FileSystemEventArgs 類別

定義

提供資料給目錄事件:ChangedCreatedDeletedProvides data for the directory events: Changed, Created, Deleted.

public ref class FileSystemEventArgs : EventArgs
public class FileSystemEventArgs : EventArgs
type FileSystemEventArgs = class
    inherit EventArgs
Public Class FileSystemEventArgs
Inherits EventArgs
繼承
FileSystemEventArgs
衍生

範例

下列範例顯示如何建立 FileSystemWatcher 來監視磁片磁碟機上發生的檔案變更(建立、刪除、重新命名、變更)。The following example shows how to create a FileSystemWatcher to monitor file changes (creates, deletes, renames, changes) occurring on a disk drive. 此範例也會顯示如何正確地接收錯誤通知。The example also shows how to properly receive error notifications.

using System;
using System.IO;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        //  Create a FileSystemWatcher to monitor all files on drive C.
        FileSystemWatcher fsw = new FileSystemWatcher("C:\\");

        //  Watch for changes in LastAccess and LastWrite times, and
        //  the renaming of files or directories. 
        fsw.NotifyFilter = NotifyFilters.LastAccess | NotifyFilters.LastWrite
            | NotifyFilters.FileName |NotifyFilters.DirectoryName;

        //  Register a handler that gets called when a 
        //  file is created, changed, or deleted.
        fsw.Changed += new FileSystemEventHandler(OnChanged);

        fsw.Created += new FileSystemEventHandler(OnChanged);

        fsw.Deleted += new FileSystemEventHandler(OnChanged);

        //  Register a handler that gets called when a file is renamed.
        fsw.Renamed += new RenamedEventHandler(OnRenamed);

        //  Register a handler that gets called if the 
        //  FileSystemWatcher needs to report an error.
        fsw.Error += new ErrorEventHandler(OnError);

        //  Begin watching.
        fsw.EnableRaisingEvents = true;

        Console.WriteLine("Press \'Enter\' to quit the sample.");
        Console.ReadLine();
    }

    //  This method is called when a file is created, changed, or deleted.
    private static void OnChanged(object source, FileSystemEventArgs e)
    {
        //  Show that a file has been created, changed, or deleted.
        WatcherChangeTypes wct = e.ChangeType;
        Console.WriteLine("File {0} {1}", e.FullPath, wct.ToString());
    }

    //  This method is called when a file is renamed.
    private static void OnRenamed(object source, RenamedEventArgs e)
    {
        //  Show that a file has been renamed.
        WatcherChangeTypes wct = e.ChangeType;
        Console.WriteLine("File {0} {2} to {1}", e.OldFullPath, e.FullPath, wct.ToString());
    }

    //  This method is called when the FileSystemWatcher detects an error.
    private static void OnError(object source, ErrorEventArgs e)
    {
        //  Show that an error has been detected.
        Console.WriteLine("The FileSystemWatcher has detected an error");
        //  Give more information if the error is due to an internal buffer overflow.
        if (e.GetException().GetType() == typeof(InternalBufferOverflowException))
        {
            //  This can happen if Windows is reporting many file system events quickly 
            //  and internal buffer of the  FileSystemWatcher is not large enough to handle this
            //  rate of events. The InternalBufferOverflowException error informs the application
            //  that some of the file system events are being lost.
            Console.WriteLine(("The file system watcher experienced an internal buffer overflow: " + e.GetException().Message));
        }
    }
}
Imports System.IO

Module Module1
    Sub Main()
        ' Create a FileSystemWatcher to monitor all files on drive C.
        Dim fsw As New FileSystemWatcher("C:\")

        ' Watch for changes in LastAccess and LastWrite times, and
        ' the renaming of files or directories. 
        fsw.NotifyFilter = (NotifyFilters.LastAccess Or NotifyFilters.LastWrite _ 
            Or NotifyFilters.FileName Or NotifyFilters.DirectoryName)

        ' Register a handler that gets called when a 
        ' file is created, changed, or deleted.
        AddHandler fsw.Changed, New FileSystemEventHandler(AddressOf OnChanged)

        ' The commented line of code below is a shorthand of the above line.
        ' AddHandler fsw.Changed, AddressOf OnChanged

        ' NOTE: The shorthand version is used in the remainder of this code.
        ' FileSystemEventHandler
        AddHandler fsw.Created, AddressOf OnChanged 
        ' FileSystemEventHandler
        AddHandler fsw.Deleted, AddressOf OnChanged

        ' Register a handler that gets called when a file is renamed.
        ' RenamedEventHandler
        AddHandler fsw.Renamed, AddressOf OnRenamed

        ' Register a handler that gets called if the 
        ' FileSystemWatcher needs to report an error.
        ' ErrorEventHandler
        AddHandler fsw.Error, AddressOf OnError

        ' Begin watching.
        fsw.EnableRaisingEvents = True

        ' Wait for the user to quit the program.
        Console.WriteLine("Press 'Enter' to quit the sample.")
        Console.ReadLine()
    End Sub

    ' This method is called when a file is created, changed, or deleted.
    Private Sub OnChanged(ByVal source As Object, ByVal e As FileSystemEventArgs)

        ' Show that a file has been created, changed, or deleted.
        Dim wct As WatcherChangeTypes = e.ChangeType
        Console.WriteLine("File {0} {1}", e.FullPath, wct.ToString())
    End Sub

    ' This method is called when a file is renamed.
    Private Sub OnRenamed(ByVal source As Object, ByVal e As RenamedEventArgs)

        ' Show that a file has been renamed.
        Dim wct As WatcherChangeTypes = e.ChangeType
        Console.WriteLine("File {0} {2} to {1}", e.OldFullPath, e.FullPath, wct.ToString())
    End Sub

    ' This method is called when the FileSystemWatcher detects an error.
    Private Sub OnError(ByVal source As Object, ByVal e As ErrorEventArgs)

        ' Show that an error has been detected.
        Console.WriteLine("The FileSystemWatcher has detected an error")

        ' Give more information if the error is due to an internal buffer overflow.
        If TypeOf e.GetException Is InternalBufferOverflowException Then
            ' This can happen if Windows is reporting many file system events quickly 
            ' and internal buffer of the  FileSystemWatcher is not large enough to handle this
            ' rate of events. The InternalBufferOverflowException error informs the application
            ' that some of the file system events are being lost.
            Console.WriteLine( _
                "The file system watcher experienced an internal buffer overflow: " _
                + e.GetException.Message)
        End If
    End Sub
End Module

備註

FileSystemEventArgs 類別會當做參數傳遞給這些事件的事件處理常式:The FileSystemEventArgs class is passed as a parameter to event handlers for these events:

在指定之 FileSystemWatcherPath 的檔案或目錄中變更大小、系統屬性、上次寫入時間、上次存取時間或安全性許可權時,就會發生 Changed 事件。The Changed event occurs when changes are made to the size, system attributes, last write time, last access time, or security permissions in a file or directory in the specified Path of a FileSystemWatcher.

建立 FileSystemWatcher 指定 Path 中的檔案或目錄時,就會發生 Created 事件。The Created event occurs when a file or directory in the specified Path of a FileSystemWatcher is created.

刪除 FileSystemWatcher 指定 Path 中的檔案或目錄時,就會發生 Deleted 事件。The Deleted event occurs when a file or directory in the specified Path of a FileSystemWatcher is deleted. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 FileSystemWatcherFor more information, see FileSystemWatcher.

建構函式

FileSystemEventArgs(WatcherChangeTypes, String, String)

FileSystemEventArgs 類別的新執行個體初始化。Initializes a new instance of the FileSystemEventArgs class.

屬性

ChangeType

取得發生的目錄事件型別。Gets the type of directory event that occurred.

FullPath

取得受影響檔案或目錄的完整路徑。Gets the fully qualified path of the affected file or directory.

Name

取得受影響檔案或目錄的名稱。Gets the name of the affected file or directory.

方法

Equals(Object)

判斷指定的物件是否等於目前的物件。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetHashCode()

作為預設雜湊函數。Serves as the default hash function.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetType()

取得目前執行個體的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(繼承來源 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

建立目前 Object 的淺層複本 (Shallow Copy)。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(繼承來源 Object)
ToString()

傳回代表目前物件的字串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)

適用於

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