ToString

        If Not (format Is Nothing) Then
            If format.Equals("F") Then
                Return [String].Format("{0}'F", Me.Value.ToString())
            End If
            If format.Equals("C") Then
                Return [String].Format("{0}'C", Me.Celsius.ToString())
            End If
        End If

        Return m_value.ToString(format, provider)
    End Function

    ' The value holder
    Protected m_value As Double

    Public Property Value() As Double
        Get
            Return m_value
        End Get
        Set(ByVal Value As Double)
            m_value = Value
        End Set
    End Property

    Public Property Celsius() As Double
        Get
            Return (m_value - 32) / 1.8
        End Get
        Set(ByVal Value As Double)
            m_value = Value * 1.8 + 32
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

備註

@No__t-0 方法會以指定文化特性的預設("G" 或一般)格式來格式化 Double 值。The ToString(IFormatProvider) method formats a Double value in the default ("G", or general) format of a specified culture. 如果您想要指定不同的格式或文化特性,請使用 ToString 方法的其他多載,如下所示:If you want to specify a different format or culture, use the other overloads of the ToString method, as follows:

若要使用格式To use format 針對文化特性For culture 使用多載Use the overload
預設值("G")格式Default ("G") format 預設值(目前)Default (current) ToString()
特定的格式或有效位數A specific format or precision 預設(目前)文化特性Default (current) culture ToString(String)
特定的格式或有效位數A specific format or precision 特定文化特性A specific culture ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

傳回值可以是 PositiveInfinitySymbolNegativeInfinitySymbolNaNSymbol 或格式的字串:The return value can be PositiveInfinitySymbol, NegativeInfinitySymbol, NaNSymbol, or a string of the form:

[sign]integral-digits[.[fractional-digits]][e[sign]exponential-digits][sign]integral-digits[.[fractional-digits]][e[sign]exponential-digits]

選擇性元素會以方括弧([和])括住。Optional elements are framed in square brackets ([ and ]). 包含「數位」一詞的元素包含一連串的數位字元,範圍介於0到9之間。Elements that contain the term "digits" consist of a series of numeric characters ranging from 0 to 9. 下表列出支援的元素。The elements listed in the following table are supported.

項目Element 說明Description
簽署sign 負號或正號符號。A negative sign or positive sign symbol.
integral-digitsintegral-digits 一系列的數位,指定數位的整數部分。A series of digits specifying the integral part of the number. 如果有小數數位,整數位數可能不存在。Integral-digits can be absent if there are fractional-digits.
'.''.' 文化特性特定的小數點符號。A culture-specific decimal point symbol.
fractional-digitsfractional-digits 指定數位小數部分的一系列數位。A series of digits specifying the fractional part of the number.
'e''e' 小寫字元 ' e ',表示指數(科學)標記法。A lowercase character 'e', indicating exponential (scientific) notation.
exponential-digitsexponential-digits 指定指數的一系列數位。A series of digits specifying an exponent.

傳回值的一些範例包括 "100"、"-123456789"、"123.45 e + 6"、"500"、"3.1416"、"600"、"-0.123" 和 "-無限大"。Some examples of the return value are "100", "-123,456,789", "123.45e+6", "500", "3.1416", "600", "-0.123", and "-Infinity".

這個實例會使用一般數值格式規範("G")進行格式化。This instance is formatted with the general numeric format specifier ("G").

.NET Framework 提供廣泛的格式設定支援,在下列格式設定主題中有更詳細的說明:The .NET Framework provides extensive formatting support, which is described in greater detail in the following formatting topics:

@No__t-0 參數是 @no__t 1 的實作為,其 @no__t 2 方法會傳回 NumberFormatInfo 物件。The provider parameter is an IFormatProvider implementation whose GetFormat method returns a NumberFormatInfo object. 一般來說,providerCultureInfo 物件或 @no__t 2 物件。Typically, provider is a CultureInfo object or a NumberFormatInfo object. @No__t-0 參數提供格式化時使用的文化特性(culture)特定資訊。The provider parameter supplies culture-specific information used in formatting. 如果 providernull,則會使用目前文化特性的 @no__t 2 物件來格式化傳回值。If provider is null, the return value is formatted using the NumberFormatInfo object for the current culture.

另請參閱

ToString()

將這個執行個體的數值轉換為它的相等字串表示。Converts the numeric value of this instance to its equivalent string representation.

public:
 override System::String ^ ToString();
public override string ToString ();
override this.ToString : unit -> string
Public Overrides Function ToString () As String

傳回

這個執行個體值的字串表示。The string representation of the value of this instance.

範例

下列範例會使用預設的 Double.ToString() 方法,顯示數個 @no__t 1 值的字串表示。The following example uses the default Double.ToString() method to display the string representations of a number of Double values.

double number;

number = 1.6E20;
// Displays 1.6E+20.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString());

number = 1.6E2;
// Displays 160.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString());

number = -3.541;
// Displays -3.541.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString());

number = -1502345222199E-07;
// Displays -150234.5222199.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString());

number = -15023452221990199574E-09;
// Displays -15023452221.9902.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString());

number = .60344;
// Displays 0.60344.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString());

number = .000000001;
// Displays 1E-09.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString());
Dim number As Double

number = 1.6E20
' Displays 1.6E+20.      
Console.WriteLIne(number.ToString())

number = 1.6E2
' Displays 160.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString())

number = -3.541
' Displays -3.541.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString())

number = -1502345222199E-07
' Displays -150234.5222199.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString())

number = -15023452221990199574E-09
' Displays -15023452221.9902.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString())

number = .60344
' Displays 0.60344.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString())

number = .000000001
' Displays 1E-09.
Console.WriteLine(number.ToString())

下列範例說明如何使用 ToStringThe following example illustrates the use of ToString.

bool done = false;
String^ inp;
do
{
   Console::Write( "Enter a real number: " );
   inp = Console::ReadLine();
   try
   {
      d = Double::Parse( inp );
      Console::WriteLine( "You entered {0}.", d );
      done = true;
   }
   catch ( FormatException^ ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "You did not enter a number." );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "An exception occurred while parsing your response: {0}", e );
   }

}
while (  !done );
bool done = false;
string inp;
do {
   Console.Write("Enter a real number: ");
   inp = Console.ReadLine();
   try {
      d = Double.Parse(inp);
      Console.WriteLine("You entered {0}.", d.ToString());
      done = true;
   } 
   catch (FormatException) {
      Console.WriteLine("You did not enter a number.");
   }
   catch (ArgumentNullException) {
      Console.WriteLine("You did not supply any input.");
   }
   catch (OverflowException) {
       Console.WriteLine("The value you entered, {0}, is out of range.", inp);      
   }
} while (!done);
Dim Done As Boolean = False
Dim Inp As String
Do

    Console.Write("Enter a real number: ")
    inp = Console.ReadLine()
    Try
        D = Double.Parse(inp)
        Console.WriteLine("You entered " + D.ToString() + ".")
        Done = True
    Catch e As FormatException
        Console.WriteLine("You did not enter a number.")
    Catch e As ArgumentNullException
       Console.WriteLine("You did not supply any input.")
    Catch e As OverflowException
       Console.WriteLine("The value you entered, {0}, is out of range.", inp)      
    End Try
Loop While Not Done

備註

@No__t-0 方法會以目前文化特性的預設("G" 或一般)格式來格式化 Double 值。The ToString() method formats a Double value in the default ("G", or general) format of the current culture. 如果您想要指定不同的格式、有效位數或文化特性,請使用 ToString 方法的其他多載,如下所示:If you want to specify a different format, precision, or culture, use the other overloads of the ToString method, as follows:

若要使用格式To use format 針對文化特性For culture 使用多載Use the overload
預設值("G")格式Default ("G") format 特定文化特性A specific culture ToString(IFormatProvider)
特定的格式或有效位數A specific format or precision 預設(目前)文化特性Default (current) culture ToString(String)
特定的格式或有效位數A specific format or precision 特定文化特性A specific culture ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

傳回值可以是 PositiveInfinitySymbolNegativeInfinitySymbolNaNSymbol 或格式的字串:The return value can be PositiveInfinitySymbol, NegativeInfinitySymbol, NaNSymbol, or a string of the form:

[sign]integral-digits[.[fractional-digits]][e[sign]exponential-digits][sign]integral-digits[.[fractional-digits]][e[sign]exponential-digits]

選擇性元素會以方括弧([和])括住。Optional elements are framed in square brackets ([ and ]). 包含「數位」一詞的元素包含一連串的數位字元,範圍介於0到9之間。Elements that contain the term "digits" consist of a series of numeric characters ranging from 0 to 9. 下表列出支援的元素。The elements listed in the following table are supported.

項目Element 說明Description
簽署sign 負號或正號符號。A negative sign or positive sign symbol.
integral-digitsintegral-digits 一系列的數位,指定數位的整數部分。A series of digits specifying the integral part of the number. 如果有小數數位,整數位數可能不存在。Integral-digits can be absent if there are fractional-digits.
'.''.' 文化特性特定的小數點符號。A culture-specific decimal point symbol.
fractional-digitsfractional-digits 指定數位小數部分的一系列數位。A series of digits specifying the fractional part of the number.
'e''e' 小寫字元 ' e ',表示指數(科學)標記法。A lowercase character 'e', indicating exponential (scientific) notation.
exponential-digitsexponential-digits 指定指數的一系列數位。A series of digits specifying an exponent.

傳回值的一些範例包括 "100"、"-123456789"、"123.45 e + 6"、"500"、"3.1416"、"600"、"-0.123" 和 "-無限大"。Some examples of the return value are "100", "-123,456,789", "123.45e+6", "500", "3.1416", "600", "-0.123", and "-Infinity".

.NET Framework 提供廣泛的格式設定支援,在下列格式設定主題中有更詳細的說明:The .NET Framework provides extensive formatting support, which is described in greater detail in the following formatting topics:

另請參閱

適用於