MemberInitExpression 類別

定義

代表呼叫建構函式,並初始化新物件的一或多個成員。Represents calling a constructor and initializing one or more members of the new object.

public ref class MemberInitExpression sealed : System::Linq::Expressions::Expression
public sealed class MemberInitExpression : System.Linq.Expressions.Expression
type MemberInitExpression = class
    inherit Expression
Public NotInheritable Class MemberInitExpression
Inherits Expression
繼承
MemberInitExpression

範例

下列範例 MemberInitExpression 會建立,表示初始化新物件的兩個成員。The following example creates a MemberInitExpression that represents the initialization of two members of a new object.

class Animal
{
    public string Species {get; set;}
    public int Age {get; set;}
}

public static void CreateMemberInitExpression()
{
    System.Linq.Expressions.NewExpression newAnimal =
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.New(typeof(Animal));

    System.Reflection.MemberInfo speciesMember =
        typeof(Animal).GetMember("Species")[0];
    System.Reflection.MemberInfo ageMember =
        typeof(Animal).GetMember("Age")[0];

    // Create a MemberBinding object for each member
    // that you want to initialize.
    System.Linq.Expressions.MemberBinding speciesMemberBinding =
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Bind(
            speciesMember,
            System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Constant("horse"));
    System.Linq.Expressions.MemberBinding ageMemberBinding =
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Bind(
            ageMember,
            System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Constant(12));

    // Create a MemberInitExpression that represents initializing
    // two members of the 'Animal' class.
    System.Linq.Expressions.MemberInitExpression memberInitExpression =
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.MemberInit(
            newAnimal,
            speciesMemberBinding,
            ageMemberBinding);

    Console.WriteLine(memberInitExpression.ToString());

    // This code produces the following output:
    //
    // new Animal() {Species = "horse", Age = 12}
}
Class Animal
    Public Species As String
    Public Age As Integer
End Class

Shared Sub CreateMemberInitExpression()
    Dim newAnimal As System.Linq.Expressions.NewExpression = _
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.[New](Type.GetType("ExpressionVB.MemberInitExample+Animal"))

    Dim speciesMember As System.Reflection.MemberInfo = _
        Type.GetType("ExpressionVB.MemberInitExample+Animal").GetMember("Species")(0)
    Dim ageMember As System.Reflection.MemberInfo = _
        Type.GetType("ExpressionVB.MemberInitExample+Animal").GetMember("Age")(0)

    ' Create a MemberBinding object for each member
    ' that you want to initialize.
    Dim speciesMemberBinding As System.Linq.Expressions.MemberBinding = _
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Bind( _
            speciesMember, _
            System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Constant("horse"))
    Dim ageMemberBinding As System.Linq.Expressions.MemberBinding = _
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Bind( _
            ageMember, _
            System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.Constant(12))

    ' Create a MemberInitExpression that represents initializing
    ' two members of the 'Animal' class.
    Dim memberInitExpression As System.Linq.Expressions.MemberInitExpression = _
        System.Linq.Expressions.Expression.MemberInit( _
            newAnimal, _
            speciesMemberBinding, _
            ageMemberBinding)

    Console.WriteLine(memberInitExpression.ToString())

    ' This code produces the following output:
    '
    ' new Animal() {Species = "horse", Age = 12}
End Sub

備註

使用 MemberInit factory 方法來建立 MemberInitExpressionUse the MemberInit factory methods to create a MemberInitExpression.

NodeType 屬性值 MemberInitExpressionMemberInitThe value of the NodeType property of a MemberInitExpression is MemberInit.

屬性

Bindings

取得繫結,這個繫結說明如何初始化新建立物件的成員。Gets the bindings that describe how to initialize the members of the newly created object.

CanReduce

取得值,指出是否可以減少運算式樹狀架構的節點。Gets a value that indicates whether the expression tree node can be reduced.

CanReduce

表示節點可精簡為更簡單的節點。Indicates that the node can be reduced to a simpler node. 如果傳回 true,則可呼叫 Reduce() 以產生精簡的形式。If this returns true, Reduce() can be called to produce the reduced form.

(繼承來源 Expression)
NewExpression

取得表示建構函式呼叫的運算式。Gets the expression that represents the constructor call.

NodeType

傳回這個 Expression 的節點型別。Returns the node type of this Expression. 覆寫此方法時,擴充節點應傳回 ExtensionExtension nodes should return Extension when overriding this method.

NodeType

取得這個 Expression 的節點類型。Gets the node type of this Expression.

(繼承來源 Expression)
Type

取得此 Expression 代表之運算式的靜態類型。Gets the static type of the expression that this Expression represents.

Type

取得此 Expression 代表之運算式的靜態類型。Gets the static type of the expression that this Expression represents.

(繼承來源 Expression)

方法

Accept(ExpressionVisitor)

分派給這個節點類型的特定造訪方法。Dispatches to the specific visit method for this node type. 例如,MethodCallExpression 會呼叫 VisitMethodCall(MethodCallExpression)For example, MethodCallExpression calls the VisitMethodCall(MethodCallExpression).

(繼承來源 Expression)
Equals(Object)

判斷指定的物件是否等於目前的物件。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetHashCode()

做為預設雜湊函式。Serves as the default hash function.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetType()

取得目前執行個體的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(繼承來源 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

建立目前 Object 的淺層複製。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(繼承來源 Object)
Reduce()

MemberInitExpression 精簡為更簡單的運算式。Reduces the MemberInitExpression to a simpler expression.

Reduce()

將這個節點精簡為更簡單的運算式。Reduces this node to a simpler expression. 如果 CanReduce 傳回 true,則應該傳回有效的運算式。If CanReduce returns true, this should return a valid expression. 這個方法可以傳回其他本身必須精簡的節點。This method can return another node which itself must be reduced.

(繼承來源 Expression)
ReduceAndCheck()

將這個節點精簡為更簡單的運算式。Reduces this node to a simpler expression. 如果 CanReduce 傳回 true,則應該傳回有效的運算式。If CanReduce returns true, this should return a valid expression. 這個方法可以傳回其他本身必須精簡的節點。This method can return another node which itself must be reduced.

(繼承來源 Expression)
ReduceExtensions()

將運算式精簡為已知的節點類型 (不是 Extension 節點),如果已經是已知的類型,則僅傳回運算式。Reduces the expression to a known node type (that is not an Extension node) or just returns the expression if it is already a known type.

(繼承來源 Expression)
ToString()

傳回 Expression 的文字表示。Returns a textual representation of the Expression.

(繼承來源 Expression)
Update(NewExpression, IEnumerable<MemberBinding>)

建立類似這個運算式的新運算式,但使用提供的子系。Creates a new expression that is like this one, but using the supplied children. 如果所有子系都相同,則會傳回這個運算式。If all of the children are the same, it will return this expression.

VisitChildren(ExpressionVisitor)

精簡節點,然後呼叫精簡後的運算式上的訪問項委派。Reduces the node and then calls the visitor delegate on the reduced expression. 如果節點無法縮減,此方法會擲回例外狀況。The method throws an exception if the node is not reducible.

(繼承來源 Expression)

適用於